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SubjectRe: 3.14-rc2 XFS backtrace because irqs_disabled.
On Fri, Feb 14, 2014 at 11:01:23AM -0500, Dave Jones wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 14, 2014 at 11:24:27AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
>
> > > I can fix this one easily - we already have a workqueue for doing
> > > async log pushes (will split the stack between xlog_cil_force_lsn
> > > and xlog_cil_push), but the reason we haven't used it for synchronous
> > > log forces is that screws up fsync performance on CFQ. We don't
> > > recommend CFQ with XFS anyway, so I think I'll make this change
> > > anyway.
> >
> > Dave, the patch below should chop off the stack usage from
> > xfs_log_force_lsn() issuing IO by deferring it to the CIL workqueue.
> > Can you given this a run?
>
> Looks like it's survived an overnight run..

Great.

One thing that has been puzzling me is why I'm seeing stack usage
reported that is way above what we declare locally on the stack.
e.g.

29) 2048 224 xfs_da_grow_inode_int+0xbb/0x340
30) 1824 96 xfs_dir2_grow_inode+0x63/0x110
31) 1728 208 xfs_dir2_sf_to_block+0xe7/0x5e0
32) 1520 144 xfs_dir2_sf_addname+0x115/0x5c0
33) 1376 96 xfs_dir_createname+0x164/0x1a0
34) 1280 224 xfs_create+0x536/0x660
35) 1056 128 xfs_vn_mknod+0xc8/0x1d0

I pulled 128 bytes out of xfs_dir_createname by allocating the
xfs_da_args structure, but I still couldn't reconcile the amount of
stack use being reported with the amount used by locally declared
variables (even considering in-lined leaf functions). For example:

Locally
Declared Used function
88 224 xfs_da_grow_inode_int
32 96 xfs_dir2_grow_inode
168 208 xfs_dir2_sf_to_block
56 144 xfs_dir2_sf_addname
16 96 xfs_dir_createname
120 224 xfs_create
52 128 xfs_vn_mknod

There's a pretty massive difference between the actual stack usage
of the local variables and the amount of stack being used by the
compiled code.

What it appears to be is that the compiler is pushing 6-10 registers
to the stack on every function call. So a function that only has 3
local variables and does very little but allocate a structure and
call other functions saves an 6 registers to the stack before it
starts:

Dump of assembler code for function xfs_dir_createname:
214 {
0xffffffff814d7380 <+0>: callq 0xffffffff81cf0940
0xffffffff814d7385 <+5>: push %rbp
0xffffffff814d7386 <+6>: mov %rsp,%rbp
0xffffffff814d7389 <+9>: sub $0x50,%rsp
0xffffffff814d738d <+13>: mov %rbx,-0x28(%rbp)
0xffffffff814d7391 <+17>: mov %rdi,%rbx
0xffffffff814d7394 <+20>: mov %r12,-0x20(%rbp)
0xffffffff814d7398 <+24>: mov %rcx,%r12
0xffffffff814d739b <+27>: mov %r13,-0x18(%rbp)
0xffffffff814d739f <+31>: mov %rsi,%r13
0xffffffff814d73a5 <+37>: mov %r14,-0x10(%rbp)
0xffffffff814d73a9 <+41>: mov %rdx,%r14
0xffffffff814d73ac <+44>: mov %r15,-0x8(%rbp)
0xffffffff814d73b0 <+48>: mov %r8,%r15
0xffffffff814d73b7 <+55>: mov %r9,-0x48(%rbp)
.....

If this is typical across the call chain (appears to be from my
quick survey) then we are averaging 40-50 bytes of stack per
call for saved registers. That's a lot of stack space we can't
directly control the usage of, especially when we are talking about
call chains that can get 50+ functions deep...

Cheers,

Dave.
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com


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