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SubjectRe: Inconsistent lock state with Hyper-V memory balloon?
On Sat, Nov 08, 2014 at 02:36:54PM +0000, Sitsofe Wheeler wrote:
> I've been trying to use the Hyper-V balloon driver to allow the host to
> reclaim unused memory but have been hitting issues. With a Hyper-V 2012
> R2 guest with 4GBytes of RAM, dynamic memory on, 1GByte minimum 10GByte
> maximum, 8 vcpus, running a 3.18.0-rc3 kernel with no swap configured
> the following lockdep splat occurred:
>
> =================================
> [ INFO: inconsistent lock state ]
> 3.18.0-rc3.x86_64 #159 Not tainted
> ---------------------------------
> inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} usage.
> swapper/0/0 [HC0[0]:SC1[1]:HE1:SE0] takes:
> (bdev_lock){+.?...}, at: [<ffffffff811ff39c>] nr_blockdev_pages+0x1c/0x80
> {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} state was registered at:
> [<ffffffff810ba03d>] __lock_acquire+0x87d/0x1c60
> [<ffffffff810bbcdc>] lock_acquire+0xfc/0x150
> [<ffffffff816e4019>] _raw_spin_lock+0x39/0x50
> [<ffffffff811ff39c>] nr_blockdev_pages+0x1c/0x80
> [<ffffffff8115d5f7>] si_meminfo+0x47/0x70
> [<ffffffff81d6622f>] eventpoll_init+0x11/0x10a
> [<ffffffff81d3d150>] do_one_initcall+0xf9/0x1a7
> [<ffffffff81d3d3d2>] kernel_init_freeable+0x1d4/0x268
> [<ffffffff816ce0ae>] kernel_init+0xe/0x100
> [<ffffffff816e4dfc>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
> irq event stamp: 2660283708
> hardirqs last enabled at (2660283708): [<ffffffff8115eef5>] free_hot_cold_page+0x175/0x190
> hardirqs last disabled at (2660283707): [<ffffffff8115ee25>] free_hot_cold_page+0xa5/0x190
> softirqs last enabled at (2660132034): [<ffffffff81071e6a>] _local_bh_enable+0x4a/0x50
> softirqs last disabled at (2660132035): [<ffffffff81072478>] irq_exit+0x58/0xc0
>
> might help us debug this:
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0
> ----
> lock(bdev_lock);
> <Interrupt>
> lock(bdev_lock);
>
> *
>
> no locks held by swapper/0/0.
>
>
> CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.18.0-rc3.x86_64 #159
> Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual Machine, BIOS 090006 05/23/2012
> ffffffff8266ac90 ffff880107403af8 ffffffff816db3ef 0000000000000000
> ffffffff81c134c0 ffff880107403b58 ffffffff816d6fd3 0000000000000001
> ffffffff00000001 ffff880100000000 ffffffff81010e6f 0000000000000046
> Call Trace:
> <IRQ> [<ffffffff816db3ef>] dump_stack+0x4e/0x68
> [<ffffffff816d6fd3>] print_usage_bug+0x1f3/0x204
> [<ffffffff81010e6f>] ? save_stack_trace+0x2f/0x50
> [<ffffffff810b6f40>] ? print_irq_inversion_bug+0x200/0x200
> [<ffffffff810b78e6>] mark_lock+0x176/0x2e0
> [<ffffffff810b9f83>] __lock_acquire+0x7c3/0x1c60
> [<ffffffff8103d548>] ? lookup_address+0x28/0x30
> [<ffffffff8103d58b>] ? _lookup_address_cpa.isra.3+0x3b/0x40
> [<ffffffff813c4e89>] ? __debug_check_no_obj_freed+0x89/0x220
> [<ffffffff810bbcdc>] lock_acquire+0xfc/0x150
> [<ffffffff811ff39c>] ? nr_blockdev_pages+0x1c/0x80
> [<ffffffff816e4019>] _raw_spin_lock+0x39/0x50
> [<ffffffff811ff39c>] ? nr_blockdev_pages+0x1c/0x80
> [<ffffffff811ff39c>] nr_blockdev_pages+0x1c/0x80
> [<ffffffff8115d5f7>] si_meminfo+0x47/0x70
> [<ffffffff815eb14d>] post_status.isra.3+0x6d/0x190
> [<ffffffff810b7f4d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
> [<ffffffff8115f00f>] ? __free_pages+0x2f/0x60
> [<ffffffff815eb34f>] ? free_balloon_pages.isra.5+0x8f/0xb0
> [<ffffffff815eb972>] balloon_onchannelcallback+0x212/0x380
> [<ffffffff815e69d3>] vmbus_on_event+0x173/0x1d0
> [<ffffffff81071b47>] tasklet_action+0x127/0x160
> [<ffffffff81071ffa>] __do_softirq+0x18a/0x340
> [<ffffffff81072478>] irq_exit+0x58/0xc0
> [<ffffffff810290c5>] hyperv_vector_handler+0x45/0x60
> [<ffffffff816e6b92>] hyperv_callback_vector+0x72/0x80
> <EOI> [<ffffffff81037b76>] ? native_safe_halt+0x6/0x10
> [<ffffffff810b7f4d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
> [<ffffffff8100c8d1>] default_idle+0x51/0xf0
> [<ffffffff8100d30f>] arch_cpu_idle+0xf/0x20
> [<ffffffff810b01e7>] cpu_startup_entry+0x217/0x3f0
> [<ffffffff816ce099>] rest_init+0xc9/0xd0
> [<ffffffff816cdfd5>] ? rest_init+0x5/0xd0
> [<ffffffff81d3d04a>] start_kernel+0x438/0x445
> [<ffffffff81d3c94a>] ? set_init_arg+0x57/0x57
> [<ffffffff81d3c120>] ? early_idt_handlers+0x120/0x120
> [<ffffffff81d3c59f>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
> [<ffffffff81d3c6df>] x86_64_start_kernel+0x13e/0x14d
>
> Any help deciphering the above is greatly appreciated!

Its fairly simple, the first trace shows where bdev_lock was taken with
softirqs enabled, and the second trace shows where its taken from
softirqs. Combine the two and you've got a recursive deadlock.

I don't know the block layer very well, but a quick glance at the code
shows its bdev_lock isn't meant to be used from softirq context,
therefore the hyperv stuff is broken.

So complain to the hyperv people.


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