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Subject[PATCH] blk-mq: blk_mq_freeze_queue() should allow nesting
While converting to percpu_ref for freezing, add703fda981 ("blk-mq:
use percpu_ref for mq usage count") incorrectly made
blk_mq_freeze_queue() misbehave when freezing is nested due to
percpu_ref_kill() being invoked on an already killed ref.

Fix it by making blk_mq_freeze_queue() kill and kick the queue only
for the outermost freeze attempt. All the nested ones can simply wait
for the ref to reach zero.

While at it, remove unnecessary @wake initialization from

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <>
Reported-by: Ming Lei <>
Hello, Ming, Jens.

I think something like this is the correct solution. Freezing should
be nestable after all. Ming, can you please verify whether this fixes
the issue you're seeing?


block/blk-mq.c | 12 ++++++++----
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 5189cb1..5978088 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -112,18 +112,22 @@ static void blk_mq_usage_counter_release(struct percpu_ref *ref)
void blk_mq_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q)
+ bool freeze;
- q->mq_freeze_depth++;
+ freeze = !q->mq_freeze_depth++;

- percpu_ref_kill(&q->mq_usage_counter);
- blk_mq_run_queues(q, false);
+ if (freeze) {
+ percpu_ref_kill(&q->mq_usage_counter);
+ blk_mq_run_queues(q, false);
+ }
wait_event(q->mq_freeze_wq, percpu_ref_is_zero(&q->mq_usage_counter));

static void blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(struct request_queue *q)
- bool wake = false;
+ bool wake;

wake = !--q->mq_freeze_depth;

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