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SubjectRe: [RFC/PATCH RESEND -next 01/21] Add kernel address sanitizer infrastructure.
On 07/09/14 23:29, Andi Kleen wrote:
> Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> writes:
>
> Seems like a useful facility. Thanks for working on it. Overall the code
> looks fairly good. Some comments below.
>
>
>> +
>> +Address sanitizer for kernel (KASAN) is a dynamic memory error detector. It provides
>> +fast and comprehensive solution for finding use-after-free and out-of-bounds bugs.
>> +
>> +KASAN is better than all of CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC, because it:
>> + - is based on compiler instrumentation (fast),
>> + - detects OOB for both writes and reads,
>> + - provides UAF detection,
>
> Please expand the acronym.
>
Sure, will do.

>> +
>> +|--------| |--------|
>> +| Memory |---- | Memory |
>> +|--------| \ |--------|
>> +| Shadow |-- -->| Shadow |
>> +|--------| \ |--------|
>> +| Bad | ---->| Bad |
>> +|--------| / |--------|
>> +| Shadow |-- -->| Shadow |
>> +|--------| / |--------|
>> +| Memory |---- | Memory |
>> +|--------| |--------|
>
> I guess this implies it's incompatible with memory hotplug, as the
> shadow couldn't be extended?
>
> That's fine, but you should exclude that in Kconfig.
>
> There are likely more exclude dependencies for Kconfig too.
> Neds dependencies on the right sparse mem options?
> Does it work with kmemcheck? If not exclude.
>
> Perhaps try to boot it with all other debug options and see which ones break.
>

Besides Kconfig dependencies I might need to disable instrumentation in some places.
For example kasan doesn't play well with kmemleak. Kmemleak may look for pointers inside redzones
and kasan treats this as an error.

>> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
>> index 64ab7b3..08a07f2 100644
>> --- a/Makefile
>> +++ b/Makefile
>> @@ -384,6 +384,12 @@ LDFLAGS_MODULE =
>> CFLAGS_KERNEL =
>> AFLAGS_KERNEL =
>> CFLAGS_GCOV = -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage
>> +CFLAGS_KASAN = -fsanitize=address --param asan-stack=0 \
>> + --param asan-use-after-return=0 \
>> + --param asan-globals=0 \
>> + --param asan-memintrin=0 \
>> + --param asan-instrumentation-with-call-threshold=0 \
>
> Hardcoding --param is not very nice. They can change from compiler
> to compiler version. Need some version checking?
>
> Also you should probably have some check that the compiler supports it
> (and print some warning if not)
> Otherwise randconfig builds will be broken if the compiler doesn't.
>
> Also does the kernel really build/work without the other patches?
> If not please move this patchkit to the end of the series, to keep
> the patchkit bisectable (this may need moving parts of the includes
> into a separate patch)
>
It's buildable. At this point you can't select CONFIG_KASAN = y because there is no
arch that supports kasan (HAVE_ARCH_KASAN config). But after x86 patches kernel could be
build and run with kasan. At that point kasan will be able to catch only "wild" memory
accesses (when someone outside mm/kasan/* tries to access shadow memory).

>> diff --git a/commit b/commit
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..134f4dd
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/commit
>> @@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
>> +
>> +I'm working on address sanitizer for kernel.
>> +fuck this bloody.
>> \ No newline at end of file
> Heh. Please remove.
>

Oops. No idea how it get there :)

>> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kasan b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..2bfff78
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
>> @@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
>> +config HAVE_ARCH_KASAN
>> + bool
>> +
>> +if HAVE_ARCH_KASAN
>> +
>> +config KASAN
>> + bool "AddressSanitizer: dynamic memory error detector"
>> + default n
>> + help
>> + Enables AddressSanitizer - dynamic memory error detector,
>> + that finds out-of-bounds and use-after-free bugs.
>
> Needs much more description.
>
>> +
>> +config KASAN_SANITIZE_ALL
>> + bool "Instrument entire kernel"
>> + depends on KASAN
>> + default y
>> + help
>> + This enables compiler intrumentation for entire kernel
>> +
>
> Same.
>
>
>> diff --git a/mm/kasan/kasan.c b/mm/kasan/kasan.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..e2cd345
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/mm/kasan/kasan.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,292 @@
>> +/*
>> + *
>
> Add one line here what the file does. Same for other files.
>
>> + * Copyright (c) 2014 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
>> + * Author: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> +#include "kasan.h"
>> +#include "../slab.h"
>
> That's ugly, but ok.
Hm... "../slab.h" is not needed in this file. linux/slab.h is enough here.

>
>> +
>> +static bool __read_mostly kasan_initialized;
>
> It would be better to use a static_key, but I guess your initialization
> is too early?

No, not too early. kasan_init_shadow which switches this flag called just after jump_label_init,
so it's not a problem for static_key, but there is another one.
I tried static key here. I works really well for arm, but it has some problems on x86.
While switching static key by calling static_key_slow_inc, the first byte of static key is replaced with
breakpoint (look at text_poke_bp()). After that, at first memory access __asan_load/__asan_store called and
we are executing this breakpoint from the code that trying to update that instruction.

text_poke_bp()
{
....
//replace first byte with breakpoint
....
___asan_load*()
....
if (static_key_false(&kasan_initlized)) <-- static key update still in progress
....
//patching code done
}
To make static_key work on x86 I need to disable instrumentation in text_poke_bp() and in any other functions that called from it.
It might be a big problem if text_poke_bp uses some very generic functions.

Another better option would be to get rid of kasan_initilized check in kasan_enabled():
static inline bool kasan_enabled(void)
{
return likely(kasan_initialized
&& !current->kasan_depth);
}

>
> Of course the proposal to move it into start_kernel and get rid of the
> flag would be best.
>

that's the plan for future.


>> +
>> +unsigned long kasan_shadow_start;
>> +unsigned long kasan_shadow_end;
>> +
>> +/* equals to (kasan_shadow_start - PAGE_OFFSET/KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE) */
>> +unsigned long __read_mostly kasan_shadow_offset; /* it's not a very good name for this variable */
>
> Do these all need to be global?
>

For now only kasan_shadow_start and kasan_shadow_offset need to be global.
It also should be possible to get rid of using kasan_shadow_start in kasan_shadow_to_mem(), and make it static

>> +
>> +
>> +static inline bool addr_is_in_mem(unsigned long addr)
>> +{
>> + return likely(addr >= PAGE_OFFSET && addr < (unsigned long)high_memory);
>> +}
>
> Of course there are lots of cases where this doesn't work (like large
> holes), but I assume this has been checked elsewhere?
>
Seems I need to do some work for sparsemem configurations.

>
>> +
>> +void kasan_enable_local(void)
>> +{
>> + if (likely(kasan_initialized))
>> + current->kasan_depth--;
>> +}
>> +
>> +void kasan_disable_local(void)
>> +{
>> + if (likely(kasan_initialized))
>> + current->kasan_depth++;
>> +}
>
> Couldn't this be done without checking the flag?
>
Not sure. Do we always have current available? I assume it should be initialized at some point of boot process.
I will check that.


>
>> + return;
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(addr < TASK_SIZE)) {
>> + info.access_addr = addr;
>> + info.access_size = size;
>> + info.is_write = write;
>> + info.ip = _RET_IP_;
>> + kasan_report_user_access(&info);
>> + return;
>> + }
>
> How about vsyscall pages here?
>

Not sure what do you mean. Could you please elaborate?

>> +
>> + if (!addr_is_in_mem(addr))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + access_addr = memory_is_poisoned(addr, size);
>> + if (likely(access_addr == 0))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + info.access_addr = access_addr;
>> + info.access_size = size;
>> + info.is_write = write;
>> + info.ip = _RET_IP_;
>> + kasan_report_error(&info);
>> +}
>> +
>> +void __init kasan_alloc_shadow(void)
>> +{
>> + unsigned long lowmem_size = (unsigned long)high_memory - PAGE_OFFSET;
>> + unsigned long shadow_size;
>> + phys_addr_t shadow_phys_start;
>> +
>> + shadow_size = lowmem_size >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT;
>> +
>> + shadow_phys_start = memblock_alloc(shadow_size, PAGE_SIZE);
>> + if (!shadow_phys_start) {
>> + pr_err("Unable to reserve shadow memory\n");
>> + return;
>
> Wouldn't this crash&burn later? panic?
>

As already Sasha reported it will panic in memblock_alloc.

>> +void *kasan_memcpy(void *dst, const void *src, size_t len)
>> +{
>> + if (unlikely(len == 0))
>> + return dst;
>> +
>> + check_memory_region((unsigned long)src, len, false);
>> + check_memory_region((unsigned long)dst, len, true);
>
> I assume this handles negative len?
> Also check for overlaps?
>
Will do.

>> +
>> +static inline void *virt_to_obj(struct kmem_cache *s, void *slab_start, void *x)
>> +{
>> + return x - ((x - slab_start) % s->size);
>> +}
>
> This should be in the respective slab headers, not hard coded.
>
Agreed.

>> +void kasan_report_error(struct access_info *info)
>> +{
>> + kasan_disable_local();
>> + pr_err("================================="
>> + "=================================\n");
>> + print_error_description(info);
>> + print_address_description(info);
>> + print_shadow_for_address(info->access_addr);
>> + pr_err("================================="
>> + "=================================\n");
>> + kasan_enable_local();
>> +}
>> +
>> +void kasan_report_user_access(struct access_info *info)
>> +{
>> + kasan_disable_local();
>
> Should print the same prefix oopses use, a lot of log grep tools
> look for that.
>
Ok

> Also you may want some lock to prevent multiple
> reports mixing.

I think hiding it into
if (spin_trylock) { ... }
would be enough.
I think it might be a good idea to add option for reporting only first error.
It will be usefull for some cases (for example strlen on not null terminated string makes kasan crazy)

Thanks for review

>
> -Andi
>



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