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SubjectRe: [V2 PATCH 01/10] added media agnostic (MA) USB HCD driver
Thanks for reviewing. My responses are inline.

Greg has asked that we clean up this code internally before we
send out another patchset to the mailing list. I will address
the issues you pointed out, but it may be a while before you see
another patchset.

Thanks Again,
Sean

On Tue, Nov 11, 2014 at 10:54:30AM -0500, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Mon, 10 Nov 2014, Stephanie Wallick wrote:
>
> > +static struct mausb_hcd mhcd;
>
> Only one statically-allocated structure? What if somebody wants to
> have more than one of these things in their system?
>

Our plan to support multiple MA devices is to have them all connected
to the same virtual host controller, so only 1 would be needed.

Would you prefer we have 1 host controller instance per MA device?
We are definitely open to suggestions on how this should be architected.

> > +/**
> > + * @maurb: Media agnostic structure with URB to release.
> > + * @status: Status for URB that is getting released.
> > + *
> > + * Removes an URB from the queue, deletes the media agnostic information in
> > + * the urb, and gives the URB back to the HCD. Caller must be holding the
> > + * driver's spinlock.
> > + */
> > +void mausb_unlink_giveback_urb(struct mausb_urb *maurb, int status)
> > +{
> > + struct urb *urb;
> > + struct usb_hcd *hcd;
> > + struct api_context *ctx = NULL;
> > + unsigned long irq_flags;
> > +
> > + hcd = mausb_hcd_to_usb_hcd(&mhcd);
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&mhcd.giveback_lock, irq_flags);
>
> Why do you need multiple spinlocks? Isn't one lock sufficient?
>
We will simplify the locking scheme before resubmitting.

I think it might be worthwhile to have a per-endpoint lock, see below.

> > + if (!maurb) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "%s: no maurb\n", __func__);
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mhcd.giveback_lock, irq_flags);
> > + return;
> > + } else {
> > + urb = maurb->urb;
> > + ctx = urb->context;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!urb) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "%s: no urb\n", __func__);
> > + mausb_internal_drop_maurb(maurb, &mhcd);
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mhcd.giveback_lock, irq_flags);
> > + return;
> > + }
> > +
> > + mausb_dbg(&mhcd, "%s: returning urb with status %i\n", __func__, status);
> > +
> > + usb_hcd_unlink_urb_from_ep(hcd, urb);
> > + usb_hcd_giveback_urb(hcd, urb, status);
>
> You must not call this function while holding any spinlocks. What happens
> if the URB's completion routine tries to resubmit?
>

This works with our multi-lock scheme, but I will fix when we move to 1 lock.

> > +
> > + /* remove the mausb-specific data */
> > + mausb_internal_drop_maurb(maurb, &mhcd);
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mhcd.giveback_lock, irq_flags);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * Adds an URB to the endpoint queue then calls the URB handler. URB is wrapped
> > + * in media agnostic structure before being enqueued.
> > + */
> > +static int mausb_urb_enqueue(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb,
> > + gfp_t memflags)
> > +{
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + struct mausb_urb *maurb;
> > + struct mausb_host_ep *ep;
> > + unsigned long irq_flags;
> > +
> > + if (!hcd || !urb) {
> > + pr_err("%s: no %s\n", __func__, (hcd ? "urb" : "USB hcd"));
> > + }
>
> This can never happen. The USB core guarantees it; you don't need
> to check.
>

I will remove this check (along with any other unnecessary checks for things
guaranteed from usbcore).

> > + ep = usb_to_ma_endpoint(urb->ep);
> > +
> > + if (!ep) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "%s: no endpoint\n", __func__);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (urb->status != -EINPROGRESS) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "%s: urb already unlinked, status is %i\n",
> > + __func__, urb->status);
> > + return urb->status;
> > + }
>
> You also don't need to check this.
>
Will remove.

> > + /* If the endpoint isn't activated, we can't enqueue anything. */
> > + if (MAUSB_EP_HANDLE_UNASSIGNED == ep->ep_handle_state) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "%s: endpoint handle unassigned\n", __func__);
> > + return -EPIPE;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (USB_SPEED_FULL != urb->dev->speed) /* suppress checks */
> > + ep->max_pkt = usb_endpoint_maxp(&urb->ep->desc);
>
> What happens to full-speed devices? Don't they have maxpacket values?
>
> > +
> > + /* initialize the maurb */
> > + maurb = mausb_alloc_maurb(ep, memflags);
> > + if (!maurb) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "could not allocate memory for MA USB urb\n");
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* set maurb member values */
> > + maurb->urb = urb;
> > + urb->hcpriv = maurb;
> > +
> > + /* submit urb to hcd and add to endpoint queue */
> > + ret = usb_hcd_link_urb_to_ep(hcd, urb);
>
> Read the kerneldoc for this function. You must hold your private
> spinlock when you call it.
>

Will fix this & make sure we hold our lock.

> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + mausb_err(&mhcd, "urb enqueue failed: error %d\n", ret);
> > + usb_hcd_unlink_urb_from_ep(hcd, urb);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* get usb device and increment reference counter */
> > + if (!mhcd.udev) {
> > + mhcd.udev = urb->dev;
> > + usb_get_dev(mhcd.udev);
> > + }
>
> What happens if more than one device is in use at a time?
>
> > +
> > + /* add urb to queue list */
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&ep->ep_lock, irq_flags);
> > + list_add_tail(&maurb->urb_list, &ep->urb_list);
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->ep_lock, irq_flags);
>
> Yet another class of spinlocks!
>

If we get rid of these locks, endpoints can't run simultaneously.
MA USB IN endpoints have to copy data, which could take a while.

Couldn't this cause a bottleneck?

> > + /* add urb to ma hcd urb list */
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&mhcd.urb_list_lock, irq_flags);
>
> And another! You really shouldn't need more than one lock.
>

Will remove.

> > + list_add_tail(&maurb->ma_hcd_urb_list, &mhcd.enqueue_urb_list);
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mhcd.urb_list_lock, irq_flags);
> > +
> > + /* send to MA transfer process */
> > + wake_up(&mhcd.waitq);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * Dequeues an URB.
> > + */
> > +static int mausb_urb_dequeue(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb, int status)
> > +{
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + struct mausb_host_ep *ep = usb_to_ma_endpoint(urb->ep);
> > + struct mausb_urb *maurb = usb_urb_to_mausb_urb(urb);
> > + unsigned long irq_flags;
> > +
> > + /* For debugging - we want to know who initiated URB dequeue. */
> > + dump_stack();
>
> Debugging things like this should be removed before a patch is submitted.

Will grep & remove all debugging messages before we release the next patchset.

>
> That's enough for now. Obviously there are a lot of issues in this
> driver which need to be fixed up.

We will try to address all the obvious issues before submitting again.

>
> Alan Stern
>
>
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