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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/6] mm: Rearrange zone fields into read-only, page alloc, statistics and page reclaim lines
On Wed, Jul 09, 2014 at 09:13:04AM +0100, Mel Gorman wrote:
> The arrangement of struct zone has changed over time and now it has reached the
> point where there is some inappropriate sharing going on. On x86-64 for example
> o The zone->node field is shared with the zone lock and zone->node is accessed
> frequently from the page allocator due to the fair zone allocation policy.
> o span_seqlock is almost never used by shares a line with free_area
> o Some zone statistics share a cache line with the LRU lock so reclaim-intensive
> and allocator-intensive workloads can bounce the cache line on a stat update
> This patch rearranges struct zone to put read-only and read-mostly fields
> together and then splits the page allocator intensive fields, the zone
> statistics and the page reclaim intensive fields into their own cache
> lines. Note that the type of lowmem_reserve changes due to the watermark
> calculations being signed and avoiding a signed/unsigned conversion there.
> On the test configuration I used the overall size of struct zone shrunk
> by one cache line. On smaller machines, this is not likely to be noticable.
> However, on a 4-node NUMA machine running tiobench the system CPU overhead
> is reduced by this patch.
> 3.16.0-rc3 3.16.0-rc3
> vanillarearrange-v5r9
> User 746.94 759.78
> System 65336.22 58350.98
> Elapsed 27553.52 27282.02
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <>

Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <>

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