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SubjectRe: [rfc]pwm: add BCM2835 PWM driver
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On Thu, Apr 3, 2014 at 6:44 AM, Bart Tanghe <bart.tanghe@thomasmore.be> wrote:
> need some recommendation
> the memory mapped io registers of the bcm2835 pwm hardware are spreaded
> over the memory mapped io
> gpio config 0x20200004 - clk config 0x201010A0 - pwm configuration 0x2020C000
> to handle this, I've used the base address of the memory mapped io
> so I can use positive offsets

So the registers for this PWM are located in three distinct memory regions?

Just define those three regions in your platform data or device tree.

> +/*mmio regiser mapping*/
> +#define OFFSET_PWM 0x0020C000

You won't need this guy.

> +#define DUTY 0x14
> +#define PERIOD 0x10
> +#define CHANNEL 0x10
> +
> +#define OFFSET_CLK 0x001010A0

Also unnecessary.

> +#define DIV 0x04
> +
> +#define OFFSET_ALT 0x00200004

This can go too.

> +
> +/*Value defines*/
> +/*pwm clock configuration*/
> +#define PWMCLK_CNTL_OFF (0x5A000000 | (1 << 5))
> +#define PWMCLK_CNTL_ON (0x5A000000 | 0x11)
> +
> +#define PWM_ENABLE 0x00000001
> +#define PWM_POLARITY 0x00000010
> +/*+-1MHz pwm clock*/
> +#define PWMCLK_DIV (0x5A000000 | (19 << 12))
> +/*ALT5 mask gpio18*/
> +#define ALTOR 0x02000000
> +#define ALTAND 0xFAFFFFFF
> +/*pwm configuration*/
> +#define MASK_CTL_PWM 0x000000FF
> +#define CTL_PWM 0x00000081
> +
> +#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Bart Tanghe <bart.tanghe@thomasmore.be>"
> +#define DRIVER_DESC "A bcm2835 pwm driver - raspberry pi development platform\
> +- only gpio 18 channel0 available"
> +
> +unsigned long *ptrPWM;
> +unsigned long *ptrPERIOD;
> +unsigned long *ptrDUTY;
> +unsigned long *ptrCLK;
> +unsigned long *ptrALT;
> +unsigned long *ptrDIV;

You don't need any of these pointers and they most certainly should
not be globals.

> +
> +struct bcm2835_pwm_chip {
> + struct pwm_chip chip;
> + struct device *dev;
> + int channel;
> + void __iomem *mmio;

One pointer isn't going to be enough. You need three.

I suggest renaming the first and adding two more:

void __iomem *base_pwm;
void __iomem *base_clk;
void __iomem *base_alt;

> +};
> +
> +static inline struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *to_bcm2835_pwm_chip(
> +struct pwm_chip *chip){
> + return container_of(chip, struct bcm2835_pwm_chip, chip);
> +}
> +
> +static int bcm2835_pwm_config(struct pwm_chip *chip,
> +struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns){

Please align arguments on subsequent lines with those on the first line.

> +
> + struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *pc;
> +
> + pc = container_of(chip, struct bcm2835_pwm_chip, chip);

You defined to_bcm2835_pwm_chip but aren't using it here. Why?

> +
> + iowrite32(duty_ns/1000, ptrDUTY);
> + iowrite32(period_ns/1000, ptrPERIOD);
> +
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "period %x\n", (unsigned int)ptrPERIOD);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "duty %x\n", (unsigned int)ptrDUTY);
> + #endif
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int bcm2835_pwm_enable(struct pwm_chip *chip,
> +struct pwm_device *pwm){

Again, please line up arguments on subsequent lines with those on the first.

This applies to pretty much all subsequent functions as well.

> + struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *pc;
> +
> + pc = container_of(chip, struct bcm2835_pwm_chip, chip);
> +
> + /*TODO: channel 1 enable*/
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm label: %s\n", pwm->label);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm hwpwm: %d\n", pwm->hwpwm);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm pwm: %d\n", pwm->pwm);
> + #endif
> +
> + iowrite32(ioread32(ptrPWM) | PWM_ENABLE, ptrPWM);
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm: %x\n", ioread32(ptrPWM));
> + #endif
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void bcm2835_pwm_disable(struct pwm_chip *chip,
> + struct pwm_device *pwm)
> +{
> + struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *pc;
> +
> + pc = to_bcm2835_pwm_chip(chip);
> +
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm label: %s\n", pwm->label);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm hwpwm: %d\n", pwm->hwpwm);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm pwm: %d\n", pwm->pwm);
> + #endif
> +
> + iowrite32(ioread32(ptrPWM) & ~PWM_ENABLE, ptrPWM);
> +}
> +
> +static int bcm2835_set_polarity(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
> +enum pwm_polarity polarity)
> +{
> + if (polarity == PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL)
> + iowrite32((ioread32(ptrPWM) & ~PWM_POLARITY), ptrPWM);
> + else if (polarity == PWM_POLARITY_INVERSED)
> + iowrite32((ioread32(ptrPWM) | PWM_POLARITY), ptrPWM);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct pwm_ops bcm2835_pwm_ops = {
> + .config = bcm2835_pwm_config,
> + .enable = bcm2835_pwm_enable,
> + .disable = bcm2835_pwm_disable,
> + .set_polarity = bcm2835_set_polarity,
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +};
> +
> +static int bcm2835_pwm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *pwm;
> +
> + int ret;
> + struct resource *r;
> + u32 start, end;
> +
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "pwm probe\n");

This seems a bit unnecessary and also not particularly informative.

> +
> + pwm = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*pwm), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pwm) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to allocate memory\n");

No need to print your own warning here, you get one for free.

> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + pwm->dev = &pdev->dev;
> +
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "id:%d\n", pdev->id);
> + #endif
> +
> + r = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> + pwm->mmio = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, r);

You need to do this two more times for the other two regions.

something like:

r = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
pwm->base_pwm = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, r);

r = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 1);
pwm->base_clk = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, r);

r = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 2);
pwm->base_alt = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, r);


> + if (IS_ERR(pwm->mmio))
> + return PTR_ERR(pwm->mmio);
> +
> + start = r->start;
> + end = r->end;

You don't need these.

Perform reads/writes with the base_pwm, base_clk, and base_alt pointers.

> + ptrPWM = (long *)ioremap_nocache(start + OFFSET_PWM, 4);
> + if (ptrPWM == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap REG_PWM failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }
> +
> + ptrDUTY = (long *)ioremap_nocache(start + OFFSET_PWM + DUTY, 4);
> + if (ptrDUTY == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap REG_DUTY failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }
> +
> + ptrPERIOD = (long *)ioremap_nocache(
> + start + OFFSET_PWM + PERIOD, 4);
> + if (ptrDUTY == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap REG_DUTY failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }
> +
> + ptrCLK = (long *)ioremap_nocache(start + OFFSET_CLK, 4);
> + if (ptrCLK == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap PWMCLK_CNTL failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }
> +
> + ptrALT = (long *)ioremap_nocache(start + OFFSET_ALT, 4);
> + if (ptrALT == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap FUNC_SLCT_HEAT_PWM failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }
> +
> + ptrDIV = (long *)ioremap_nocache(start + OFFSET_CLK + DIV, 4);
> + if (ptrALT == NULL) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "ioremap pwmDIV failed\n");
> + goto map_failed;
> + }

You can remove all of these ioremap_nocache calls.

> +
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "io mem adres:%x %x %x\n",
> + (unsigned int)start+OFFSET_PWM, (unsigned int)start +
> + OFFSET_CLK, (unsigned int)start + OFFSET_ALT);
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG "%x %x %x\n", (unsigned int)ptrPWM,
> + (unsigned int)ptrCLK, (unsigned int)ptrALT);
> + #endif
> +
> +
> + iowrite32((ioread32(ptrALT) & ALTAND) | ALTOR, ptrALT);
> + /*disable the clock to set the dividere*/
> + iowrite32(PWMCLK_CNTL_OFF, ptrCLK);
> + /*pwm clock set to 1Mhz.*/
> + iowrite32(PWMCLK_DIV, ptrDIV);
> + /*enable the clock, load the new configuration*/
> + iowrite32(PWMCLK_CNTL_ON, ptrCLK);
> + /*set the pwm0 configuration*/
> + iowrite32((ioread32(ptrPWM) & ~MASK_CTL_PWM) | CTL_PWM, ptrPWM);
> +
> + #ifdef DEBUG
> + /*duty cycle 1ms*/
> + iowrite32(100000/1000, (unsigned long *)ptrDUTY);
> + /*period 300 us*/
> + iowrite32(300000/1000, (unsigned long *)ptrPERIOD);
> + iowrite32(ioread32(ptrPWM) | PWM_ENABLE, ptrPWM);
> + #endif

What is going on here?

> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +map_failed:
> + pwmchip_remove(&pwm->chip);
> +
> +chip_failed:
> + devm_kfree(&pdev->dev, pwm);
> + return -1;
> +
> +}
> +
> +static int bcm2835_pwm_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +
> + struct bcm2835_pwm_chip *pc;
> + pc = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(!pc))
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + iounmap(ptrALT);
> + iounmap(ptrPWM);
> + iounmap(ptrCLK);
> + iounmap(ptrDUTY);
> + iounmap(ptrPERIOD);

Not necessary since you will be removing all the ioremaps

> +
> +
> + return pwmchip_remove(&pc->chip);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_pwm_of_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "rpi,pwm-bcm2835" },

Compatible string should be "brcm,bcm2835-pwm" in order to follow the
vendor prefix docs and align with what is done elsewhere.

Where is your binding description doc?

> + { }
> +};
> +
> +static struct platform_driver bcm2835_pwm_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "pwm-bcm2835",
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .of_match_table = bcm2835_pwm_of_match,
> + },
> + .probe = bcm2835_pwm_probe,
> + .remove = bcm2835_pwm_remove,
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(bcm2835_pwm_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);

Additionally, you should switch over to using dev_dbg and pr_err as appropriate.


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