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SubjectRE: [PATCH V6 1/1] Drivers: hv: Implement the file copy service
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> -----Original Message-----
> From: Greg KH [mailto:gregkh@linuxfoundation.org]
> Sent: Saturday, February 15, 2014 12:08 PM
> To: KY Srinivasan
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; devel@linuxdriverproject.org; olaf@aepfle.de;
> apw@canonical.com; jasowang@redhat.com
> Subject: Re: [PATCH V6 1/1] Drivers: hv: Implement the file copy service
>
> On Wed, Feb 12, 2014 at 10:14:03AM -0800, K. Y. Srinivasan wrote:
> > Implement the file copy service for Linux guests on Hyper-V. This permits the
> > host to copy a file (over VMBUS) into the guest. This facility is part of
> > "guest integration services" supported on the Windows platform.
> > Here is a link that provides additional details on this functionality:
> >
> > http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn464282.aspx
> >
> > In V1 version of the patch I have addressed comments from
> > Olaf Hering <olaf@aepfle.de> and Dan Carpenter
> <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
> >
> > In V2 version of this patch I did some minor cleanup (making some globals
> > static). In V4 version of the patch I have addressed all of Olaf's
> > most recent set of comments/concerns.
> >
> > In V5 version of the patch I had addressed Greg's most recent comments.
> > I would like to thank Greg for suggesting that I use misc device; it has
> > significantly simplified the code.
> >
> > In this version of the patch I have cleaned up error message based on Olaf's
> > comments. I have also rebased the patch based on the current tip.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/hv/Makefile | 2 +-
> > drivers/hv/hv_fcopy.c | 388
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/hv/hv_util.c | 10 +
> > include/linux/hyperv.h | 16 ++-
> > include/uapi/linux/hyperv.h | 46 +++++
> > tools/hv/hv_fcopy_daemon.c | 195 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 6 files changed, 655 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/hv/hv_fcopy.c
> > create mode 100644 tools/hv/hv_fcopy_daemon.c
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/hv/Makefile b/drivers/hv/Makefile
> > index 0a74b56..5e4dfa4 100644
> > --- a/drivers/hv/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/hv/Makefile
> > @@ -5,4 +5,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_BALLOON) += hv_balloon.o
> > hv_vmbus-y := vmbus_drv.o \
> > hv.o connection.o channel.o \
> > channel_mgmt.o ring_buffer.o
> > -hv_utils-y := hv_util.o hv_kvp.o hv_snapshot.o
> > +hv_utils-y := hv_util.o hv_kvp.o hv_snapshot.o hv_fcopy.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_fcopy.c b/drivers/hv/hv_fcopy.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..15cf35c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_fcopy.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,388 @@
> > +/*
> > + * An implementation of file copy service.
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2014, Microsoft, Inc.
> > + *
> > + * Author : K. Y. Srinivasan <ksrinivasan@novell.com>
> > + *
> > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> > + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
> > + * by the Free Software Foundation.
> > + *
> > + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> > + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> > + * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE
> or
> > + * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
> > + * details.
> > + *
> > + */
> > +
> > +#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
> > +
> > +#include <linux/semaphore.h>
> > +#include <linux/fs.h>
> > +#include <linux/nls.h>
> > +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> > +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> > +#include <linux/hyperv.h>
> > +#include <linux/sched.h>
> > +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> > +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> > +
> > +#define WIN8_SRV_MAJOR 1
> > +#define WIN8_SRV_MINOR 1
> > +#define WIN8_SRV_VERSION (WIN8_SRV_MAJOR << 16 |
> WIN8_SRV_MINOR)
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Global state maintained for transaction that is being processed.
> > + * For a class of integration services, including the "file copy service",
> > + * the specified protocol is a "request/response" protocol which means that
> > + * there can only be single outstanding transaction from the host at any
> > + * given point in time. We use this to simplify memory management in this
> > + * driver - we cache and process only one message at a time.
> > + *
> > + * While the request/response protocol is guaranteed by the host, we further
> > + * ensure this by serializing packet processing in this driver - we do not
> > + * read additional packets from the VMBUs until the current packet is fully
> > + * handled.
> > + *
> > + * The transaction "active" state is set when we receive a request from the
> > + * host and we cleanup this state when the transaction is completed - when
> we
> > + * respond to the host with our response. When the transaction active state is
> > + * set, we defer handling incoming packets.
> > + */
> > +
> > +static struct {
> > + bool active; /* transaction status - active or not */
> > + int recv_len; /* number of bytes received. */
> > + struct hv_fcopy_hdr *fcopy_msg; /* current message */
> > + struct hv_start_fcopy message; /* sent to daemon */
> > + struct vmbus_channel *recv_channel; /* chn we got the request */
> > + u64 recv_req_id; /* request ID. */
> > + void *fcopy_context; /* for the channel callback */
> > + struct semaphore read_sema;
> > +} fcopy_transaction;
> > +
> > +static bool opened; /* currently device opened */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Before we can accept copy messages from the host, we need
> > + * to handshake with the user level daemon. This state tracks
> > + * if we are in the handshake phase.
> > + */
> > +static bool in_hand_shake = true;
> > +static void fcopy_send_data(void);
> > +static void fcopy_respond_to_host(int error);
> > +static void fcopy_work_func(struct work_struct *dummy);
> > +static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(fcopy_work, fcopy_work_func);
> > +static u8 *recv_buffer;
> > +
> > +static void fcopy_work_func(struct work_struct *dummy)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * If the timer fires, the user-mode component has not responded;
> > + * process the pending transaction.
> > + */
> > + fcopy_respond_to_host(HV_E_FAIL);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int fcopy_handle_handshake(u32 version)
> > +{
> > + switch (version) {
> > + case FCOPY_CURRENT_VERSION:
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + /*
> > + * For now we will fail the registration.
> > + * If and when we have multiple versions to
> > + * deal with, we will be backward compatible.
> > + * We will add this code when needed.
> > + */
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + pr_info("FCP: user-mode registering done. Daemon version: %d\n",
> > + version);
>
> Why polute the syslog with this information?

This helps us in support. If you insist, I can get rid of this.

>
> > + fcopy_transaction.active = false;
> > + if (fcopy_transaction.fcopy_context)
> > + hv_fcopy_onchannelcallback(fcopy_transaction.fcopy_context);
> > + in_hand_shake = false;
> > + return sizeof(int);
>
> sizeof(int)? Since when is that a valid return value, why are you
> returning that?
>
> Ok, I see the caller of this function, and why you are doing this, but
> it's really not obvious at all, you should just return -ERROR or 0 and
> then deal with the return value at the caller, as it's not obvious what
> is going on at all here.

I will clean this up.
>
> > +static void fcopy_send_data(void)
> > +{
> > + struct hv_start_fcopy *smsg_out = &fcopy_transaction.message;
> > + int operation = fcopy_transaction.fcopy_msg->operation;
> > + struct hv_start_fcopy *smsg_in;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The strings sent from the host are encoded in
> > + * in utf16; convert it to utf8 strings.
> > + * The host assures us that the utf16 strings will not exceed
> > + * the max lengths specified. We will however, reserve room
> > + * for the string terminating character - in the utf16s_utf8s()
> > + * function we limit the size of the buffer where the converted
> > + * string is placed to W_MAX_PATH -1 to guarantee
> > + * that the strings can be properly terminated!
> > + */
> > +
> > + switch (operation) {
> > + case START_FILE_COPY:
> > + memset(smsg_out, 0, sizeof(struct hv_start_fcopy));
> > + smsg_out->hdr.operation = operation;
> > + smsg_in = (struct hv_start_fcopy
> *)fcopy_transaction.fcopy_msg;
> > +
> > + utf16s_to_utf8s((wchar_t *)smsg_in->file_name,
> W_MAX_PATH,
> > + UTF16_LITTLE_ENDIAN,
> > + (__u8 *)smsg_out->file_name, W_MAX_PATH -
> 1);
> > +
> > + utf16s_to_utf8s((wchar_t *)smsg_in->path_name,
> W_MAX_PATH,
> > + UTF16_LITTLE_ENDIAN,
> > + (__u8 *)smsg_out->path_name, W_MAX_PATH -
> 1);
> > +
> > + smsg_out->copy_flags = smsg_in->copy_flags;
> > + smsg_out->file_size = smsg_in->file_size;
> > + break;
> > +
> > + default:
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + up(&fcopy_transaction.read_sema);
> > + return;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Send a response back to the host.
> > + */
> > +
> > +static void
> > +fcopy_respond_to_host(int error)
> > +{
> > + struct icmsg_hdr *icmsghdrp;
>
> What's with the "p"? :)
>
> > + u32 buf_len;
> > + struct vmbus_channel *channel;
> > + u64 req_id;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Copy the global state for completing the transaction. Note that
> > + * only one transaction can be active at a time.
> > + */
>
> Who enforces this "one at a time" restriction?
The host protocol guarantees this. Furthermore, I have implemented
serialization that would preclude the processing of a new transaction when there
is already an active transaction - look at the fcopy_transaction.active state.
>
> > +
> > + buf_len = fcopy_transaction.recv_len;
> > + channel = fcopy_transaction.recv_channel;
> > + req_id = fcopy_transaction.recv_req_id;
> > +
> > + fcopy_transaction.active = false;
> > +
> > + icmsghdrp = (struct icmsg_hdr *)
> > + &recv_buffer[sizeof(struct vmbuspipe_hdr)];
> > +
> > + if (channel->onchannel_callback == NULL)
> > + /*
> > + * We have raced with util driver being unloaded;
> > + * silently return.
> > + */
> > + return;
> > +
> > + icmsghdrp->status = error;
> > + icmsghdrp->icflags = ICMSGHDRFLAG_TRANSACTION |
> ICMSGHDRFLAG_RESPONSE;
> > + vmbus_sendpacket(channel, recv_buffer, buf_len, req_id,
> > + VM_PKT_DATA_INBAND, 0);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void hv_fcopy_onchannelcallback(void *context)
> > +{
> > + struct vmbus_channel *channel = context;
> > + u32 recvlen;
> > + u64 requestid;
> > + struct hv_fcopy_hdr *fcopy_msg;
> > + struct icmsg_hdr *icmsghdrp;
> > + struct icmsg_negotiate *negop = NULL;
> > + int util_fw_version;
> > + int fcopy_srv_version;
> > +
> > + if (fcopy_transaction.active) {
> > + /*
> > + * We will defer processing this callback once
> > + * the current transaction is complete.
> > + */
> > + fcopy_transaction.fcopy_context = context;
> > + return;
> > + }
> > +
> > + vmbus_recvpacket(channel, recv_buffer, PAGE_SIZE * 2, &recvlen,
> > + &requestid);
> > + if (recvlen <= 0)
> > + return;
> > +
> > + icmsghdrp = (struct icmsg_hdr *)&recv_buffer[
> > + sizeof(struct vmbuspipe_hdr)];
> > + if (icmsghdrp->icmsgtype == ICMSGTYPE_NEGOTIATE) {
> > + util_fw_version = UTIL_FW_VERSION;
> > + fcopy_srv_version = WIN8_SRV_VERSION;
> > + vmbus_prep_negotiate_resp(icmsghdrp, negop, recv_buffer,
> > + util_fw_version, fcopy_srv_version);
> > + } else {
> > + fcopy_msg = (struct hv_fcopy_hdr *)&recv_buffer[
> > + sizeof(struct vmbuspipe_hdr) +
> > + sizeof(struct icmsg_hdr)];
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Stash away this global state for completing the
> > + * transaction; note transactions are serialized.
> > + */
> > +
> > + fcopy_transaction.active = true;
> > + fcopy_transaction.recv_len = recvlen;
> > + fcopy_transaction.recv_channel = channel;
> > + fcopy_transaction.recv_req_id = requestid;
> > + fcopy_transaction.fcopy_msg = fcopy_msg;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Send the information to the user-level daemon.
> > + */
> > + fcopy_send_data();
> > + schedule_delayed_work(&fcopy_work, 5*HZ);
> > + return;
> > + }
> > + icmsghdrp->icflags = ICMSGHDRFLAG_TRANSACTION |
> ICMSGHDRFLAG_RESPONSE;
> > + vmbus_sendpacket(channel, recv_buffer, recvlen, requestid,
> > + VM_PKT_DATA_INBAND, 0);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Create a char device that can support read/write for passing
> > + * the payload.
> > + */
> > +
> > +static ssize_t fcopy_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> > + size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> > +{
> > + void *src;
> > + size_t copy_size;
> > + int operation;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Wait until there is something to be read.
> > + */
> > + if (down_interruptible(&fcopy_transaction.read_sema))
> > + return -EINTR;
> > + if (!opened)
> > + return -ENODEV;
>
> How could this ever happen?

This is the case where the channel is being rescinded, this can be triggered via the Hyper-V
Manager on the host. In fcopy_dev_denit, we set the opened state to false and just wakeup
the thread that may be blocked on the read sema. In this case we want the reading thread to
to just return with a reasonable error.
>
> > +
> > + operation = fcopy_transaction.fcopy_msg->operation;
> > +
> > + if (operation == START_FILE_COPY) {
> > + src = &fcopy_transaction.message;
> > + copy_size = sizeof(struct hv_start_fcopy);
> > + if (count < copy_size)
> > + return 0;
> > + } else {
> > + src = fcopy_transaction.fcopy_msg;
> > + copy_size = sizeof(struct hv_do_fcopy);
> > + if (count < copy_size)
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > + if (copy_to_user(buf, src, copy_size))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + return copy_size;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static ssize_t fcopy_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> > + size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> > +{
> > + int response = 0;
> > +
> > + if (count != sizeof(int))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (copy_from_user(&response, buf, sizeof(int)))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + if (in_hand_shake)
> > + return fcopy_handle_handshake(response);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Complete the transaction by forwarding the result
> > + * to the host. But first, cancel the timeout.
> > + */
> > + if (cancel_delayed_work_sync(&fcopy_work))
> > + fcopy_respond_to_host(response);
> > +
> > + return sizeof(int);
> > +}
> > +
> > +int fcopy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *f)
> > +{
> > + if (opened)
> > + return -EBUSY;
>
> Why? What does it matter if this is ever opened more than once (and can
> it even?)

The daemon here is really an extension of the driver and there can only be one daemon
active at a time. The device name is available under /dev/vmbus/ and can potentially be opened
more than once and I want to prevent that.
>
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The daemon is alive; setup the state.
> > + */
> > + opened = true;
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +int fcopy_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *f)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * The daemon has exited; reset the state.
> > + */
> > + in_hand_shake = true;
> > + opened = false;
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +
> > +static const struct file_operations fcopy_fops = {
> > + .read = fcopy_read,
> > + .write = fcopy_write,
> > + .release = fcopy_release,
> > + .open = fcopy_open,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct miscdevice fcopy_misc = {
> > + .minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
> > + .name = "vmbus/hv_fcopy",
>
> Why the subdir? Does that work properly?

Yes, it does work nicely.
>
> > + .fops = &fcopy_fops,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int fcopy_dev_init(void)
> > +{
> > + return misc_register(&fcopy_misc);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void fcopy_dev_deinit(void)
> > +{
> > + opened = false;
>
> Is this really true here? You are using "opened" to mean different
> things it seems :(

I explained this earlier; I need to handle the case where the device may be going away as
part of the channel rescind operation. We have to get the thread that may be waiting on the
read sema out. I use this state to handle this condition.
>
> > + /*
> > + * Signal the semaphore as the device is
> > + * going away.
> > + */
> > + up(&fcopy_transaction.read_sema);
> > + misc_deregister(&fcopy_misc);
> > +}
> > +
> > +int hv_fcopy_init(struct hv_util_service *srv)
> > +{
> > + recv_buffer = srv->recv_buffer;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * When this driver loads, the user level daemon that
> > + * processes the host requests may not yet be running.
> > + * Defer processing channel callbacks until the daemon
> > + * has registered.
> > + */
> > + fcopy_transaction.active = true;
> > + sema_init(&fcopy_transaction.read_sema, 0);
> > +
> > + return fcopy_dev_init();
> > +}
> > +
> > +void hv_fcopy_deinit(void)
> > +{
> > + cancel_delayed_work_sync(&fcopy_work);
> > + fcopy_dev_deinit();
> > +}
> > diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_util.c b/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> > index 62dfd246..efc5e83 100644
> > --- a/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> > +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_util.c
> > @@ -82,6 +82,12 @@ static struct hv_util_service util_vss = {
> > .util_deinit = hv_vss_deinit,
> > };
> >
> > +static struct hv_util_service util_fcopy = {
> > + .util_cb = hv_fcopy_onchannelcallback,
> > + .util_init = hv_fcopy_init,
> > + .util_deinit = hv_fcopy_deinit,
> > +};
> > +
> > static void perform_shutdown(struct work_struct *dummy)
> > {
> > orderly_poweroff(true);
> > @@ -401,6 +407,10 @@ static const struct hv_vmbus_device_id id_table[] = {
> > { HV_VSS_GUID,
> > .driver_data = (unsigned long)&util_vss
> > },
> > + /* File copy GUID */
> > + { HV_FCOPY_GUID,
> > + .driver_data = (unsigned long)&util_fcopy
> > + },
> > { },
> > };
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/hyperv.h b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> > index fb66fba..d1ae9e4 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/hyperv.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> > @@ -30,7 +30,6 @@
> > #include <linux/types.h>
> > #include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> > #include <linux/list.h>
> > -#include <linux/uuid.h>
> > #include <linux/timer.h>
> > #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> > #include <linux/completion.h>
> > @@ -1050,6 +1049,17 @@ void vmbus_driver_unregister(struct hv_driver
> *hv_driver);
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > + * Guest File Copy Service
> > + * {34D14BE3-DEE4-41c8-9AE7-6B174977C192}
> > + */
> > +
> > +#define HV_FCOPY_GUID \
> > + .guid = { \
> > + 0xE3, 0x4B, 0xD1, 0x34, 0xE4, 0xDE, 0xC8, 0x41, \
> > + 0x9A, 0xE7, 0x6B, 0x17, 0x49, 0x77, 0xC1, 0x92 \
> > + }
> > +
> > +/*
> > * Common header for Hyper-V ICs
> > */
> >
> > @@ -1160,6 +1170,10 @@ void hv_vss_onchannelcallback(void *);
> > extern u64 hyperv_mmio_start;
> > extern u64 hyperv_mmio_size;
> >
> > +int hv_fcopy_init(struct hv_util_service *);
> > +void hv_fcopy_deinit(void);
> > +void hv_fcopy_onchannelcallback(void *);
>
> Why are these needed here and not in a local .h file in drivers/hv/?

I will move this to the local header file. Greg, please let me know if
my responses are satisfactory.
>
>
> thanks,
>
> greg k-h


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