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SubjectRe: Missing USB XHCI and EHCI reset for kexec

Zitat von Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <>:

> On Tue, Apr 15, 2014 at 12:04:17PM +0200, wrote:
>> Zitat von Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <>:
>> >On Mon, Apr 14, 2014 at 05:44:58PM +0200, wrote:
>> >>
>> >>Zitat von Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>:
>> >>
>> >>>I don't know about EHCI specifically but this is a known issue with
>> >>>XHCI, I observe similar issues on other powerpc platforms (servers)
>> >>>and this isn't architecture specific (looks more like actualy xhc
>> >>>implementation specific).
>> >>>
>> >>>Thadeu Cascardo (on CC) has been the one investigating that on our side,
>> >>>he might have more to add including patches.
>> >>>
>> >>
>> >>I have now a kernel 3.14 dmesg log of the problem. After a kexec the
>> >>kexeced 3.14 kernel shows:
>> >>
>> >>[ 1.170029] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: xHCI Host Controller
>> >>[ 1.175306] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: new USB bus registered,
>> >>assigned bus number 1
>> >>[ 1.212561] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: Host not halted after 16000
>> >>microseconds.
>> >>[ 1.219621] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: can't setup: -110
>> >>[ 1.224597] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: USB bus 1 deregistered
>> >>[ 1.230021] xhci_hcd 0001:03:00.0: init 0001:03:00.0 fail, -110
>> >>[ 1.235955] xhci_hcd: probe of 0001:03:00.0 failed with error -110
>> >>
>> >
>> >What is your controller vendor and device IDs? Is that a TI chip?
>> >
>> Yes it is a TI chip, vendor ID 104c and product ID 8241.
>> >Can you check if the patch I sent a month ago fixes it? [1] There's the
>> >whole story there. In fact, you will also need something like the patch
>> >below. Can you apply only the first one, verify, and, then, the other
>> >one as well, and report what worked for you?
>> >
>> >[1]
>> >
>> I tried the attach patch and it did not help. This is what i
>> expected because this is a fix in the shutdown path, which will
>> never called when doing a forced kexec.
> Hi, Stefani.
> Did you try with both patches applied? How do you evoke the forced
> kexec? Is that a kexec on panic? Does it really need to be forced? With
> no clean shutdown, platform and drivers would need to issue resets, like
> you mentioned below, to get the system into a clean state.

Yes, i applied both patches. But without success.

IMHO i think it is necessary to bring the device i a clean state when
the driver use the HW.

>> I have a running a 3.10.23 kernel. This kernel do a kexec for a
>> kernel 3.14. Since the kernel 3.10.23 did not performe a clean
>> shutdown, the state of the XHCI Controller is undefined. So when
> And the clean shutdown requires both of my patches, for TI chips, as far
> as I know. It looks like the problem is issuing a halt when there are
> pending URBs.
>> kernel 3.14 will probe XHCI it will find a XHCI controller which was
>> not performed a reset.
> The problem is not that a reset hasn't been issued. A PCI function reset
> should fix most of the problems with a bad device state, when the reset
> works. However, the problem is that it was not cleanly shut down. URBs
> should have been canceled and removed from the controller queue, and it
> should have halted after that.

Again, i think it is the job of the driver to bring the chip in a clean state
before using them. A driver should never expect a reset state of a chip.

>> So i think it is necessary to reset the XHCI controller and all
>> devices on this bus. This is what i do with a "echo 1
>> >/sys/bus/pci/drivers/xhci_hcd/0001:03:00.0/reset" before the kexec.
> One way to look at that is making the PCI code issue resets to all buses
> before doing any other access. That will make booting more slow, and
> there are a lot of other corner cases where this might not be enough.
> It's probably more sane to try to get the 3.10.23 kernel to do a clean
> shutdown, if possible.

With this driver design the kexec functionality is usesless on PowerPC.
X86 looks a little bit better.

- Stefani

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