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SubjectRe: BUG in xennet_make_frags with paged skb data
On 07.11.2014 11:44, David Vrabel wrote:
> On 06/11/14 21:49, Seth Forshee wrote:
>> We've had several reports of hitting the following BUG_ON in
>> xennet_make_frags with 3.2 and 3.13 kernels (I'm currently awaiting
>> results of testing with 3.17):
>>
>> /* Grant backend access to each skb fragment page. */
>> for (i = 0; i < frags; i++) {
>> skb_frag_t *frag = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags + i;
>> struct page *page = skb_frag_page(frag);
>>
>> len = skb_frag_size(frag);
>> offset = frag->page_offset;
>>
>> /* Data must not cross a page boundary. */
>> BUG_ON(len + offset > PAGE_SIZE<<compound_order(page));
>>
>> When this happens the page in question is a "middle" page in a compound
>> page (i.e. it's a tail page but not the last tail page), and the data is
>> fully contained within the compound page. The data does however cross
>> the hardware page boundary, and since compound_order evaluates to 0 for
>> tail pages the check fails.
>>
>> In going over this I've been unable to determine whether the BUG_ON in
>> xennet_make_frags is incorrect or the paged skb data is wrong. I can't
>> find that it's documented anywhere, and the networking code itself is a
>> bit ambiguous when it comes to compound pages. On the one hand
>> __skb_fill_page_desc specifically handles adding tail pages as paged
>> data, but on the other hand skb_copy_bits kmaps frag->page.p which could
>> fail with data that extends into another page.
>
> netfront will safely handle this case so you can remove this BUG_ON()
> (and the one later on). But it would be better to find out were these
> funny-looking skbs are coming from and (if necessary) fixing the bug there.

Right, in fact it does ignore pages from the start of a compound page in case
the offset is big enough. So there is no difference between that case and the
one where the page pointer from the frag is adjusted the way it was observed.

It really boils down to the question what the real rules for the frags are. If
it is "only" that data may not cross the boundary of a hw or compound page this
leaves room for interpretation. The odd skb does not violate that but a check
for conformance would become a lot more complex. And netfront is not the only
place that expects the frag page to be pointing to the compound head (there is
igb for example, though it does only a warn_on upon failing).

On the other hand the __skb_fill_page_desc is written in a way that seems to
assume the frag page pointer may be pointing to a tail page. So before "blaming"
one piece of code or the other we need an authoritative answer to what we are
supposed to expect.

-Stefan
>
> David
>


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