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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 06/10] CMA: generalize CMA reserved area management functionality
On 06/12/2014 11:21 AM, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> Currently, there are two users on CMA functionality, one is the DMA
> subsystem and the other is the kvm on powerpc. They have their own code
> to manage CMA reserved area even if they looks really similar.
>>From my guess, it is caused by some needs on bitmap management. Kvm side
> wants to maintain bitmap not for 1 page, but for more size. Eventually it
> use bitmap where one bit represents 64 pages.
>
> When I implement CMA related patches, I should change those two places
> to apply my change and it seem to be painful to me. I want to change
> this situation and reduce future code management overhead through
> this patch.
>
> This change could also help developer who want to use CMA in their
> new feature development, since they can use CMA easily without
> copying & pasting this reserved area management code.
>
> In previous patches, we have prepared some features to generalize
> CMA reserved area management and now it's time to do it. This patch
> moves core functions to mm/cma.c and change DMA APIs to use
> these functions.
>
> There is no functional change in DMA APIs.
>
> v2: There is no big change from v1 in mm/cma.c. Mostly renaming.
>
> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>

Acked-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>

>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/Kconfig b/drivers/base/Kconfig
> index 00e13ce..4eac559 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/base/Kconfig
> @@ -283,16 +283,6 @@ config CMA_ALIGNMENT
>
> If unsure, leave the default value "8".
>
> -config CMA_AREAS
> - int "Maximum count of the CMA device-private areas"
> - default 7
> - help
> - CMA allows to create CMA areas for particular devices. This parameter
> - sets the maximum number of such device private CMA areas in the
> - system.
> -
> - If unsure, leave the default value "7".
> -
> endif
>
> endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c b/drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c
> index 9bc9340..f177f73 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c
> @@ -24,25 +24,10 @@
>
> #include <linux/memblock.h>
> #include <linux/err.h>
> -#include <linux/mm.h>
> -#include <linux/mutex.h>
> -#include <linux/page-isolation.h>
> #include <linux/sizes.h>
> -#include <linux/slab.h>
> -#include <linux/swap.h>
> -#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> #include <linux/dma-contiguous.h>
> #include <linux/log2.h>
> -
> -struct cma {
> - unsigned long base_pfn;
> - unsigned long count;
> - unsigned long *bitmap;
> - int order_per_bit; /* Order of pages represented by one bit */
> - struct mutex lock;
> -};
> -
> -struct cma *dma_contiguous_default_area;
> +#include <linux/cma.h>
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_MBYTES
> #define CMA_SIZE_MBYTES CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_MBYTES
> @@ -50,6 +35,8 @@ struct cma *dma_contiguous_default_area;
> #define CMA_SIZE_MBYTES 0
> #endif
>
> +struct cma *dma_contiguous_default_area;
> +
> /*
> * Default global CMA area size can be defined in kernel's .config.
> * This is useful mainly for distro maintainers to create a kernel
> @@ -156,199 +143,13 @@ void __init dma_contiguous_reserve(phys_addr_t limit)
> }
> }
>
> -static DEFINE_MUTEX(cma_mutex);
> -
> -static unsigned long cma_bitmap_aligned_mask(struct cma *cma, int align_order)
> -{
> - return (1 << (align_order >> cma->order_per_bit)) - 1;
> -}
> -
> -static unsigned long cma_bitmap_maxno(struct cma *cma)
> -{
> - return cma->count >> cma->order_per_bit;
> -}
> -
> -static unsigned long cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(struct cma *cma,
> - unsigned long pages)
> -{
> - return ALIGN(pages, 1 << cma->order_per_bit) >> cma->order_per_bit;
> -}
> -
> -static void clear_cma_bitmap(struct cma *cma, unsigned long pfn, int count)
> -{
> - unsigned long bitmapno, nr_bits;
> -
> - bitmapno = (pfn - cma->base_pfn) >> cma->order_per_bit;
> - nr_bits = cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(cma, count);
> -
> - mutex_lock(&cma->lock);
> - bitmap_clear(cma->bitmap, bitmapno, nr_bits);
> - mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> -}
> -
> -static int __init cma_activate_area(struct cma *cma)
> -{
> - int bitmap_maxno = cma_bitmap_maxno(cma);
> - int bitmap_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(bitmap_maxno) * sizeof(long);
> - unsigned long base_pfn = cma->base_pfn, pfn = base_pfn;
> - unsigned i = cma->count >> pageblock_order;
> - struct zone *zone;
> -
> - pr_debug("%s()\n", __func__);
> -
> - cma->bitmap = kzalloc(bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!cma->bitmap)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> -
> - WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> - zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> -
> - do {
> - unsigned j;
> - base_pfn = pfn;
> - for (j = pageblock_nr_pages; j; --j, pfn++) {
> - WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> - /*
> - * alloc_contig_range requires the pfn range
> - * specified to be in the same zone. Make this
> - * simple by forcing the entire CMA resv range
> - * to be in the same zone.
> - */
> - if (page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn)) != zone)
> - goto err;
> - }
> - init_cma_reserved_pageblock(pfn_to_page(base_pfn));
> - } while (--i);
> -
> - mutex_init(&cma->lock);
> - return 0;
> -
> -err:
> - kfree(cma->bitmap);
> - return -EINVAL;
> -}
> -
> -static struct cma cma_areas[MAX_CMA_AREAS];
> -static unsigned cma_area_count;
> -
> -static int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> -{
> - int i;
> -
> - for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++) {
> - int ret = cma_activate_area(&cma_areas[i]);
> - if (ret)
> - return ret;
> - }
> -
> - return 0;
> -}
> -core_initcall(cma_init_reserved_areas);
> -
> -/**
> - * dma_contiguous_reserve_area() - reserve custom contiguous area
> - * @size: Size of the reserved area (in bytes),
> - * @base: Base address of the reserved area optional, use 0 for any
> - * @limit: End address of the reserved memory (optional, 0 for any).
> - * @alignment: Alignment for the contiguous memory area, should be power of 2
> - * @order_per_bit: Order of pages represented by one bit on bitmap.
> - * @res_cma: Pointer to store the created cma region.
> - * @fixed: hint about where to place the reserved area
> - *
> - * This function reserves memory from early allocator. It should be
> - * called by arch specific code once the early allocator (memblock or bootmem)
> - * has been activated and all other subsystems have already allocated/reserved
> - * memory. This function allows to create custom reserved areas for specific
> - * devices.
> - *
> - * If @fixed is true, reserve contiguous area at exactly @base. If false,
> - * reserve in range from @base to @limit.
> - */
> -static int __init __dma_contiguous_reserve_area(phys_addr_t size,
> - phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit,
> - phys_addr_t alignment, int order_per_bit,
> - struct cma **res_cma, bool fixed)
> -{
> - struct cma *cma = &cma_areas[cma_area_count];
> - int ret = 0;
> -
> - pr_debug("%s(size %lx, base %08lx, limit %08lx align_order %08lx)\n",
> - __func__, (unsigned long)size, (unsigned long)base,
> - (unsigned long)limit, (unsigned long)alignment);
> -
> - /* Sanity checks */
> - if (cma_area_count == ARRAY_SIZE(cma_areas)) {
> - pr_err("%s(): Not enough slots for CMA reserved regions!\n",
> - __func__);
> - return -ENOSPC;
> - }
> -
> - if (!size)
> - return -EINVAL;
> -
> - if (alignment && !is_power_of_2(alignment))
> - return -EINVAL;
> -
> - /*
> - * Sanitise input arguments.
> - * CMA area should be at least MAX_ORDER - 1 aligned. Otherwise,
> - * CMA area could be merged into other MIGRATE_TYPE by buddy mechanism
> - * and CMA property will be broken.
> - */
> - alignment = max(alignment,
> - (phys_addr_t)PAGE_SIZE << max(MAX_ORDER - 1, pageblock_order));
> - base = ALIGN(base, alignment);
> - size = ALIGN(size, alignment);
> - limit &= ~(alignment - 1);
> - /* size should be aligned with order_per_bit */
> - BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(size >> PAGE_SHIFT, 1 << order_per_bit));
> -
> - /* Reserve memory */
> - if (base && fixed) {
> - if (memblock_is_region_reserved(base, size) ||
> - memblock_reserve(base, size) < 0) {
> - ret = -EBUSY;
> - goto err;
> - }
> - } else {
> - phys_addr_t addr = memblock_alloc_range(size, alignment, base,
> - limit);
> - if (!addr) {
> - ret = -ENOMEM;
> - goto err;
> - } else {
> - base = addr;
> - }
> - }
> -
> - /*
> - * Each reserved area must be initialised later, when more kernel
> - * subsystems (like slab allocator) are available.
> - */
> - cma->base_pfn = PFN_DOWN(base);
> - cma->count = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> - cma->order_per_bit = order_per_bit;
> - *res_cma = cma;
> - cma_area_count++;
> -
> - pr_info("%s(): reserved %ld MiB at %08lx\n",
> - __func__, (unsigned long)size / SZ_1M, (unsigned long)base);
> - return 0;
> -
> -err:
> - pr_err("%s(): failed to reserve %ld MiB\n",
> - __func__, (unsigned long)size / SZ_1M);
> - return ret;
> -}
> -
> int __init dma_contiguous_reserve_area(phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t base,
> phys_addr_t limit, struct cma **res_cma,
> bool fixed)
> {
> int ret;
>
> - ret = __dma_contiguous_reserve_area(size, base, limit, 0, 0,
> - res_cma, fixed);
> + ret = cma_declare_contiguous(size, base, limit, 0, 0, res_cma, fixed);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> @@ -358,124 +159,17 @@ int __init dma_contiguous_reserve_area(phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t base,
> return 0;
> }
>
> -/**
> - * dma_alloc_from_contiguous() - allocate pages from contiguous area
> - * @dev: Pointer to device for which the allocation is performed.
> - * @count: Requested number of pages.
> - * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
> - *
> - * This function allocates memory buffer for specified device. It uses
> - * device specific contiguous memory area if available or the default
> - * global one. Requires architecture specific dev_get_cma_area() helper
> - * function.
> - */
> -static struct page *__dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct cma *cma, int count,
> - unsigned int align)
> -{
> - unsigned long mask, pfn, start = 0;
> - unsigned long bitmap_maxno, bitmapno, nr_bits;
> - struct page *page = NULL;
> - int ret;
> -
> - if (!cma || !cma->count)
> - return NULL;
> -
> - pr_debug("%s(cma %p, count %d, align %d)\n", __func__, (void *)cma,
> - count, align);
> -
> - if (!count)
> - return NULL;
> -
> - mask = cma_bitmap_aligned_mask(cma, align);
> - bitmap_maxno = cma_bitmap_maxno(cma);
> - nr_bits = cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(cma, count);
> -
> - for (;;) {
> - mutex_lock(&cma->lock);
> - bitmapno = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(cma->bitmap,
> - bitmap_maxno, start, nr_bits, mask);
> - if (bitmapno >= bitmap_maxno) {
> - mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> - break;
> - }
> - bitmap_set(cma->bitmap, bitmapno, nr_bits);
> - /*
> - * It's safe to drop the lock here. We've marked this region for
> - * our exclusive use. If the migration fails we will take the
> - * lock again and unmark it.
> - */
> - mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> -
> - pfn = cma->base_pfn + (bitmapno << cma->order_per_bit);
> - mutex_lock(&cma_mutex);
> - ret = alloc_contig_range(pfn, pfn + count, MIGRATE_CMA);
> - mutex_unlock(&cma_mutex);
> - if (ret == 0) {
> - page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> - break;
> - } else if (ret != -EBUSY) {
> - clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> - break;
> - }
> - clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> - pr_debug("%s(): memory range at %p is busy, retrying\n",
> - __func__, pfn_to_page(pfn));
> - /* try again with a bit different memory target */
> - start = bitmapno + mask + 1;
> - }
> -
> - pr_debug("%s(): returned %p\n", __func__, page);
> - return page;
> -}
> -
> struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, int count,
> unsigned int align)
> {
> - struct cma *cma = dev_get_cma_area(dev);
> -
> if (align > CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT)
> align = CONFIG_CMA_ALIGNMENT;
>
> - return __dma_alloc_from_contiguous(cma, count, align);
> -}
> -
> -/**
> - * dma_release_from_contiguous() - release allocated pages
> - * @dev: Pointer to device for which the pages were allocated.
> - * @pages: Allocated pages.
> - * @count: Number of allocated pages.
> - *
> - * This function releases memory allocated by dma_alloc_from_contiguous().
> - * It returns false when provided pages do not belong to contiguous area and
> - * true otherwise.
> - */
> -static bool __dma_release_from_contiguous(struct cma *cma, struct page *pages,
> - int count)
> -{
> - unsigned long pfn;
> -
> - if (!cma || !pages)
> - return false;
> -
> - pr_debug("%s(page %p)\n", __func__, (void *)pages);
> -
> - pfn = page_to_pfn(pages);
> -
> - if (pfn < cma->base_pfn || pfn >= cma->base_pfn + cma->count)
> - return false;
> -
> - VM_BUG_ON(pfn + count > cma->base_pfn + cma->count);
> -
> - free_contig_range(pfn, count);
> - clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> -
> - return true;
> + return cma_alloc(dev_get_cma_area(dev), count, align);
> }
>
> bool dma_release_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *pages,
> int count)
> {
> - struct cma *cma = dev_get_cma_area(dev);
> -
> - return __dma_release_from_contiguous(cma, pages, count);
> + return cma_release(dev_get_cma_area(dev), pages, count);
> }
> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..e38efe9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
> +#ifndef __CMA_H__
> +#define __CMA_H__
> +
> +struct cma;
> +
> +extern int __init cma_declare_contiguous(phys_addr_t size,
> + phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit,
> + phys_addr_t alignment, int order_per_bit,
> + struct cma **res_cma, bool fixed);
> +extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, int count, unsigned int align);
> +extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, struct page *pages, int count);
> +#endif
> diff --git a/include/linux/dma-contiguous.h b/include/linux/dma-contiguous.h
> index 772eab5..a40c1f3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dma-contiguous.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dma-contiguous.h
> @@ -53,9 +53,10 @@
>
> #ifdef __KERNEL__
>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +
> struct cma;
> struct page;
> -struct device;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_CMA
>
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index 3e9977a..f4899ec 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -508,6 +508,17 @@ config CMA_DEBUG
> processing calls such as dma_alloc_from_contiguous().
> This option does not affect warning and error messages.
>
> +config CMA_AREAS
> + int "Maximum count of the CMA areas"
> + depends on CMA
> + default 7
> + help
> + CMA allows to create CMA areas for particular purpose, mainly,
> + used as device private area. This parameter sets the maximum
> + number of CMA area in the system.
> +
> + If unsure, leave the default value "7".
> +
> config ZBUD
> tristate
> default n
> diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
> index 1eaa70b..bc0422b 100644
> --- a/mm/Makefile
> +++ b/mm/Makefile
> @@ -62,3 +62,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION) += page_isolation.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ZBUD) += zbud.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ZSMALLOC) += zsmalloc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_EARLY_IOREMAP) += early_ioremap.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CMA) += cma.o
> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..1e1b017
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/mm/cma.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,330 @@
> +/*
> + * Contiguous Memory Allocator
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2010-2011 by Samsung Electronics.
> + * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2013
> + * Copyright LG Electronics Inc., 2014
> + * Written by:
> + * Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> + * Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> + * Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> + * Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
> + * License or (at your optional) any later version of the license.
> + */
> +
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "cma: " fmt
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA_DEBUG
> +#ifndef DEBUG
> +# define DEBUG
> +#endif
> +#endif
> +
> +#include <linux/memblock.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/sizes.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +struct cma {
> + unsigned long base_pfn;
> + unsigned long count;
> + unsigned long *bitmap;
> + int order_per_bit; /* Order of pages represented by one bit */
> + struct mutex lock;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * There is always at least global CMA area and a few optional
> + * areas configured in kernel .config.
> + */
> +#define MAX_CMA_AREAS (1 + CONFIG_CMA_AREAS)
> +
> +static struct cma cma_areas[MAX_CMA_AREAS];
> +static unsigned cma_area_count;
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(cma_mutex);
> +
> +static unsigned long cma_bitmap_aligned_mask(struct cma *cma, int align_order)
> +{
> + return (1 << (align_order >> cma->order_per_bit)) - 1;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long cma_bitmap_maxno(struct cma *cma)
> +{
> + return cma->count >> cma->order_per_bit;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(struct cma *cma,
> + unsigned long pages)
> +{
> + return ALIGN(pages, 1 << cma->order_per_bit) >> cma->order_per_bit;
> +}
> +
> +static void clear_cma_bitmap(struct cma *cma, unsigned long pfn, int count)
> +{
> + unsigned long bitmapno, nr_bits;
> +
> + bitmapno = (pfn - cma->base_pfn) >> cma->order_per_bit;
> + nr_bits = cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(cma, count);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&cma->lock);
> + bitmap_clear(cma->bitmap, bitmapno, nr_bits);
> + mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int __init cma_activate_area(struct cma *cma)
> +{
> + int bitmap_maxno = cma_bitmap_maxno(cma);
> + int bitmap_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(bitmap_maxno) * sizeof(long);
> + unsigned long base_pfn = cma->base_pfn, pfn = base_pfn;
> + unsigned i = cma->count >> pageblock_order;
> + struct zone *zone;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s()\n", __func__);
> +
> + cma->bitmap = kzalloc(bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!cma->bitmap)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> + zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> +
> + do {
> + unsigned j;
> +
> + base_pfn = pfn;
> + for (j = pageblock_nr_pages; j; --j, pfn++) {
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> + /*
> + * alloc_contig_range requires the pfn range
> + * specified to be in the same zone. Make this
> + * simple by forcing the entire CMA resv range
> + * to be in the same zone.
> + */
> + if (page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn)) != zone)
> + goto err;
> + }
> + init_cma_reserved_pageblock(pfn_to_page(base_pfn));
> + } while (--i);
> +
> + mutex_init(&cma->lock);
> + return 0;
> +
> +err:
> + kfree(cma->bitmap);
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++) {
> + int ret = cma_activate_area(&cma_areas[i]);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +core_initcall(cma_init_reserved_areas);
> +
> +/**
> + * cma_declare_contiguous() - reserve custom contiguous area
> + * @size: Size of the reserved area (in bytes),
> + * @base: Base address of the reserved area optional, use 0 for any
> + * @limit: End address of the reserved memory (optional, 0 for any).
> + * @alignment: Alignment for the contiguous memory area, should be power of 2
> + * @order_per_bit: Order of pages represented by one bit on bitmap.
> + * @res_cma: Pointer to store the created cma region.
> + * @fixed: hint about where to place the reserved area
> + *
> + * This function reserves memory from early allocator. It should be
> + * called by arch specific code once the early allocator (memblock or bootmem)
> + * has been activated and all other subsystems have already allocated/reserved
> + * memory. This function allows to create custom reserved areas.
> + *
> + * If @fixed is true, reserve contiguous area at exactly @base. If false,
> + * reserve in range from @base to @limit.
> + */
> +int __init cma_declare_contiguous(phys_addr_t size,
> + phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit,
> + phys_addr_t alignment, int order_per_bit,
> + struct cma **res_cma, bool fixed)
> +{
> + struct cma *cma = &cma_areas[cma_area_count];
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(size %lx, base %08lx, limit %08lx alignment %08lx)\n",
> + __func__, (unsigned long)size, (unsigned long)base,
> + (unsigned long)limit, (unsigned long)alignment);
> +
> + /* Sanity checks */
> + if (cma_area_count == ARRAY_SIZE(cma_areas)) {
> + pr_err("%s(): Not enough slots for CMA reserved regions!\n",
> + __func__);
> + return -ENOSPC;
> + }
> +
> + if (!size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (alignment && !is_power_of_2(alignment))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Sanitise input arguments.
> + * CMA area should be at least MAX_ORDER - 1 aligned. Otherwise,
> + * CMA area could be merged into other MIGRATE_TYPE by buddy mechanism
> + * and CMA property will be broken.
> + */
> + alignment = max(alignment,
> + (phys_addr_t)PAGE_SIZE << max(MAX_ORDER - 1, pageblock_order));
> + base = ALIGN(base, alignment);
> + size = ALIGN(size, alignment);
> + limit &= ~(alignment - 1);
> + /* size should be aligned with order_per_bit */
> + BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(size >> PAGE_SHIFT, 1 << order_per_bit));
> +
> + /* Reserve memory */
> + if (base && fixed) {
> + if (memblock_is_region_reserved(base, size) ||
> + memblock_reserve(base, size) < 0) {
> + ret = -EBUSY;
> + goto err;
> + }
> + } else {
> + phys_addr_t addr = memblock_alloc_range(size, alignment, base,
> + limit);
> + if (!addr) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err;
> + } else {
> + base = addr;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Each reserved area must be initialised later, when more kernel
> + * subsystems (like slab allocator) are available.
> + */
> + cma->base_pfn = PFN_DOWN(base);
> + cma->count = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + cma->order_per_bit = order_per_bit;
> + *res_cma = cma;
> + cma_area_count++;
> +
> + pr_info("%s(): reserved %ld MiB at %08lx\n",
> + __func__, (unsigned long)size / SZ_1M, (unsigned long)base);
> + return 0;
> +
> +err:
> + pr_err("%s(): failed to reserve %ld MiB\n",
> + __func__, (unsigned long)size / SZ_1M);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cma_alloc() - allocate pages from contiguous area
> + * @cma: Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
> + * @count: Requested number of pages.
> + * @align: Requested alignment of pages (in PAGE_SIZE order).
> + *
> + * This function allocates part of contiguous memory on specific
> + * contiguous memory area.
> + */
> +struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, int count, unsigned int align)
> +{
> + unsigned long mask, pfn, start = 0;
> + unsigned long bitmap_maxno, bitmapno, nr_bits;
> + struct page *page = NULL;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!cma || !cma->count)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(cma %p, count %d, align %d)\n", __func__, (void *)cma,
> + count, align);
> +
> + if (!count)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + mask = cma_bitmap_aligned_mask(cma, align);
> + bitmap_maxno = cma_bitmap_maxno(cma);
> + nr_bits = cma_bitmap_pages_to_bits(cma, count);
> +
> + for (;;) {
> + mutex_lock(&cma->lock);
> + bitmapno = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(cma->bitmap,
> + bitmap_maxno, start, nr_bits, mask);
> + if (bitmapno >= bitmap_maxno) {
> + mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> + break;
> + }
> + bitmap_set(cma->bitmap, bitmapno, nr_bits);
> + /*
> + * It's safe to drop the lock here. We've marked this region for
> + * our exclusive use. If the migration fails we will take the
> + * lock again and unmark it.
> + */
> + mutex_unlock(&cma->lock);
> +
> + pfn = cma->base_pfn + (bitmapno << cma->order_per_bit);
> + mutex_lock(&cma_mutex);
> + ret = alloc_contig_range(pfn, pfn + count, MIGRATE_CMA);
> + mutex_unlock(&cma_mutex);
> + if (ret == 0) {
> + page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> + break;
> + } else if (ret != -EBUSY) {
> + clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> + break;
> + }
> + clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> + pr_debug("%s(): memory range at %p is busy, retrying\n",
> + __func__, pfn_to_page(pfn));
> + /* try again with a bit different memory target */
> + start = bitmapno + mask + 1;
> + }
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(): returned %p\n", __func__, page);
> + return page;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cma_release() - release allocated pages
> + * @cma: Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
> + * @pages: Allocated pages.
> + * @count: Number of allocated pages.
> + *
> + * This function releases memory allocated by alloc_cma().
> + * It returns false when provided pages do not belong to contiguous area and
> + * true otherwise.
> + */
> +bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, struct page *pages, int count)
> +{
> + unsigned long pfn;
> +
> + if (!cma || !pages)
> + return false;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(page %p)\n", __func__, (void *)pages);
> +
> + pfn = page_to_pfn(pages);
> +
> + if (pfn < cma->base_pfn || pfn >= cma->base_pfn + cma->count)
> + return false;
> +
> + VM_BUG_ON(pfn + count > cma->base_pfn + cma->count);
> +
> + free_contig_range(pfn, count);
> + clear_cma_bitmap(cma, pfn, count);
> +
> + return true;
> +}
>


--
Thanks.
Zhang Yanfei


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