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SubjectRe: Random panic in load_balance() with 3.16-rc
On Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:01:11 -0700
Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:


> For example, gcc will not create a small stack frame with "sub
> $8,%rsp". No, what gcc does is to use a random "push" instruction.
> Fair enough, but that really makes things much harder to see. Here's
> an example:
>
> ffffffff813143a3 <dock_notify>:
> ffffffff813143a3: 55 push %rbp
> ffffffff813143a4: 48 89 e5 mov %rsp,%rbp
> ffffffff813143a7: 41 57 push %r15
> ffffffff813143a9: 41 56 push %r14
> ffffffff813143ab: 49 89 fe mov %rdi,%r14
> ffffffff813143ae: 41 55 push %r13
> ffffffff813143b0: 41 89 f5 mov %esi,%r13d
> ffffffff813143b3: 41 54 push %r12
> ffffffff813143b5: 53 push %rbx
> ffffffff813143b6: 51 push %rcx
> ...
> ffffffff81314501: 48 8b 7e 08 mov 0x8(%rsi),%rdi
> ffffffff81314505: 48 89 75 d0 mov %rsi,-0x30(%rbp)
> ffffffff81314509: e8 5f d1 ff ff callq
> ffffffff8131166d <acpi_bus_scan>
> ffffffff8131450e: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax
> ...
> ffffffff813145d6: 5a pop %rdx
> ffffffff813145d7: 5b pop %rbx
> ffffffff813145d8: 44 89 e0 mov %r12d,%eax
> ffffffff813145db: 41 5c pop %r12
> ffffffff813145dd: 41 5d pop %r13
> ffffffff813145df: 41 5e pop %r14
> ffffffff813145e1: 41 5f pop %r15
> ffffffff813145e3: 5d pop %rbp
> ffffffff813145e4: c3 retq
>
> note the use (deep down in the function) of -0x30(%rbp), and note how
> it does "pop %rdx" twice to undo the "push %rcx". It was just to
> allocate space.

I don't see a pop %rdx twice. Sure you're not suffering from a little
dyslexia? ;-) But I do get your point. The rdx is popped where the rcx
was, and both are useless, as rcx and rdx are volatile regs.


>
> So you definitely have to track the actual stack pointer updates, not
> just the patterns of add/sub to %rsp.

With Perl that would be rather trivial. I'm more concerned with branch
logic. I'll see if I can include some simple branch logic too to
flatten paths. But I wont really know the depth of this until I start
hacking at it.

-- Steve





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