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Subject[RFC][PATCH] sched: Protect call to ss->fork() with css_set_rwsem
My tests tripped over the following RCU lockdep splat:

[ INFO: suspicious RCU usage. ]^M
3.18.0-rc4-test+ #3 Not tainted
/work/autotest/nobackup/linux-test.git/kernel/sched/core.c:7449 suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage!

other info that might help us debug this:

rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0
2 locks held by swapper/0/0:
#0: (&p->pi_lock){......}, at: [<ffffffff8105c470>] task_rq_lock+0x33/0x9b
#1: (&rq->lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8105c48a>] task_rq_lock+0x4d/0x9b

stack backtrace:
CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.18.0-rc4-test+ #3
Hardware name: MSI MS-7823/CSM-H87M-G43 (MS-7823), BIOS V1.6 02/22/2014
0000000000000001 ffffffff82203cd8 ffffffff81a2bb53 0000000000000de1
ffffffff822164a0 ffffffff82203d08 ffffffff81075ada ffff880215118000
ffff88021ea13a00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffff82203d58
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff81a2bb53>] dump_stack+0x46/0x58
[<ffffffff81075ada>] lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0x107/0x110
[<ffffffff81064a0e>] sched_move_task+0xdd/0x153
[<ffffffff81064aab>] cpu_cgroup_fork+0xe/0x10
[<ffffffff810b3e8b>] cgroup_post_fork+0x83/0xa5
[<ffffffff8103d69d>] copy_process+0x169b/0x1870
[<ffffffff81a1f440>] ? rest_init+0x134/0x134
[<ffffffff81078117>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x160/0x197
[<ffffffff812f84be>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
[<ffffffff8103d995>] do_fork+0x7c/0x23b
[<ffffffff81a34c63>] ? mutex_unlock+0xe/0x10
[<ffffffff810d259c>] ? ftrace_process_locs+0x482/0x4cd
[<ffffffff8105bda9>] ? cpumask_next+0x19/0x1b
[<ffffffff8103db7a>] kernel_thread+0x26/0x28
[<ffffffff81a1f332>] rest_init+0x26/0x134
[<ffffffff823e77eb>] ? ftrace_init+0xad/0x140
[<ffffffff823c8eab>] start_kernel+0x42c/0x439
[<ffffffff823c8887>] ? set_init_arg+0x55/0x55
[<ffffffff823c8491>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
[<ffffffff823c8585>] x86_64_start_kernel+0xf2/0xf9

I did a bisect and came across this commit:

Commit eeb61e53ea19 "sched: Fix race between task_group and

It added a callback of the fork() method which calls sched_move_task().
But this function does a task_css_check() which expects to have one of
these locks held: cgroup_mutex, css_set_rwsem, or siglock (for this
case), or at least have the task exiting.

By moving the taking of the css_set_rwsem semaphore out to include the
call to ss->fork(), it quiets this warning.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>

I'm not sure this is the correct fix, but it "works for me".

diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index 136eceadeed1..a08ad94d62cf 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -5150,17 +5150,16 @@ void cgroup_post_fork(struct task_struct *child)
* in the init_css_set before cg_links is enabled and there's no
* operation which transfers all tasks out of init_css_set.
+ down_write(&css_set_rwsem);
if (use_task_css_set_links) {
struct css_set *cset;

- down_write(&css_set_rwsem);
cset = task_css_set(current);
if (list_empty(&child->cg_list)) {
rcu_assign_pointer(child->cgroups, cset);
list_add(&child->cg_list, &cset->tasks);
- up_write(&css_set_rwsem);

@@ -5173,6 +5172,7 @@ void cgroup_post_fork(struct task_struct *child)
if (ss->fork)
+ up_write(&css_set_rwsem);


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