lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2014]   [Aug]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v5] mm: softdirty: enable write notifications on VMAs after VM_SOFTDIRTY cleared
Date
For VMAs that don't want write notifications, PTEs created for read
faults have their write bit set. If the read fault happens after
VM_SOFTDIRTY is cleared, then the PTE's softdirty bit will remain
clear after subsequent writes.

Here's a simple code snippet to demonstrate the bug:

char* m = mmap(NULL, getpagesize(), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_SHARED, -1, 0);
system("echo 4 > /proc/$PPID/clear_refs"); /* clear VM_SOFTDIRTY */
assert(*m == '\0'); /* new PTE allows write access */
assert(!soft_dirty(x));
*m = 'x'; /* should dirty the page */
assert(soft_dirty(x)); /* fails */

With this patch, write notifications are enabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is
cleared. Furthermore, to avoid unnecessary faults, write
notifications are disabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is reset.

As a side effect of enabling and disabling write notifications with
care, this patch fixes a bug in mprotect where vm_page_prot bits set
by drivers were zapped on mprotect. An analogous bug was fixed in mmap
by c9d0bf241451a3ab7d02e1652c22b80cd7d93e8f.

Reported-by: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Suggested-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>

---

v1 -> v2: Instead of checking VM_SOFTDIRTY in the fault handler,
enable write notifications on vm_page_prot when we clear
VM_SOFTDIRTY.

v2 -> v3: * Grab the mmap_sem in write mode if any VMAs have
VM_SOFTDIRTY set. This involved refactoring clear_refs_write
to make it less unwieldy.

* In mprotect, don't inadvertently disable write notifications on VMAs
that have had VM_SOFTDIRTY cleared

* The mprotect fix and mmap cleanup that comprised the
second and third patches in v2 were swallowed by the main
patch because of vm_page_prot corner case handling.

v3 -> v4: Handle !defined(CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY): old patch would have
enabled write notifications for all VMAs in this case.

v4 -> v5: IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY) instead of #ifdef ...
---
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
include/linux/mm.h | 14 +++++++
mm/mmap.c | 24 +++++-------
mm/mprotect.c | 6 +--
4 files changed, 97 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index dfc791c..f5e75c6 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -785,13 +785,80 @@ static int clear_refs_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
return 0;
}

+static int clear_refs(struct mm_struct *mm, enum clear_refs_types type,
+ int write)
+{
+ int r = 0;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct clear_refs_private cp = {
+ .type = type,
+ };
+ struct mm_walk clear_refs_walk = {
+ .pmd_entry = clear_refs_pte_range,
+ .mm = mm,
+ .private = &cp,
+ };
+
+ if (write)
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ else
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, 0, -1);
+
+ for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+ cp.vma = vma;
+ if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
+ continue;
+ /*
+ * Writing 1 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
+ *
+ * Writing 2 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects
+ * Anonymous pages.
+ *
+ * Writing 3 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects file
+ * mapped pages.
+ *
+ * Writing 4 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
+ */
+ if (type == CLEAR_REFS_ANON && vma->vm_file)
+ continue;
+ if (type == CLEAR_REFS_MAPPED && !vma->vm_file)
+ continue;
+ if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY &&
+ (vma->vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)) {
+ if (!write) {
+ r = -EAGAIN;
+ break;
+ }
+ vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_SOFTDIRTY;
+ vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
+ }
+ walk_page_range(vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
+ &clear_refs_walk);
+ }
+
+ if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, 0, -1);
+
+ if (!r)
+ flush_tlb_mm(mm);
+
+ if (write)
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ else
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ return r;
+}
+
static ssize_t clear_refs_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
struct mm_struct *mm;
- struct vm_area_struct *vma;
enum clear_refs_types type;
int itype;
int rv;
@@ -820,47 +887,9 @@ static ssize_t clear_refs_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
return -ESRCH;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (mm) {
- struct clear_refs_private cp = {
- .type = type,
- };
- struct mm_walk clear_refs_walk = {
- .pmd_entry = clear_refs_pte_range,
- .mm = mm,
- .private = &cp,
- };
- down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
- if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, 0, -1);
- for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
- cp.vma = vma;
- if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
- continue;
- /*
- * Writing 1 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
- *
- * Writing 2 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects
- * Anonymous pages.
- *
- * Writing 3 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects file
- * mapped pages.
- *
- * Writing 4 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
- */
- if (type == CLEAR_REFS_ANON && vma->vm_file)
- continue;
- if (type == CLEAR_REFS_MAPPED && !vma->vm_file)
- continue;
- if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY) {
- if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)
- vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_SOFTDIRTY;
- }
- walk_page_range(vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
- &clear_refs_walk);
- }
- if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, 0, -1);
- flush_tlb_mm(mm);
- up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ rv = clear_refs(mm, type, 0);
+ if (rv)
+ clear_refs(mm, type, 1);
mmput(mm);
}
put_task_struct(task);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 8981cc8..7979b79 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1946,6 +1946,20 @@ static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
}
#endif

+/* Enable write notifications without blowing away special flags. */
+static inline void vma_enable_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ pgprot_t newprot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags & ~VM_SHARED);
+ vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, newprot);
+}
+
+/* Disable write notifications without blowing away special flags. */
+static inline void vma_disable_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ pgprot_t newprot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags);
+ vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, newprot);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index c1f2ea4..2963130 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1470,6 +1470,10 @@ int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite)
return 1;

+ /* Do we need to track softdirty? */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY) && !(vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY))
+ return 1;
+
/* The open routine did something to the protections already? */
if (pgprot_val(vma->vm_page_prot) !=
pgprot_val(vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)))
@@ -1610,21 +1614,6 @@ munmap_back:
goto free_vma;
}

- if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma)) {
- pgprot_t pprot = vma->vm_page_prot;
-
- /* Can vma->vm_page_prot have changed??
- *
- * Answer: Yes, drivers may have changed it in their
- * f_op->mmap method.
- *
- * Ensures that vmas marked as uncached stay that way.
- */
- vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags & ~VM_SHARED);
- if (pgprot_val(pprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(pprot)))
- vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
- }
-
vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
/* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */
if (file) {
@@ -1658,6 +1647,11 @@ out:
*/
vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;

+ if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma))
+ vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
+ else
+ vma_disable_writenotify(vma);
+
return addr;

unmap_and_free_vma:
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index c43d557..2dea043 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -320,12 +320,12 @@ success:
* held in write mode.
*/
vma->vm_flags = newflags;
- vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot,
- vm_get_page_prot(newflags));

if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma)) {
- vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(newflags & ~VM_SHARED);
+ vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
dirty_accountable = 1;
+ } else {
+ vma_disable_writenotify(vma);
}

change_protection(vma, start, end, vma->vm_page_prot,
--
2.1.0.rc2.206.gedb03e5


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2014-08-25 05:41    [W:0.153 / U:50.556 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site