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Subject[PATCH v7 07/22] Replace the XIP page fault handler with the DAX page fault handler
Date
Instead of calling aops->get_xip_mem from the fault handler, the
filesystem passes a get_block_t that is used to find the appropriate
blocks.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com>
---
fs/dax.c | 207 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/ext2/file.c | 35 ++++++++-
include/linux/fs.h | 4 +-
mm/filemap_xip.c | 206 ----------------------------------------------------
4 files changed, 243 insertions(+), 209 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
index 66a6bda..863749c 100644
--- a/fs/dax.c
+++ b/fs/dax.c
@@ -19,8 +19,12 @@
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/vmstat.h>

static long dax_get_addr(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh,
void **addr)
@@ -32,6 +36,16 @@ static long dax_get_addr(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh,
return ops->direct_access(bdev, sector, addr, &pfn, bh->b_size);
}

+static long dax_get_pfn(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh,
+ unsigned long *pfn)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = bh->b_bdev;
+ const struct block_device_operations *ops = bdev->bd_disk->fops;
+ void *addr;
+ sector_t sector = bh->b_blocknr << (inode->i_blkbits - 9);
+ return ops->direct_access(bdev, sector, &addr, pfn, bh->b_size);
+}
+
static void dax_new_buf(void *addr, unsigned size, unsigned first,
loff_t offset, loff_t end, int rw)
{
@@ -214,3 +228,196 @@ ssize_t dax_do_io(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode,
return retval;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_do_io);
+
+/*
+ * The user has performed a load from a hole in the file. Allocating
+ * a new page in the file would cause excessive storage usage for
+ * workloads with sparse files. We allocate a page cache page instead.
+ * We'll kick it out of the page cache if it's ever written to,
+ * otherwise it will simply fall out of the page cache under memory
+ * pressure without ever having been dirtied.
+ */
+static int dax_load_hole(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page,
+ struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ unsigned long size;
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ if (!page)
+ page = find_or_create_page(mapping, vmf->pgoff,
+ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
+ if (!page)
+ return VM_FAULT_OOM;
+ size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (vmf->pgoff >= size) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+ }
+
+ vmf->page = page;
+ return VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
+}
+
+static void copy_user_bh(struct page *to, struct inode *inode,
+ struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ void *vfrom, *vto;
+ dax_get_addr(inode, bh, &vfrom); /* XXX: error handling */
+ vto = kmap_atomic(to);
+ copy_user_page(vto, vfrom, vaddr, to);
+ kunmap_atomic(vto);
+}
+
+static int do_dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf,
+ get_block_t get_block)
+{
+ struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
+ struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
+ struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
+ struct page *page;
+ struct buffer_head bh;
+ unsigned long vaddr = (unsigned long)vmf->virtual_address;
+ sector_t block;
+ pgoff_t size;
+ unsigned long pfn;
+ int error;
+ int major = 0;
+
+ size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (vmf->pgoff >= size)
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+
+ memset(&bh, 0, sizeof(bh));
+ block = (sector_t)vmf->pgoff << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+ bh.b_size = PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ repeat:
+ page = find_get_page(mapping, vmf->pgoff);
+ if (page) {
+ if (!lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags)) {
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ }
+ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ goto repeat;
+ }
+ }
+
+ error = get_block(inode, block, &bh, 0);
+ if (error || bh.b_size < PAGE_SIZE)
+ goto sigbus;
+
+ if (!buffer_written(&bh) && !vmf->cow_page) {
+ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) {
+ error = get_block(inode, block, &bh, 1);
+ count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT);
+ mem_cgroup_count_vm_event(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT);
+ major = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
+ if (error || bh.b_size < PAGE_SIZE)
+ goto sigbus;
+ } else {
+ return dax_load_hole(mapping, page, vmf);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Recheck i_size under i_mmap_mutex */
+ mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+ size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (unlikely(vmf->pgoff >= size)) {
+ mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+ goto sigbus;
+ }
+ if (vmf->cow_page) {
+ if (buffer_written(&bh))
+ copy_user_bh(vmf->cow_page, inode, &bh, vaddr);
+ else
+ clear_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vaddr);
+ if (page) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+ /* do_cow_fault() will release the i_mmap_mutex */
+ return VM_FAULT_COWED;
+ }
+
+ if (buffer_unwritten(&bh) || buffer_new(&bh))
+ dax_clear_blocks(inode, bh.b_blocknr, bh.b_size);
+
+ error = dax_get_pfn(inode, &bh, &pfn);
+ if (error > 0)
+ error = vm_insert_mixed(vma, vaddr, pfn);
+ mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+
+ if (page) {
+ delete_from_page_cache(page);
+ unmap_mapping_range(mapping, vmf->pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT,
+ PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+
+ if (error == -ENOMEM)
+ return VM_FAULT_OOM;
+ /* -EBUSY is fine, somebody else faulted on the same PTE */
+ if (error != -EBUSY)
+ BUG_ON(error);
+ return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | major;
+
+ sigbus:
+ if (page) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+}
+
+/**
+ * dax_fault - handle a page fault on an XIP file
+ * @vma: The virtual memory area where the fault occurred
+ * @vmf: The description of the fault
+ * @get_block: The filesystem method used to translate file offsets to blocks
+ *
+ * When a page fault occurs, filesystems may call this helper in their
+ * fault handler for XIP files.
+ */
+int dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf,
+ get_block_t get_block)
+{
+ int result;
+ struct super_block *sb = file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_sb;
+
+ sb_start_pagefault(sb);
+ file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
+ result = do_dax_fault(vma, vmf, get_block);
+ sb_end_pagefault(sb);
+
+ return result;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_fault);
+
+/**
+ * dax_mkwrite - convert a read-only page to read-write in an XIP file
+ * @vma: The virtual memory area where the fault occurred
+ * @vmf: The description of the fault
+ * @get_block: The filesystem method used to translate file offsets to blocks
+ *
+ * XIP handles reads of holes by adding pages full of zeroes into the
+ * mapping. If the page is subsequenty written to, we have to allocate
+ * the page on media and free the page that was in the cache.
+ */
+int dax_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf,
+ get_block_t get_block)
+{
+ int result;
+ struct super_block *sb = file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_sb;
+
+ sb_start_pagefault(sb);
+ file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
+ result = do_dax_fault(vma, vmf, get_block);
+ sb_end_pagefault(sb);
+
+ return result;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_mkwrite);
diff --git a/fs/ext2/file.c b/fs/ext2/file.c
index ef5cf96..e3ce10d 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/file.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/file.c
@@ -25,6 +25,37 @@
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"

+#ifdef CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XIP
+static int ext2_dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ return dax_fault(vma, vmf, ext2_get_block);
+}
+
+static int ext2_dax_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ return dax_mkwrite(vma, vmf, ext2_get_block);
+}
+
+static const struct vm_operations_struct ext2_dax_vm_ops = {
+ .fault = ext2_dax_fault,
+ .page_mkwrite = ext2_dax_mkwrite,
+ .remap_pages = generic_file_remap_pages,
+};
+
+static int ext2_file_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ if (!IS_DAX(file_inode(file)))
+ return generic_file_mmap(file, vma);
+
+ file_accessed(file);
+ vma->vm_ops = &ext2_dax_vm_ops;
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP;
+ return 0;
+}
+#else
+#define ext2_file_mmap generic_file_mmap
+#endif
+
/*
* Called when filp is released. This happens when all file descriptors
* for a single struct file are closed. Note that different open() calls
@@ -70,7 +101,7 @@ const struct file_operations ext2_file_operations = {
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = ext2_compat_ioctl,
#endif
- .mmap = generic_file_mmap,
+ .mmap = ext2_file_mmap,
.open = dquot_file_open,
.release = ext2_release_file,
.fsync = ext2_fsync,
@@ -89,7 +120,7 @@ const struct file_operations ext2_xip_file_operations = {
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = ext2_compat_ioctl,
#endif
- .mmap = xip_file_mmap,
+ .mmap = ext2_file_mmap,
.open = dquot_file_open,
.release = ext2_release_file,
.fsync = ext2_fsync,
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index dabc601..1607812 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ struct cred;
struct swap_info_struct;
struct seq_file;
struct workqueue_struct;
+struct vm_fault;

extern void __init inode_init(void);
extern void __init inode_init_early(void);
@@ -2521,10 +2522,11 @@ extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp);
extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp);

#ifdef CONFIG_FS_XIP
-extern int xip_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma);
extern int xip_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from);
ssize_t dax_do_io(int rw, struct kiocb *, struct inode *, const struct iovec *,
loff_t, unsigned segs, get_block_t, dio_iodone_t, int flags);
+int dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_fault *, get_block_t);
+int dax_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_fault *, get_block_t);
#else
static inline int xip_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from)
{
diff --git a/mm/filemap_xip.c b/mm/filemap_xip.c
index f7c37a1..9dd45f3 100644
--- a/mm/filemap_xip.c
+++ b/mm/filemap_xip.c
@@ -22,212 +22,6 @@
#include <asm/io.h>

/*
- * We do use our own empty page to avoid interference with other users
- * of ZERO_PAGE(), such as /dev/zero
- */
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(xip_sparse_mutex);
-static seqcount_t xip_sparse_seq = SEQCNT_ZERO(xip_sparse_seq);
-static struct page *__xip_sparse_page;
-
-/* called under xip_sparse_mutex */
-static struct page *xip_sparse_page(void)
-{
- if (!__xip_sparse_page) {
- struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_ZERO);
-
- if (page)
- __xip_sparse_page = page;
- }
- return __xip_sparse_page;
-}
-
-/*
- * __xip_unmap is invoked from xip_unmap and
- * xip_write
- *
- * This function walks all vmas of the address_space and unmaps the
- * __xip_sparse_page when found at pgoff.
- */
-static void
-__xip_unmap (struct address_space * mapping,
- unsigned long pgoff)
-{
- struct vm_area_struct *vma;
- struct mm_struct *mm;
- unsigned long address;
- pte_t *pte;
- pte_t pteval;
- spinlock_t *ptl;
- struct page *page;
- unsigned count;
- int locked = 0;
-
- count = read_seqcount_begin(&xip_sparse_seq);
-
- page = __xip_sparse_page;
- if (!page)
- return;
-
-retry:
- mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
- vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff) {
- mm = vma->vm_mm;
- address = vma->vm_start +
- ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
- BUG_ON(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end);
- pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl, 1);
- if (pte) {
- /* Nuke the page table entry. */
- flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(*pte));
- pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);
- page_remove_rmap(page);
- dec_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES);
- BUG_ON(pte_dirty(pteval));
- pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
- /* must invalidate_page _before_ freeing the page */
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_page(mm, address);
- page_cache_release(page);
- }
- }
- mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
-
- if (locked) {
- mutex_unlock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- } else if (read_seqcount_retry(&xip_sparse_seq, count)) {
- mutex_lock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- locked = 1;
- goto retry;
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * xip_fault() is invoked via the vma operations vector for a
- * mapped memory region to read in file data during a page fault.
- *
- * This function is derived from filemap_fault, but used for execute in place
- */
-static int xip_file_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
-{
- struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
- struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
- struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
- pgoff_t size;
- void *xip_mem;
- unsigned long xip_pfn;
- struct page *page;
- int error;
-
- /* XXX: are VM_FAULT_ codes OK? */
-again:
- size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
- if (vmf->pgoff >= size)
- return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
-
- error = mapping->a_ops->get_xip_mem(mapping, vmf->pgoff, 0,
- &xip_mem, &xip_pfn);
- if (likely(!error))
- goto found;
- if (error != -ENODATA)
- return VM_FAULT_OOM;
-
- /* sparse block */
- if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_MAYWRITE)) &&
- (vma->vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE)) &&
- (!(mapping->host->i_sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))) {
- int err;
-
- /* maybe shared writable, allocate new block */
- mutex_lock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- error = mapping->a_ops->get_xip_mem(mapping, vmf->pgoff, 1,
- &xip_mem, &xip_pfn);
- mutex_unlock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- if (error)
- return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
- /* unmap sparse mappings at pgoff from all other vmas */
- __xip_unmap(mapping, vmf->pgoff);
-
-found:
- /* We must recheck i_size under i_mmap_mutex */
- mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
- size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >>
- PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
- if (unlikely(vmf->pgoff >= size)) {
- mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
- return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
- }
- err = vm_insert_mixed(vma, (unsigned long)vmf->virtual_address,
- xip_pfn);
- mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
- if (err == -ENOMEM)
- return VM_FAULT_OOM;
- /*
- * err == -EBUSY is fine, we've raced against another thread
- * that faulted-in the same page
- */
- if (err != -EBUSY)
- BUG_ON(err);
- return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
- } else {
- int err, ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
-
- mutex_lock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- write_seqcount_begin(&xip_sparse_seq);
- error = mapping->a_ops->get_xip_mem(mapping, vmf->pgoff, 0,
- &xip_mem, &xip_pfn);
- if (unlikely(!error)) {
- write_seqcount_end(&xip_sparse_seq);
- mutex_unlock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
- goto again;
- }
- if (error != -ENODATA)
- goto out;
-
- /* We must recheck i_size under i_mmap_mutex */
- mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
- size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >>
- PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
- if (unlikely(vmf->pgoff >= size)) {
- ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
- goto unlock;
- }
- /* not shared and writable, use xip_sparse_page() */
- page = xip_sparse_page();
- if (!page)
- goto unlock;
- err = vm_insert_page(vma, (unsigned long)vmf->virtual_address,
- page);
- if (err == -ENOMEM)
- goto unlock;
-
- ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
-unlock:
- mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
-out:
- write_seqcount_end(&xip_sparse_seq);
- mutex_unlock(&xip_sparse_mutex);
-
- return ret;
- }
-}
-
-static const struct vm_operations_struct xip_file_vm_ops = {
- .fault = xip_file_fault,
- .page_mkwrite = filemap_page_mkwrite,
- .remap_pages = generic_file_remap_pages,
-};
-
-int xip_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma)
-{
- BUG_ON(!file->f_mapping->a_ops->get_xip_mem);
-
- file_accessed(file);
- vma->vm_ops = &xip_file_vm_ops;
- vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP;
- return 0;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xip_file_mmap);
-
-/*
* truncate a page used for execute in place
* functionality is analog to block_truncate_page but does use get_xip_mem
* to get the page instead of page cache
--
1.9.0


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