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SubjectRe: [PATCH driver-core-linus] kernfs: kernfs_notify() must be useable from non-sleepable contexts
On Tue, Jul 01, 2014 at 04:41:03PM -0400, Tejun Heo wrote:
> d911d9874801 ("kernfs: make kernfs_notify() trigger inotify events
> too") added fsnotify triggering to kernfs_notify() which requires a
> sleepable context. There are already existing users of
> kernfs_notify() which invoke it from an atomic context and in general
> it's silly to require a sleepable context for triggering a
> notification.
>
> The following is an invalid context bug triggerd by md invoking
> sysfs_notify() from IO completion path.
>
> BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/mutex.c:586
> in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 1, pid: 0, name: swapper/1
> 2 locks held by swapper/1/0:
> #0: (&(&vblk->vq_lock)->rlock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffffa0039042>] virtblk_done+0x42/0xe0 [virtio_blk]
> #1: (&(&bitmap->counts.lock)->rlock){-.....}, at: [<ffffffff81633718>] bitmap_endwrite+0x68/0x240
> irq event stamp: 33518
> hardirqs last enabled at (33515): [<ffffffff8102544f>] default_idle+0x1f/0x230
> hardirqs last disabled at (33516): [<ffffffff818122ed>] common_interrupt+0x6d/0x72
> softirqs last enabled at (33518): [<ffffffff810a1272>] _local_bh_enable+0x22/0x50
> softirqs last disabled at (33517): [<ffffffff810a29e0>] irq_enter+0x60/0x80
> CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 3.16.0-0.rc2.git2.1.fc21.x86_64 #1
> Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
> 0000000000000000 f90db13964f4ee05 ffff88007d403b80 ffffffff81807b4c
> 0000000000000000 ffff88007d403ba8 ffffffff810d4f14 0000000000000000
> 0000000000441800 ffff880078fa1780 ffff88007d403c38 ffffffff8180caf2
> Call Trace:
> <IRQ> [<ffffffff81807b4c>] dump_stack+0x4d/0x66
> [<ffffffff810d4f14>] __might_sleep+0x184/0x240
> [<ffffffff8180caf2>] mutex_lock_nested+0x42/0x440
> [<ffffffff812d76a0>] kernfs_notify+0x90/0x150
> [<ffffffff8163377c>] bitmap_endwrite+0xcc/0x240
> [<ffffffffa00de863>] close_write+0x93/0xb0 [raid1]
> [<ffffffffa00df029>] r1_bio_write_done+0x29/0x50 [raid1]
> [<ffffffffa00e0474>] raid1_end_write_request+0xe4/0x260 [raid1]
> [<ffffffff813acb8b>] bio_endio+0x6b/0xa0
> [<ffffffff813b46c4>] blk_update_request+0x94/0x420
> [<ffffffff813bf0ea>] blk_mq_end_io+0x1a/0x70
> [<ffffffffa00392c2>] virtblk_request_done+0x32/0x80 [virtio_blk]
> [<ffffffff813c0648>] __blk_mq_complete_request+0x88/0x120
> [<ffffffff813c070a>] blk_mq_complete_request+0x2a/0x30
> [<ffffffffa0039066>] virtblk_done+0x66/0xe0 [virtio_blk]
> [<ffffffffa002535a>] vring_interrupt+0x3a/0xa0 [virtio_ring]
> [<ffffffff81116177>] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x77/0x340
> [<ffffffff8111647d>] handle_irq_event+0x3d/0x60
> [<ffffffff81119436>] handle_edge_irq+0x66/0x130
> [<ffffffff8101c3e4>] handle_irq+0x84/0x150
> [<ffffffff818146ad>] do_IRQ+0x4d/0xe0
> [<ffffffff818122f2>] common_interrupt+0x72/0x72
> <EOI> [<ffffffff8105f706>] ? native_safe_halt+0x6/0x10
> [<ffffffff81025454>] default_idle+0x24/0x230
> [<ffffffff81025f9f>] arch_cpu_idle+0xf/0x20
> [<ffffffff810f5adc>] cpu_startup_entry+0x37c/0x7b0
> [<ffffffff8104df1b>] start_secondary+0x25b/0x300
>
> This patch fixes it by punting the notification delivery through a
> work item. This ends up adding an extra pointer to kernfs_elem_attr
> enlarging kernfs_node by a pointer, which is not ideal but not a very
> big deal either. If this turns out to be an actual issue, we can move
> kernfs_elem_attr->size to kernfs_node->iattr later.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> Reported-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org>
> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>

FWIW

Reviewed-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>

> ---
> fs/kernfs/file.c | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> include/linux/kernfs.h | 1
> 2 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
>
> --- a/fs/kernfs/file.c
> +++ b/fs/kernfs/file.c
> @@ -39,6 +39,19 @@ struct kernfs_open_node {
> struct list_head files; /* goes through kernfs_open_file.list */
> };
>
> +/*
> + * kernfs_notify() may be called from any context and bounces notifications
> + * through a work item. To minimize space overhead in kernfs_node, the
> + * pending queue is implemented as a singly linked list of kernfs_nodes.
> + * The list is terminated with the self pointer so that whether a
> + * kernfs_node is on the list or not can be determined by testing the next
> + * pointer for NULL.
> + */
> +#define KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL ((void *)&kernfs_notify_list)
> +
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kernfs_notify_lock);
> +static struct kernfs_node *kernfs_notify_list = KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL;
> +
> static struct kernfs_open_file *kernfs_of(struct file *file)
> {
> return ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private;
> @@ -783,24 +796,25 @@ static unsigned int kernfs_fop_poll(stru
> return DEFAULT_POLLMASK|POLLERR|POLLPRI;
> }
>
> -/**
> - * kernfs_notify - notify a kernfs file
> - * @kn: file to notify
> - *
> - * Notify @kn such that poll(2) on @kn wakes up.
> - */
> -void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn)
> +static void kernfs_notify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
> {
> - struct kernfs_root *root = kernfs_root(kn);
> + struct kernfs_node *kn;
> struct kernfs_open_node *on;
> struct kernfs_super_info *info;
> - unsigned long flags;
> -
> - if (WARN_ON(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_FILE))
> +repeat:
> + /* pop one off the notify_list */
> + spin_lock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock);
> + kn = kernfs_notify_list;
> + if (kn == KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL) {
> + spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock);
> return;
> + }
> + kernfs_notify_list = kn->attr.notify_next;
> + kn->attr.notify_next = NULL;
> + spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock);
>
> /* kick poll */
> - spin_lock_irqsave(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags);
> + spin_lock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock);
>
> on = kn->attr.open;
> if (on) {
> @@ -808,12 +822,12 @@ void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *k
> wake_up_interruptible(&on->poll);
> }
>
> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags);
> + spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock);
>
> /* kick fsnotify */
> mutex_lock(&kernfs_mutex);
>
> - list_for_each_entry(info, &root->supers, node) {
> + list_for_each_entry(info, &kernfs_root(kn)->supers, node) {
> struct inode *inode;
> struct dentry *dentry;
>
> @@ -833,6 +847,33 @@ void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *k
> }
>
> mutex_unlock(&kernfs_mutex);
> + kernfs_put(kn);
> + goto repeat;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * kernfs_notify - notify a kernfs file
> + * @kn: file to notify
> + *
> + * Notify @kn such that poll(2) on @kn wakes up. Maybe be called from any
> + * context.
> + */
> +void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn)
> +{
> + static DECLARE_WORK(kernfs_notify_work, kernfs_notify_workfn);
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_FILE))
> + return;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kernfs_notify_lock, flags);
> + if (!kn->attr.notify_next) {
> + kernfs_get(kn);
> + kn->attr.notify_next = kernfs_notify_list;
> + kernfs_notify_list = kn;
> + schedule_work(&kernfs_notify_work);
> + }
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kernfs_notify_lock, flags);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernfs_notify);
>
> --- a/include/linux/kernfs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kernfs.h
> @@ -91,6 +91,7 @@ struct kernfs_elem_attr {
> const struct kernfs_ops *ops;
> struct kernfs_open_node *open;
> loff_t size;
> + struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */
> };
>
> /*


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