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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kcmp: Fix standard comparison bug
On Thu, Sep 04, 2014 at 12:40:06PM +0200, Rasmus Villemoes wrote:
> The C operator <= defines a perfectly fine total ordering on the set
> of values representable in a long. However, unlike its namesake in the
> integers, it is not translation invariant, meaning that we do not have
> "b <= c" iff "a+b <= a+c" for all a,b,c.
> This means that it is always wrong to try to boil down the
> relationship between two longs to a question about the sign of their
> difference, because the resulting relation [a LEQ b iff a-b <= 0] is
> neither anti-symmetric or transitive. The former is due to
> -LONG_MIN==LONG_MIN (take any two a,b with a-b = LONG_MIN; then a LEQ
> b and b LEQ a, but a != b). The latter can either be seen observing
> that x LEQ x+1 for all x, implying x LEQ x+1 LEQ x+2 ... LEQ x-1 LEQ
> x; or more directly with the simple example a=LONG_MIN, b=0, c=1, for
> which a-b < 0, b-c < 0, but a-c > 0.
> Note that it makes absolutely no difference that a transmogrying
> bijection has been applied before the comparison is done. In fact, had
> the obfuscation not been done, one could probably not observe the bug
> (assuming all values being compared always lie in one half of the
> address space, the mathematical value of a-b is always representable
> in a long). As it stands, one can easily obtain three file descriptors
> exhibiting the non-transitivity of kcmp().
> Cc: <>
> Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <>

It's more than that, I looked into disassembly code and
found that compiler overoptimize obfuscation, instead of doing
^ and * sequently it substracts xor production of both operands
first and only then multiplies the result.

Lets stick with the fix.

Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <>

I'll take more precise look at evening, thanks!

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