lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2014]   [Mar]   [28]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 05/28] ktap: add bytecode definition
Date
ktap bytecode is based on luajit, a fast JIT for lua language.

There have a good detail introduction about luajit bytecode in
http://wiki.luajit.org/Bytecode-2.0

A single bytecode instruction is 32 bit wide and has an 8 bit
opcode field and several operand fields of 8 or 16 bit.
Instructions come in one of two formats:

+----+----+----+----+
| B | C | A | OP | Format ABC
+----+----+----+----+
| D | A | OP | Format AD
+--------------------
MSB LSB

In-memory instructions are always stored in host byte order.

E.g. 0xbbccaa1e is the instruction with opcode 0x1e (ADDVV),
with operands A = 0xaa, B = 0xbb and C = 0xcc.

Bytecods:

1). Comparison ops
ISLT, ISGE, ISLE, ISGT, ISEQV, ISNEV, ISEQS, ISNES, ISEQN,
ISNEN, ISEQP, ISNEP

2). Unary Test and Copy ops
ISTC, ISFC, IST, ISF

3). Unary ops
MOV, NOT, UNM, LEN

4). Binary ops
ADDVN, SUBVN, MULVN, DIVVN, MODVN, ADDNV, SUBNV, MULNV, DIVNV, MODNV,
ADDVV, SUBVV, SUBVV, MULVV, DIVVV, MODVV, POW, CAT

5). Constant ops
KSTR, KCDATA, KSHORT, KNUM, KPRI, KNIL

6). Upvalue and Function ops
UGET, USETV, USETS, USETN, USETP, UCLO, FNEW

7). Table ops
TNEW, TDUP, GGET, GSET, TGETV, TGETS, TGETB, TSETV, TSETS, TSETB, TSETM

8). Calls and Vararg Handling (ktap do not support variable argument now)
CALLM, CALL, CALLMT, CALLT, ITERC, ITERN, VARG, ISNEXT

9). Returns (ktap don't support RETM now)
RETM, RET, RET0, RET1

10). Loops and branches (loop bytecode J* is not used in ktap)
FORI, JFORI, FORL, IFORL, JFORL, ITERL, IITERL, JITERL, LOOP, ILOOP, JLOOP, JMP

11). Function headers (All is not used in ktap)
FUNCF, IFUNCF, JFUNCF, FUNCV, JFUNCV, FUNCC, FUNCCW

12). ktap specific bytecodes
VARGN, VARGSTR, VPROBENAME, VPID, VTID, VUID, VCPU, VEXECNAME, GFUNC

Signed-off-by: Jovi Zhangwei <jovi.zhangwei@gmail.com>
---
tools/ktap/include/ktap_bc.h | 369 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 369 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/ktap/include/ktap_bc.h

diff --git a/tools/ktap/include/ktap_bc.h b/tools/ktap/include/ktap_bc.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a764bb0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/ktap/include/ktap_bc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,369 @@
+/*
+ * Bytecode instruction format.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Jovi Zhangwei <jovi.zhangwei@gmail.com>.
+ * Copyright (C) 2005-2014 Mike Pall.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __KTAP_BC_H__
+#define __KTAP_BC_H__
+
+#include "../include/ktap_arch.h"
+
+/*TODO*/
+#define KP_STATIC_ASSERT(cond)
+#define kp_assert(cond)
+
+/* Types for handling bytecodes. */
+typedef uint32_t BCIns; /* Bytecode instruction. */
+typedef uint32_t BCPos; /* Bytecode position. */
+typedef uint32_t BCReg; /* Bytecode register. */
+typedef int32_t BCLine; /* Bytecode line number. */
+
+/*
+ * Bytecode instruction format, 32 bit wide, fields of 8 or 16 bit:
+ *
+ * +----+----+----+----+
+ * | B | C | A | OP | Format ABC
+ * +----+----+----+----+
+ * | D | A | OP | Format AD
+ * +--------------------
+ * MSB LSB
+ *
+ * In-memory instructions are always stored in host byte order.
+ */
+
+/* Operand ranges and related constants. */
+#define BCMAX_A 0xff
+#define BCMAX_B 0xff
+#define BCMAX_C 0xff
+#define BCMAX_D 0xffff
+#define BCBIAS_J 0x8000
+#define NO_REG BCMAX_A
+#define NO_JMP (~(BCPos)0)
+
+/* Macros to get instruction fields. */
+#define bc_op(i) ((BCOp)((i)&0xff))
+#define bc_a(i) ((BCReg)(((i)>>8)&0xff))
+#define bc_b(i) ((BCReg)((i)>>24))
+#define bc_c(i) ((BCReg)(((i)>>16)&0xff))
+#define bc_d(i) ((BCReg)((i)>>16))
+#define bc_j(i) ((ptrdiff_t)bc_d(i)-BCBIAS_J)
+
+/* Macros to set instruction fields. */
+#define setbc_byte(p, x, ofs) \
+ ((uint8_t *)(p))[KP_ENDIAN_SELECT(ofs, 3 - ofs)] = (uint8_t)(x)
+#define setbc_op(p, x) setbc_byte(p, (x), 0)
+#define setbc_a(p, x) setbc_byte(p, (x), 1)
+#define setbc_b(p, x) setbc_byte(p, (x), 3)
+#define setbc_c(p, x) setbc_byte(p, (x), 2)
+#define setbc_d(p, x) \
+ ((uint16_t *)(p))[KP_ENDIAN_SELECT(1, 0)] = (uint16_t)(x)
+#define setbc_j(p, x) setbc_d(p, (BCPos)((int32_t)(x)+BCBIAS_J))
+
+/* Macros to compose instructions. */
+#define BCINS_ABC(o, a, b, c) \
+ (((BCIns)(o))|((BCIns)(a)<<8)|((BCIns)(b)<<24)|((BCIns)(c)<<16))
+#define BCINS_AD(o, a, d) \
+ (((BCIns)(o))|((BCIns)(a)<<8)|((BCIns)(d)<<16))
+#define BCINS_AJ(o, a, j) BCINS_AD(o, a, (BCPos)((int32_t)(j)+BCBIAS_J))
+
+/*
+ * Bytecode instruction definition. Order matters, see below.
+ *
+ * (name, filler, Amode, Bmode, Cmode or Dmode, metamethod)
+ *
+ * The opcode name suffixes specify the type for RB/RC or RD:
+ * V = variable slot
+ * S = string const
+ * N = number const
+ * P = primitive type (~itype)
+ * B = unsigned byte literal
+ * M = multiple args/results
+ */
+#define BCDEF(_) \
+ /* Comparison ops. ORDER OPR. */ \
+ _(ISLT, var, ___, var, lt) \
+ _(ISGE, var, ___, var, lt) \
+ _(ISLE, var, ___, var, le) \
+ _(ISGT, var, ___, var, le) \
+ \
+ _(ISEQV, var, ___, var, eq) \
+ _(ISNEV, var, ___, var, eq) \
+ _(ISEQS, var, ___, str, eq) \
+ _(ISNES, var, ___, str, eq) \
+ _(ISEQN, var, ___, num, eq) \
+ _(ISNEN, var, ___, num, eq) \
+ _(ISEQP, var, ___, pri, eq) \
+ _(ISNEP, var, ___, pri, eq) \
+ \
+ /* Unary test and copy ops. */ \
+ _(ISTC, dst, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(ISFC, dst, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(IST, ___, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(ISF, ___, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(ISTYPE, var, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(ISNUM, var, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ /* Unary ops. */ \
+ _(MOV, dst, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(NOT, dst, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(UNM, dst, ___, var, unm) \
+ \
+ /* Binary ops. ORDER OPR. VV last, POW must be next. */ \
+ _(ADDVN, dst, var, num, add) \
+ _(SUBVN, dst, var, num, sub) \
+ _(MULVN, dst, var, num, mul) \
+ _(DIVVN, dst, var, num, div) \
+ _(MODVN, dst, var, num, mod) \
+ \
+ _(ADDNV, dst, var, num, add) \
+ _(SUBNV, dst, var, num, sub) \
+ _(MULNV, dst, var, num, mul) \
+ _(DIVNV, dst, var, num, div) \
+ _(MODNV, dst, var, num, mod) \
+ \
+ _(ADDVV, dst, var, var, add) \
+ _(SUBVV, dst, var, var, sub) \
+ _(MULVV, dst, var, var, mul) \
+ _(DIVVV, dst, var, var, div) \
+ _(MODVV, dst, var, var, mod) \
+ \
+ _(POW, dst, var, var, pow) \
+ _(CAT, dst, rbase, rbase, concat) \
+ \
+ /* Constant ops. */ \
+ _(KSTR, dst, ___, str, ___) \
+ _(KCDATA, dst, ___, cdata, ___) \
+ _(KSHORT, dst, ___, lits, ___) \
+ _(KNUM, dst, ___, num, ___) \
+ _(KPRI, dst, ___, pri, ___) \
+ _(KNIL, base, ___, base, ___) \
+ \
+ /* Upvalue and function ops. */ \
+ _(UGET, dst, ___, uv, ___) \
+ _(USETV, uv, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(UINCV, uv, ___, var, ___) \
+ _(USETS, uv, ___, str, ___) \
+ _(USETN, uv, ___, num, ___) \
+ _(UINCN, uv, ___, num, ___) \
+ _(USETP, uv, ___, pri, ___) \
+ _(UCLO, rbase, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(FNEW, dst, ___, func, gc) \
+ \
+ /* Table ops. */ \
+ _(TNEW, dst, ___, lit, gc) \
+ _(TDUP, dst, ___, tab, gc) \
+ _(GGET, dst, ___, str, index) \
+ _(GSET, var, ___, str, newindex) \
+ _(GINC, var, ___, str, newindex) \
+ _(TGETV, dst, var, var, index) \
+ _(TGETS, dst, var, str, index) \
+ _(TGETB, dst, var, lit, index) \
+ _(TGETR, dst, var, var, index) \
+ _(TSETV, var, var, var, newindex) \
+ _(TINCV, var, var, var, newindex) \
+ _(TSETS, var, var, str, newindex) \
+ _(TINCS, var, var, str, newindex) \
+ _(TSETB, var, var, lit, newindex) \
+ _(TINCB, var, var, lit, newindex) \
+ _(TSETM, base, ___, num, newindex) \
+ _(TSETR, var, var, var, newindex) \
+ \
+ /* Calls and vararg handling. T = tail call. */ \
+ _(CALLM, base, lit, lit, call) \
+ _(CALL, base, lit, lit, call) \
+ _(CALLMT, base, ___, lit, call) \
+ _(CALLT, base, ___, lit, call) \
+ _(ITERC, base, lit, lit, call) \
+ _(ITERN, base, lit, lit, call) \
+ _(VARG, base, lit, lit, ___) \
+ _(ISNEXT, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ \
+ /* Returns. */ \
+ _(RETM, base, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(RET, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(RET0, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(RET1, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ /* Loops and branches. I/J = interp/JIT, I/C/L = init/call/loop. */ \
+ _(FORI, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(JFORI, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ \
+ _(FORL, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(IFORL, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(JFORL, base, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ _(ITERL, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(IITERL, base, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(JITERL, base, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ _(LOOP, rbase, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(ILOOP, rbase, ___, jump, ___) \
+ _(JLOOP, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ _(JMP, rbase, ___, jump, ___) \
+ \
+ /*Function headers. I/J = interp/JIT, F/V/C = fixarg/vararg/C func.*/ \
+ _(FUNCF, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ _(IFUNCF, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ _(JFUNCF, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(FUNCV, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ _(IFUNCV, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ _(JFUNCV, rbase, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(FUNCC, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ _(FUNCCW, rbase, ___, ___, ___) \
+ \
+ /* specific purpose bc. */ \
+ _(VARGN, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VARGSTR, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VPROBENAME, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VPID, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VTID, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VUID, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VCPU, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ _(VEXECNAME, dst, ___, lit, ___) \
+ \
+ _(GFUNC, dst, ___, ___, ___) /*load global C function*/
+
+/* Bytecode opcode numbers. */
+typedef enum {
+#define BCENUM(name, ma, mb, mc, mt) BC_##name,
+ BCDEF(BCENUM)
+#undef BCENUM
+ BC__MAX
+} BCOp;
+
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_ISEQV+1 == (int)BC_ISNEV);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISEQV^1) == (int)BC_ISNEV);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISEQS^1) == (int)BC_ISNES);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISEQN^1) == (int)BC_ISNEN);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISEQP^1) == (int)BC_ISNEP);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISLT^1) == (int)BC_ISGE);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISLE^1) == (int)BC_ISGT);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT(((int)BC_ISLT^3) == (int)BC_ISGT);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_IST-(int)BC_ISTC == (int)BC_ISF-(int)BC_ISFC);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_CALLT-(int)BC_CALL == (int)BC_CALLMT-(int)BC_CALLM);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_CALLMT + 1 == (int)BC_CALLT);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_RETM + 1 == (int)BC_RET);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FORL + 1 == (int)BC_IFORL);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FORL + 2 == (int)BC_JFORL);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_ITERL + 1 == (int)BC_IITERL);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_ITERL + 2 == (int)BC_JITERL);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_LOOP + 1 == (int)BC_ILOOP);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_LOOP + 2 == (int)BC_JLOOP);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FUNCF + 1 == (int)BC_IFUNCF);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FUNCF + 2 == (int)BC_JFUNCF);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FUNCV + 1 == (int)BC_IFUNCV);
+KP_STATIC_ASSERT((int)BC_FUNCV + 2 == (int)BC_JFUNCV);
+
+/* This solves a circular dependency problem, change as needed. */
+#define FF_next_N 4
+
+/* Stack slots used by FORI/FORL, relative to operand A. */
+enum {
+ FORL_IDX, FORL_STOP, FORL_STEP, FORL_EXT
+};
+
+/* Bytecode operand modes. ORDER BCMode */
+typedef enum {
+ /* Mode A must be <= 7 */
+ BCMnone, BCMdst, BCMbase, BCMvar, BCMrbase, BCMuv,
+ BCMlit, BCMlits, BCMpri, BCMnum, BCMstr, BCMtab, BCMfunc,
+ BCMjump, BCMcdata,
+ BCM_max
+} BCMode;
+
+#define BCM___ BCMnone
+
+#define bcmode_a(op) ((BCMode)(bc_mode[op] & 7))
+#define bcmode_b(op) ((BCMode)((bc_mode[op] >> 3) & 15))
+#define bcmode_c(op) ((BCMode)((bc_mode[op] >> 7) & 15))
+#define bcmode_d(op) bcmode_c(op)
+#define bcmode_hasd(op) ((bc_mode[op] & (15 << 3)) == (BCMnone << 3))
+#define bcmode_mm(op) ((MMS)(bc_mode[op] >> 11))
+
+#define BCMODE(name, ma, mb, mc, mm) \
+ (BCM##ma | (BCM##mb << 3) | (BCM##mc << 7)|(MM_##mm << 11)),
+#define BCMODE_FF 0
+
+static inline int bc_isret(BCOp op)
+{
+ return (op == BC_RETM || op == BC_RET || op == BC_RET0 ||
+ op == BC_RET1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Metamethod definition
+ * Note ktap don't use any lua methmethod currently.
+ */
+typedef enum {
+ MM_lt,
+ MM_le,
+ MM_eq,
+ MM_unm,
+ MM_add,
+ MM_sub,
+ MM_mul,
+ MM_div,
+ MM_mod,
+ MM_pow,
+ MM_concat,
+ MM_gc,
+ MM_index,
+ MM_newindex,
+ MM_call,
+ MM__MAX,
+ MM____ = MM__MAX
+} MMS;
+
+
+/* -- Bytecode dump format ------------------------------------------------ */
+
+/*
+** dump = header proto+ 0U
+** header = ESC 'L' 'J' versionB flagsU [namelenU nameB*]
+** proto = lengthU pdata
+** pdata = phead bcinsW* uvdataH* kgc* knum* [debugB*]
+** phead = flagsB numparamsB framesizeB numuvB numkgcU numknU numbcU
+** [debuglenU [firstlineU numlineU]]
+** kgc = kgctypeU { ktab | (loU hiU) | (rloU rhiU iloU ihiU) | strB* }
+** knum = intU0 | (loU1 hiU)
+** ktab = narrayU nhashU karray* khash*
+** karray = ktabk
+** khash = ktabk ktabk
+** ktabk = ktabtypeU { intU | (loU hiU) | strB* }
+**
+** B = 8 bit, H = 16 bit, W = 32 bit, U = ULEB128 of W, U0/U1 = ULEB128 of W+1
+*/
+
+/* Bytecode dump header. */
+#define BCDUMP_HEAD1 0x15
+#define BCDUMP_HEAD2 0x22
+#define BCDUMP_HEAD3 0x06
+
+/* If you perform *any* kind of private modifications to the bytecode itself
+** or to the dump format, you *must* set BCDUMP_VERSION to 0x80 or higher.
+*/
+#define BCDUMP_VERSION 1
+
+/* Compatibility flags. */
+#define BCDUMP_F_BE 0x01
+#define BCDUMP_F_STRIP 0x02
+#define BCDUMP_F_FFI 0x04
+
+#define BCDUMP_F_KNOWN (BCDUMP_F_FFI*2-1)
+
+/* Type codes for the GC constants of a prototype. Plus length for strings. */
+enum {
+ BCDUMP_KGC_CHILD, BCDUMP_KGC_TAB, BCDUMP_KGC_I64, BCDUMP_KGC_U64,
+ BCDUMP_KGC_COMPLEX, BCDUMP_KGC_STR
+};
+
+/* Type codes for the keys/values of a constant table. */
+enum {
+ BCDUMP_KTAB_NIL, BCDUMP_KTAB_FALSE, BCDUMP_KTAB_TRUE,
+ BCDUMP_KTAB_INT, BCDUMP_KTAB_NUM, BCDUMP_KTAB_STR
+};
+
+#endif /* __KTAP_BC_H__ */
--
1.8.1.4


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2014-03-28 16:01    [W:0.322 / U:6.296 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site