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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 0/3] ftrace: Add dynamically allocated trampolines
(2014/07/04 5:07), Steven Rostedt wrote:
> [ NOT READY FOR INCLUSION! ]
>
> Note, this is based off of my remove ftrace_start/stop() patch set.
>
> I've been wanting to do this for years, and just never gotten around to it.
> But with all this talk of kpatch and kgraft live kernel patching using
> the ftrace infrastructure, it seems like a good time to do it.
>
> The way the function callback mechanism works in ftrace is that if there's
> only one function callback registered, it will set the mcount/fentry
> trampoline to call that function directly. But as soon as you register
> another callback, the mcount trampoline calls a loop function that iterates
> over all the registered callbacks (ftrace_ops) checking their hash tables
> to see if the called function matches the ops before calling its callback.
> This happens even if the two registered functions are not even tracing
> the same function!
>
> This really sucks if you are tracing all functions, and then add a kprobe
> or perf event that traces a single function. That will cause all the
> other functions being traced to perform the loop test.

Ah, I've thought that ftrace already had different trampoline for loop and
single and replaced each mcount-call instruction to appropriate one. But
this series actually does that, doesn't this? :)

> Ideally, if only a single callback (ftrace_ops) is registered to a
> function, than that function should call a trampoline that will only
> call that one callback without doing any other tests.
>
> This patch set adds this functionality to x86_64. If a callback is
> registered to a function and there's no other callback registered to
> that function that ftrace_ops will get its own trampoline allocated
> for it that will call the function directly.
>
> Note, for dynamically allocated ftrace_ops (kprobes, perf, instance
> directory function tracing), the dynamic trampoline will only be created
> if CONFIG_PREEMPT is not set. That's because, until Paul finishes his
> rcu_call_task() code, there's no safe way to know if a task was preempted
> while on the trampoline and is waiting to run on it some more.

Hmm, if we can declare "this ftrace_ops is permanent"(like finalizing) then
we can allocate trampoline for such dynamic one. Since the kprobes actually
doesn't need to free (or unregister) ftrace_ops, I can use it.


> I need to write up a bunch of tests for this code, but currently it works
> on the few tests I did manually. I didn't even run this code yet under
> my full test suite, so it may very well have bugs in it that might be
> easily triggered. But I wanted to get the code out for review to see
> if anyone has any other idea to help enhance this feature.

Yeah, I'll review it.


Thank you,


>
> If you want a git repo to play with this, you can get it from below.
> That repo will rebase often, so do not build against it.
>
> Enjoy,
>
> -- Steve
>
>
> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace.git
> rfc/trampoline
>
> Head SHA1: 4d781e010842a56f8e7c1bbe309e38075c277c45
>
>
> Steven Rostedt (Red Hat) (3):
> ftrace/x86: Add dynamic allocated trampoline for ftrace_ops
> ftrace/x86: Show trampoline call function in enabled_functions
> ftrace/x86: Allow !CONFIG_PREEMPT dynamic ops to use allocated trampolines
>
> ----
> arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c | 240 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> arch/x86/kernel/mcount_64.S | 26 ++++-
> include/linux/ftrace.h | 8 ++
> kernel/trace/ftrace.c | 86 +++++++++++++++-
> 4 files changed, 344 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
>
>
>


--
Masami HIRAMATSU
Software Platform Research Dept. Linux Technology Research Center
Hitachi, Ltd., Yokohama Research Laboratory
E-mail: masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com




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