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Subjectkdbus: add code to gather metadata
Date
From: Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>

A connection chooses which metadata it wants to have attached to each
message it receives with kdbus_cmd_hello.attach_flags. The metadata
will be attached as items to the messages. All metadata refers to
information about the sending task at sending time, unless otherwise
stated. Also, the metadata is copied, not referenced, so even if the
sending task doesn't exist anymore at the time the message is received,
the information is still preserved.

See kdbus.txt for more details on which metadata can currently be
attached to messages.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.c | 626 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.h | 51 ++++
2 files changed, 677 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.c
create mode 100644 drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.h

diff --git a/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.c b/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8323e6d7a071
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.c
@@ -0,0 +1,626 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Kay Sievers
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Linux Foundation
+ *
+ * kdbus is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
+ * the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at
+ * your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/audit.h>
+#include <linux/capability.h>
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/cred.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+
+#include "connection.h"
+#include "item.h"
+#include "message.h"
+#include "metadata.h"
+#include "names.h"
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_new() - create new metadata object
+ * @meta: New metadata object
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure.
+ */
+int kdbus_meta_new(struct kdbus_meta **meta)
+{
+ struct kdbus_meta *m;
+
+ BUG_ON(*meta);
+
+ m = kzalloc(sizeof(*m), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!m)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /*
+ * Remember the PID and user namespaces our credentials belong to;
+ * we need to prevent leaking authorization and security-relevant
+ * data across different namespaces.
+ */
+ m->pid_namespace = get_pid_ns(task_active_pid_ns(current));
+ m->user_namespace = get_user_ns(current_user_ns());
+
+ *meta = m;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_dup() - Duplicate a meta object
+ *
+ * @orig: The meta object to duplicate
+ * @copy: Return pointer for the duplicated object
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM on memory allocation failures.
+ */
+int kdbus_meta_dup(const struct kdbus_meta *orig,
+ struct kdbus_meta **copy)
+{
+ struct kdbus_meta *m;
+
+ BUG_ON(!orig || !copy);
+
+ m = kmalloc(sizeof(*m), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!m)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ m->data = kmemdup(orig->data, orig->allocated_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!m->data) {
+ kfree(m);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ m->pid_namespace = get_pid_ns(orig->pid_namespace);
+ m->user_namespace = get_user_ns(orig->user_namespace);
+
+ m->attached = orig->attached;
+ m->allocated_size = orig->allocated_size;
+ m->size = orig->size;
+
+ *copy = m;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_ns_eq() - check whether the namespaces of two metadata objects
+ * are equal.
+ * @meta_a: Metadata A
+ * @meta_b: Metadata B
+ *
+ * Return: true if the two objects have the same namespaces, false otherwise.
+ */
+bool kdbus_meta_ns_eq(const struct kdbus_meta *meta_a,
+ const struct kdbus_meta *meta_b)
+{
+ return (meta_a->pid_namespace == meta_b->pid_namespace &&
+ meta_a->user_namespace == meta_b->user_namespace);
+}
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_free() - release metadata
+ * @meta: Metadata object
+ */
+void kdbus_meta_free(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ if (!meta)
+ return;
+
+ put_pid_ns(meta->pid_namespace);
+ put_user_ns(meta->user_namespace);
+
+ kfree(meta->data);
+ kfree(meta);
+}
+
+static struct kdbus_item *
+kdbus_meta_append_item(struct kdbus_meta *meta, u64 type, size_t payload_size)
+{
+ size_t extra_size = KDBUS_ITEM_SIZE(payload_size);
+ struct kdbus_item *item;
+ size_t size;
+
+ /* get new metadata buffer, pre-allocate at least 512 bytes */
+ if (!meta->data) {
+ size = roundup_pow_of_two(256 + extra_size);
+ meta->data = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!meta->data)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ meta->allocated_size = size;
+ }
+
+ /* double the pre-allocated buffer size if needed */
+ size = meta->size + extra_size;
+ if (size > meta->allocated_size) {
+ size_t size_diff;
+ struct kdbus_item *data;
+
+ size = roundup_pow_of_two(size);
+ size_diff = size - meta->allocated_size;
+ data = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!data)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ memcpy(data, meta->data, meta->size);
+ memset((u8 *)data + meta->allocated_size, 0, size_diff);
+
+ kfree(meta->data);
+ meta->data = data;
+ meta->allocated_size = size;
+ }
+
+ /* insert new record */
+ item = (struct kdbus_item *)((u8 *)meta->data + meta->size);
+ item->type = type;
+ item->size = KDBUS_ITEM_HEADER_SIZE + payload_size;
+
+ meta->size += extra_size;
+
+ return item;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_append_data() - append given raw data to metadata object
+ * @meta: Metadata object
+ * @type: KDBUS_ITEM_* type
+ * @data: pointer to data to copy from. If it is NULL
+ * then just make space in the metadata buffer.
+ * @len: number of bytes to copy
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure.
+ */
+int kdbus_meta_append_data(struct kdbus_meta *meta, u64 type,
+ const void *data, size_t len)
+{
+ struct kdbus_item *item;
+
+ if (len == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ item = kdbus_meta_append_item(meta, type, len);
+ if (IS_ERR(item))
+ return PTR_ERR(item);
+
+ if (data)
+ memcpy(item->data, data, len);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_str(struct kdbus_meta *meta, u64 type,
+ const char *str)
+{
+ return kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, type, str, strlen(str) + 1);
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_timestamp(struct kdbus_meta *meta,
+ u64 seq)
+{
+ struct kdbus_item *item;
+ struct timespec ts;
+
+ item = kdbus_meta_append_item(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_TIMESTAMP,
+ sizeof(struct kdbus_timestamp));
+ if (IS_ERR(item))
+ return PTR_ERR(item);
+
+ if (seq > 0)
+ item->timestamp.seqnum = seq;
+
+ ktime_get_ts(&ts);
+ item->timestamp.monotonic_ns = timespec_to_ns(&ts);
+
+ ktime_get_real_ts(&ts);
+ item->timestamp.realtime_ns = timespec_to_ns(&ts);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_cred(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct kdbus_creds creds = {
+ .uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid()),
+ .gid = from_kgid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_gid()),
+ .pid = task_pid_vnr(current),
+ .tid = task_tgid_vnr(current),
+ .starttime = current->start_time,
+ };
+
+ return kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_CREDS,
+ &creds, sizeof(creds));
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_auxgroups(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct group_info *info;
+ struct kdbus_item *item;
+ int i, ret = 0;
+ u64 *gid;
+
+ info = get_current_groups();
+ item = kdbus_meta_append_item(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_AUXGROUPS,
+ info->ngroups * sizeof(*gid));
+ if (IS_ERR(item)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(item);
+ goto exit_put_groups;
+ }
+
+ gid = (u64 *) item->data;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < info->ngroups; i++)
+ gid[i] = from_kgid_munged(current_user_ns(), GROUP_AT(info, i));
+
+exit_put_groups:
+ put_group_info(info);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_src_names(struct kdbus_meta *meta,
+ struct kdbus_conn *conn)
+{
+ struct kdbus_name_entry *e;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!conn)
+ return 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&conn->lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(e, &conn->names_list, conn_entry) {
+ struct kdbus_item *item;
+ size_t len;
+
+ len = strlen(e->name) + 1;
+ item = kdbus_meta_append_item(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_NAME,
+ sizeof(struct kdbus_name) + len);
+ if (IS_ERR(item)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(item);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ item->name.flags = e->flags;
+ memcpy(item->name.name, e->name, len);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&conn->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_exe(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(current);
+ struct path *exe_path = NULL;
+ char *pathname;
+ int ret = 0;
+ size_t len;
+ char *tmp;
+
+ if (!mm)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (mm->exe_file) {
+ path_get(&mm->exe_file->f_path);
+ exe_path = &mm->exe_file->f_path;
+ }
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ if (!exe_path)
+ goto exit_mmput;
+
+ tmp = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY | __GFP_ZERO);
+ if (!tmp) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto exit_path_put;
+ }
+
+ pathname = d_path(exe_path, tmp, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (IS_ERR(pathname)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(pathname);
+ goto exit_free_page;
+ }
+
+ len = tmp + PAGE_SIZE - pathname;
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_EXE, pathname, len);
+
+exit_free_page:
+ free_page((unsigned long) tmp);
+
+exit_path_put:
+ path_put(exe_path);
+
+exit_mmput:
+ mmput(mm);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_cmdline(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ int ret = 0;
+ size_t len;
+ char *tmp;
+
+ tmp = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY | __GFP_ZERO);
+ if (!tmp)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ mm = get_task_mm(current);
+ if (!mm) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto exit_free_page;
+ }
+
+ if (!mm->arg_end)
+ goto exit_mmput;
+
+ len = mm->arg_end - mm->arg_start;
+ if (len > PAGE_SIZE)
+ len = PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ ret = copy_from_user(tmp, (const char __user *)mm->arg_start, len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto exit_mmput;
+
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_CMDLINE, tmp, len);
+
+exit_mmput:
+ mmput(mm);
+
+exit_free_page:
+ free_page((unsigned long) tmp);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kdbus_meta_append_caps(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct caps {
+ u32 last_cap;
+ struct {
+ u32 caps[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S];
+ } set[4];
+ } caps;
+ unsigned int i;
+ const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
+
+ caps.last_cap = CAP_LAST_CAP;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S; i++) {
+ caps.set[0].caps[i] = cred->cap_inheritable.cap[i];
+ caps.set[1].caps[i] = cred->cap_permitted.cap[i];
+ caps.set[2].caps[i] = cred->cap_effective.cap[i];
+ caps.set[3].caps[i] = cred->cap_bset.cap[i];
+ }
+
+ /* clear unused bits */
+ for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
+ caps.set[i].caps[CAP_TO_INDEX(CAP_LAST_CAP)] &=
+ CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LAST_CAP + 1) - 1;
+
+ return kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_CAPS,
+ &caps, sizeof(caps));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
+static int kdbus_meta_append_cgroup(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ char *buf, *path;
+ int ret;
+
+ buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY | __GFP_ZERO);
+ if (!buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ path = task_cgroup_path(current, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (path)
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_str(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_CGROUP, path);
+ else
+ ret = -ENAMETOOLONG;
+
+ free_page((unsigned long) buf);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
+static int kdbus_meta_append_audit(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ struct kdbus_audit audit;
+
+ audit.loginuid = from_kuid(current_user_ns(),
+ audit_get_loginuid(current));
+ audit.sessionid = audit_get_sessionid(current);
+
+ return kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_AUDIT,
+ &audit, sizeof(audit));
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
+static int kdbus_meta_append_seclabel(struct kdbus_meta *meta)
+{
+ u32 len, sid;
+ char *label;
+ int ret;
+
+ security_task_getsecid(current, &sid);
+ ret = security_secid_to_secctx(sid, &label, &len);
+ if (ret == -EOPNOTSUPP)
+ return 0;
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (label && len > 0)
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_data(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_SECLABEL,
+ label, len);
+ security_release_secctx(label, len);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * kdbus_meta_append() - collect metadata from current process
+ * @meta: Metadata object
+ * @conn: Current connection to read names from
+ * @seq: Message sequence number
+ * @which: KDBUS_ATTACH_* flags which typ of data to attach
+ *
+ * Collect the data specified in flags and allocate or extend
+ * the buffer in the metadata object.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure.
+ */
+int kdbus_meta_append(struct kdbus_meta *meta,
+ struct kdbus_conn *conn,
+ u64 seq, u64 which)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u64 mask;
+
+ /* which metadata is wanted but not yet attached? */
+ mask = which & ~meta->attached;
+ if (mask == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_TIMESTAMP) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_timestamp(meta, seq);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_TIMESTAMP;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_CREDS) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_cred(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_CREDS;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_AUXGROUPS) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_auxgroups(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_AUXGROUPS;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_NAMES && conn) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_src_names(meta, conn);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_NAMES;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_TID_COMM) {
+ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
+
+ get_task_comm(comm, current->group_leader);
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_str(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_TID_COMM, comm);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_TID_COMM;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_PID_COMM) {
+ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
+
+ get_task_comm(comm, current);
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_str(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_PID_COMM, comm);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_PID_COMM;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_EXE) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_exe(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_EXE;
+ }
+
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_CMDLINE) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_cmdline(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_CMDLINE;
+ }
+
+ /* we always return a 4 elements, the element size is 1/4 */
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_CAPS) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_caps(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_CAPS;
+ }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
+ /* attach the path of the one group hierarchy specified for the bus */
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_CGROUP) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_cgroup(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_CGROUP;
+ }
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_AUDIT) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_audit(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_AUDIT;
+ }
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
+ if (mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_SECLABEL) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_seclabel(meta);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_SECLABEL;
+ }
+#endif
+
+ if ((mask & KDBUS_ATTACH_CONN_NAME) && conn && conn->name) {
+ ret = kdbus_meta_append_str(meta, KDBUS_ITEM_CONN_NAME,
+ conn->name);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ meta->attached |= KDBUS_ATTACH_CONN_NAME;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.h b/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a2728f57a06f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/kdbus/metadata.h
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Kay Sievers
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Linux Foundation
+ *
+ * kdbus is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
+ * the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at
+ * your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __KDBUS_METADATA_H
+#define __KDBUS_METADATA_H
+
+/**
+ * struct kdbus_meta - metadata buffer
+ * @attached: Flags for already attached data
+ * @domain: Domain the metadata belongs to
+ * @data: Allocated buffer
+ * @size: Number of bytes used
+ * @allocated_size: Size of buffer
+ *
+ * Used to collect and store connection metadata in a pre-compiled
+ * buffer containing struct kdbus_item.
+ */
+struct kdbus_meta {
+ u64 attached;
+ struct pid_namespace *pid_namespace;
+ struct user_namespace *user_namespace;
+ struct kdbus_item *data;
+ size_t size;
+ size_t allocated_size;
+};
+
+struct kdbus_conn;
+
+int kdbus_meta_new(struct kdbus_meta **meta);
+int kdbus_meta_dup(const struct kdbus_meta *orig,
+ struct kdbus_meta **copy);
+int kdbus_meta_append_data(struct kdbus_meta *meta, u64 type,
+ const void *buf, size_t len);
+int kdbus_meta_append(struct kdbus_meta *meta,
+ struct kdbus_conn *conn,
+ u64 seq,
+ u64 which);
+void kdbus_meta_free(struct kdbus_meta *meta);
+bool kdbus_meta_ns_eq(const struct kdbus_meta *meta_a,
+ const struct kdbus_meta *meta_b);
+#endif
--
2.1.2


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