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Subject[RFC PATCH v2 tip 1/7] Extended BPF core framework
Date
Extended BPF (or 64-bit BPF) is an instruction set to
create safe dynamically loadable filters that can call fixed set
of kernel functions and take generic bpf_context as an input.
BPF filter is a glue between kernel functions and bpf_context.
Different kernel subsystems can define their own set of available functions
and alter BPF machinery for specific use case.

include/linux/bpf.h - instruction set definition
kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c - code safety checker/static analyzer
kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c - emulator for archs without BPF64_JIT

Extended BPF instruction set is designed for efficient mapping to native
instructions on 64-bit CPUs

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
---
include/linux/bpf.h | 149 +++++++
include/linux/bpf_jit.h | 134 ++++++
kernel/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/bpf_jit/Makefile | 3 +
kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c | 1054 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c | 511 +++++++++++++++++++++
lib/Kconfig.debug | 15 +
7 files changed, 1867 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/bpf.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/bpf_jit.h
create mode 100644 kernel/bpf_jit/Makefile
create mode 100644 kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c
create mode 100644 kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a4e18e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,149 @@
+/* 64-bit BPF is Copyright (c) 2011-2014, PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_BPF_H__
+#define __LINUX_BPF_H__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct bpf_insn {
+ __u8 code; /* opcode */
+ __u8 a_reg:4; /* dest register*/
+ __u8 x_reg:4; /* source register */
+ __s16 off; /* signed offset */
+ __s32 imm; /* signed immediate constant */
+};
+
+struct bpf_table {
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 key_size;
+ __u32 elem_size;
+ __u32 max_entries;
+ __u32 param1; /* meaning is table-dependent */
+};
+
+enum bpf_table_type {
+ BPF_TABLE_HASH = 1,
+ BPF_TABLE_LPM
+};
+
+/* maximum number of insns and tables in a BPF program */
+#define MAX_BPF_INSNS 4096
+#define MAX_BPF_TABLES 64
+#define MAX_BPF_STRTAB_SIZE 1024
+
+/* pointer to bpf_context is the first and only argument to BPF program
+ * its definition is use-case specific */
+struct bpf_context;
+
+/* bpf_add|sub|...: a += x
+ * bpf_mov: a = x
+ * bpf_bswap: bswap a */
+#define BPF_INSN_ALU(op, a, x) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_ALU|BPF_OP(op)|BPF_X, a, x, 0, 0}
+
+/* bpf_add|sub|...: a += imm
+ * bpf_mov: a = imm */
+#define BPF_INSN_ALU_IMM(op, a, imm) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_ALU|BPF_OP(op)|BPF_K, a, 0, 0, imm}
+
+/* a = *(uint *) (x + off) */
+#define BPF_INSN_LD(size, a, x, off) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_LDX|BPF_SIZE(size)|BPF_REL, a, x, off, 0}
+
+/* *(uint *) (a + off) = x */
+#define BPF_INSN_ST(size, a, off, x) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_STX|BPF_SIZE(size)|BPF_REL, a, x, off, 0}
+
+/* *(uint *) (a + off) = imm */
+#define BPF_INSN_ST_IMM(size, a, off, imm) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_ST|BPF_SIZE(size)|BPF_REL, a, 0, off, imm}
+
+/* lock *(uint *) (a + off) += x */
+#define BPF_INSN_XADD(size, a, off, x) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_STX|BPF_SIZE(size)|BPF_XADD, a, x, off, 0}
+
+/* if (a 'op' x) pc += off else fall through */
+#define BPF_INSN_JUMP(op, a, x, off) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_JMP|BPF_OP(op)|BPF_X, a, x, off, 0}
+
+/* if (a 'op' imm) pc += off else fall through */
+#define BPF_INSN_JUMP_IMM(op, a, imm, off) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_JMP|BPF_OP(op)|BPF_K, a, 0, off, imm}
+
+#define BPF_INSN_RET() \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0, 0, 0, 0}
+
+#define BPF_INSN_CALL(fn_code) \
+ (struct bpf_insn){BPF_JMP|BPF_CALL, 0, 0, 0, fn_code}
+
+/* Instruction classes */
+#define BPF_CLASS(code) ((code) & 0x07)
+#define BPF_LD 0x00
+#define BPF_LDX 0x01
+#define BPF_ST 0x02
+#define BPF_STX 0x03
+#define BPF_ALU 0x04
+#define BPF_JMP 0x05
+#define BPF_RET 0x06
+
+/* ld/ldx fields */
+#define BPF_SIZE(code) ((code) & 0x18)
+#define BPF_W 0x00
+#define BPF_H 0x08
+#define BPF_B 0x10
+#define BPF_DW 0x18
+#define BPF_MODE(code) ((code) & 0xe0)
+#define BPF_IMM 0x00
+#define BPF_ABS 0x20
+#define BPF_IND 0x40
+#define BPF_MEM 0x60
+#define BPF_LEN 0x80
+#define BPF_MSH 0xa0
+#define BPF_REL 0xc0
+#define BPF_XADD 0xe0 /* exclusive add */
+
+/* alu/jmp fields */
+#define BPF_OP(code) ((code) & 0xf0)
+#define BPF_ADD 0x00
+#define BPF_SUB 0x10
+#define BPF_MUL 0x20
+#define BPF_DIV 0x30
+#define BPF_OR 0x40
+#define BPF_AND 0x50
+#define BPF_LSH 0x60
+#define BPF_RSH 0x70 /* logical shift right */
+#define BPF_NEG 0x80
+#define BPF_MOD 0x90
+#define BPF_XOR 0xa0
+#define BPF_MOV 0xb0 /* mov reg to reg */
+#define BPF_ARSH 0xc0 /* sign extending arithmetic shift right */
+#define BPF_BSWAP32 0xd0 /* swap lower 4 bytes of 64-bit register */
+#define BPF_BSWAP64 0xe0 /* swap all 8 bytes of 64-bit register */
+
+#define BPF_JA 0x00
+#define BPF_JEQ 0x10 /* jump == */
+#define BPF_JGT 0x20 /* GT is unsigned '>', JA in x86 */
+#define BPF_JGE 0x30 /* GE is unsigned '>=', JAE in x86 */
+#define BPF_JSET 0x40
+#define BPF_JNE 0x50 /* jump != */
+#define BPF_JSGT 0x60 /* SGT is signed '>', GT in x86 */
+#define BPF_JSGE 0x70 /* SGE is signed '>=', GE in x86 */
+#define BPF_CALL 0x80 /* function call */
+#define BPF_SRC(code) ((code) & 0x08)
+#define BPF_K 0x00
+#define BPF_X 0x08
+
+/* 64-bit registers */
+#define R0 0
+#define R1 1
+#define R2 2
+#define R3 3
+#define R4 4
+#define R5 5
+#define R6 6
+#define R7 7
+#define R8 8
+#define R9 9
+#define __fp__ 10
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_BPF_H__ */
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_jit.h b/include/linux/bpf_jit.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..170ea64
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_jit.h
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+/* 64-bit BPF is Copyright (c) 2011-2014, PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_BPF_JIT_H__
+#define __LINUX_BPF_JIT_H__
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+
+/*
+ * type of value stored in a BPF register or
+ * passed into function as an argument or
+ * returned from the function
+ */
+enum bpf_reg_type {
+ INVALID_PTR, /* reg doesn't contain a valid pointer */
+ PTR_TO_CTX, /* reg points to bpf_context */
+ PTR_TO_TABLE, /* reg points to table element */
+ PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL, /* points to table element or NULL */
+ PTR_TO_STACK, /* reg == frame_pointer */
+ PTR_TO_STACK_IMM, /* reg == frame_pointer + imm */
+ PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_KEY, /* pointer to stack used as table key */
+ PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_ELEM, /* pointer to stack used as table elem */
+ RET_INTEGER, /* function returns integer */
+ RET_VOID, /* function returns void */
+ CONST_ARG, /* function expects integer constant argument */
+ CONST_ARG_TABLE_ID, /* int const argument that is used as table_id */
+ /*
+ * int const argument indicating number of bytes accessed from stack
+ * previous function argument must be ptr_to_stack_imm
+ */
+ CONST_ARG_STACK_IMM_SIZE,
+};
+
+/* BPF function prototype */
+struct bpf_func_proto {
+ enum bpf_reg_type ret_type;
+ enum bpf_reg_type arg1_type;
+ enum bpf_reg_type arg2_type;
+ enum bpf_reg_type arg3_type;
+ enum bpf_reg_type arg4_type;
+};
+
+/* struct bpf_context access type */
+enum bpf_access_type {
+ BPF_READ = 1,
+ BPF_WRITE = 2
+};
+
+struct bpf_context_access {
+ int size;
+ enum bpf_access_type type;
+};
+
+struct bpf_callbacks {
+ /* execute BPF func_id with given registers */
+ void (*execute_func)(char *strtab, int id, u64 *regs);
+
+ /* return address of func_id suitable to be called from JITed program */
+ void *(*jit_select_func)(char *strtab, int id);
+
+ /* return BPF function prototype for verification */
+ const struct bpf_func_proto* (*get_func_proto)(char *strtab, int id);
+
+ /* return expected bpf_context access size and permissions
+ * for given byte offset within bpf_context */
+ const struct bpf_context_access *(*get_context_access)(int off);
+};
+
+struct bpf_program {
+ int insn_cnt;
+ int table_cnt;
+ int strtab_size;
+ struct bpf_insn *insns;
+ struct bpf_table *tables;
+ char *strtab;
+ struct bpf_callbacks *cb;
+ void (*jit_image)(struct bpf_context *ctx);
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+/*
+ * BPF image format:
+ * 4 bytes "bpf\0"
+ * 4 bytes - size of strtab section in bytes
+ * string table: zero separated ascii strings
+ * {
+ * 4 bytes - size of next section in bytes
+ * 4 bytes - index into strtab of section name
+ * N bytes - of this section
+ * } repeated
+ * "license" section contains BPF license that must be GPL compatible
+ * "bpftables" section contains zero or more of 'struct bpf_table'
+ * "e ..." section contains one or more of 'struct bpf_insn'
+ *
+ * bpf_load_image() - load BPF image, setup callback extensions
+ * and run through verifier
+ */
+int bpf_load_image(const char *image, int image_len, struct bpf_callbacks *cb,
+ struct bpf_program **prog);
+
+/* free BPF program */
+void bpf_free(struct bpf_program *prog);
+
+/* execture BPF program */
+void bpf_run(struct bpf_program *prog, struct bpf_context *ctx);
+
+/* verify correctness of BPF program */
+int bpf_check(struct bpf_program *prog);
+
+/* pr_info one BPF instructions and registers */
+void pr_info_bpf_insn(struct bpf_insn *insn, u64 *regs);
+
+static inline void free_bpf_program(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+ kfree(prog->strtab);
+ kfree(prog->tables);
+ kfree(prog->insns);
+ kfree(prog);
+}
+#if defined(CONFIG_BPF64_JIT)
+void bpf_compile(struct bpf_program *prog);
+void __bpf_free(struct bpf_program *prog);
+#else
+static inline void bpf_compile(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+}
+static inline void __bpf_free(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+ free_bpf_program(prog);
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index bc010ee..e63d81c 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -83,6 +83,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_TRACING) += trace/
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACE_CLOCK) += trace/
obj-$(CONFIG_RING_BUFFER) += trace/
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS) += trace/
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF64) += bpf_jit/
obj-$(CONFIG_IRQ_WORK) += irq_work.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_PM) += cpu_pm.o

diff --git a/kernel/bpf_jit/Makefile b/kernel/bpf_jit/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2e576f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf_jit/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF64) += bpf_check.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF64) += bpf_run.o
+
diff --git a/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c b/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c3aa574
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_check.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1054 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/bpf_jit.h>
+
+/*
+ * bpf_check() is a static code analyzer that walks the BPF program
+ * instruction by instruction and updates register/stack state.
+ * All paths of conditional branches are analyzed until 'ret' insn.
+ *
+ * At the first pass depth-first-search verifies that the BPF program is a DAG.
+ * It rejects the following programs:
+ * - larger than 4K insns or 64 tables
+ * - if loop is present (detected via back-edge)
+ * - unreachable insns exist (shouldn't be a forest. program = one function)
+ * - more than one ret insn
+ * - ret insn is not a last insn
+ * - out of bounds or malformed jumps
+ * The second pass is all possible path descent from the 1st insn.
+ * Conditional branch target insns keep a link list of verifier states.
+ * If the state already visited, this path can be pruned.
+ * If it wasn't a DAG, such state prunning would be incorrect, since it would
+ * skip cycles. Since it's analyzing all pathes through the program,
+ * the length of the analysis is limited to 32k insn, which may be hit even
+ * if insn_cnt < 4K, but there are too many branches that change stack/regs.
+ * Number of 'branches to be analyzed' is limited to 1k
+ *
+ * All registers are 64-bit (even on 32-bit arch)
+ * R0 - return register
+ * R1-R5 argument passing registers
+ * R6-R9 callee saved registers
+ * R10 - frame pointer read-only
+ *
+ * At the start of BPF program the register R1 contains a pointer to bpf_context
+ * and has type PTR_TO_CTX.
+ *
+ * R10 has type PTR_TO_STACK. The sequence 'mov Rx, R10; add Rx, imm' changes
+ * Rx state to PTR_TO_STACK_IMM and immediate constant is saved for further
+ * stack bounds checking
+ *
+ * registers used to pass pointers to function calls are verified against
+ * function prototypes
+ *
+ * Example: before the call to bpf_table_lookup(), R1 must have type PTR_TO_CTX
+ * R2 must contain integer constant and R3 PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_KEY
+ * Integer constant in R2 is a table_id. It's checked that 0 <= R2 < table_cnt
+ * and corresponding table_info->key_size fetched to check that
+ * [R3, R3 + table_info->key_size) are within stack limits and all that stack
+ * memory was initiliazed earlier by BPF program.
+ * After bpf_table_lookup() call insn, R0 is set to PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL
+ * R1-R5 are cleared and no longer readable (but still writeable).
+ *
+ * bpf_table_lookup() function returns ether pointer to table value or NULL
+ * which is type PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL. Once it passes through !=0 insn
+ * the register holding that pointer in the true branch changes state to
+ * PTR_TO_TABLE and the same register changes state to INVALID_PTR in the false
+ * branch. See check_cond_jmp_op()
+ *
+ * load/store alignment is checked
+ * Ex: stx [Rx + 3], (u32)Ry is rejected
+ *
+ * load/store to stack bounds checked and register spill is tracked
+ * Ex: stx [R10 + 0], (u8)Rx is rejected
+ *
+ * load/store to table bounds checked and table_id provides table size
+ * Ex: stx [Rx + 8], (u16)Ry is ok, if Rx is PTR_TO_TABLE and
+ * 8 + sizeof(u16) <= table_info->elem_size
+ *
+ * load/store to bpf_context checked against known fields
+ *
+ * Future improvements:
+ * stack size is hardcoded to 512 bytes maximum per program, relax it
+ */
+#define _(OP) ({ int ret = OP; if (ret < 0) return ret; })
+
+/* JITed code allocates 512 bytes and used bottom 4 slots
+ * to save R6-R9
+ */
+#define MAX_BPF_STACK (512 - 4 * 8)
+
+struct reg_state {
+ enum bpf_reg_type ptr;
+ bool read_ok;
+ int imm;
+};
+
+#define MAX_REG 11
+
+enum bpf_stack_slot_type {
+ STACK_INVALID, /* nothing was stored in this stack slot */
+ STACK_SPILL, /* 1st byte of register spilled into stack */
+ STACK_SPILL_PART, /* other 7 bytes of register spill */
+ STACK_MISC /* BPF program wrote some data into this slot */
+};
+
+struct bpf_stack_slot {
+ enum bpf_stack_slot_type type;
+ enum bpf_reg_type ptr;
+ int imm;
+};
+
+/* state of the program:
+ * type of all registers and stack info
+ */
+struct verifier_state {
+ struct reg_state regs[MAX_REG];
+ struct bpf_stack_slot stack[MAX_BPF_STACK];
+};
+
+/* linked list of verifier states
+ * used to prune search
+ */
+struct verifier_state_list {
+ struct verifier_state state;
+ struct verifier_state_list *next;
+};
+
+/* verifier_state + insn_idx are pushed to stack
+ * when branch is encountered
+ */
+struct verifier_stack_elem {
+ struct verifier_state st;
+ int insn_idx; /* at insn 'insn_idx' the program state is 'st' */
+ struct verifier_stack_elem *next;
+};
+
+/* single container for all structs
+ * one verifier_env per bpf_check() call
+ */
+struct verifier_env {
+ struct bpf_program *prog;
+ struct verifier_stack_elem *head;
+ int stack_size;
+ struct verifier_state cur_state;
+ struct verifier_state_list **branch_landing;
+};
+
+static int pop_stack(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ int insn_idx;
+ struct verifier_stack_elem *elem;
+ if (env->head == NULL)
+ return -1;
+ memcpy(&env->cur_state, &env->head->st, sizeof(env->cur_state));
+ insn_idx = env->head->insn_idx;
+ elem = env->head->next;
+ kfree(env->head);
+ env->head = elem;
+ env->stack_size--;
+ return insn_idx;
+}
+
+static struct verifier_state *push_stack(struct verifier_env *env, int insn_idx)
+{
+ struct verifier_stack_elem *elem;
+ elem = kmalloc(sizeof(struct verifier_stack_elem), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!elem)
+ goto err;
+ memcpy(&elem->st, &env->cur_state, sizeof(env->cur_state));
+ elem->insn_idx = insn_idx;
+ elem->next = env->head;
+ env->head = elem;
+ env->stack_size++;
+ if (env->stack_size > 1024) {
+ pr_err("BPF program is too complex\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+ return &elem->st;
+err:
+ /* pop all elements and return */
+ while (pop_stack(env) >= 0);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+#define CALLER_SAVED_REGS 6
+static const int caller_saved[CALLER_SAVED_REGS] = { R0, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 };
+
+static void init_reg_state(struct reg_state *regs)
+{
+ struct reg_state *reg;
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_REG; i++) {
+ regs[i].ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ regs[i].read_ok = false;
+ regs[i].imm = 0xbadbad;
+ }
+ reg = regs + __fp__;
+ reg->ptr = PTR_TO_STACK;
+ reg->read_ok = true;
+
+ reg = regs + R1; /* 1st arg to a function */
+ reg->ptr = PTR_TO_CTX;
+ reg->read_ok = true;
+}
+
+static void mark_reg_no_ptr(struct reg_state *regs, int regno)
+{
+ regs[regno].ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ regs[regno].imm = 0xbadbad;
+ regs[regno].read_ok = true;
+}
+
+static int check_reg_arg(struct reg_state *regs, int regno, bool is_src)
+{
+ if (is_src) {
+ if (!regs[regno].read_ok) {
+ pr_err("R%d !read_ok\n", regno);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (regno == __fp__)
+ /* frame pointer is read only */
+ return -EACCES;
+ mark_reg_no_ptr(regs, regno);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bpf_size_to_bytes(int bpf_size)
+{
+ if (bpf_size == BPF_W)
+ return 4;
+ else if (bpf_size == BPF_H)
+ return 2;
+ else if (bpf_size == BPF_B)
+ return 1;
+ else if (bpf_size == BPF_DW)
+ return 8;
+ else
+ return -EACCES;
+}
+
+static int check_stack_write(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
+ int value_regno)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct bpf_stack_slot *slot;
+ if (value_regno >= 0 &&
+ (state->regs[value_regno].ptr == PTR_TO_TABLE ||
+ state->regs[value_regno].ptr == PTR_TO_CTX)) {
+
+ /* register containing pointer is being spilled into stack */
+ if (size != 8) {
+ pr_err("invalid size of register spill\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off];
+ slot->type = STACK_SPILL;
+ /* save register state */
+ slot->ptr = state->regs[value_regno].ptr;
+ slot->imm = state->regs[value_regno].imm;
+ for (i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
+ slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i];
+ slot->type = STACK_SPILL_PART;
+ }
+ } else {
+
+ /* regular write of data into stack */
+ for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+ slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i];
+ slot->type = STACK_MISC;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_stack_read(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
+ int value_regno)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct bpf_stack_slot *slot;
+
+ slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off];
+
+ if (slot->type == STACK_SPILL) {
+ if (size != 8) {
+ pr_err("invalid size of register spill\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ for (i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
+ if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].type !=
+ STACK_SPILL_PART) {
+ pr_err("corrupted spill memory\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* restore register state from stack */
+ state->regs[value_regno].ptr = slot->ptr;
+ state->regs[value_regno].imm = slot->imm;
+ state->regs[value_regno].read_ok = true;
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+ if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].type !=
+ STACK_MISC) {
+ pr_err("invalid read from stack off %d+%d size %d\n",
+ off, i, size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ }
+ /* have read misc data from the stack */
+ mark_reg_no_ptr(state->regs, value_regno);
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static int get_table_info(struct verifier_env *env, int table_id,
+ struct bpf_table **tablep)
+{
+ /* if BPF program contains bpf_table_lookup(ctx, 1024, key)
+ * the incorrect table_id will be caught here
+ */
+ if (table_id < 0 || table_id >= env->prog->table_cnt) {
+ pr_err("invalid access to table_id=%d max_tables=%d\n",
+ table_id, env->prog->table_cnt);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ *tablep = &env->prog->tables[table_id];
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* check read/write into table element returned by bpf_table_lookup() */
+static int check_table_access(struct verifier_env *env, int regno, int off,
+ int size)
+{
+ struct bpf_table *table;
+ int table_id = env->cur_state.regs[regno].imm;
+
+ _(get_table_info(env, table_id, &table));
+
+ if (off < 0 || off + size > table->elem_size) {
+ pr_err("invalid access to table_id=%d leaf_size=%d off=%d size=%d\n",
+ table_id, table->elem_size, off, size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* check access to 'struct bpf_context' fields */
+static int check_ctx_access(struct verifier_env *env, int off, int size,
+ enum bpf_access_type t)
+{
+ const struct bpf_context_access *access;
+
+ if (off < 0 || off >= 32768/* struct bpf_context shouldn't be huge */)
+ goto error;
+
+ access = env->prog->cb->get_context_access(off);
+ if (!access)
+ goto error;
+
+ if (access->size == size && (access->type & t))
+ return 0;
+error:
+ pr_err("invalid bpf_context access off=%d size=%d\n", off, size);
+ return -EACCES;
+}
+
+static int check_mem_access(struct verifier_env *env, int regno, int off,
+ int bpf_size, enum bpf_access_type t,
+ int value_regno)
+{
+ struct verifier_state *state = &env->cur_state;
+ int size;
+ _(size = bpf_size_to_bytes(bpf_size));
+
+ if (off % size != 0) {
+ pr_err("misaligned access off %d size %d\n", off, size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ if (state->regs[regno].ptr == PTR_TO_TABLE) {
+ _(check_table_access(env, regno, off, size));
+ if (t == BPF_READ)
+ mark_reg_no_ptr(state->regs, value_regno);
+ } else if (state->regs[regno].ptr == PTR_TO_CTX) {
+ _(check_ctx_access(env, off, size, t));
+ if (t == BPF_READ)
+ mark_reg_no_ptr(state->regs, value_regno);
+ } else if (state->regs[regno].ptr == PTR_TO_STACK) {
+ if (off >= 0 || off < -MAX_BPF_STACK) {
+ pr_err("invalid stack off=%d size=%d\n", off, size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ if (t == BPF_WRITE)
+ _(check_stack_write(state, off, size, value_regno));
+ else
+ _(check_stack_read(state, off, size, value_regno));
+ } else {
+ pr_err("invalid mem access %d\n", state->regs[regno].ptr);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * when register 'regno' is passed into function that will read 'access_size'
+ * bytes from that pointer, make sure that it's within stack boundary
+ * and all elements of stack are initialized
+ */
+static int check_stack_boundary(struct verifier_env *env,
+ int regno, int access_size)
+{
+ struct verifier_state *state = &env->cur_state;
+ struct reg_state *regs = state->regs;
+ int off, i;
+
+ if (regs[regno].ptr != PTR_TO_STACK_IMM)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ off = regs[regno].imm;
+ if (off >= 0 || off < -MAX_BPF_STACK || off + access_size > 0 ||
+ access_size <= 0) {
+ pr_err("invalid stack ptr R%d off=%d access_size=%d\n",
+ regno, off, access_size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < access_size; i++) {
+ if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].type != STACK_MISC) {
+ pr_err("invalid indirect read from stack off %d+%d size %d\n",
+ off, i, access_size);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_func_arg(struct verifier_env *env, int regno,
+ enum bpf_reg_type arg_type, int *table_id,
+ struct bpf_table **tablep)
+{
+ struct reg_state *reg = env->cur_state.regs + regno;
+ enum bpf_reg_type expected_type;
+
+ if (arg_type == INVALID_PTR)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!reg->read_ok) {
+ pr_err("R%d !read_ok\n", regno);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ if (arg_type == PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_KEY ||
+ arg_type == PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_ELEM)
+ expected_type = PTR_TO_STACK_IMM;
+ else if (arg_type == CONST_ARG_TABLE_ID ||
+ arg_type == CONST_ARG_STACK_IMM_SIZE)
+ expected_type = CONST_ARG;
+ else
+ expected_type = arg_type;
+
+ if (reg->ptr != expected_type) {
+ pr_err("R%d ptr=%d expected=%d\n", regno, reg->ptr,
+ expected_type);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ if (arg_type == CONST_ARG_TABLE_ID) {
+ /* bpf_table_xxx(table_id) call: check that table_id is valid */
+ *table_id = reg->imm;
+ _(get_table_info(env, reg->imm, tablep));
+ } else if (arg_type == PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_KEY) {
+ /*
+ * bpf_table_xxx(..., table_id, ..., key) call:
+ * check that [key, key + table_info->key_size) are within
+ * stack limits and initialized
+ */
+ if (!*tablep) {
+ /*
+ * in function declaration table_id must come before
+ * table_key or table_elem, so that it's verified
+ * and known before we have to check table_key here
+ */
+ pr_err("invalid table_id to access table->key\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ _(check_stack_boundary(env, regno, (*tablep)->key_size));
+ } else if (arg_type == PTR_TO_STACK_IMM_TABLE_ELEM) {
+ /*
+ * bpf_table_xxx(..., table_id, ..., elem) call:
+ * check [elem, elem + table_info->elem_size) validity
+ */
+ if (!*tablep) {
+ pr_err("invalid table_id to access table->elem\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ _(check_stack_boundary(env, regno, (*tablep)->elem_size));
+ } else if (arg_type == CONST_ARG_STACK_IMM_SIZE) {
+ /*
+ * bpf_xxx(..., buf, len) call will access 'len' bytes
+ * from stack pointer 'buf'. Check it
+ * note: regno == len, regno - 1 == buf
+ */
+ _(check_stack_boundary(env, regno - 1, reg->imm));
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_call(struct verifier_env *env, int func_id)
+{
+ struct verifier_state *state = &env->cur_state;
+ const struct bpf_func_proto *fn = NULL;
+ struct reg_state *regs = state->regs;
+ struct bpf_table *table = NULL;
+ int table_id = -1;
+ struct reg_state *reg;
+ int i;
+
+ /* find function prototype */
+ if (func_id <= 0 || func_id >= env->prog->strtab_size) {
+ pr_err("invalid func %d\n", func_id);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (env->prog->cb->get_func_proto)
+ fn = env->prog->cb->get_func_proto(env->prog->strtab, func_id);
+
+ if (!fn || (fn->ret_type != RET_INTEGER &&
+ fn->ret_type != PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL &&
+ fn->ret_type != RET_VOID)) {
+ pr_err("unknown func %d\n", func_id);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* check args */
+ _(check_func_arg(env, R1, fn->arg1_type, &table_id, &table));
+ _(check_func_arg(env, R2, fn->arg2_type, &table_id, &table));
+ _(check_func_arg(env, R3, fn->arg3_type, &table_id, &table));
+ _(check_func_arg(env, R4, fn->arg4_type, &table_id, &table));
+
+ /* reset caller saved regs */
+ for (i = 0; i < CALLER_SAVED_REGS; i++) {
+ reg = regs + caller_saved[i];
+ reg->read_ok = false;
+ reg->ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ reg->imm = 0xbadbad;
+ }
+
+ /* update return register */
+ reg = regs + R0;
+ if (fn->ret_type == RET_INTEGER) {
+ reg->read_ok = true;
+ reg->ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ } else if (fn->ret_type != RET_VOID) {
+ reg->read_ok = true;
+ reg->ptr = fn->ret_type;
+ if (fn->ret_type == PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL)
+ /*
+ * remember table_id, so that check_table_access()
+ * can check 'elem_size' boundary of memory access
+ * to table element returned from bpf_table_lookup()
+ */
+ reg->imm = table_id;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_alu_op(struct reg_state *regs, struct bpf_insn *insn)
+{
+ u16 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
+
+ if (opcode == BPF_BSWAP32 || opcode == BPF_BSWAP64 ||
+ opcode == BPF_NEG) {
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) != BPF_X)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /* check src operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 1));
+
+ /* check dest operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 0));
+
+ } else if (opcode == BPF_MOV) {
+
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
+ /* check src operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->x_reg, 1));
+
+ /* check dest operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 0));
+
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X) {
+ /* case: R1 = R2
+ * copy register state to dest reg
+ */
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = regs[insn->x_reg].ptr;
+ regs[insn->a_reg].imm = regs[insn->x_reg].imm;
+ } else {
+ /* case: R = imm
+ * remember the value we stored into this reg
+ */
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = CONST_ARG;
+ regs[insn->a_reg].imm = insn->imm;
+ }
+
+ } else { /* all other ALU ops: and, sub, xor, add, ... */
+
+ int stack_relative = 0;
+
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
+ /* check src1 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->x_reg, 1));
+
+ /* check src2 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 1));
+
+ if (opcode == BPF_ADD &&
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr == PTR_TO_STACK &&
+ BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_K)
+ stack_relative = 1;
+
+ /* check dest operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 0));
+
+ if (stack_relative) {
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = PTR_TO_STACK_IMM;
+ regs[insn->a_reg].imm = insn->imm;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_cond_jmp_op(struct verifier_env *env, struct bpf_insn *insn,
+ int insn_idx)
+{
+ struct reg_state *regs = env->cur_state.regs;
+ struct verifier_state *other_branch;
+ u16 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
+
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
+ /* check src1 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->x_reg, 1));
+
+ /* check src2 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 1));
+
+ other_branch = push_stack(env, insn_idx + insn->off + 1);
+ if (!other_branch)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ /* detect if R == 0 where R is returned value from table_lookup() */
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_K &&
+ insn->imm == 0 && (opcode == BPF_JEQ ||
+ opcode == BPF_JNE) &&
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr == PTR_TO_TABLE_CONDITIONAL) {
+ if (opcode == BPF_JEQ) {
+ /*
+ * next fallthrough insn can access memory via
+ * this register
+ */
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = PTR_TO_TABLE;
+ /* branch targer cannot access it, since reg == 0 */
+ other_branch->regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ } else {
+ other_branch->regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = PTR_TO_TABLE;
+ regs[insn->a_reg].ptr = INVALID_PTR;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * non-recursive DFS pseudo code
+ * 1 procedure DFS-iterative(G,v):
+ * 2 label v as discovered
+ * 3 let S be a stack
+ * 4 S.push(v)
+ * 5 while S is not empty
+ * 6 t <- S.pop()
+ * 7 if t is what we're looking for:
+ * 8 return t
+ * 9 for all edges e in G.adjacentEdges(t) do
+ * 10 if edge e is already labelled
+ * 11 continue with the next edge
+ * 12 w <- G.adjacentVertex(t,e)
+ * 13 if vertex w is not discovered and not explored
+ * 14 label e as tree-edge
+ * 15 label w as discovered
+ * 16 S.push(w)
+ * 17 continue at 5
+ * 18 else if vertex w is discovered
+ * 19 label e as back-edge
+ * 20 else
+ * 21 // vertex w is explored
+ * 22 label e as forward- or cross-edge
+ * 23 label t as explored
+ * 24 S.pop()
+ *
+ * convention:
+ * 1 - discovered
+ * 2 - discovered and 1st branch labelled
+ * 3 - discovered and 1st and 2nd branch labelled
+ * 4 - explored
+ */
+
+#define STATE_END ((struct verifier_state_list *)-1)
+
+#define PUSH_INT(I) \
+ do { \
+ if (cur_stack >= insn_cnt) { \
+ ret = -E2BIG; \
+ goto free_st; \
+ } \
+ stack[cur_stack++] = I; \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define PEAK_INT() \
+ ({ \
+ int _ret; \
+ if (cur_stack == 0) \
+ _ret = -1; \
+ else \
+ _ret = stack[cur_stack - 1]; \
+ _ret; \
+ })
+
+#define POP_INT() \
+ ({ \
+ int _ret; \
+ if (cur_stack == 0) \
+ _ret = -1; \
+ else \
+ _ret = stack[--cur_stack]; \
+ _ret; \
+ })
+
+#define PUSH_INSN(T, W, E) \
+ do { \
+ int w = W; \
+ if (E == 1 && st[T] >= 2) \
+ break; \
+ if (E == 2 && st[T] >= 3) \
+ break; \
+ if (w >= insn_cnt) { \
+ ret = -EACCES; \
+ goto free_st; \
+ } \
+ if (E == 2) \
+ /* mark branch target for state pruning */ \
+ env->branch_landing[w] = STATE_END; \
+ if (st[w] == 0) { \
+ /* tree-edge */ \
+ st[T] = 1 + E; \
+ st[w] = 1; /* discovered */ \
+ PUSH_INT(w); \
+ goto peak_stack; \
+ } else if (st[w] == 1 || st[w] == 2 || st[w] == 3) { \
+ pr_err("back-edge from insn %d to %d\n", t, w); \
+ ret = -EINVAL; \
+ goto free_st; \
+ } else if (st[w] == 4) { \
+ /* forward- or cross-edge */ \
+ st[T] = 1 + E; \
+ } else { \
+ pr_err("insn state internal bug\n"); \
+ ret = -EFAULT; \
+ goto free_st; \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
+/* non-recursive depth-first-search to detect loops in BPF program
+ * loop == back-edge in directed graph
+ */
+static int check_cfg(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ struct bpf_insn *insns = env->prog->insns;
+ int insn_cnt = env->prog->insn_cnt;
+ int cur_stack = 0;
+ int *stack;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int *st;
+ int i, t;
+
+ if (insns[insn_cnt - 1].code != (BPF_RET | BPF_K)) {
+ pr_err("last insn is not a 'ret'\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ st = kzalloc(sizeof(int) * insn_cnt, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!st)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ stack = kzalloc(sizeof(int) * insn_cnt, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!stack) {
+ kfree(st);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ st[0] = 1; /* mark 1st insn as discovered */
+ PUSH_INT(0);
+
+peak_stack:
+ while ((t = PEAK_INT()) != -1) {
+ if (t == insn_cnt - 1)
+ goto mark_explored;
+
+ if (BPF_CLASS(insns[t].code) == BPF_RET) {
+ pr_err("extraneous 'ret'\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_st;
+ }
+
+ if (BPF_CLASS(insns[t].code) == BPF_JMP) {
+ u16 opcode = BPF_OP(insns[t].code);
+ if (opcode == BPF_CALL) {
+ PUSH_INSN(t, t + 1, 1);
+ } else if (opcode == BPF_JA) {
+ if (BPF_SRC(insns[t].code) != BPF_X) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_st;
+ }
+ PUSH_INSN(t, t + insns[t].off + 1, 1);
+ } else {
+ PUSH_INSN(t, t + 1, 1);
+ PUSH_INSN(t, t + insns[t].off + 1, 2);
+ }
+ } else {
+ PUSH_INSN(t, t + 1, 1);
+ }
+
+mark_explored:
+ st[t] = 4; /* explored */
+ if (POP_INT() == -1) {
+ pr_err("pop_int internal bug\n");
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto free_st;
+ }
+ }
+
+
+ for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++) {
+ if (st[i] != 4) {
+ pr_err("unreachable insn %d\n", i);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_st;
+ }
+ }
+
+free_st:
+ kfree(st);
+ kfree(stack);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int is_state_visited(struct verifier_env *env, int insn_idx)
+{
+ struct verifier_state_list *new_sl;
+ struct verifier_state_list *sl;
+
+ sl = env->branch_landing[insn_idx];
+ if (!sl)
+ /* no branch jump to this insn, ignore it */
+ return 0;
+
+ while (sl != STATE_END) {
+ if (memcmp(&sl->state, &env->cur_state,
+ sizeof(env->cur_state)) == 0)
+ /* reached the same register/stack state,
+ * prune the search
+ */
+ return 1;
+ sl = sl->next;
+ }
+ new_sl = kmalloc(sizeof(struct verifier_state_list), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!new_sl)
+ /* ignore kmalloc error, since it's rare and doesn't affect
+ * correctness of algorithm
+ */
+ return 0;
+ /* add new state to the head of linked list */
+ memcpy(&new_sl->state, &env->cur_state, sizeof(env->cur_state));
+ new_sl->next = env->branch_landing[insn_idx];
+ env->branch_landing[insn_idx] = new_sl;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#undef _
+#define _(OP) ({ err = OP; if (err < 0) goto err_print_insn; })
+
+static int __bpf_check(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ struct verifier_state *state = &env->cur_state;
+ struct bpf_insn *insns = env->prog->insns;
+ struct reg_state *regs = state->regs;
+ int insn_cnt = env->prog->insn_cnt;
+ int insn_processed = 0;
+ int insn_idx;
+ int err;
+
+ init_reg_state(regs);
+ insn_idx = 0;
+ for (;;) {
+ struct bpf_insn *insn;
+ u16 class;
+
+ if (insn_idx >= insn_cnt) {
+ pr_err("invalid insn idx %d insn_cnt %d\n",
+ insn_idx, insn_cnt);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ insn = &insns[insn_idx];
+ class = BPF_CLASS(insn->code);
+
+ if (++insn_processed > 32768) {
+ pr_err("BPF program is too large. Proccessed %d insn\n",
+ insn_processed);
+ return -E2BIG;
+ }
+
+ if (is_state_visited(env, insn_idx))
+ goto process_ret;
+
+ if (class == BPF_ALU) {
+ _(check_alu_op(regs, insn));
+
+ } else if (class == BPF_LDX) {
+ if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) != BPF_REL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* check src operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->x_reg, 1));
+
+ _(check_mem_access(env, insn->x_reg, insn->off,
+ BPF_SIZE(insn->code), BPF_READ,
+ insn->a_reg));
+
+ /* dest reg state will be updated by mem_access */
+
+ } else if (class == BPF_STX) {
+ /* check src1 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->x_reg, 1));
+ /* check src2 operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 1));
+ _(check_mem_access(env, insn->a_reg, insn->off,
+ BPF_SIZE(insn->code), BPF_WRITE,
+ insn->x_reg));
+
+ } else if (class == BPF_ST) {
+ if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) != BPF_REL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /* check src operand */
+ _(check_reg_arg(regs, insn->a_reg, 1));
+ _(check_mem_access(env, insn->a_reg, insn->off,
+ BPF_SIZE(insn->code), BPF_WRITE,
+ -1));
+
+ } else if (class == BPF_JMP) {
+ u16 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
+ if (opcode == BPF_CALL) {
+ _(check_call(env, insn->imm));
+ } else if (opcode == BPF_JA) {
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) != BPF_X)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ insn_idx += insn->off + 1;
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ _(check_cond_jmp_op(env, insn, insn_idx));
+ }
+
+ } else if (class == BPF_RET) {
+process_ret:
+ insn_idx = pop_stack(env);
+ if (insn_idx < 0)
+ break;
+ else
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ insn_idx++;
+ }
+
+ pr_debug("insn_processed %d\n", insn_processed);
+ return 0;
+
+err_print_insn:
+ pr_info("insn #%d\n", insn_idx);
+ pr_info_bpf_insn(&insns[insn_idx], NULL);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void free_states(struct verifier_env *env, int insn_cnt)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++) {
+ struct verifier_state_list *sl = env->branch_landing[i];
+ if (sl)
+ while (sl != STATE_END) {
+ struct verifier_state_list *sln = sl->next;
+ kfree(sl);
+ sl = sln;
+ }
+ }
+
+ kfree(env->branch_landing);
+}
+
+int bpf_check(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct verifier_env *env;
+
+ if (prog->insn_cnt <= 0 || prog->insn_cnt > MAX_BPF_INSNS ||
+ prog->table_cnt < 0 || prog->table_cnt > MAX_BPF_TABLES ||
+ prog->strtab_size < 0 || prog->strtab_size > MAX_BPF_STRTAB_SIZE ||
+ prog->strtab[prog->strtab_size - 1] != 0) {
+ pr_err("BPF program has %d insn and %d tables. Max is %d/%d\n",
+ prog->insn_cnt, prog->table_cnt,
+ MAX_BPF_INSNS, MAX_BPF_TABLES);
+ return -E2BIG;
+ }
+
+ env = kzalloc(sizeof(struct verifier_env), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!env)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ env->prog = prog;
+ env->branch_landing = kzalloc(sizeof(struct verifier_state_list *) *
+ prog->insn_cnt, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!env->branch_landing) {
+ kfree(env);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ ret = check_cfg(env);
+ if (ret)
+ goto free_env;
+ ret = __bpf_check(env);
+free_env:
+ while (pop_stack(env) >= 0);
+ free_states(env, prog->insn_cnt);
+ kfree(env);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_check);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c b/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d3b51b6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf_jit/bpf_run.c
@@ -0,0 +1,511 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/bpf_jit.h>
+#include <linux/license.h>
+
+static const char *const bpf_class_string[] = {
+ "ld", "ldx", "st", "stx", "alu", "jmp", "ret", "misc"
+};
+
+static const char *const bpf_alu_string[] = {
+ "+=", "-=", "*=", "/=", "|=", "&=", "<<=", ">>=", "neg",
+ "%=", "^=", "=", "s>>=", "bswap32", "bswap64", "BUG"
+};
+
+static const char *const bpf_ldst_string[] = {
+ "u32", "u16", "u8", "u64"
+};
+
+static const char *const bpf_jmp_string[] = {
+ "jmp", "==", ">", ">=", "&", "!=", "s>", "s>=", "call"
+};
+
+static const char *reg_to_str(int regno, u64 *regs)
+{
+ static char reg_value[16][32];
+ if (!regs)
+ return "";
+ snprintf(reg_value[regno], sizeof(reg_value[regno]), "(0x%llx)",
+ regs[regno]);
+ return reg_value[regno];
+}
+
+#define R(regno) reg_to_str(regno, regs)
+
+void pr_info_bpf_insn(struct bpf_insn *insn, u64 *regs)
+{
+ u16 class = BPF_CLASS(insn->code);
+ if (class == BPF_ALU) {
+ if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X)
+ pr_info("code_%02x r%d%s %s r%d%s\n",
+ insn->code, insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ bpf_alu_string[BPF_OP(insn->code) >> 4],
+ insn->x_reg, R(insn->x_reg));
+ else
+ pr_info("code_%02x r%d%s %s %d\n",
+ insn->code, insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ bpf_alu_string[BPF_OP(insn->code) >> 4],
+ insn->imm);
+ } else if (class == BPF_STX) {
+ if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) == BPF_REL)
+ pr_info("code_%02x *(%s *)(r%d%s %+d) = r%d%s\n",
+ insn->code,
+ bpf_ldst_string[BPF_SIZE(insn->code) >> 3],
+ insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ insn->off, insn->x_reg, R(insn->x_reg));
+ else if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) == BPF_XADD)
+ pr_info("code_%02x lock *(%s *)(r%d%s %+d) += r%d%s\n",
+ insn->code,
+ bpf_ldst_string[BPF_SIZE(insn->code) >> 3],
+ insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg), insn->off,
+ insn->x_reg, R(insn->x_reg));
+ else
+ pr_info("BUG_%02x\n", insn->code);
+ } else if (class == BPF_ST) {
+ if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) != BPF_REL) {
+ pr_info("BUG_st_%02x\n", insn->code);
+ return;
+ }
+ pr_info("code_%02x *(%s *)(r%d%s %+d) = %d\n",
+ insn->code,
+ bpf_ldst_string[BPF_SIZE(insn->code) >> 3],
+ insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ insn->off, insn->imm);
+ } else if (class == BPF_LDX) {
+ if (BPF_MODE(insn->code) != BPF_REL) {
+ pr_info("BUG_ldx_%02x\n", insn->code);
+ return;
+ }
+ pr_info("code_%02x r%d = *(%s *)(r%d%s %+d)\n",
+ insn->code, insn->a_reg,
+ bpf_ldst_string[BPF_SIZE(insn->code) >> 3],
+ insn->x_reg, R(insn->x_reg), insn->off);
+ } else if (class == BPF_JMP) {
+ u16 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
+ if (opcode == BPF_CALL) {
+ pr_info("code_%02x call %d\n", insn->code, insn->imm);
+ } else if (insn->code == (BPF_JMP | BPF_JA | BPF_X)) {
+ pr_info("code_%02x goto pc%+d\n",
+ insn->code, insn->off);
+ } else if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X) {
+ pr_info("code_%02x if r%d%s %s r%d%s goto pc%+d\n",
+ insn->code, insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ bpf_jmp_string[BPF_OP(insn->code) >> 4],
+ insn->x_reg, R(insn->x_reg), insn->off);
+ } else {
+ pr_info("code_%02x if r%d%s %s 0x%x goto pc%+d\n",
+ insn->code, insn->a_reg, R(insn->a_reg),
+ bpf_jmp_string[BPF_OP(insn->code) >> 4],
+ insn->imm, insn->off);
+ }
+ } else {
+ pr_info("code_%02x %s\n", insn->code, bpf_class_string[class]);
+ }
+}
+
+void bpf_run(struct bpf_program *prog, struct bpf_context *ctx)
+{
+ struct bpf_insn *insn = prog->insns;
+ u64 stack[64];
+ u64 regs[16] = { };
+ regs[__fp__] = (u64)(ulong)&stack[64];
+ regs[R1] = (u64)(ulong)ctx;
+
+ for (;; insn++) {
+ const s32 K = insn->imm;
+ u64 tmp;
+ u64 *a_reg = &regs[insn->a_reg];
+ u64 *x_reg = &regs[insn->x_reg];
+#define A (*a_reg)
+#define X (*x_reg)
+ /*pr_info_bpf_insn(insn, regs);*/
+ switch (insn->code) {
+ /* ALU */
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_X:
+ A += X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_K:
+ A += K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_X:
+ A -= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_K:
+ A -= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_X:
+ A &= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_K:
+ A &= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_X:
+ A |= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_K:
+ A |= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_X:
+ A <<= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_K:
+ A <<= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_RSH | BPF_X:
+ A >>= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_RSH | BPF_K:
+ A >>= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X:
+ A = X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K:
+ A = K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_ARSH | BPF_X:
+ (*(s64 *) &A) >>= X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_ARSH | BPF_K:
+ (*(s64 *) &A) >>= K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_BSWAP32 | BPF_X:
+ A = __builtin_bswap32(A);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_BSWAP64 | BPF_X:
+ A = __builtin_bswap64(A);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_X:
+ tmp = A;
+ if (X)
+ A = do_div(tmp, X);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_K:
+ tmp = A;
+ if (K)
+ A = do_div(tmp, K);
+ continue;
+
+ /* CALL */
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL:
+ prog->cb->execute_func(prog->strtab, K, regs);
+ continue;
+
+ /* JMP */
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JA | BPF_X:
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_X:
+ if (A == X)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K:
+ if (A == K)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_X:
+ if (A != X)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_K:
+ if (A != K)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_X:
+ if (A > X)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_K:
+ if (A > K)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_X:
+ if (A >= X)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_K:
+ if (A >= K)
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_X:
+ if (((s64)A) > ((s64)X))
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K:
+ if (((s64)A) > ((s64)K))
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_X:
+ if (((s64)A) >= ((s64)X))
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K:
+ if (((s64)A) >= ((s64)K))
+ insn += insn->off;
+ continue;
+
+ /* STX */
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_REL | BPF_B:
+ *(u8 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_REL | BPF_H:
+ *(u16 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_REL | BPF_W:
+ *(u32 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = X;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_REL | BPF_DW:
+ *(u64 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = X;
+ continue;
+
+ /* ST */
+ case BPF_ST | BPF_REL | BPF_B:
+ *(u8 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ST | BPF_REL | BPF_H:
+ *(u16 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ST | BPF_REL | BPF_W:
+ *(u32 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = K;
+ continue;
+ case BPF_ST | BPF_REL | BPF_DW:
+ *(u64 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off) = K;
+ continue;
+
+ /* LDX */
+ case BPF_LDX | BPF_REL | BPF_B:
+ A = *(u8 *)(ulong)(X + insn->off);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_LDX | BPF_REL | BPF_H:
+ A = *(u16 *)(ulong)(X + insn->off);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_LDX | BPF_REL | BPF_W:
+ A = *(u32 *)(ulong)(X + insn->off);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_LDX | BPF_REL | BPF_DW:
+ A = *(u64 *)(ulong)(X + insn->off);
+ continue;
+
+ /* STX XADD */
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_B:
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((u8 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off),
+ (u8)X);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_H:
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((u16 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off),
+ (u16)X);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_W:
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((u32 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off),
+ (u32)X);
+ continue;
+ case BPF_STX | BPF_XADD | BPF_DW:
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((u64 *)(ulong)(A + insn->off),
+ (u64)X);
+ continue;
+
+ /* RET */
+ case BPF_RET | BPF_K:
+ return;
+ default:
+ /*
+ * bpf_check() will guarantee that
+ * we never reach here
+ */
+ pr_err("unknown opcode %02x\n", insn->code);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_run);
+
+/*
+ * BPF image format:
+ * 4 bytes "bpf\0"
+ * 4 bytes - size of strtab section in bytes
+ * string table: zero separated ascii strings
+ * {
+ * 4 bytes - size of next section in bytes
+ * 4 bytes - index into strtab of section name
+ * N bytes - of this section
+ * } repeated
+ * "license" section contains BPF license that must be GPL compatible
+ * "bpftables" section contains zero or more of 'struct bpf_table'
+ * "e skb:kfree_skb" section contains one or more of 'struct bpf_insn'
+ */
+#define BPF_HEADER_SIZE 8
+int bpf_load_image(const char *image, int image_len, struct bpf_callbacks *cb,
+ struct bpf_program **p_prog)
+{
+ struct bpf_program *prog;
+ int sec_size, sec_name, strtab_size;
+ int ret;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct bpf_insn) != 8);
+
+ if (!image || !cb || !cb->execute_func || !cb->get_func_proto ||
+ !cb->get_context_access)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (image_len < 8 || memcmp(image, "bpf", 4) != 0) {
+ pr_err("invalid bpf image, size=%d\n", image_len);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* eat 'bpf' header */
+ image += 4;
+ image_len -= 4;
+
+ memcpy(&strtab_size, image, 4);
+ /* eat strtab size */
+ image += 4;
+ image_len -= 4;
+
+ if (strtab_size < 0 ||
+ strtab_size > MAX_BPF_STRTAB_SIZE ||
+ strtab_size >= image_len ||
+ /*
+ * check that strtab section is null terminated, so we can use
+ * strcmp below even if sec_name points to strtab_size - 1
+ */
+ image[strtab_size - 1] != '\0') {
+ pr_err("BPF program strtab_size %d\n", strtab_size);
+ return -E2BIG;
+ }
+
+ prog = kzalloc(sizeof(struct bpf_program), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!prog)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ prog->cb = cb;
+
+ prog->strtab_size = strtab_size;
+ prog->strtab = kmalloc(strtab_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!prog->strtab) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_prog;
+ }
+ memcpy(prog->strtab, image, strtab_size);
+ /* eat strtab section */
+ image += strtab_size;
+ image_len -= strtab_size;
+
+ /* now walk through all the sections */
+process_section:
+ if (image_len < 8) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ memcpy(&sec_size, image, 4);
+ memcpy(&sec_name, image + 4, 4);
+ image += 8;
+ image_len -= 8;
+ if (sec_name < 0 || sec_name >= strtab_size) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+
+ if (prog->strtab[sec_name] == 'e' &&
+ prog->strtab[sec_name + 1] == ' ' &&
+ !prog->insns) {
+ /* got bpf_insn section */
+ prog->insn_cnt = sec_size / sizeof(struct bpf_insn);
+ if (prog->insn_cnt <= 0 ||
+ sec_size % sizeof(struct bpf_insn) ||
+ sec_size > image_len ||
+ prog->insn_cnt > MAX_BPF_INSNS) {
+ pr_err("BPF program insn_size %d\n", sec_size);
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+
+ prog->insns = kmalloc(sec_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!prog->insns) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ memcpy(prog->insns, image, sec_size);
+ image += sec_size;
+ image_len -= sec_size;
+ } else if (strcmp(&prog->strtab[sec_name], "bpftables") == 0 &&
+ !prog->tables) {
+ /* got bpf_tables section */
+ prog->table_cnt = sec_size / sizeof(struct bpf_table);
+ if (prog->table_cnt < 0 ||
+ sec_size % sizeof(struct bpf_table) ||
+ sec_size > image_len ||
+ prog->table_cnt > MAX_BPF_TABLES) {
+ pr_err("BPF program table_size %d\n", sec_size);
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ prog->tables = kmalloc(sec_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!prog->tables) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ memcpy(prog->tables, image, sec_size);
+ image += sec_size;
+ image_len -= sec_size;
+ } else if (strcmp(&prog->strtab[sec_name], "license") == 0) {
+ /* license section */
+ if (sec_size > image_len) {
+ pr_err("BPF program license_size %d\n", sec_size);
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ if (image[sec_size - 1] != '\0' ||
+ !license_is_gpl_compatible(image)) {
+ pr_err("BPF program license is not GPL compatible\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_strtab;
+ }
+ image += sec_size;
+ image_len -= sec_size;
+ }
+
+ if (image_len)
+ goto process_section;
+
+ /* verify BPF program */
+ ret = bpf_check(prog);
+ if (ret)
+ goto free_strtab;
+
+ /* compile it (map BPF insns to native hw insns) */
+ bpf_compile(prog);
+
+ *p_prog = prog;
+
+ return 0;
+
+free_strtab:
+ kfree(prog->strtab);
+ kfree(prog->tables);
+ kfree(prog->insns);
+free_prog:
+ kfree(prog);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_load_image);
+
+void bpf_free(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+ if (!prog)
+ return;
+ __bpf_free(prog);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_free);
+
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index a48abea..5a8d2fd 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1615,3 +1615,18 @@ source "samples/Kconfig"

source "lib/Kconfig.kgdb"

+# Used by archs to tell that they support 64-bit BPF JIT
+config HAVE_BPF64_JIT
+ bool
+
+config BPF64
+ bool "Enable 64-bit BPF instruction set support"
+ help
+ Enable this option to support 64-bit BPF programs
+
+config BPF64_JIT
+ bool "Enable 64-bit BPF JIT compiler"
+ depends on BPF64 && HAVE_BPF64_JIT
+ help
+ Enable Just-In-Time compiler for 64-bit BPF programs
+
--
1.7.9.5


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