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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 5/5] x86: initialize secondary CPU only if master CPU will wait for it
On Thu, 01 May 2014 17:11:56 -0600
Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com> wrote:

> On Mon, 2014-04-14 at 17:11 +0200, Igor Mammedov wrote:
> > Hang is observed on virtual machines during CPU hotplug,
> > especially in big guests with many CPUs. (It reproducible
> > more often if host is over-committed).
> >
> > It happens because master CPU gives up waiting on
> > secondary CPU and allows it to run wild. As result
> > AP causes locking or crashing system. For example
> > as described here: https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/3/6/257
> >
> > If master CPU have sent STARTUP IPI successfully,
> > and AP signalled to master CPU that it's ready
> > to start initialization, make master CPU wait
> > indefinitely till AP is onlined.
> > To ensure that AP won't ever run wild, make it
> > wait at early startup till master CPU confirms its
> > intention to wait for AP.
>
> Please also add description that the master CPU times out when an AP
> does not start initialization within 10 seconds.
added

>
> > Signed-off-by: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
> > ---
> > v2:
> > - ammend comment in cpu_init()
> > v3:
> > - leave timeouts in do_boot_cpu(), so that master CPU
> > won't hang if AP doesn't respond, use cpu_initialized_mask
> > as a way for AP to signal to master CPU that it's ready
> > to start initialzation.
> > v4:
> > - move common code in cpu_init() for x32/x64 in shared
> > helper function wait_for_master_cpu()
> > - add WARN_ON(cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask))
> > to wait_formaster_cpu()
> > ---
> > arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 27 +++++++-----
> > arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 98 +++++++++++++-----------------------------
> > 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> > index a135239..a4bcbac 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> > @@ -1221,6 +1221,17 @@ static void dbg_restore_debug_regs(void)
> > #define dbg_restore_debug_regs()
> > #endif /* ! CONFIG_KGDB */
> >
> > +static void wait_for_master_cpu(int cpu)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * wait for ACK from master CPU before continuing
> > + * with AP initialization
> > + */
> > + WARN_ON(cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask));
> > + while (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, cpu_callout_mask))
> > + cpu_relax();
> > +}
> > +
> > /*
> > * cpu_init() initializes state that is per-CPU. Some data is already
> > * initialized (naturally) in the bootstrap process, such as the GDT
> > @@ -1236,16 +1247,17 @@ void cpu_init(void)
> > struct task_struct *me;
> > struct tss_struct *t;
> > unsigned long v;
> > - int cpu;
> > + int cpu = stack_smp_processor_id();
> > int i;
> >
> > + wait_for_master_cpu(cpu);
> > +
> > /*
> > * Load microcode on this cpu if a valid microcode is available.
> > * This is early microcode loading procedure.
> > */
> > load_ucode_ap();
> >
> > - cpu = stack_smp_processor_id();
> > t = &per_cpu(init_tss, cpu);
> > oist = &per_cpu(orig_ist, cpu);
> >
> > @@ -1257,9 +1269,6 @@ void cpu_init(void)
> >
> > me = current;
> >
> > - if (cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask))
> > - panic("CPU#%d already initialized!\n", cpu);
> > -
> > pr_debug("Initializing CPU#%d\n", cpu);
> >
> > clear_in_cr4(X86_CR4_VME|X86_CR4_PVI|X86_CR4_TSD|X86_CR4_DE);
> > @@ -1336,13 +1345,9 @@ void cpu_init(void)
> > struct tss_struct *t = &per_cpu(init_tss, cpu);
> > struct thread_struct *thread = &curr->thread;
> >
> > - show_ucode_info_early();
> > + wait_for_master_cpu(cpu);
> >
> > - if (cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask)) {
> > - printk(KERN_WARNING "CPU#%d already initialized!\n", cpu);
> > - for (;;)
> > - local_irq_enable();
> > - }
> > + show_ucode_info_early();
> >
> > printk(KERN_INFO "Initializing CPU#%d\n", cpu);
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> > index ae2fd97..44903ad 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> > @@ -111,7 +111,6 @@ atomic_t init_deasserted;
> > static void smp_callin(void)
> > {
> > int cpuid, phys_id;
> > - unsigned long timeout;
> >
> > /*
> > * If waken up by an INIT in an 82489DX configuration
> > @@ -130,37 +129,6 @@ static void smp_callin(void)
> > * (This works even if the APIC is not enabled.)
> > */
> > phys_id = read_apic_id();
> > - if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpuid, cpu_callin_mask)) {
> > - panic("%s: phys CPU#%d, CPU#%d already present??\n", __func__,
> > - phys_id, cpuid);
> > - }
> > - pr_debug("CPU#%d (phys ID: %d) waiting for CALLOUT\n", cpuid, phys_id);
> > -
> > - /*
> > - * STARTUP IPIs are fragile beasts as they might sometimes
> > - * trigger some glue motherboard logic. Complete APIC bus
> > - * silence for 1 second, this overestimates the time the
> > - * boot CPU is spending to send the up to 2 STARTUP IPIs
> > - * by a factor of two. This should be enough.
> > - */
> > -
> > - /*
> > - * Waiting 2s total for startup (udelay is not yet working)
> > - */
> > - timeout = jiffies + 2*HZ;
> > - while (time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
> > - /*
> > - * Has the boot CPU finished it's STARTUP sequence?
> > - */
> > - if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpuid, cpu_callout_mask))
> > - break;
> > - cpu_relax();
> > - }
> > -
> > - if (!time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
> > - panic("%s: CPU%d started up but did not get a callout!\n",
> > - __func__, cpuid);
> > - }
> >
> > /*
> > * the boot CPU has finished the init stage and is spinning
> > @@ -750,8 +718,8 @@ static int do_boot_cpu(int apicid, int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
> > unsigned long start_ip = real_mode_header->trampoline_start;
> >
> > unsigned long boot_error = 0;
> > - int timeout;
> > int cpu0_nmi_registered = 0;
> > + unsigned long timeout;
> >
> > /* Just in case we booted with a single CPU. */
> > alternatives_enable_smp();
> > @@ -799,6 +767,14 @@ static int do_boot_cpu(int apicid, int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > + * AP might wait on cpu_callout_mask in cpu_init() with
> > + * cpu_initialized_mask set if previous attempt to online
> > + * it timed-out. Clear cpu_initialized_mask so that after
> > + * INIT/SIPI it could start with a clean state.
> > + */
> > + cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask);
>
> I think smp_mb() should be added here to ensure that the target AP sees
> this change.
ok

>
> > +
> > + /*
> > * Wake up a CPU in difference cases:
> > * - Use the method in the APIC driver if it's defined
> > * Otherwise,
> > @@ -810,55 +786,41 @@ static int do_boot_cpu(int apicid, int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
> > boot_error = wakeup_cpu_via_init_nmi(cpu, start_ip, apicid,
> > &cpu0_nmi_registered);
> >
> > +
> > if (!boot_error) {
> > /*
> > - * allow APs to start initializing.
> > + * Wait 10s total for a response from AP
> > */
> > - pr_debug("Before Callout %d\n", cpu);
> > - cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_callout_mask);
> > - pr_debug("After Callout %d\n", cpu);
> > + boot_error = -1;
> > + timeout = jiffies + 10*HZ;
> > + while (time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
> > + if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask)) {
> > + /*
> > + * Tell AP to proceed with initialization
> > + */
> > + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_callout_mask);
> > + boot_error = 0;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + udelay(100);
> > + schedule();
> > + }
> > + }
>
> When 10s passed, the master could set a new flag, ex.
> cpu_callout_error_mask, which wait_for_master_cpu() checks and call
> play_dead() when it is set. This avoids AP to spin forever when 10s
> becomes not long enough. But it does not have to be part of this
> patchset, though.
I'm reluctant to add another to already too many cpu_*_mask,
maybe we could reuse cpu_initialized_mask by clearing it on timeout.
This way AP spinning on cpu_callout_mask could notice it and halt itself.

It would be better to make it separate patch on top of this series,
to reduce delay of bugfixes in this series.

>
> > + if (!boot_error) {
> > /*
> > - * Wait 5s total for a response
> > + * Wait till AP completes initial initialization
>
> We should generally avoid such wait w/o a timeout condition, but since
> native_cpu_up() waits till cpu_online(cpu) anyway after this point, this
If we don't wait here and fall through into tight loop waiting on
cpu_online(cpu) in native_cpu_up() or check_tsc_sync_source() then
stop_task for syncing MTTRs initiated from AP won't have a chance
to run on the master CPU.

> seems OK... I wonder if we need touch_nmi_watchdog(), though.
There wasn't any touch_nmi_watchdog() in the original code and I don't
think we need it here since we are not just spinning on CPU but giving
control back to kernel calling schedule(), which would allow watchdog_task
to do the job if needed.

> Thanks,
> -Toshi
>
>



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