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SubjectRe: [PATCH] softirq: stable v3.1[23] (others?) have screaming tasklet disease - ksoftirqd[random] eats 100% CPU
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On Thu, 2014-02-20 at 01:00 +0100, Thomas Gleixner wrote: 
> On Wed, 19 Feb 2014, Mike Galbraith wrote:
> > I'm seeing ksoftirqd chewing 100% CPU on one or more CPUs in both 3.12
> > and 3.13, as below in a 40 core (+smt) box. It should look very
> > familiar to CCs, especially Ingo.
> >
> > Below, tasklet is disabled by ioat2_free_chan_resources, and what I
> > presume was systemd-udevd-1050 starts screaming when it meets same,
> > until debug patchlet turns tracing off. Once the box was up such that I
> > could login, 1050 was long gone, and ksoftirqd had taken over.
> >
> > systemd-udevd-976 [016] .... 27.467534: ioat_init_channel: tasklet_disable_nosync ffff880465b8bee8
> > systemd-udevd-976 [016] .... 27.467649: ioat2_alloc_chan_resources: tasklet_enable ffff880465b8bee8
> > <idle>-0 [072] ..s. 27.467659: tasklet_action: ENTER struct tasklet_struct *list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <idle>-0 [072] .Ns. 27.467667: tasklet_action: LOOP struct tasklet_struct *t = list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <idle>-0 [072] .Ns. 27.467673: tasklet_action: LOOP processed ffff880465b8bee8
> > systemd-udevd-976 [016] .... 27.467679: ioat2_free_chan_resources: tasklet_disable_nosync ffff880465b8bee8
> > systemd-udevd-1034 [000] .Ns. 27.467917: tasklet_action: ENTER struct tasklet_struct *list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > systemd-udevd-1034 [000] .Ns. 27.467918: tasklet_action: LOOP struct tasklet_struct *t = list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.468203: tasklet_action: ENTER struct tasklet_struct *list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.468204: tasklet_action: LOOP struct tasklet_struct *t = list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.468204: tasklet_action: ENTER struct tasklet_struct *list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.468205: tasklet_action: LOOP struct tasklet_struct *t = list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > ... much no processing, see tasklet disabled, raise softirq - wash rinse repeat
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.469561: tasklet_action: ENTER struct tasklet_struct *list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.469562: tasklet_action: LOOP struct tasklet_struct *t = list: ffff880465b8bee8
> > <...>-1050 [000] ..s. 27.469563: tasklet_action: LOOP tasklet disabled ffff880465b8bee8 - It's dead Jim
> >
> > Hm, he says, now where have I seen text describing that trace? Right,
> > RT, and the below fixes screaming NOPREEMPT kernels.
> >
> > Taken from 3.12-rt, and applied to screaming 3.12.11-virgin
>
> Indeed. That's a very similar issue just for different reasons. The RT
> case is special as the mainline usage side of tasklets do not expect
> the preemption scenario.
>
> But this one is clearly a driver issue.

rapidio::tsi721_free_chan_resources() appears to do the same. Joy.

> The window where you can bring a machine into that state is infinite
> large. Lets look at the tasklet_schedule --> softirq sequence:
>
> tasklet_schedule(t)
> set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state);
> queue_tasklet_on_cpu_list(t);
> raise_softirq();
>
> softirq()
> splice_tasklet_cpu_list(cpu_list, list);
> while (list) {
> t = list;
> list = t->next;
> /* Sets the TASKLET_STATE_RUN bit ! */
> if (tasklet_trylock(t) {
> if (!atomic_read(&t->count)) { <-----
> clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state);
> t->func();
> /* Clear the TASKLET_STATE_RUN bit */
> tasklet_unlock();
> continue;
> }
> tasklet_unlock();
> queue_tasklet_on_cpu_list(t);
> raise_softirq();
> }
>
> So up to the atomic_read in the softirq all calls to tasklet_disable()
> even if issued eons before that point are going to put the softirq
> into an infinite loop when the tasklet is scheduled.
>
> Even if we would put a check for the disabled state into
> tasklet_schedule there would be still the window between the schedule
> and the actual softirq handling. And we even can't add that check
> because that would break "sane" use sites of tasklet_disable.
>
> tasklet_disable/enable is only meant for temporary, i.e. over a very
> short code sequence, preventing the execution of the tasklet.
>
> The usage of tasklet_disable() in teardown scenarios is completely
> broken. The only way to do that is to have a proper serialization of
> the teardown versus the interrupt which schedules the tasklet:
>
> /*
> * First step.
> */
> disable_interrupt_at_device_or_irq_line_level();
>
> /*
> * This makes sure that even a spurious interrupt which
> * arrives _AFTER_ the synchronize_irq() cannot schedule
> * the tasklet anymore.
> */
> tell_interrupt_to_not_schedule_tasklet();
>
> /* Make sure that no interrupt is on the fly */
> synchronize_irq();
>
> /*
> * Kill the tasklet, which also waits for an already
> * scheduled one to complete.
> */
> tasklet_kill();
>
> I tried to find something like that in the ioat code but I failed
> miserably.
>
> Instead of that it uses tasklet_disable/enable for the setup/teardown
> which is completely buggered and obviously written by people who have
> no clue about the tasklet semantics at all.
>
> What's worse is that at the point where this code was written it was
> already well known that tasklets are a steaming pile of crap and
> should die.
>
> I know why and how the RT patch works around that issue, but do we
> really want to make it simpler to (ab)use and introduce new users of
> tasklets instead of getting rid of them? Definitely NOT!
>
> Seriously, people who still use tasklets without being aware of their
> subtle issues and without an extremly good reason to use them at all
> should use a wire cutter or some other appropriate tool to render
> their keyboard unusable and get a job in a bakery where they can eat
> the mess they produce themself.
>
> Thanks,
>
> tglx




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