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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/6] kernel: Add support for restart notifier call chain
On Mon, Jun 30, 2014 at 09:28:51PM +0100, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 30, 2014 at 08:59:47PM +0100, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 30, 2014 at 12:11:33PM -0700, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > Various drivers implement architecture and/or device specific means
> > > to restart (reset) the system. Various mechanisms have been implemented
> > > to support those schemes. The best known mechanism is arm_pm_restart,
> > > which is a function pointer to be set either from platform specific code
> > > or from drivers. Another mechanism is to use hardware watchdogs to issue
> > > a reset; this mechanism is used if there is no other method available
> > > to reset a board or system. Two examples are alim7101_wdt, which currently
> > > uses the reboot notifier to trigger a reset, and moxart_wdt, which registers
> > > the arm_pm_restart function.
> > >
> > > The existing mechanisms have a number of drawbacks. Typically only one scheme
> > > to restart the system is supported (at least if arm_pm_restart is used).
> > > At least in theory there can be mutliple means to restart the system, some of
> > > which may be less desirable (for example one mechanism may only reset the CPU,
> > > while another may reset the entire system). Using arm_pm_restart can also be
> > > racy if the function pointer is set from a driver, as the driver may be in
> > > the process of being unloaded when arm_pm_restart is called.
> > > Using the reboot notifier is always racy, as it is unknown if and when
> > > other functions using the reboot notifier have completed execution
> > > by the time the watchdog fires.
> > >
> > > To solve the problem, introduce a system restart notifier. This notifier
> > > is expected to be called from the architecture specific machine_restart()
> > > function. Drivers providing system restart functionality (such as the watchdog
> > > drivers mentioned above) are expected to register with this notifier.
> > >
> > > Patch 1 of this series implements the notifier function. Patches 2 and 3
> > > implement calling the notifier chain from arm and arm64 restart code.
> > > Patch 4 and 5 convert existing restart handlers in the watchdog subsystem
> > > to use the restart notifier. Patch 6 unexports arm_pm_restart to ensure
> > > that no one gets the idea to implement a restart handler as module.
> >
> > I think you need to restructure stuff somewhat, because I think
> > you've missed drivers/power/reset/ entirely, or at least you've
> > missed drivers/power/reset/restart-poweroff.c which calls
> > arm_pm_restart directly. I'm not quite sure how we ended up with
> > that...
>
> Yes, guess I missed (and did not really expect) that arm_pm_restart
> is called from multiple places.

Most of the ARM-specific code in drivers/power/reset/ consists of SoC
power-off/restart back-ends (e.g. vexpress-poweroff.c). Since there is
no generic pm_restart, we continued to use arm_pm_restart (also for
arm64 since we share some of the drivers). Maybe some driver model here
would help.

> What is restart-poweroff supposed to do in the first place, and why
> doesn't it call machine_restart() ? If it is what I think it is, ie
> a fallback for pm_power_off, it could be made generic and does not
> really have to depend on ARM.

I think this one pretends to do a power-off via restart. It could call
machine_restart() but this only passes the default reboot_mode to
arm_pm_restart().

--
Catalin


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