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Subject[PATCH v1 4/6] irqchip: gic: Add support for IPI FIQ
Date
This patch provides support for arm's newly added IPI FIQ. It works
by placing all interrupt sources *except* IPI FIQ in group 1 and
then flips a configuration bit in the GIC such that group 1
interrupts use IRQ and group 0 interrupts use FIQ.

All GIC hardware except GICv1-without-TrustZone support provides a means
to group exceptions into group 0 and group 1. However the hardware
functionality is unavailable to the kernel when a secure monitor is
present because access to the grouping registers are prohibited outside
"secure world" (a feature that allows grouping to be used to allow
hardware peripherals to send interrupts into the secure world). However
when grouping is not available we can rely on the GIC's RAZ/WI semantics
and avoid conditional code.

Tested on Freescale i.MX6 (quad A9, GICv1-with-TrustZone running in
secure mode).

Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Jason Cooper <jason@lakedaemon.net>
---
arch/arm/kernel/traps.c | 7 +-
drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c | 171 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h | 3 +
3 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
index 7912a9e..2c219c7 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h>

#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
@@ -479,7 +480,11 @@ asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry handle_fiq_as_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs)
struct pt_regs *old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);

nmi_enter();
- /* nop for now */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_GIC
+ gic_handle_fiq_ipi();
+#endif
+
nmi_exit();

set_irq_regs(old_regs);
diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
index 4b959e6..ffc64ed 100644
--- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
+++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
@@ -39,8 +39,10 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/irqchip/chained_irq.h>
#include <linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>

#include <asm/cputype.h>
+#include <asm/fiq.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/exception.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
@@ -48,6 +50,10 @@
#include "irq-gic-common.h"
#include "irqchip.h"

+#ifndef SMP_IPI_FIQ_MASK
+#define SMP_IPI_FIQ_MASK 0
+#endif
+
union gic_base {
void __iomem *common_base;
void __percpu * __iomem *percpu_base;
@@ -71,6 +77,8 @@ struct gic_chip_data {
};

static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(irq_controller_lock);
+/* A fiq-safe spinlock must only be locked when the FIQ is masked */
+static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(fiq_safe_migration_lock);

/*
* The GIC mapping of CPU interfaces does not necessarily match
@@ -325,6 +333,106 @@ static struct irq_chip gic_chip = {
.irq_set_wake = gic_set_wake,
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_FIQ
+/*
+ * Shift an interrupt between Group 0 and Group 1.
+ *
+ * In addition to changing the group we also modify the priority to
+ * match what "ARM strongly recommends" for a system where no Group 1
+ * interrupt must ever preempt a Group 0 interrupt.
+ *
+ * If is safe to call this function on systems which do not support
+ * grouping (it will have no effect).
+ */
+static void gic_set_group_irq(void __iomem *base, unsigned int hwirq,
+ int group)
+{
+ unsigned int grp_reg = hwirq / 32 * 4;
+ u32 grp_mask = BIT(hwirq % 32);
+ u32 grp_val;
+
+ unsigned int pri_reg = (hwirq / 4) * 4;
+ u32 pri_mask = BIT(7 + ((hwirq % 4) * 8));
+ u32 pri_val;
+
+ /*
+ * Systems which do not support grouping will have no bits
+ * set in IGROUP[0] (and all systems which do will have set bits).
+ */
+ grp_val = readl_relaxed(base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + 0);
+ if (!grp_val)
+ return;
+
+ raw_spin_lock(&irq_controller_lock);
+
+ grp_val = readl_relaxed(base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + grp_reg);
+ pri_val = readl_relaxed(base + GIC_DIST_PRI + pri_reg);
+
+ if (group) {
+ grp_val |= grp_mask;
+ pri_val |= pri_mask;
+ } else {
+ grp_val &= ~grp_mask;
+ pri_val &= ~pri_mask;
+ }
+
+ writel_relaxed(grp_val, base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + grp_reg);
+ writel_relaxed(pri_val, base + GIC_DIST_PRI + pri_reg);
+
+ raw_spin_unlock(&irq_controller_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Test which group an interrupt belongs to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if the controller does not support grouping.
+ */
+static int gic_get_group_irq(void __iomem *base, unsigned int hwirq)
+{
+ unsigned int grp_reg = hwirq / 32 * 4;
+ u32 grp_val;
+
+ grp_val = readl_relaxed(base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + grp_reg);
+
+ return (grp_val >> (hwirq % 32)) & 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Fully acknowledge (both ack and eoi) any outstanding FIQ-based IPI,
+ * otherwise do nothing.
+ */
+void gic_handle_fiq_ipi(void)
+{
+ struct gic_chip_data *gic = &gic_data[0];
+ void __iomem *cpu_base = gic_data_cpu_base(gic);
+ unsigned long irqstat, irqnr;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!in_nmi()))
+ return;
+
+ while ((1u << readl_relaxed(cpu_base + GIC_CPU_HIGHPRI)) &
+ SMP_IPI_FIQ_MASK) {
+ irqstat = readl_relaxed(cpu_base + GIC_CPU_INTACK);
+ writel_relaxed(irqstat, cpu_base + GIC_CPU_EOI);
+
+ irqnr = irqstat & GICC_IAR_INT_ID_MASK;
+ WARN_RATELIMIT(irqnr > 16,
+ "Unexpected irqnr %lu (bad prioritization?)\n",
+ irqnr);
+ }
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_FIQ */
+static inline void gic_set_group_irq(void __iomem *base, unsigned int hwirq,
+ int group)
+{
+}
+
+static inline int gic_get_group_irq(void __iomem *base, unsigned int hwirq)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_FIQ */
+
void __init gic_cascade_irq(unsigned int gic_nr, unsigned int irq)
{
if (gic_nr >= MAX_GIC_NR)
@@ -373,7 +481,18 @@ static void __init gic_dist_init(struct gic_chip_data *gic)

gic_dist_config(base, gic_irqs, NULL);

- writel_relaxed(1, base + GIC_DIST_CTRL);
+ /*
+ * Set all global interrupts to be group 1 (RAZ/WI when not
+ * available)
+ */
+ for (i = 32; i < gic_irqs; i += 32)
+ writel_relaxed(0xffffffff, base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + i * 4 / 32);
+
+ /*
+ * Set EnableGrp1/EnableGrp0 (bit 1 and 0) or EnableGrp (bit 0 only,
+ * bit 1 ignored)
+ */
+ writel_relaxed(3, base + GIC_DIST_CTRL);
}

static void gic_cpu_init(struct gic_chip_data *gic)
@@ -382,6 +501,7 @@ static void gic_cpu_init(struct gic_chip_data *gic)
void __iomem *base = gic_data_cpu_base(gic);
unsigned int cpu_mask, cpu = smp_processor_id();
int i;
+ unsigned long secure_irqs, secure_irq;

/*
* Get what the GIC says our CPU mask is.
@@ -400,8 +520,21 @@ static void gic_cpu_init(struct gic_chip_data *gic)

gic_cpu_config(dist_base, NULL);

+ /*
+ * Set any PPI and SGI interrupts not set in SMP_IPI_FIQ_MASK
+ * to be group 1 (RAZ/WI when not available)
+ */
+ writel_relaxed(~SMP_IPI_FIQ_MASK, dist_base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + 0);
+
+ /*
+ * Update the priority of any resulting group0 interrupts.
+ */
+ secure_irqs = ~readl_relaxed(dist_base + GIC_DIST_IGROUP + 0);
+ for_each_set_bit(secure_irq, &secure_irqs, 16)
+ gic_set_group_irq(dist_base, i, 0);
+
writel_relaxed(0xf0, base + GIC_CPU_PRIMASK);
- writel_relaxed(1, base + GIC_CPU_CTRL);
+ writel_relaxed(0x1f, base + GIC_CPU_CTRL);
}

void gic_cpu_if_down(void)
@@ -485,7 +618,7 @@ static void gic_dist_restore(unsigned int gic_nr)
writel_relaxed(gic_data[gic_nr].saved_spi_enable[i],
dist_base + GIC_DIST_ENABLE_SET + i * 4);

- writel_relaxed(1, dist_base + GIC_DIST_CTRL);
+ writel_relaxed(3, dist_base + GIC_DIST_CTRL);
}

static void gic_cpu_save(unsigned int gic_nr)
@@ -542,7 +675,7 @@ static void gic_cpu_restore(unsigned int gic_nr)
writel_relaxed(0xa0a0a0a0, dist_base + GIC_DIST_PRI + i * 4);

writel_relaxed(0xf0, cpu_base + GIC_CPU_PRIMASK);
- writel_relaxed(1, cpu_base + GIC_CPU_CTRL);
+ writel_relaxed(0x1f, cpu_base + GIC_CPU_CTRL);
}

static int gic_notifier(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long cmd, void *v)
@@ -604,8 +737,19 @@ static void gic_raise_softirq(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int irq)
{
int cpu;
unsigned long flags, map = 0;
+ unsigned long softint;

- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&irq_controller_lock, flags);
+ /*
+ * The locking in this function ensures we don't use stale cpu mappings
+ * and thus we never route an IPI to the wrong physical core during a
+ * big.LITTLE switch. The switch code takes both of these locks meaning
+ * we can choose whichever lock is safe to use from our current calling
+ * context.
+ */
+ if (in_nmi())
+ raw_spin_lock(&fiq_safe_migration_lock);
+ else
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&irq_controller_lock, flags);

/* Convert our logical CPU mask into a physical one. */
for_each_cpu(cpu, mask)
@@ -618,9 +762,16 @@ static void gic_raise_softirq(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int irq)
dmb(ishst);

/* this always happens on GIC0 */
- writel_relaxed(map << 16 | irq, gic_data_dist_base(&gic_data[0]) + GIC_DIST_SOFTINT);
-
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&irq_controller_lock, flags);
+ softint = map << 16 | irq;
+ if (gic_get_group_irq(gic_data_dist_base(&gic_data[0]), irq))
+ softint |= 0x8000;
+ writel_relaxed(softint,
+ gic_data_dist_base(&gic_data[0]) + GIC_DIST_SOFTINT);
+
+ if (in_nmi())
+ raw_spin_unlock(&fiq_safe_migration_lock);
+ else
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&irq_controller_lock, flags);
}
#endif

@@ -668,7 +819,7 @@ int gic_get_cpu_id(unsigned int cpu)
* Migrate all peripheral interrupts with a target matching the current CPU
* to the interface corresponding to @new_cpu_id. The CPU interface mapping
* is also updated. Targets to other CPU interfaces are unchanged.
- * This must be called with IRQs locally disabled.
+ * This must be called with IRQ and FIQ locally disabled.
*/
void gic_migrate_target(unsigned int new_cpu_id)
{
@@ -690,6 +841,7 @@ void gic_migrate_target(unsigned int new_cpu_id)
ror_val = (cur_cpu_id - new_cpu_id) & 31;

raw_spin_lock(&irq_controller_lock);
+ raw_spin_lock(&fiq_safe_migration_lock);

/* Update the target interface for this logical CPU */
gic_cpu_map[cpu] = 1 << new_cpu_id;
@@ -709,6 +861,7 @@ void gic_migrate_target(unsigned int new_cpu_id)
}
}

+ raw_spin_unlock(&fiq_safe_migration_lock);
raw_spin_unlock(&irq_controller_lock);

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h b/include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h
index 45e2d8c..52a5676 100644
--- a/include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h
+++ b/include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h
@@ -101,5 +101,8 @@ static inline void __init register_routable_domain_ops
{
gic_routable_irq_domain_ops = ops;
}
+
+void gic_handle_fiq_ipi(void);
+
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY */
#endif
--
1.9.3


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