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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] i2c: Add generic support passing secondary devices addresses
Date
Hi Jean-Michel,

On Thursday 23 October 2014 07:59:53 Jean-Michel Hautbois wrote:
> 2014-10-23 1:37 GMT+02:00 Laurent Pinchart:
> > On Wednesday 22 October 2014 17:30:47 Jean-Michel Hautbois wrote:
> >> Some I2C devices have multiple addresses assigned, for example each
> >> address corresponding to a different internal register map page of the
> >> device. So far drivers which need support for this have handled this with
> >> a driver specific and non-generic implementation, e.g. passing the
> >> additional address via platform data.
> >>
> >> This patch provides a new helper function called
> >> i2c_new_secondary_device()
> >> which is intended to provide a generic way to get the secondary address
> >> as well as instantiate a struct i2c_client for the secondary address.
> >>
> >> The function expects a pointer to the primary i2c_client, a name
> >> for the secondary address and an optional default address. The name is
> >> used as a handle to specify which secondary address to get.
> >>
> >> The default address is used as a fallback in case no secondary address
> >> was explicitly specified. In case no secondary address and no default
> >> address were specified the function returns NULL.
> >>
> >> For now the function only supports look-up of the secondary address
> >> from devicetree, but it can be extended in the future
> >> to for example support board files and/or ACPI.
> >
> > As this is core code I believe the DT bindings should be documented
> > somewhere in Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/.
>
> Mmh, probably yes, but I don't know where precisely, as all the
> bindings are devices specific here...

Lucky you, you can create the I2C core DT bindings documentation :-)
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c.txt sounds like a good candidate.

> >> Signed-off-by: Jean-Michel Hautbois <jean-michel.hautbois@vodalys.com>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> include/linux/i2c.h | 8 ++++++++
> >> 2 files changed, 48 insertions(+)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c
> >> index 2f90ac6..fd3b07c 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c
> >> @@ -1166,6 +1166,46 @@ struct i2c_client *i2c_new_dummy(struct
> >> i2c_adapter
> >> *adapter, u16 address) }
> >>
> >> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2c_new_dummy);
> >>
> >> +/**
> >> + * i2c_new_secondary_device - Helper to get the instantiated secondary
> >> address
> >
> > It does more than that, it also creates the device.
>
> Right, how about :
> + * i2c_new_secondary_device - Helper to get the instantiated secondary
> address
> + * and create the associated device
>
> >> + * @client: Handle to the primary client
> >> + * @name: Handle to specify which secondary address to get
> >> + * @default_addr: Used as a fallback if no secondary address was
> >> specified
> >> + * Context: can sleep
> >> + *
> >> + * This returns an I2C client bound to the "dummy" driver based on DT
> >> parsing.
> >
> > Could you elaborate on that ? I would explain that the address is
> > retrieved from the firmware based on the name, and that default_addr is
> > used in case the firmware doesn't provide any information.
>
> Something like that ?
> + * This returns an I2C client bound to the "dummy" driver based on DT
> parsing.
> + * It retrieves the address based on the name.
> + * It uses default_addr if no information is provided by firmware.

"I2C clients can be composed of multiple I2C slaves bound together in a single
component. The I2C client driver then binds to the master I2C slave and needs
to create I2C dummy clients to communicate with all the other slaves.

This function creates an returns an I2C dummy client whose I2C address is
retrieved from the platform firmware based on the given slave name. If no
address is specified by the firmware default_addr is used.

On DT-based platforms the address is retrieved from the "reg" property entry
cell whose "reg-names" value matches the slave name."

> >> + *
> >> + * This returns the new i2c client, which should be saved for later use
> >> with
> >> + * i2c_unregister_device(); or NULL to indicate an error.
> >> + */
> >> +struct i2c_client *i2c_new_secondary_device(struct i2c_client *client,
> >> + const char *name,
> >> + u16 default_addr)
> >> +{
> >> + int i;
> >> + u32 addr;
> >> + struct device_node *np;
> >> +
> >> + np = client->dev.of_node;
> >> +
> >> + if (np) {
> >> + i = of_property_match_string(np, "reg-names", name);
> >> + if (i >= 0)
> >> + of_property_read_u32_index(np, "reg", i, &addr);
> >
> > This call could fail in which case addr will be uninitialized.
> >
> >> + else if (default_addr != 0)
> >> + addr = default_addr;
> >> + else
> >> + addr = NULL;
> >
> > addr isn't a pointer. I'm surprised the compiler hasn't warned you.
>
> It has, just didn't notice it, sorry fir the noise.
>
> >> + } else {
> >> + addr = default_addr;
> >> + }
> >
> > The whole logic can be simplified to
> >
> > struct device_node *np = client->dev.of_node;
> > u32 addr = default_addr;
> > int i;
> >
> > if (np) {
> > i = of_property_match_string(np, "reg-names", name);
> > if (i >= 0)
> > of_property_read_u32_index(np, "reg", i, &addr);
> > }
>
> OK, applied on my side.

--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart



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