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Subject[PATCH] irq: Consider a negative return value of irq_startup() as an error
The irq_startup() function returns the return value of the irq_startup callback
of the underlying irq_chip. Currently this value only tells if the interrupt is
pending, but we can make it also return an error code when it fails.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Jacques Hiblot <>

Hi Thomas,

This patch updates the semantic of the return value of the irq_startup()
callback of an irq_chip : a negative value indicates an error. The purpose is
to make __setup_irq() fail if the irq_chip can't startup the interrupt.
I checked in the kernel for drivers impacted by this. It turns out that most
of the implementation of irq_startup() return 0. The only drivers that return
non-zero values are:
* arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c: returns 1 when an interrupt is pending
* drivers/pinctrl/pinctrl-adi2.c: may return -ENODEV.

GPIO-based irq_chip could use this feature because an output gpio can't be used
as an interrupt, and thus a call to irq_startup() is likely to fail. You can
check out for a



include/linux/irq.h | 2 ++
kernel/irq/autoprobe.c | 2 +-
kernel/irq/manage.c | 4 +++-
3 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/irq.h b/include/linux/irq.h
index 7dc1003..d566855 100644
--- a/include/linux/irq.h
+++ b/include/linux/irq.h
@@ -282,6 +282,8 @@ static inline irq_hw_number_t irqd_to_hwirq(struct irq_data *d)
* @name: name for /proc/interrupts
* @irq_startup: start up the interrupt (defaults to ->enable if NULL)
+ * negative return values indicate an error, otherwise the
+ * return values indicates if an interrupt is pending
* @irq_shutdown: shut down the interrupt (defaults to ->disable if NULL)
* @irq_enable: enable the interrupt (defaults to chip->unmask if NULL)
* @irq_disable: disable the interrupt
diff --git a/kernel/irq/autoprobe.c b/kernel/irq/autoprobe.c
index 0119b9d..64794fa 100644
--- a/kernel/irq/autoprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/irq/autoprobe.c
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ unsigned long probe_irq_on(void)
if (!desc->action && irq_settings_can_probe(desc)) {
- if (irq_startup(desc, false))
+ if (irq_startup(desc, false) > 0)
desc->istate |= IRQS_PENDING;
diff --git a/kernel/irq/manage.c b/kernel/irq/manage.c
index 481a13c..58c6be0 100644
--- a/kernel/irq/manage.c
+++ b/kernel/irq/manage.c
@@ -1116,7 +1116,9 @@ __setup_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *desc, struct irqaction *new)
desc->istate |= IRQS_ONESHOT;

if (irq_settings_can_autoenable(desc))
- irq_startup(desc, true);
+ ret = irq_startup(desc, true);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out_mask;
/* Undo nested disables: */
desc->depth = 1;

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