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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC v3 2/2] clk: Add handling of clk parent and rate assigned from DT
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Hi Sylwester,

On Thursday 27 March 2014 16:02:52 Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
> On 27/03/14 15:08, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> > On Thursday 27 March 2014 14:57:56 Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
> >> On 27/03/14 14:24, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> >>> On Thursday 27 March 2014 13:16:19 Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
> >>>> This function adds a helper function to configure clock parents and
> >>>> rates as specified in clock-parents, clock-rates DT properties for a
> >>>> consumer device and a call to it before driver is bound to a device.
> >>>>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Sylwester Nawrocki <s.nawrocki@samsung.com>
> >>>> ---
> >>
> >> [...]
> >>
> >>>> .../devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt | 26 ++++++
> >>>> drivers/base/dd.c | 7 ++
> >>>> drivers/clk/Makefile | 1 +
> >>>> drivers/clk/clk-conf.c | 87 ++++++++++++
> >>>> drivers/clk/clk.c | 10 ++-
> >>>> include/linux/clk/clk-conf.h | 19 +++++
> >>>> 6 files changed, 149 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>>> create mode 100644 drivers/clk/clk-conf.c
> >>>> create mode 100644 include/linux/clk/clk-conf.h
> >>>>
> >>>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt
> >>>> b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt index
> >>>> 7c52c29..b452f80 100644
> >>>> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt
> >>>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt
> >>>> @@ -115,3 +115,29 @@ clock signal, and a UART.
> >>>> ("pll" and "pll-switched").
> >>>>
> >>>> * The UART has its baud clock connected the external oscillator and
> >>>> its register clock connected to the PLL clock (the "pll-switched"
> >>>> signal)
> >>>>
> >>>> +
> >>>> +==Assigned clock parents and rates==
> >>>> +
> >>>> +Some platforms require static initial configuration of parts of the
> >>>> clocks
> >>>> +controller. Such a configuration can be specified in a clock consumer
> >>>> node
> >>>> +through clock-parents and clock-rates DT properties. The former should
> >>>> contain
> >>>> +a list of parent clocks in form of phandle and clock specifier pairs,
> >>>> the
> >>>> +latter the list of assigned clock frequency values (one cell each).
> >>>> +
> >>>> + uart@a000 {
> >>>> + compatible = "fsl,imx-uart";
> >>>> + reg = <0xa000 0x1000>;
> >>>> + ...
> >>>> + clocks = <&clkcon 0>, <&clkcon 3>;
> >>>> + clock-names = "baud", "mux";
> >>>> +
> >>>> + clock-parents = <0>, <&pll 1>;
> >>>> + clock-rates = <460800>;
> >>>> + };
> >>>> +
> >>>> +In this example the pll is set as parent of "mux" clock and frequency
> >>>> of "baud"
> >>>> +clock is specified as 460800 Hz.
> >>>
> >>> I'm curious, what should happen when two devices have conflicting
> >>> requirements ? If a different device required the <&clkcon 3> parent to
> >>> be set to <&pll 2> for instance, who should win ? Shouldn't a warning be
> >>> printed ?
> >>
> >> In general, the assumption is that the <&clkcon 3> clock would be used
> >> only by the uart@a000 device.
> >
> > OK. Removing the problem is a simple way to fix it :-) What about stating
> > this explicitly in the documentation then ? Maybe by prefixing your
> > proposed explanation below with something like
> >
> > "Configuring a clock parent and rate through the device node that uses the
> > clock is only supported for clocks that have a single user."
>
> Looks good, we could add it. Or perhaps something like:
>
> "Configuring a clock parent and rate through the device node that uses the
> clock should be only done for clocks that have a single user. If a clock
> is shared and conflicting parent or rate configuration is specified in
> multiple consumer nodes a resulting configuration is undefined." ?
>
> Not sure if it is acceptable to inject such an unpredictability to the
> kernel from DT though. Might be more reasonable to go with a clarification
> as you proposed.

I would go further and forbid it.

"Configuring a clock parent and rate through the device node that uses the
clock can be done only for clocks that have a single user. Specifying
conflicting parent or rate configuration in multiple consumer nodes for a
shared clock is forbidden."

> >> If a clock is shared I'd say it shouldn't be put in a multiple consumer
> >> device nodes. Instead it should be put in a clock provider node, as I was
> >> trying to explain in the sentence below.
> >>
> >> A warning could be useful, but it could complicate the code. We would
> >> need, for example, to store information about already configured clocks
> >> in a list and scan it before actually altering any clock parent or rate.
> >
> > I'm fine with implementing that later if needed, we can keep the initial
> > implementation simple.
>
> OK.
>
> >>>> +For clocks which are not directly connected to any consumer device
> >>>> similarly
> >>>> +clocks, clock-parents and/or clock-rates properties should be
> >>>> specified in
> >>>> +assigned-clocks subnode of a clock controller DT node.
> >>>
> >>> It might be that I'm not familiar enough with the clock framework, but
> >>> this sounds unclear to me. I'm not sure what you mean exactly.
> >>
> >> Sorry about not being precise here, would something like below be more
> >> clear ?
> >>
> >> "Configuration of common clocks, which affect multiple consumer devices
> >> can be specified in a dedicated 'assigned-clocks' subnode of a clock
> >>
> >> provider node, e.g.:
> >> clkcon {
> >> ...
> >> #clock-cells = <1>;
> >> assigned-clocks {
> >> clocks = <&clkcon 16>, <&clkcon 17>;
> >> clock-parents = <0>, <&clkcon 1>;
> >> clock-rates = <200000>;
> >> };
> >> };
> >> "
> >
> > That's clearer indeed. Can the parents and rates depend on the board, or
> > on the SoC only ? We might be getting dangerously close to specifying
> > platform configuration instead of describing the hardware. A real example
> > might be nice to support the discussion.
>
> The clock parent and rates could be board specific, otherwise this API would
> become much less useful. The configuration often depends on what external
> devices are attached to an SoC.
>
> I don't have a real life example for the "global" configuration of shared
> clocks at the moment. I added this after seeing Tero's patches [1], maybe
> he could talk about some real use cases (just realized I missed to Cc him.
> fixing this mistake now).

Sascha has posted a nice example of an assigned-clocks node, let's discuss
this in replies to his e-mail.

> >> Naturally it's this just an RFC, any critics or suggestions are
> >> welcome.:)
>
> [1] http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-omap/msg103069.html

--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart



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