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Subject[PATCH v8 4/4] ARM: Add KGDB/KDB FIQ debugger generic code
Date
From: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>

The FIQ debugger may be used to debug situations when the kernel stuck
in uninterruptable sections, e.g. the kernel infinitely loops or
deadlocked in an interrupt or with interrupts disabled.

By default KGDB FIQ is disabled in runtime, but can be enabled with
kgdb_fiq.enable=1 kernel command line option.

Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
[daniel.thompson@linaro.org: Added __fiq_abt, rewrote stack init]
Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>
Cc: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
---
arch/arm/Kconfig | 2 +
arch/arm/Kconfig.debug | 18 ++++++
arch/arm/include/asm/kgdb.h | 7 +++
arch/arm/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq.c | 132 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq_entry.S | 130 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 290 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq_entry.S

diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 245058b..f385b27 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -297,6 +297,7 @@ choice
config ARCH_MULTIPLATFORM
bool "Allow multiple platforms to be selected"
depends on MMU
+ select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_KGDB_FIQ
select ARCH_WANT_OPTIONAL_GPIOLIB
select ARM_HAS_SG_CHAIN
select ARM_PATCH_PHYS_VIRT
@@ -346,6 +347,7 @@ config ARCH_REALVIEW

config ARCH_VERSATILE
bool "ARM Ltd. Versatile family"
+ select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_KGDB_FIQ
select ARCH_WANT_OPTIONAL_GPIOLIB
select ARM_AMBA
select ARM_TIMER_SP804
diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
index 26536f7..c7342b6 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
@@ -2,6 +2,24 @@ menu "Kernel hacking"

source "lib/Kconfig.debug"

+config ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_KGDB_FIQ
+ bool
+
+config KGDB_FIQ
+ bool "KGDB FIQ support"
+ depends on KGDB_KDB && ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_KGDB_FIQ && !THUMB2_KERNEL
+ select FIQ
+ help
+ The FIQ debugger may be used to debug situations when the
+ kernel stuck in uninterruptable sections, e.g. the kernel
+ infinitely loops or deadlocked in an interrupt or with
+ interrupts disabled.
+
+ By default KGDB FIQ is disabled at runtime, but can be
+ enabled with kgdb_fiq.enable=1 kernel command line option.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config ARM_PTDUMP
bool "Export kernel pagetable layout to userspace via debugfs"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kgdb.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kgdb.h
index 0a9d5dd..5de21f01 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kgdb.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kgdb.h
@@ -11,7 +11,9 @@
#define __ARM_KGDB_H__

#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <asm/opcodes.h>
+#include <asm/exception.h>

/*
* GDB assumes that we're a user process being debugged, so
@@ -48,6 +50,11 @@ static inline void arch_kgdb_breakpoint(void)
extern void kgdb_handle_bus_error(void);
extern int kgdb_fault_expected;

+extern char kgdb_fiq_handler;
+extern char kgdb_fiq_handler_end;
+asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry kgdb_fiq_do_handle(struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern int kgdb_register_fiq(unsigned int fiq);
+
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */

/*
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
index 38ddd9f..30ee8f3 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@ endif
obj-$(CONFIG_OABI_COMPAT) += sys_oabi-compat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_THUMBEE) += thumbee.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KGDB) += kgdb.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KGDB_FIQ) += kgdb_fiq_entry.o kgdb_fiq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND) += unwind.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_TCM) += tcm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_OF) += devtree.o
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq.c b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a894dde
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq.c
@@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
+/*
+ * KGDB FIQ
+ *
+ * Copyright 2010 Google, Inc.
+ * Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com>
+ * Colin Cross <ccross@android.com>
+ * Copyright 2012 Linaro Ltd.
+ * Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/hardirq.h>
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/kdb.h>
+#include <linux/kgdb.h>
+#include <asm/fiq.h>
+#include <asm/exception.h>
+
+static int kgdb_fiq_enabled;
+module_param_named(enable, kgdb_fiq_enabled, int, 0600);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable, "set to 1 to enable FIQ KGDB");
+
+static unsigned int kgdb_fiq;
+
+struct fiq_stack {
+ u32 fiq[3];
+} ____cacheline_aligned;
+
+static struct fiq_stack stacks[NR_CPUS];
+
+asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry kgdb_fiq_do_handle(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int actual;
+
+ nmi_enter();
+ actual = ack_fiq(kgdb_fiq);
+ WARN_ON(actual != kgdb_fiq);
+
+ /* there's no harm in doing this regardless of the above WARN_ON() */
+ if (kgdb_nmi_poll_knock())
+ kgdb_handle_exception(1, 0, 0, regs);
+
+ eoi_fiq(actual);
+ nmi_exit();
+}
+
+static struct fiq_handler kgdb_fiq_desc = {
+ .name = "kgdb",
+};
+
+static long kgdb_fiq_setup_stack(void *info)
+{
+ struct pt_regs regs;
+
+ regs.ARM_sp = (unsigned long) stacks[smp_processor_id()].fiq;
+ set_fiq_regs(&regs);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kgdb_fiq_enable_nmi - Manage NMI-triggered entry to KGDB
+ * @on: Flag to either enable or disable an NMI
+ *
+ * This function manages NMIs that usually cause KGDB to enter. That is, not
+ * all NMIs should be enabled or disabled, but only those that issue
+ * kgdb_handle_exception().
+ *
+ * The call counts disable requests, and thus allows to nest disables. But
+ * trying to enable already enabled NMI is an error.
+ */
+static void kgdb_fiq_enable_nmi(bool on)
+{
+ static atomic_t cnt;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = atomic_add_return(on ? 1 : -1, &cnt);
+
+ /*
+ * There should be only one instance that calls this function
+ * in "enable, disable" order. All other users must call
+ * disable first, then enable. If not, something is wrong.
+ */
+ if (WARN_ON(ret > 1 && on))
+ return;
+
+ if (ret > 0)
+ enable_fiq(kgdb_fiq);
+ else
+ disable_fiq(kgdb_fiq);
+}
+
+int kgdb_register_fiq(unsigned int fiq)
+{
+ int err;
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (!kgdb_fiq_enabled)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (!has_fiq(fiq)) {
+ pr_warn(
+ "%s: Cannot register %u (no FIQ with this number)\n",
+ __func__, fiq);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ kgdb_fiq = fiq;
+
+ err = claim_fiq(&kgdb_fiq_desc);
+ if (err) {
+ pr_warn("%s: unable to claim fiq", __func__);
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+ work_on_cpu(cpu, kgdb_fiq_setup_stack, NULL);
+
+ set_fiq_handler(&kgdb_fiq_handler,
+ &kgdb_fiq_handler_end - &kgdb_fiq_handler);
+
+ arch_kgdb_ops.enable_nmi = kgdb_fiq_enable_nmi;
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq_entry.S b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq_entry.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..50499c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb_fiq_entry.S
@@ -0,0 +1,130 @@
+/*
+ * KGDB FIQ entry
+ *
+ * Copyright 1996,1997,1998 Russell King.
+ * Copyright 2012 Linaro Ltd.
+ * Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/memory.h>
+#include <asm/unwind.h>
+#include "entry-header.S"
+
+ .text
+
+@ This is needed for usr_entry/alignment_trap
+.LCcralign:
+ .long cr_alignment
+.LCdohandle:
+ .long kgdb_fiq_do_handle
+
+ .macro fiq_handler
+ ldr r1, =.LCdohandle
+ mov r0, sp
+ adr lr, BSYM(9997f)
+ ldr pc, [r1]
+9997:
+ .endm
+
+/*
+ * svc_exit_via_fiq
+ *
+ * This macro acts in a similar manner to svc_exit but switches to FIQ
+ * mode to restore the final part of the register state.
+ *
+ * We cannot use the normal svc_exit procedure because that would
+ * clobber spsr_svc (FIQ could be delivered during the first few instructions
+ * of vector_swi meaning its contents have not been saved anywhere).
+ */
+ .macro svc_exit_via_fiq, rpsr
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
+ tst \rpsr, #PSR_I_BIT
+ bleq trace_hardirqs_on
+#endif
+
+ mov r0, sp
+ ldmib r0, {r1 - r14} @ abort is deadly from here onward (it will
+ @ clobber state restored below)
+ msr cpsr_c, #FIQ_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ add r8, r0, #S_PC
+ ldr r9, [r0, #S_PSR]
+ msr spsr_cxsf, r9
+ ldr r0, [r0, #S_R0]
+ ldmia r8, {pc}^
+ .endm
+
+ .align 5
+__fiq_svc:
+ svc_entry
+ fiq_handler
+ svc_exit_via_fiq r5
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_svc)
+ .ltorg
+
+ .align 5
+__fiq_abt:
+ svc_entry
+
+ msr cpsr_c, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ mov r0, lr @ Save lr_abt
+ mrs r1, spsr @ Save spsr_abt, abort is now safe
+ msr cpsr_c, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ push {r0 - r1}
+
+ fiq_handler
+
+ pop {r0 - r1}
+ msr cpsr_c, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ mov lr, r0 @ Restore lr_abt, abort is unsafe
+ msr spsr_cxsf, r1 @ Restore spsr_abt
+ msr cpsr_c, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+
+ svc_exit_via_fiq r5
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_svc)
+ .ltorg
+
+ .align 5
+__fiq_usr:
+ usr_entry
+ kuser_cmpxchg_check
+ fiq_handler
+ get_thread_info tsk
+ mov why, #0
+ b ret_to_user_from_irq
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_usr)
+ .ltorg
+
+ .global kgdb_fiq_handler
+kgdb_fiq_handler:
+
+ vector_stub fiq, FIQ_MODE, 4
+
+ .long __fiq_usr @ 0 (USR_26 / USR_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 1 (FIQ_26 / FIQ_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 2 (IRQ_26 / IRQ_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 3 (SVC_26 / SVC_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 4
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 5
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 6
+ .long __fiq_abt @ 7
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 8
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 9
+ .long __fiq_svc @ a
+ .long __fiq_svc @ b
+ .long __fiq_svc @ c
+ .long __fiq_svc @ d
+ .long __fiq_svc @ e
+ .long __fiq_svc @ f
+
+ .global kgdb_fiq_handler_end
+kgdb_fiq_handler_end:
--
1.9.3
--
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