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SubjectRe: [PATCH ftrace/core v6 2/5] ftrace, kprobes: Support IPMODIFY flag to find IP modify conflict
On Fri, 21 Nov 2014 05:25:16 -0500
Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> wrote:

> Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt | 5 +
> include/linux/ftrace.h | 16 ++++-
> kernel/trace/ftrace.c | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 3 files changed, 159 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
> index 4da4261..f10f5f5 100644
> --- a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
> @@ -234,6 +234,11 @@ of ftrace. Here is a list of some of the key files:
> will be displayed on the same line as the function that
> is returning registers.
>
> + If the callback registered to be traced by a function with
> + the "ip modify" attribute (thus the regs->ip can be changed),
> + an 'I' will be displayed on the same line as the function that
> + can be overridden.
> +
> function_profile_enabled:
>
> When set it will enable all functions with either the function
> diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace.h b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> index 7b2616f..93cf047 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ftrace.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> @@ -61,6 +61,11 @@ ftrace_func_t ftrace_ops_get_func(struct ftrace_ops *ops);
> /*
> * FTRACE_OPS_FL_* bits denote the state of ftrace_ops struct and are
> * set in the flags member.
> + * CONTROL, SAVE_REGS, SAVE_REGS_IF_SUPPORTED, RECURSION_SAFE, STUB and
> + * IPMODIFY are a kind of attribute flags which can be set only before
> + * registering the ftrace_ops, and can not be modified while registered.
> + * Changing those attribute flags after regsitering ftrace_ops will
> + * cause unexpected results.
> *
> * ENABLED - set/unset when ftrace_ops is registered/unregistered
> * DYNAMIC - set when ftrace_ops is registered to denote dynamically
> @@ -101,6 +106,10 @@ ftrace_func_t ftrace_ops_get_func(struct ftrace_ops *ops);
> * The ftrace_ops trampoline can be set by the ftrace users, and
> * in such cases the arch must not modify it. Only the arch ftrace
> * core code should set this flag.
> + * IPMODIFY - The ops can modify the IP register. This can only be set with
> + * SAVE_REGS. If another ops is already registered for any of the
> + * functions that this ops will be registered for, then this ops
> + * will fail to register or set_filter_ip.

It's blocked by any ops sharing the same function, or just another ops
with this flag set? The comment doesn't specify. The code looks like
the latter.


> */
> enum {
> FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED = 1 << 0,
> @@ -116,6 +125,7 @@ enum {
> FTRACE_OPS_FL_REMOVING = 1 << 10,
> FTRACE_OPS_FL_MODIFYING = 1 << 11,
> FTRACE_OPS_FL_ALLOC_TRAMP = 1 << 12,
> + FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY = 1 << 13,
> };
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
> @@ -310,6 +320,7 @@ bool is_ftrace_trampoline(unsigned long addr);
> * ENABLED - the function is being traced
> * REGS - the record wants the function to save regs
> * REGS_EN - the function is set up to save regs.
> + * IPMODIFY - the record allows for the IP address to be changed.
> *
> * When a new ftrace_ops is registered and wants a function to save
> * pt_regs, the rec->flag REGS is set. When the function has been
> @@ -323,10 +334,11 @@ enum {
> FTRACE_FL_REGS_EN = (1UL << 29),
> FTRACE_FL_TRAMP = (1UL << 28),
> FTRACE_FL_TRAMP_EN = (1UL << 27),
> + FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY = (1UL << 26),
> };
>
> -#define FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT 27
> -#define FTRACE_FL_BITS 5
> +#define FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT 26
> +#define FTRACE_FL_BITS 6
> #define FTRACE_FL_MASKED_BITS ((1UL << FTRACE_FL_BITS) - 1)
> #define FTRACE_FL_MASK (FTRACE_FL_MASKED_BITS << FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT)
> #define FTRACE_REF_MAX ((1UL << FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT) - 1)
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> index fa0f36b..baa2c4d 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> @@ -1358,6 +1358,9 @@ ftrace_hash_rec_disable_modify(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int filter_hash);
> static void
> ftrace_hash_rec_enable_modify(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int filter_hash);
>
> +static int ftrace_hash_ipmodify_update(struct ftrace_ops *ops,
> + struct ftrace_hash *new_hash);
> +
> static int
> ftrace_hash_move(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int enable,
> struct ftrace_hash **dst, struct ftrace_hash *src)
> @@ -1368,8 +1371,13 @@ ftrace_hash_move(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int enable,
> struct ftrace_hash *new_hash;
> int size = src->count;
> int bits = 0;
> + int ret;
> int i;
>
> + /* Reject setting notrace hash on IPMODIFY ftrace_ops */
> + if (ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY && !enable)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> /*
> * If the new source is empty, just free dst and assign it
> * the empty_hash.
> @@ -1403,6 +1411,16 @@ ftrace_hash_move(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int enable,
> }
>
> update:
> + /* Make sure this can be applied if it is IPMODIFY ftrace_ops */
> + if (enable) {
> + /* IPMODIFY should be updated only when filter_hash updating */
> + ret = ftrace_hash_ipmodify_update(ops, new_hash);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + free_ftrace_hash(new_hash);
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> +
> /*
> * Remove the current set, update the hash and add
> * them back.
> @@ -1767,6 +1785,114 @@ static void ftrace_hash_rec_enable_modify(struct ftrace_ops *ops,
> ftrace_hash_rec_update_modify(ops, filter_hash, 1);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Try to update IPMODIFY flag on each ftrace_rec. Return 0 if it is OK
> + * or no-needed to update, -EBUSY if it detects a conflict of the flag
> + * on a ftrace_rec, and -EINVAL if the new_hash tries to trace all recs.
> + * Note that old_hash and new_hash has below meanings
> + * - If the hash is NULL, it hits all recs (if IPMODIFY is set, this is rejected)
> + * - If the hash is EMPTY_HASH, it hits nothing
> + * - Anything else hits the recs which match the hash entries.
> + */
> +static int __ftrace_hash_update_ipmodify(struct ftrace_ops *ops,
> + struct ftrace_hash *old_hash,
> + struct ftrace_hash *new_hash)
> +{
> + struct ftrace_page *pg;
> + struct dyn_ftrace *rec, *end = NULL;
> + int in_old, in_new;
> +
> + /* Only update if the ops has been registered */
> + if (!(ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (!(ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY))
> + return 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * Since the IPMODIFY is very address sensitive action, we do not allow

is *a* very address sensitive action

The rest looks good.

-- Steve

> + * ftrace_ops to set all functions to new hash.
> + */
> + if (!new_hash || !old_hash)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Update rec->flags */
> + do_for_each_ftrace_rec(pg, rec) {
> + /* We need to update only differences of filter_hash */
> + in_old = !!ftrace_lookup_ip(old_hash, rec->ip);
> + in_new = !!ftrace_lookup_ip(new_hash, rec->ip);
> + if (in_old == in_new)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (in_new) {
> + /* New entries must ensure no others are using it */
> + if (rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY)
> + goto rollback;
> + rec->flags |= FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY;
> + } else /* Removed entry */
> + rec->flags &= ~FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY;
> + } while_for_each_ftrace_rec();
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +rollback:
> + end = rec;
> +
> + /* Roll back what we did above */
> + do_for_each_ftrace_rec(pg, rec) {
> + if (rec == end)
> + goto err_out;
> +
> + in_old = !!ftrace_lookup_ip(old_hash, rec->ip);
> + in_new = !!ftrace_lookup_ip(new_hash, rec->ip);
> + if (in_old == in_new)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (in_new)
> + rec->flags &= ~FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY;
> + else
> + rec->flags |= FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY;
> + } while_for_each_ftrace_rec();
> +
> +err_out:
> + return -EBUSY;
> +}
> +
> +static int ftrace_hash_ipmodify_enable(struct ftrace_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct ftrace_hash *hash = ops->func_hash->filter_hash;
> +
> + if (ftrace_hash_empty(hash))
> + hash = NULL;
> +
> + return __ftrace_hash_update_ipmodify(ops, EMPTY_HASH, hash);
> +}
> +
> +/* Disabling always succeeds */
> +static void ftrace_hash_ipmodify_disable(struct ftrace_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct ftrace_hash *hash = ops->func_hash->filter_hash;
> +
> + if (ftrace_hash_empty(hash))
> + hash = NULL;
> +
> + __ftrace_hash_update_ipmodify(ops, hash, EMPTY_HASH);
> +}
> +
> +static int ftrace_hash_ipmodify_update(struct ftrace_ops *ops,
> + struct ftrace_hash *new_hash)
> +{
> + struct ftrace_hash *old_hash = ops->func_hash->filter_hash;
> +
> + if (ftrace_hash_empty(old_hash))
> + old_hash = NULL;
> +
> + if (ftrace_hash_empty(new_hash))
> + new_hash = NULL;
> +
> + return __ftrace_hash_update_ipmodify(ops, old_hash, new_hash);
> +}
> +
> static void print_ip_ins(const char *fmt, unsigned char *p)
> {
> int i;
> @@ -2436,6 +2562,15 @@ static int ftrace_startup(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int command)
> */
> ops->flags |= FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED | FTRACE_OPS_FL_ADDING;
>
> + ret = ftrace_hash_ipmodify_enable(ops);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + /* Rollback registration process */
> + __unregister_ftrace_function(ops);
> + ftrace_start_up--;
> + ops->flags &= ~FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED;
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> ftrace_hash_rec_enable(ops, 1);
>
> ftrace_startup_enable(command);
> @@ -2464,6 +2599,8 @@ static int ftrace_shutdown(struct ftrace_ops *ops, int command)
> */
> WARN_ON_ONCE(ftrace_start_up < 0);
>
> + /* Disabling ipmodify never fails */
> + ftrace_hash_ipmodify_disable(ops);
> ftrace_hash_rec_disable(ops, 1);
>
> ops->flags &= ~FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED;
> @@ -3058,9 +3195,10 @@ static int t_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> if (iter->flags & FTRACE_ITER_ENABLED) {
> struct ftrace_ops *ops = NULL;
>
> - seq_printf(m, " (%ld)%s",
> + seq_printf(m, " (%ld)%s%s",
> ftrace_rec_count(rec),
> - rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_REGS ? " R" : " ");
> + rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_REGS ? " R" : " ",
> + rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY ? " I" : " ");
> if (rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_TRAMP_EN) {
> ops = ftrace_find_tramp_ops_any(rec);
> if (ops)
>



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