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SubjectRe: [PATCH 7/8] arm64: mm: Implement 4 levels of translation tables
On Tue, Apr 15, 2014 at 10:37:11AM +0900, Jungseok Lee wrote:
> On Tuesday, April 15, 2014 12:14 AM, Steve Capper wrote:
> > On Mon, Apr 14, 2014 at 04:41:07PM +0900, Jungseok Lee wrote:
> > > This patch implements 4 levels of translation tables since 3 levels of
> > > page tables with 4KB pages cannot support 40-bit physical address
> > > space described in [1] due to the following issue.
> > >
> > > It is a restriction that kernel logical memory map with 4KB + 3 levels
> > > (0xffffffc000000000-0xffffffffffffffff) cannot cover RAM region from
> > > 544GB to 1024GB in [1]. Specifically, ARM64 kernel fails to create
> > > mapping for this region in map_mem function since __phys_to_virt for
> > > this region reaches to address overflow.
> > >
> > > If SoC design follows the document, [1], over 32GB RAM would be placed
> > > from 544GB. Even 64GB system is supposed to use the region from 544GB
> > > to 576GB for only 32GB RAM. Naturally, it would reach to enable 4
> > > levels of page tables to avoid hacking __virt_to_phys and __phys_to_virt.
> > >
> > > However, it is recommended 4 levels of page table should be only
> > > enabled if memory map is too sparse or there is about 512GB RAM.
> > >
> > > References
> > > ----------
> > > [1]: Principle of ARM Memory Maps, White Paper, Issue C
> > >
>
> [ ... ]
>
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c index
> > > 6b7e895..321f569 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
> > > +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
> > > @@ -222,9 +222,17 @@ static void __init alloc_init_pmd(pud_t *pud,
> > > unsigned long addr, static void __init alloc_init_pud(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
> > > unsigned long end, unsigned long phys) {
> > > - pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
> > > + pud_t *pud;
> > > unsigned long next;
> > >
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_4_LEVELS
> > > + if (pgd_none(*pgd) || pgd_bad(*pgd)) {
> > > + pud = early_alloc(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t));
> > > + pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgd, pud);
> > > + }
> > > +#endif
> >
> > We don't need this #ifdef block, as pgd_none and pgd_bad should be zero when we have fewer than 4
> > levels.
>
> This block is needed to cover the third RAM region from 544GB to 1024GB
> described in the document [1].
>
> A single PGD can cover only up to 512GB with 4KB+4Level. In other words,
> kernel would reach to panic if a system has RAM over 512GB memory map space.
> That is why pgd_none should be handled.

I could have been clearer; I meant to say keep the code but remove the #ifdef
and #endif. The condition for the if statement will be false for <4 levels so
the whole block will compile out in those situations anyay; and for 4 levels
we then check the pgd.

Cheers,
--
Steve


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