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    SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] Fix: module signature vs tracepoints: add new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE
    On Thu, 13 Feb 2014 15:41:30 +0000 (UTC)
    Mathieu Desnoyers <> wrote:

    > Yes, exactly, presuming that by "supporting" you mean CONFIG_MODULE_SIG=y.
    > Loading an unsigned module then taints the kernel, and taints the module
    > with TAINT_FORCED_MODULE even though "modprobe --force" was never used.

    OK, this IS a major bug and needs to be fixed. This explains a couple
    of reports I received about tracepoints not working, and I never
    figured out why. Basically, they even did this:

    trace_printk("before tracepoint\n");
    trace_printk("after tracepoint\n");

    Enabled the tracepoint (it shows up as enabled and working in the
    tools, but not the trace), but in the trace they would get:

    before tracepoint
    after tracepoint

    and never get the actual tracepoint. But as they were debugging
    something else, it was just thought that this was their bug. But it
    baffled me to why that tracepoint wasn't working even though nothing in
    the dmesg had any errors about tracepoints.

    Well, this now explains it. If you compile a kernel with the following

    # CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_FORCE is not set
    # CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_ALL is not set

    You now just disabled (silently) all tracepoints in modules. WITH NO

    The tracepoints will show up in /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events, they
    will show up in perf list, you can enable them in either perf or the
    debugfs, but they will never actually be executed. You will just get
    silence even though everything appeared to be working just fine.

    I tested this out. I was not able to get any tracepoints in modules
    working with the above config options.

    There's two bugs here. One, the lack of MODULE_SIG_ALL, will
    make all modules non signed during the build process. That means that
    all modules when loaded will be tainted as FORCED. As Mathieu stated,
    you do not need the --force flag here, it just needs to see that the
    kernel supports signatures but the module is not signed. In this case,
    it just calls add_taint_module(), tainting the module with
    FORCED_MODULE. You get a message like this:

    sunrpc: module verification failed: signature and/or required key missing - tainting kernel

    Now when this module adds its tracepoint, since it is marked with a
    FORCE_MODULE taint flag, the tracepoint code just ignores it and does
    not do any processing at all.

    Worse yet, the tracepoint code never gives any feedback if a tracepoint
    was enabled or not. That is, if a tracepoint was never initialized when
    the module was loaded, the tracepoint will still report success at
    time of enabling, that it was registered (and tracing) even though it is

    At the end of this email, I added a patch that fixes that. But I have to
    concur that Mathieu did find a bug. There is no reason to disable
    tracepoints in modules if someone simply has the above configs enabled
    (and disabled)!

    Below is the patch that warns if the tracepoint is not enabled for
    whatever reason.

    Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>

    -- Steve

    diff --git a/kernel/tracepoint.c b/kernel/tracepoint.c
    index 29f2654..b85f68f 100644
    --- a/kernel/tracepoint.c
    +++ b/kernel/tracepoint.c
    @@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ struct tracepoint_entry {
    struct hlist_node hlist;
    struct tracepoint_func *funcs;
    int refcount; /* Number of times armed. 0 if disarmed. */
    + int enabled; /* Tracepoint enabled */
    char name[0];

    @@ -237,6 +238,7 @@ static struct tracepoint_entry *add_tracepoint(const char *name)
    memcpy(&e->name[0], name, name_len);
    e->funcs = NULL;
    e->refcount = 0;
    + e->enabled = 0;
    hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, head);
    return e;
    @@ -316,6 +318,7 @@ static void tracepoint_update_probe_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
    if (mark_entry) {
    set_tracepoint(&mark_entry, *iter,
    + mark_entry->enabled = !!mark_entry->refcount;
    } else {
    @@ -380,6 +383,8 @@ tracepoint_add_probe(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
    int tracepoint_probe_register(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
    struct tracepoint_func *old;
    + struct tracepoint_entry *entry;
    + int ret = 0;

    old = tracepoint_add_probe(name, probe, data);
    @@ -388,9 +393,15 @@ int tracepoint_probe_register(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
    return PTR_ERR(old);
    tracepoint_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
    + entry = get_tracepoint(name);
    + /* Make sure the entry was enabled */
    + if (!entry || !entry->enabled) {
    + tracepoint_entry_remove_probe(entry, probe, data);
    + ret = -ENODEV;
    + }
    - return 0;
    + return ret;

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      Last update: 2014-02-13 23:21    [W:2.093 / U:0.632 seconds]
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