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SubjectRe: [tip:x86/urgent] x86-64, modify_ldt: Ban 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels
From
Is this bug really still present in modern CPUs?  This change breaks
running 16-bit apps in Wine. I have a few really old games I like to
play on occasion, and I don't have a copy of Win 3.11 to put in a VM.

On Fri, Apr 11, 2014 at 1:36 PM, tip-bot for H. Peter Anvin
<tipbot@zytor.com> wrote:
> Commit-ID: b3b42ac2cbae1f3cecbb6229964a4d48af31d382
> Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/b3b42ac2cbae1f3cecbb6229964a4d48af31d382
> Author: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
> AuthorDate: Sun, 16 Mar 2014 15:31:54 -0700
> Committer: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
> CommitDate: Fri, 11 Apr 2014 10:10:09 -0700
>
> x86-64, modify_ldt: Ban 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels
>
> The IRET instruction, when returning to a 16-bit segment, only
> restores the bottom 16 bits of the user space stack pointer. We have
> a software workaround for that ("espfix") for the 32-bit kernel, but
> it relies on a nonzero stack segment base which is not available in
> 32-bit mode.
>
> Since 16-bit support is somewhat crippled anyway on a 64-bit kernel
> (no V86 mode), and most (if not quite all) 64-bit processors support
> virtualization for the users who really need it, simply reject
> attempts at creating a 16-bit segment when running on top of a 64-bit
> kernel.
>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-kicdm89kzw9lldryb1br9od0@git.kernel.org
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> ---
> arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c | 11 +++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
> index ebc9873..af1d14a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
> @@ -229,6 +229,17 @@ static int write_ldt(void __user *ptr, unsigned long bytecount, int oldmode)
> }
> }
>
> + /*
> + * On x86-64 we do not support 16-bit segments due to
> + * IRET leaking the high bits of the kernel stack address.
> + */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> + if (!ldt_info.seg_32bit) {
> + error = -EINVAL;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> +#endif
> +
> fill_ldt(&ldt, &ldt_info);
> if (oldmode)
> ldt.avl = 0;
> --
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