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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] ie31200_edac: Add driver
On Fri, Apr 04, 2014 at 09:14:04PM +0000, Jason Baron wrote:
> Add 'ie31200_edac' driver for the E3-1200 series of Intel processors. Driver
> is based on the following E3-1200 specs:
>
> http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/processors/xeon/xeon-e3-1200-family-vol-2-datasheet.html
> http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/processors/xeon/xeon-e3-1200v3-vol-2-datasheet.html
>
> I've tested this on bad memory hardware, and observed correlating bad reads
> and uncorrected memory errors as reported by the driver.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@akamai.com>
> ---
> drivers/edac/Kconfig | 7 +
> drivers/edac/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/edac/ie31200_edac.c | 540 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 548 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/edac/ie31200_edac.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> index 878f090..27f44a1 100644
> --- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> @@ -186,6 +186,13 @@ config EDAC_I3200
> Support for error detection and correction on the Intel
> 3200 and 3210 server chipsets.
>
> +config EDAC_IE31200
> + tristate "Intel e312xx"
> + depends on EDAC_MM_EDAC && PCI && X86
> + help
> + Support for error detection and correction on the Intel
> + E3-1200 processor.
> +
> config EDAC_X38
> tristate "Intel X38"
> depends on EDAC_MM_EDAC && PCI && X86
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Makefile b/drivers/edac/Makefile
> index 4154ed6..c479a24 100644
> --- a/drivers/edac/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/edac/Makefile
> @@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82875P) += i82875p_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82975X) += i82975x_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I3000) += i3000_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I3200) += i3200_edac.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_IE31200) += ie31200_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_X38) += x38_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82860) += i82860_edac.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_R82600) += r82600_edac.o
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/ie31200_edac.c b/drivers/edac/ie31200_edac.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ae03d21
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/edac/ie31200_edac.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,540 @@
> +/*
> + * Intel E3-1200
> + * Copyright (C) 2014 Jason Baron <jbaron@akamai.com>
> + *
> + * Support for the E3-1200 processor family. Heavily based on previous
> + * Intel EDAC drivers.
> + *
> + * Since the DRAM controller is on the cpu chip, we can use its PCI device
> + * id to identify these processors.
> + *
> + * PCI DRAM controller device ids (Taken from The PCI ID Repository - http://pci-ids.ucw.cz/)
> + *
> + * 0108: Xeon E3-1200 Processor Family DRAM Controller
> + * 010c: Xeon E3-1200/2nd Generation Core Processor Family DRAM Controller
> + * 0150: Xeon E3-1200 v2/3rd Gen Core processor DRAM Controller
> + * 0158: Xeon E3-1200 v2/Ivy Bridge DRAM Controller
> + * 015c: Xeon E3-1200 v2/3rd Gen Core processor DRAM Controller
> + * 0c04: Xeon E3-1200 v3/4th Gen Core Processor DRAM Controller
> + * 0c08: Xeon E3-1200 v3 Processor DRAM Controller
> + *
> + * Based on Intel specification:
> + * http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/datasheets/xeon-e3-1200v3-vol-2-datasheet.pdf
> + * http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/processors/xeon/xeon-e3-1200-family-vol-2-datasheet.html
> + *
> + * According to the above datasheet (p.16):
> + * "
> + * 6. Software must not access B0/D0/F0 32-bit memory-mapped registers with
> + * requests that cross a DW boundary.
> + * "
> + *
> + * Thus, we make use of the explicit: lo_hi_readq(), which breaks the readq into
> + * 2 readl() calls. This restriction may be lifted in subsequent chip releases,
> + * but lo_hi_readq() ensures that we are safe across all e3-1200 processors.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/pci.h>
> +#include <linux/pci_ids.h>
> +#include <linux/edac.h>
> +
> +#include <asm-generic/io-64-nonatomic-lo-hi.h>
> +#include "edac_core.h"
> +
> +#define IE31200_REVISION "1.0"
> +#define EDAC_MOD_STR "ie31200_edac"
> +
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_1 0x0108
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_2 0x010c
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_3 0x0150
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_4 0x0158
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_5 0x015c
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_6 0x0c04
> +#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IE31200_HB_7 0x0c08
> +
> +#define IE31200_DIMMS 4
> +#define IE31200_RANKS 8
> +#define IE31200_RANKS_PER_CHANNEL 4
> +#define IE31200_DIMMS_PER_CHANNEL 2
> +#define IE31200_CHANNELS 2
> +
> +/* Intel IE31200 register addresses - device 0 function 0 - DRAM Controller */
> +#define IE31200_MCHBAR_LOW 0x48
> +#define IE31200_MCHBAR_HIGH 0x4c
> +#define IE31200_MCHBAR_MASK 0xffffff8000ULL /* bits 38:15 */
GENMASK_ULL()

> +#define IE31200_MMR_WINDOW_SIZE 32768

(1 << 15) ?

> +
> +/* Error Status Register (16b)
> + *
> + * 15 reserved
> + * 14 Isochronous TBWRR Run Behind FIFO Full
> + * (ITCV)
> + * 13 Isochronous TBWRR Run Behind FIFO Put
> + * (ITSTV)
> + * 12 reserved
> + * 11 MCH Thermal Sensor Event
> + * for SMI/SCI/SERR (GTSE)
> + * 10 reserved
> + * 9 LOCK to non-DRAM Memory Flag (LCKF)
> + * 8 reserved
> + * 7 DRAM Throttle Flag (DTF)
> + * 6:2 reserved
> + * 1 Multi-bit DRAM ECC Error Flag (DMERR)
> + * 0 Single-bit DRAM ECC Error Flag (DSERR)
> + */
> +#define IE31200_ERRSTS 0xc8
> +#define IE31200_ERRSTS_UE 0x0002

Let's use the BIT() macro for those:

BIT(1)

> +#define IE31200_ERRSTS_CE 0x0001

BIT(0)

> +#define IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS (IE31200_ERRSTS_UE | IE31200_ERRSTS_CE)
> +
> +/*
> + * Channel 0 ECC Error Log (64b)
> + *
> + * 63:48 Error Column Address (ERRCOL)
> + * 47:32 Error Row Address (ERRROW)
> + * 31:29 Error Bank Address (ERRBANK)
> + * 28:27 Error Rank Address (ERRRANK)
> + * 26:24 reserved
> + * 23:16 Error Syndrome (ERRSYND)
> + * 15: 2 reserved
> + * 1 Multiple Bit Error Status (MERRSTS)
> + * 0 Correctable Error Status (CERRSTS)
> + */
> +#define IE31200_C0ECCERRLOG 0x40c8
> +#define IE31200_C1ECCERRLOG 0x44c8
> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_CE 0x1
> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_UE 0x2

Ditto.

> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_RANK_BITS 0x18000000

GENMASK

> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_RANK_SHIFT 27
> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_SYNDROME_BITS 0xff0000

Ditto.

> +#define IE31200_ECCERRLOG_SYNDROME_SHIFT 16
> +#define IE31200_CAPID0 0xe4
> +
> +#define IE31200_MAD_DIMM_0_OFFSET 0x5004
> +
> +#define IE31200_PAGES(n) \
> + (n << (28 - PAGE_SHIFT))
> +
> +struct ie31200_priv {
> + void __iomem *window;
> +};
> +
> +static int nr_channels;
> +
> +static int how_many_channels(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + int n_channels;
> + unsigned char capid0_2b; /* 2nd byte of CAPID0 */
> +
> + pci_read_config_byte(pdev, IE31200_CAPID0 + 1, &capid0_2b);
> +
> + /* check PDCD: Dual Channel Disable */
> + if (capid0_2b & 0x10) {

Now that you have nice defines for all those bits, why not do that for
those naked numbers too? :-)

Maybe even local to this function:

#define PDCD BIT(4)


> + edac_dbg(0, "In single channel mode\n");
> + n_channels = 1;
> + } else {
> + edac_dbg(0, "In dual channel mode\n");
> + n_channels = 2;
> + }
> +
> + /* check DDPCD - check if both channels are filled */

Ditto:

#define DDPCD BIT(6)

> + if (capid0_2b & 0x40)
> + edac_dbg(0, "2 DIMMS per channel disabled\n");
> + else
> + edac_dbg(0, "2 DIMMS per channel enabled\n");
> +
> + return n_channels;
> +}
> +
> +static bool ecc_capable(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + unsigned char capid0_4b; /* 4th byte of CAPID0 */
> +
> + pci_read_config_byte(pdev, IE31200_CAPID0 + 3, &capid0_4b);
> + if (capid0_4b & 0x2)

BIT(1) at least, if no define.

> + return false;
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long eccerrlog_syndrome(u64 log)
> +{
> + return (log & IE31200_ECCERRLOG_SYNDROME_BITS) >>
> + IE31200_ECCERRLOG_SYNDROME_SHIFT;
> +}

Looks like this wants to be a macro.

> +
> +static int eccerrlog_row(int channel, u64 log)
> +{
> + u64 rank = ((log & IE31200_ECCERRLOG_RANK_BITS) >>
> + IE31200_ECCERRLOG_RANK_SHIFT);
> + return rank;
> +}

Ditto.

> +
> +enum ie31200_chips {
> + IE31200 = 0,
> +};
> +
> +struct ie31200_dev_info {
> + const char *ctl_name;
> +};
> +
> +struct ie31200_error_info {
> + u16 errsts;
> + u16 errsts2;
> + u64 eccerrlog[IE31200_CHANNELS];
> +};
> +
> +static const struct ie31200_dev_info ie31200_devs[] = {
> + [IE31200] = {
> + .ctl_name = "IE31200"
> + },
> +};

Maybe pull those up before the first function definition so that you can
have all struct definitions together.

> +
> +static void ie31200_clear_error_info(struct mem_ctl_info *mci)
> +{
> + struct pci_dev *pdev;
> +
> + pdev = to_pci_dev(mci->pdev);

Just drop all the local gaming by simply doing:

pci_write_bits16(to_pci_dev(mci->pdev), IE31200_ERRSTS,
IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS,
IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS);

> +
> + /*
> + * Clear any error bits.
> + * (Yes, we really clear bits by writing 1 to them.)

Yeah, that's that write-to-clear mechanism.

> + */
> + pci_write_bits16(pdev, IE31200_ERRSTS, IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS,
> + IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS);

Arg alignment.

> +}
> +
> +static void ie31200_get_and_clear_error_info(struct mem_ctl_info *mci,
> + struct ie31200_error_info *info)

Ditto.

> +{
> + struct pci_dev *pdev;
> + struct ie31200_priv *priv = mci->pvt_info;
> + void __iomem *window = priv->window;
> +
> + pdev = to_pci_dev(mci->pdev);
> +
> + /*
> + * This is a mess because there is no atomic way to read all the
> + * registers at once and the registers can transition from CE being
> + * overwritten by UE.
> + */

For the UE you'd get an MCE, right?

Btw, this driver is polling, AFAICT. Doesn't e3-12xx support the CMCI
interrupt which you can feed into this driver directly and thus not need
the polling at all?

> + pci_read_config_word(pdev, IE31200_ERRSTS, &info->errsts);
> + if (!(info->errsts & IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS))
> + return;
> +
> + info->eccerrlog[0] = lo_hi_readq(window + IE31200_C0ECCERRLOG);
> + if (nr_channels == 2)
> + info->eccerrlog[1] = lo_hi_readq(window + IE31200_C1ECCERRLOG);
> +
> + pci_read_config_word(pdev, IE31200_ERRSTS, &info->errsts2);
> +
> + /*
> + * If the error is the same for both reads then the first set
> + * of reads is valid. If there is a change then there is a CE
> + * with no info and the second set of reads is valid and
> + * should be UE info.
> + */
> + if ((info->errsts ^ info->errsts2) & IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS) {
> + info->eccerrlog[0] = lo_hi_readq(window + IE31200_C0ECCERRLOG);
> + if (nr_channels == 2)
> + info->eccerrlog[1] =
> + lo_hi_readq(window + IE31200_C1ECCERRLOG);
> + }
> +
> + ie31200_clear_error_info(mci);
> +}
> +
> +static void ie31200_process_error_info(struct mem_ctl_info *mci,
> + struct ie31200_error_info *info)

arg alignment.

> +{
> + int channel;
> + u64 log;
> +
> + if (!(info->errsts & IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS))
> + return;
> +
> + if ((info->errsts ^ info->errsts2) & IE31200_ERRSTS_BITS) {
> + edac_mc_handle_error(HW_EVENT_ERR_UNCORRECTED, mci, 1, 0, 0, 0,
> + -1, -1, -1, "UE overwrote CE", "");
> + info->errsts = info->errsts2;
> + }
> +
> + for (channel = 0; channel < nr_channels; channel++) {
> + log = info->eccerrlog[channel];
> + if (log & IE31200_ECCERRLOG_UE) {
> + edac_mc_handle_error(HW_EVENT_ERR_UNCORRECTED, mci, 1,
> + 0, 0, 0,
> + eccerrlog_row(channel, log),
> + channel, -1,
> + "i3000 UE", "");
> + } else if (log & IE31200_ECCERRLOG_CE) {
> + edac_mc_handle_error(HW_EVENT_ERR_CORRECTED, mci, 1,
> + 0, 0, eccerrlog_syndrome(log),
> + eccerrlog_row(channel, log),
> + channel, -1,
> + "i3000 CE", "");
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void ie31200_check(struct mem_ctl_info *mci)
> +{
> + struct ie31200_error_info info;
> +
> + edac_dbg(1, "MC%d\n", mci->mc_idx);
> + ie31200_get_and_clear_error_info(mci, &info);
> + ie31200_process_error_info(mci, &info);
> +}
> +
> +static void __iomem *ie31200_map_mchbar(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + union {
> + u64 mchbar;
> + struct {
> + u32 mchbar_low;
> + u32 mchbar_high;
> + };
> + } u;
> + void __iomem *window;
> +
> + pci_read_config_dword(pdev, IE31200_MCHBAR_LOW, &u.mchbar_low);
> + pci_read_config_dword(pdev, IE31200_MCHBAR_HIGH, &u.mchbar_high);
> + u.mchbar &= IE31200_MCHBAR_MASK;
> +
> + if (u.mchbar != (resource_size_t)u.mchbar) {
> + pr_err("ie31200: mmio space beyond accessible range (0x%llx)\n",
> + (unsigned long long)u.mchbar);

We have edac_*_printk for those, which takes care of the prefix, etc.

> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + window = ioremap_nocache(u.mchbar, IE31200_MMR_WINDOW_SIZE);
> + if (!window)
> + pr_err("ie31200: cannot map mmio space at 0x%llx\n",
> + (unsigned long long)u.mchbar);

Ditto.

> +
> + return window;
> +}
> +
> +struct dimm_data {
> + u8 size; /* in 256MB multiples */
> + u8 dual_rank : 1,
> + x16_width : 1; /* 0 means x8 width */
> +};

Also move up to the rest of the struct definitions.

> +static int ie31200_probe1(struct pci_dev *pdev, int dev_idx)
> +{
> + int rc;
> + int i, j;
> + struct mem_ctl_info *mci = NULL;
> + struct edac_mc_layer layers[2];
> + struct dimm_data dimm_info[IE31200_CHANNELS][IE31200_DIMMS_PER_CHANNEL];
> + void __iomem *window;
> + struct ie31200_priv *priv;
> + u32 addr_decode;
> +
> + edac_dbg(0, "MC:\n");
> +
> + if (!ecc_capable(pdev)) {
> + edac_dbg(1, "Not edac capable\n");

dbg? Why not info? Also, "No ECC support" or somesuch, "edac capable" is funny :-)

> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + window = ie31200_map_mchbar(pdev);
> + if (!window)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + /* populate DIMM info */
> + for (i = 0; i < IE31200_CHANNELS; i++) {
> + addr_decode = readl(window + IE31200_MAD_DIMM_0_OFFSET +
> + (i * 4));
> + edac_dbg(0, "addr_decode: 0x%x\n", addr_decode);
> + for (j = 0; j < IE31200_DIMMS_PER_CHANNEL; j++) {
> + dimm_info[i][j].size = (addr_decode >> (j * 8)) & 0xff;
> + dimm_info[i][j].dual_rank =
> + (addr_decode & (0x20000 << j)) ? 1 : 0;
> + dimm_info[i][j].x16_width =
> + (addr_decode & (0x80000 << j)) ? 1 : 0;

#define's for those naked bits?

> + edac_dbg(0, "size: 0x%x, rank: %d, width: %d\n",
> + dimm_info[i][j].size,
> + dimm_info[i][j].dual_rank,
> + dimm_info[i][j].x16_width);
> + }
> + }
> +
> + nr_channels = how_many_channels(pdev);
> +
> + layers[0].type = EDAC_MC_LAYER_CHIP_SELECT;
> + layers[0].size = IE31200_DIMMS;
> + layers[0].is_virt_csrow = true;
> + layers[1].type = EDAC_MC_LAYER_CHANNEL;
> + layers[1].size = nr_channels;
> + layers[1].is_virt_csrow = false;
> + mci = edac_mc_alloc(0, ARRAY_SIZE(layers), layers,
> + sizeof(struct ie31200_priv));
> +
> + rc = -ENOMEM;
> + if (!mci)
> + goto fail_unmap;
> +
> + edac_dbg(3, "MC: init mci\n");
> +
> + mci->pdev = &pdev->dev;
> + mci->mtype_cap = MEM_FLAG_DDR3;
> +
> + mci->edac_ctl_cap = EDAC_FLAG_SECDED;
> + mci->edac_cap = EDAC_FLAG_SECDED;
> +
> + mci->mod_name = EDAC_MOD_STR;
> + mci->mod_ver = IE31200_REVISION;
> + mci->ctl_name = ie31200_devs[dev_idx].ctl_name;
> + mci->dev_name = pci_name(pdev);
> + mci->edac_check = ie31200_check;
> + mci->ctl_page_to_phys = NULL;
> + priv = mci->pvt_info;
> + priv->window = window;
> +
> + /*
> + * The dram rank boundary (DRB) reg values are boundary addresses
> + * for each DRAM rank with a granularity of 64MB. DRB regs are
> + * cumulative; the last one will contain the total memory
> + * contained in all ranks.
> + */
> + for (i = 0; i < IE31200_DIMMS_PER_CHANNEL; i++) {
> + for (j = 0; j < IE31200_CHANNELS; j++) {
> + struct dimm_info *dimm;
> + unsigned long nr_pages;
> +
> + nr_pages = IE31200_PAGES(dimm_info[j][i].size);
> + if (nr_pages == 0)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (dimm_info[j][i].dual_rank) {
> + nr_pages = nr_pages / 2;
> + dimm = EDAC_DIMM_PTR(mci->layers, mci->dimms,
> + mci->n_layers, (i * 2) + 1,
> + j, 0);
> + dimm->nr_pages = nr_pages;
> + edac_dbg(0, "set nr pages: 0x%lx\n", nr_pages);
> + dimm->grain = 8; /* just a guess */
> + dimm->mtype = MEM_DDR3;
> + dimm->dtype = DEV_UNKNOWN;
> + dimm->edac_mode = EDAC_UNKNOWN;
> + }
> + dimm = EDAC_DIMM_PTR(mci->layers, mci->dimms,
> + mci->n_layers, i * 2, j, 0);
> + dimm->nr_pages = nr_pages;
> + edac_dbg(0, "set nr pages: 0x%lx\n", nr_pages);
> + dimm->grain = 8; /* same guess */
> + dimm->mtype = MEM_DDR3;
> + dimm->dtype = DEV_UNKNOWN;
> + dimm->edac_mode = EDAC_UNKNOWN;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + ie31200_clear_error_info(mci);
> +
> + rc = -ENODEV;
> + if (edac_mc_add_mc(mci)) {
> + edac_dbg(3, "MC: failed edac_mc_add_mc()\n");
> + goto fail_free;
> + }
> +
> + /* get this far and it's successful */
> + edac_dbg(3, "MC: success\n");
> + return 0;
> +
> +fail_free:
> + if (mci)
> + edac_mc_free(mci);
> +fail_unmap:
> + iounmap(window);
> +
> + return rc;
> +}
> +
> +static int ie31200_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev,
> + const struct pci_device_id *ent)
> +{
> + int rc;
> +
> + edac_dbg(0, "MC:\n");
> +
> + if (pci_enable_device(pdev) < 0)
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + rc = ie31200_probe1(pdev, ent->driver_data);

return ie31200_probe1(..)

and kill rc.

Thanks.

--
Regards/Gruss,
Boris.

Sent from a fat crate under my desk. Formatting is fine.
--


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