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Subject[PATCH 1/2] kbuild: Support split debug info v3
From: Andi Kleen <>

This is an alternative approach to lower the overhead of debug info
(as we discussed a few days ago)

gcc 4.7+ and newer binutils have a new "split debug info" debug info
model where the debug info is only written once into central ".dwo" files.

This avoids having to copy it around multiple times, from the object
files to the final executable. It also lowers the disk space
requirements. In addition it defaults to compressed debug data.

More details here:

This patch adds a new option to enable it. It has to be an option,
because it'll undoubtedly break everyone's debuginfo packaging scheme.
gdb/objdump/etc. all still work, if you have new enough versions.

I don't see big compile wins (maybe a second or two faster or so), but the
object dirs with debuginfo get significantly smaller. My standard kernel
config (slightly bigger than defconfig) shrinks from 2.9G disk space
to 1.1G objdir (with non reduced debuginfo). I presume if you are IO limited
the compile time difference will be larger.

Only problem I've seen so far is that it doesn't play well with older
versions of ccache (apparently fixed, see

v2: various fixes from Dirk Gouders. Improve commit message slightly.
v3: Fix clean rules and improve Kconfig slightly
Cc: Dirk Gouders <>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <>
.gitignore | 1 +
Makefile | 5 +++++
lib/Kconfig.debug | 13 +++++++++++++
3 files changed, 19 insertions(+)

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index f4c0b09..e213b27 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@

# Top-level generic files
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 1317563..953659e 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -683,9 +683,13 @@ endif

+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -gsplit-dwarf, -g)
KBUILD_AFLAGS += -Wa,-gdwarf-2

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -femit-struct-debug-baseonly) \
@@ -1371,6 +1375,7 @@ clean: $(clean-dirs)
\( -name '*.[oas]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
-o -name '*.ko.*' \
+ -o -name '*.dwo' \
-o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
-o -name '*.symtypes' -o -name 'modules.order' \
-o -name modules.builtin -o -name '.tmp_*.o.*' \
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 7a638aa..fb07c33 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -143,6 +143,19 @@ config DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
DEBUG_INFO build and compile times are reduced too.
Only works with newer gcc versions.

+ bool "Produce split debuginfo in .dwo files"
+ depends on DEBUG_INFO
+ help
+ Generate debug info into separate .dwo files. This can be
+ faster for building than including the debug information directly
+ in the object files and the vmlinux, as it only needs to
+ be stored once to disk, not multiple times in object files.
+ Requires recent gcc (4.7+) and recent gdb/binutils.
+ Any tool that packages or reads debug information would need
+ to know about the .dwo files and include them.
+ Incompatible with older versions of ccache.
bool "Enable __deprecated logic"
default y

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