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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 0/4] arm: KGDB NMI/FIQ support
From
On 15 July 2014 11:41, Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> wrote:
> On 14/07/14 14:51, Harro Haan wrote:
>> On 10 July 2014 10:03, Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> wrote:
>>>
>>> This patchset makes it possible to use kgdb's NMI infrastructure on ARM
>>> platforms.
>>>
>>> The patches have been previously circulated as part of a large patchset
>>> mixing together ARM architecture code and driver changes
>>> (http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.ports.arm.kernel/333901 ). This
>>> patchset is dramatically cut down to include only the arch/arm code. The
>>> driver code (irqchip and tty/serial) will follow when/if the arch code
>>> is accepted.
>>>
>>> The first two patches modify the FIQ infrastructure to allow interrupt
>>> controller drivers to register callbacks (the fiq_chip structure) to
>>> manage FIQ routings and to ACK and EOI the FIQ. This makes it possible
>>> to use FIQ in multi-platform kernels and with recent ARM interrupt
>>> controllers.
>>>
>>
>> Daniel,
>>
>> Thanks for the patches. I have tested the fiq and irq-gic patches on
>> an i.MX6 (SabreSD board) for a different purpose:
>> A FIQ timer interrupt at 1 kHz. The TWD watchdog block is used in
>> timer mode for this (interrupt ID 30). The GIC affinity is set to CPU
>> core 0 only for this interrupt ID.
>>
>> I was surprised by the following behavior:
>> $ cat /proc/interrupts
>> CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 CPU3
>> 29: 5459 3381 3175 3029 GIC 29 twd
>> 30: 11 0 0 0 GIC 30 fake-fiq
>>
>> Once every few seconds is interrupt ID 30 handled by the regular GIC
>> handler instead of the FIQ exception path (which causes for example a
>> bit more latencies). The other thousands of FIQ's are handled by the
>> FIQ exception path. The problem is also confirmed by the following
>> stackframe of the Lauterbach tooling:
>> fake_fiq_handler(irq = 30, ...)
>> handle_percpu_devid_irq(irq = 30, ...)
>> generic_handle_irq(irq = 30)
>> handle_IRQ(irq = 30, ...)
>> gic_handle_irq
>> __irq_svc
>> -->exception
>>
>> Notes:
>> - The problem will occur more often by executing the following command:
>> $ while true; do hackbench 20; done &
>> - Reading the GIC_CPU_INTACK register returns the interrupt ID of the
>> highest priority pending interrupt.
>> - The GIC_CPU_INTACK register (used by fiq_ack) will return spurious
>> interrupt ID 0x3FF when read in fake_fiq_handler, because
>> GIC_CPU_INTACK is already read by gic_handle_irq.
>> - The FIQ exception will not occur anymore after gic_handle_irq
>> read/acknowledges the FIQ by reading the GIC_CPU_INTACK register
>>
>> From the behavior above I conclude that the GIC_CPU_INTACK register is
>> first updated before the FIQ exception is generated, so there is a
>> small period of time that gic_handle_irq can read/acknowledge the FIQ.
>
> Makes sense.
>
> Avoiding this problem on GICv2 is easy (thanks to the aliased intack
> register) but on iMX.6 we have only a GICv1.
>
>
>> I can reduce the number of occurrences (not prevent it) by adding the
>> following hack to irq-gic.c
>> @@ -297,10 +309,12 @@ static asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry
>> gic_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs
>> u32 irqstat, irqnr;
>> struct gic_chip_data *gic = &gic_data[0];
>> void __iomem *cpu_base = gic_data_cpu_base(gic);
>>
>> do {
>> + while(readl_relaxed(gic_data_dist_base(gic) + GIC_DIST_PENDING_SET)
>> & (1 << 30))
>> + printk(KERN_ERR "TEMP: gic_handle_irq: wait for FIQ exception\n");
>> irqstat = readl_relaxed(cpu_base + GIC_CPU_INTACK);
>> irqnr = irqstat & ~0x1c00;
>
> I've made a more complete attempt to fix this. Could you test the
> following? (and be prepared to fuzz the line numbers)

Thanks Daniel, I have tested it, see the comments below.

>
> diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
> index 73ae896..309bf2c 100644
> --- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
> +++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c
> @@ -303,6 +303,28 @@ static int gic_set_wake(struct irq_data *d,
> unsigned int on)
> #define gic_set_wake NULL
> #endif
>
> +/* Check for group 0 interrupt spuriously acked as a normal IRQ. This
> + * workaround will only work for level triggered interrupts (and in
> + * its current form is actively harmful on systems that don't support
> + * FIQ).
> + */
> +static u32 gic_handle_spurious_group_0(struct gic_chip_data *gic, u32
> irqstat)
> +{
> + u32 irqnr = irqstat & GICC_IAR_INT_ID_MASK;
> +
> + if (!gic_data_fiq_enable(gic) || irqnr >= 1021)
> + return irqnr;
> +
> + if (readl_relaxed(gic_data_dist_base(gic) + GIC_DIST_IGROUP +
> + (irqnr / 32 * 4)) &
> + BIT(irqnr % 32))
> + return irqnr;
> +
> + /* this interrupt was spurious (needs to be handled as FIQ) */
> + writel_relaxed(irqstat, gic_data_cpu_base(gic) + GIC_CPU_EOI);

This will NOT work, because of the note I mentioned above:
"The FIQ exception will not occur anymore after gic_handle_irq
read/acknowledges the FIQ by reading the GIC_CPU_INTACK register"
So with this code you will say End Of Interrupt at the GIC level,
without actually handling the interrupt, so you are missing an
interrupt.
I did the following test to confirm the missing interrupt:
I have changed the periodic timer interrupt by an one-shot timer
interrupt. The one-shot timer interrupt is programmed by the FIQ
handler for the next FIQ interrupt. As expected: When the problem
occurs, no more FIQ interrupts are generated.

> + return 1023;
> +}
> +
> static void __exception_irq_entry gic_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> u32 irqstat, irqnr;
> @@ -310,8 +332,10 @@ static void __exception_irq_entry
> gic_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
> void __iomem *cpu_base = gic_data_cpu_base(gic);
>
> do {
> + local_fiq_disable();

It is a bit weird to disable the "Non-Maskable Interrupt" at every
interrupt, because of a problem that occurs once every few thousand
interrupts

> irqstat = readl_relaxed(cpu_base + GIC_CPU_INTACK);
> - irqnr = irqstat & GICC_IAR_INT_ID_MASK;
> + irqnr = gic_handle_spurious_group_0(gic, irqstat);
> + local_fiq_enable();
>
> if (likely(irqnr > 15 && irqnr < 1021)) {
> irqnr = irq_find_mapping(gic->domain, irqnr);


The following type of changes could fix the problem for me:

@@ -290,19 +290,66 @@ static int gic_set_wake(struct irq_data *d,
unsigned int on)

#else
#define gic_set_wake NULL
#endif

+extern void (*fiq_handler)(void);
+
+/* Check for group 0 interrupt spuriously acked as a normal IRQ. This
+ * workaround will only work for level triggered interrupts (and in
+ * its current form is actively harmful on systems that don't support
+ * FIQ).
+ */
+static u32 gic_handle_spurious_group_0(struct gic_chip_data *gic, u32 irqstat)
+{
+ u32 irqnr = irqstat & ~0x1c00;
+
+ if (!gic_data_fiq_enable(gic) || irqnr >= 1021)
+ return irqnr;
+
+ if (readl_relaxed(gic_data_dist_base(gic) + GIC_DIST_IGROUP +
+ (irqnr / 32 * 4)) & BIT(irqnr % 32))
+ return irqnr;
+
+ /*
+ * The FIQ should be disabled before the next FIQ interrupt occurs,
+ * so this only works when the next FIQ interrupt is not "too fast"
+ * after the previous one.
+ */
+ local_fiq_disable();
+
+ /*
+ * Notes:
+ * - The FIQ exception will not occur anymore for this current
+ * interrupt, because gic_handle_irq has already read/acknowledged
+ * the GIC_CPU_INTACK register. So handle the FIQ here.
+ * - The fiq_handler below should not call ack_fiq and eoi_fiq,
+ * because rereading the GIC_CPU_INTACK register returns spurious
+ * interrupt ID 0x3FF. So probably you will have to add sometime like
+ * the following to fiq_handler:
+ * u32 cpsr, irqstat;
+ * __asm__("mrs %0, cpsr" : "=r" (cpsr));
+ * if ((cpsr & MODE_MASK) == FIQ_MODE)
+ * irqstat = ack_fiq();
+ */
+ (*fiq_handler)();
+
+ writel_relaxed(irqstat, gic_data_cpu_base(gic) + GIC_CPU_EOI);
+ local_fiq_enable();
+
+ return 1023;
+}
+
static asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry gic_handle_irq(struct
pt_regs *regs)
{
u32 irqstat, irqnr;
struct gic_chip_data *gic = &gic_data[0];
void __iomem *cpu_base = gic_data_cpu_base(gic);

do {
irqstat = readl_relaxed(cpu_base + GIC_CPU_INTACK);
- irqnr = irqstat & ~0x1c00;
+ irqnr = gic_handle_spurious_group_0(gic, irqstat);

if (likely(irqnr > 15 && irqnr < 1021)) {

Regards,

Harro


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