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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] cpufreq: Guard against not-yet-initialized policies in cpufreq_cpu_get()
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On Wednesday, October 29, 2014 04:45:47 PM Tomeu Vizoso wrote:
> There's a substantial window of opportunity from the time the policy objects
> are created until they are initialized, causing this:
>
> WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 64 at include/linux/kref.h:47 kobject_get+0x64/0x70()
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 1 PID: 64 Comm: irq/77-tegra-ac Not tainted 3.18.0-rc1-next-20141027ccu-00049-g21a0041 #248
> [<c0016fac>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c001272c>] (show_stack+0x10/0x14)
> [<c001272c>] (show_stack) from [<c0601920>] (dump_stack+0x98/0xd8)
> [<c0601920>] (dump_stack) from [<c00288d8>] (warn_slowpath_common+0x70/0x8c)
> [<c00288d8>] (warn_slowpath_common) from [<c0028990>] (warn_slowpath_null+0x1c/0x24)
> [<c0028990>] (warn_slowpath_null) from [<c02227bc>] (kobject_get+0x64/0x70)
> [<c02227bc>] (kobject_get) from [<c03e5238>] (cpufreq_cpu_get+0x88/0xc8)
> [<c03e5238>] (cpufreq_cpu_get) from [<c03e52ec>] (cpufreq_get+0xc/0x64)
> [<c03e52ec>] (cpufreq_get) from [<c0287818>] (actmon_thread_isr+0x140/0x1a4)
> [<c0287818>] (actmon_thread_isr) from [<c0068a68>] (irq_thread_fn+0x1c/0x40)
> [<c0068a68>] (irq_thread_fn) from [<c0068d84>] (irq_thread+0x134/0x174)
> [<c0068d84>] (irq_thread) from [<c0040284>] (kthread+0xdc/0xf4)
> [<c0040284>] (kthread) from [<c000f4b8>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x3c)
>
> This commit checks that initialization has finished before trying to do
> anything with the policy.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tomeu Vizoso <tomeu.vizoso@collabora.com>
> ---
> drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c | 7 ++++++-
> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c
> index 644b54e..7b84d1a 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c
> @@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(char[CPUFREQ_NAME_LEN], cpufreq_cpu_governor);
> /* Flag to suspend/resume CPUFreq governors */
> static bool cpufreq_suspended;
>
> +/* Flag that tells whether initialization is completed */
> +static atomic_t cpufreq_initialized = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> +
> static inline bool has_target(void)
> {
> return cpufreq_driver->target_index || cpufreq_driver->target;
> @@ -211,7 +214,7 @@ struct cpufreq_policy *cpufreq_cpu_get(unsigned int cpu)
> /* get the cpufreq driver */
> read_lock_irqsave(&cpufreq_driver_lock, flags);
>
> - if (cpufreq_driver) {
> + if (atomic_read(&cpufreq_initialized)) {

The atomics don't help you here, because they don't make race conditions go
away. Memory barriers would be needed for that, but then there should be an
alternative way to address the problem at hand.

> /* get the CPU */
> policy = per_cpu(cpufreq_cpu_data, cpu);
> if (policy)
> @@ -1289,6 +1292,8 @@ static int __cpufreq_add_dev(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif)
> kobject_uevent(&policy->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
> up_read(&cpufreq_rwsem);
>
> + atomic_set(&cpufreq_initialized, 1);
> +

__cpufreq_add_dev() can be run for many times. Why is the first one only
relevant?

> pr_debug("initialization complete\n");
>
> return 0;
>

--
I speak only for myself.
Rafael J. Wysocki, Intel Open Source Technology Center.


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