lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2014]   [Apr]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] memory driver: make phys_index/end_phys_index reflect the start/end section number
From
Date
On Wed, 2014-04-09 at 12:39 -0500, Nathan Fontenot wrote:
> On 04/08/2014 02:47 PM, Dave Hansen wrote:
> >
> > That document really needs to be updated to stop referring to sections
> > (at least in the descriptions of the user interface). We can not change
> > the units of phys_index/end_phys_index without also changing
> > block_size_bytes.
> >
>
> Here is a first pass at updating the documentation.
>
> I have tried to update the documentation to refer to memory blocks instead
> of memory sections where appropriate and added a paragraph to explain
> that memory blocks are mode of memory sections.
>
> Thoughts?

If we all agree to hide the information about sections, then I think we
also need to update the section id's used for phys_index/end_phys_index,
something like following on top of yours?

--
diff --git a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
index 92d15e2..9fbb025 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
@@ -138,10 +138,7 @@ is described under /sys/devices/system/memory as
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX
(XXX is the memory block id.)

-Now, XXX is defined as (start_address_of_section / section_size) of the first
-section contained in the memory block. The files 'phys_index' and
-'end_phys_index' under each directory report the beginning and end section id's
-for the memory block covered by the sysfs directory. It is expected that all
+For the memory block covered by the sysfs directory. It is expected that all
memory sections in this range are present and no memory holes exist in the
range. Currently there is no way to determine if there is a memory hole, but
the existence of one should not affect the hotplug capabilities of the memory
@@ -155,16 +152,14 @@ This device covers address range [0x100000000 ... 0x140000000)
Under each memory block, you can see 4 or 5 files, the end_phys_index file
being a recent addition and not present on older kernels.

-/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/start_phys_index
+/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/phys_index
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/end_phys_index
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/phys_device
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/removable

-'phys_index' : read-only and contains section id of the first section
- in the memory block, same as XXX.
-'end_phys_index' : read-only and contains section id of the last section
- in the memory block.
+'phys_index' : read-only and contains memory block id, same as XXX.
+'end_phys_index' : read-only and contains memory block id, same as XXX.
'state' : read-write
at read: contains online/offline state of memory.
at write: user can specify "online_kernel",
--
Not sure whether it is proper to remove end_phys_index, too?

Thanks,
Zhong




>
> -Nathan
> ---
> Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
> 1 file changed, 59 insertions(+), 54 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
> +++ linux/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
> @@ -88,16 +88,21 @@ phase by hand.
>
> 1.3. Unit of Memory online/offline operation
> ------------
> -Memory hotplug uses SPARSEMEM memory model. SPARSEMEM divides the whole memory
> -into chunks of the same size. The chunk is called a "section". The size of
> -a section is architecture dependent. For example, power uses 16MiB, ia64 uses
> -1GiB. The unit of online/offline operation is "one section". (see Section 3.)
> +Memory hotplug uses SPARSEMEM memory model which allows memory to be divided
> +into chunks of the same size. These chunks are called "sections". The size of
> +a memory section is architecture dependent. For example, power uses 16MiB, ia64
> +uses 1GiB.
> +
> +Memory sections are combined into chunks referred to as "memory blocks". The
> +size of a memory block is architecture dependent and represents the logical
> +unit upon which memory online/offline operations are to be performed. The
> +default size of a memory block is the same as memory section size unless an
> +architecture specifies otherwise. (see Section 3.)
>
> -To determine the size of sections, please read this file:
> +To determine the size (in bytes) of a memory block please read this file:
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/block_size_bytes
>
> -This file shows the size of sections in byte.
>
> -----------------------
> 2. Kernel Configuration
> @@ -123,14 +128,15 @@ config options.
> (CONFIG_ACPI_CONTAINER).
> This option can be kernel module too.
>
> +
> --------------------------------
> -4 sysfs files for memory hotplug
> +3 sysfs files for memory hotplug
> --------------------------------
> -All sections have their device information in sysfs. Each section is part of
> -a memory block under /sys/devices/system/memory as
> +All memory blocks have their device information in sysfs. Each memory block
> +is described under /sys/devices/system/memory as
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX
> -(XXX is the section id.)
> +(XXX is the memory block id.)
>
> Now, XXX is defined as (start_address_of_section / section_size) of the first
> section contained in the memory block. The files 'phys_index' and
> @@ -141,13 +147,13 @@ range. Currently there is no way to dete
> the existence of one should not affect the hotplug capabilities of the memory
> block.
>
> -For example, assume 1GiB section size. A device for a memory starting at
> +For example, assume 1GiB memory block size. A device for a memory starting at
> 0x100000000 is /sys/device/system/memory/memory4
> (0x100000000 / 1Gib = 4)
> This device covers address range [0x100000000 ... 0x140000000)
>
> -Under each section, you can see 4 or 5 files, the end_phys_index file being
> -a recent addition and not present on older kernels.
> +Under each memory block, you can see 4 or 5 files, the end_phys_index file
> +being a recent addition and not present on older kernels.
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/start_phys_index
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/end_phys_index
> @@ -185,6 +191,7 @@ For example:
> A backlink will also be created:
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory9/node0 -> ../../node/node0
>
> +
> --------------------------------
> 4. Physical memory hot-add phase
> --------------------------------
> @@ -227,11 +234,10 @@ You can tell the physical address of new
>
> % echo start_address_of_new_memory > /sys/devices/system/memory/probe
>
> -Then, [start_address_of_new_memory, start_address_of_new_memory + section_size)
> -memory range is hot-added. In this case, hotplug script is not called (in
> -current implementation). You'll have to online memory by yourself.
> -Please see "How to online memory" in this text.
> -
> +Then, [start_address_of_new_memory, start_address_of_new_memory +
> +memory_block_size] memory range is hot-added. In this case, hotplug script is
> +not called (in current implementation). You'll have to online memory by
> +yourself. Please see "How to online memory" in this text.
>
>
> ------------------------------
> @@ -240,36 +246,36 @@ Please see "How to online memory" in thi
>
> 5.1. State of memory
> ------------
> -To see (online/offline) state of memory section, read 'state' file.
> +To see (online/offline) state of a memory block, read 'state' file.
>
> % cat /sys/device/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
>
>
> -If the memory section is online, you'll read "online".
> -If the memory section is offline, you'll read "offline".
> +If the memory block is online, you'll read "online".
> +If the memory block is offline, you'll read "offline".
>
>
> 5.2. How to online memory
> ------------
> Even if the memory is hot-added, it is not at ready-to-use state.
> -For using newly added memory, you have to "online" the memory section.
> +For using newly added memory, you have to "online" the memory block.
>
> -For onlining, you have to write "online" to the section's state file as:
> +For onlining, you have to write "online" to the memory block's state file as:
>
> % echo online > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
>
> -This onlining will not change the ZONE type of the target memory section,
> -If the memory section is in ZONE_NORMAL, you can change it to ZONE_MOVABLE:
> +This onlining will not change the ZONE type of the target memory block,
> +If the memory block is in ZONE_NORMAL, you can change it to ZONE_MOVABLE:
>
> % echo online_movable > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
> -(NOTE: current limit: this memory section must be adjacent to ZONE_MOVABLE)
> +(NOTE: current limit: this memory block must be adjacent to ZONE_MOVABLE)
>
> -And if the memory section is in ZONE_MOVABLE, you can change it to ZONE_NORMAL:
> +And if the memory block is in ZONE_MOVABLE, you can change it to ZONE_NORMAL:
>
> % echo online_kernel > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
> -(NOTE: current limit: this memory section must be adjacent to ZONE_NORMAL)
> +(NOTE: current limit: this memory block must be adjacent to ZONE_NORMAL)
>
> -After this, section memoryXXX's state will be 'online' and the amount of
> +After this, memory block XXX's state will be 'online' and the amount of
> available memory will be increased.
>
> Currently, newly added memory is added as ZONE_NORMAL (for powerpc, ZONE_DMA).
> @@ -284,22 +290,22 @@ This may be changed in future.
> 6.1 Memory offline and ZONE_MOVABLE
> ------------
> Memory offlining is more complicated than memory online. Because memory offline
> -has to make the whole memory section be unused, memory offline can fail if
> -the section includes memory which cannot be freed.
> +has to make the whole memory block be unused, memory offline can fail if
> +the memort block includes memory which cannot be freed.
>
> In general, memory offline can use 2 techniques.
>
> -(1) reclaim and free all memory in the section.
> -(2) migrate all pages in the section.
> +(1) reclaim and free all memory in the memory block.
> +(2) migrate all pages in the memory block.
>
> In the current implementation, Linux's memory offline uses method (2), freeing
> -all pages in the section by page migration. But not all pages are
> +all pages in the memory block by page migration. But not all pages are
> migratable. Under current Linux, migratable pages are anonymous pages and
> -page caches. For offlining a section by migration, the kernel has to guarantee
> -that the section contains only migratable pages.
> +page caches. For offlining a memory block by migration, the kernel has to
> +guarantee that the memory block contains only migratable pages.
>
> -Now, a boot option for making a section which consists of migratable pages is
> -supported. By specifying "kernelcore=" or "movablecore=" boot option, you can
> +Now, a boot option for making a memory block which consists of migratable pages
> +is supported. By specifying "kernelcore=" or "movablecore=" boot option, you can
> create ZONE_MOVABLE...a zone which is just used for movable pages.
> (See also Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt)
>
> @@ -315,28 +321,27 @@ creates ZONE_MOVABLE as following.
> Size of memory for movable pages (for offline) is ZZZZ.
>
>
> -Note) Unfortunately, there is no information to show which section belongs
> +Note: Unfortunately, there is no information to show which memory block belongs
> to ZONE_MOVABLE. This is TBD.
>
>
> 6.2. How to offline memory
> ------------
> -You can offline a section by using the same sysfs interface that was used in
> -memory onlining.
> +You can offline a memory block by using the same sysfs interface that was used
> +in memory onlining.
>
> % echo offline > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
>
> -If offline succeeds, the state of the memory section is changed to be "offline".
> +If offline succeeds, the state of the memory block is changed to be "offline".
> If it fails, some error core (like -EBUSY) will be returned by the kernel.
> -Even if a section does not belong to ZONE_MOVABLE, you can try to offline it.
> -If it doesn't contain 'unmovable' memory, you'll get success.
> +Even if a memory block does not belong to ZONE_MOVABLE, you can try to offline
> +it. If it doesn't contain 'unmovable' memory, you'll get success.
>
> -A section under ZONE_MOVABLE is considered to be able to be offlined easily.
> -But under some busy state, it may return -EBUSY. Even if a memory section
> -cannot be offlined due to -EBUSY, you can retry offlining it and may be able to
> -offline it (or not).
> -(For example, a page is referred to by some kernel internal call and released
> - soon.)
> +A memory block under ZONE_MOVABLE is considered to be able to be offlined
> +easily. But under some busy state, it may return -EBUSY. Even if a memory
> +block cannot be offlined due to -EBUSY, you can retry offlining it and may be
> +able to offline it (or not). (For example, a page is referred to by some kernel
> +internal call and released soon.)
>
> Consideration:
> Memory hotplug's design direction is to make the possibility of memory offlining
> @@ -373,11 +378,11 @@ MEMORY_GOING_OFFLINE
> Generated to begin the process of offlining memory. Allocations are no
> longer possible from the memory but some of the memory to be offlined
> is still in use. The callback can be used to free memory known to a
> - subsystem from the indicated memory section.
> + subsystem from the indicated memory block.
>
> MEMORY_CANCEL_OFFLINE
> Generated if MEMORY_GOING_OFFLINE fails. Memory is available again from
> - the section that we attempted to offline.
> + the memory block that we attempted to offline.
>
> MEMORY_OFFLINE
> Generated after offlining memory is complete.
> @@ -413,8 +418,8 @@ node if necessary.
> --------------
> - allowing memory hot-add to ZONE_MOVABLE. maybe we need some switch like
> sysctl or new control file.
> - - showing memory section and physical device relationship.
> - - showing memory section is under ZONE_MOVABLE or not
> + - showing memory block and physical device relationship.
> + - showing memory block is under ZONE_MOVABLE or not
> - test and make it better memory offlining.
> - support HugeTLB page migration and offlining.
> - memmap removing at memory offline.




\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2014-04-10 10:41    [W:0.565 / U:2.600 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site