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Subject[PATCH v2] mfd: syscon: add child device support
For devices which have a complete register for themselves, it is possible to
place them next to the syscon device with overlapping reg ranges. The same is
not possible for devices which only occupy bitfields in registers shared with
other users.
For devices that are completely controlled by bitfields in the syscon address
range, such as multiplexers or voltage regulators, allow to put child devices
into the syscon device node.

Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <>
Changes since v1:
- Reworded binding documentation to allow #size-cells = <1>, which is useful
for syscon children that are controlled through a (possibly shared) register
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/syscon.txt | 13 +++++++++++++
drivers/mfd/syscon.c | 3 +++
2 files changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/syscon.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/syscon.txt
index fe8150b..0c6b497 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/syscon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/syscon.txt
@@ -9,12 +9,25 @@ using a specific compatible value), interrogate the node (or associated
OS driver) to determine the location of the registers, and access the
registers directly.

+Optionally, devices that are controlled exclusively through syscon registers,
+or even bitfields in shared syscon registers, can also be added as child nodes
+to the syscon device node. These devices can implicitly assume their parent
+node is a syscon provider without referencing it explicitly via phandle.
+In this case, the syscon node should have #address-cells = <1> and
+#size-cells = <0> or <1> and no ranges property.
Required properties:
- compatible: Should contain "syscon".
- reg: the register region can be accessed from syscon

+Optional properties:
+- #address-cells: Should be 1.
+- #size-cells: Should be 0 or 1.
gpr: iomuxc-gpr@020e0000 {
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <0>;
compatible = "fsl,imx6q-iomuxc-gpr", "syscon";
reg = <0x020e0000 0x38>;
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/syscon.c b/drivers/mfd/syscon.c
index ca15878..38da178 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/syscon.c
+++ b/drivers/mfd/syscon.c
@@ -155,6 +155,9 @@ static int syscon_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)

dev_dbg(dev, "regmap %pR registered\n", res);

+ if (!of_device_is_compatible(pdev->dev.of_node, "simple-bus"))
+ of_platform_populate(pdev->dev.of_node, NULL, NULL, &pdev->dev);
return 0;


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