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SubjectRFC vmstat: On demand vmstat threads

vmstat threads are used for folding counter differentials into the
zone, per node and global counters at certain time intervals.

They currently run at defined intervals on all processors which will
cause some holdoff for processors that need minimal intrusion by the
OS.

This patch creates a vmstat sheperd task that monitors the
per cpu differentials on all processors. If there are differentials
on a processor then a vmstat thread local to the processors with
the differentials is created. That process will then start
folding the diffs in regular intervals. Should the vmstat
process find that there is no work to be done then it will
terminate itself and make the sheperd task monitor the differentials
again.

Note: This patch is based on the vmstat patches in Andrew's tree
to be merged for the 3.12 kernel.

Also some of the logic is inspired by Gilad's earlier work.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>

Index: linux/mm/vmstat.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/mm/vmstat.c 2013-09-04 10:09:59.158419700 -0500
+++ linux/mm/vmstat.c 2013-09-04 10:49:55.114407202 -0500
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/math64.h>
@@ -414,13 +415,18 @@ void dec_zone_page_state(struct page *pa
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dec_zone_page_state);
#endif

-static inline void fold_diff(int *diff)
+
+static inline int fold_diff(int *diff)
{
int i;
+ int changes = 0;

for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (diff[i])
+ if (diff[i]) {
atomic_long_add(diff[i], &vm_stat[i]);
+ changes++;
+ }
+ return changes;
}

/*
@@ -437,11 +443,12 @@ static inline void fold_diff(int *diff)
* with the global counters. These could cause remote node cache line
* bouncing and will have to be only done when necessary.
*/
-static void refresh_cpu_vm_stats(void)
+static int refresh_cpu_vm_stats(void)
{
struct zone *zone;
int i;
int global_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
+ int changes = 0;

for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
struct per_cpu_pageset __percpu *p = zone->pageset;
@@ -485,11 +492,41 @@ static void refresh_cpu_vm_stats(void)
if (__this_cpu_dec_return(p->expire))
continue;

- if (__this_cpu_read(p->pcp.count))
+ if (__this_cpu_read(p->pcp.count)) {
drain_zone_pages(zone, __this_cpu_ptr(&p->pcp));
+ changes++;
+ }
#endif
}
- fold_diff(global_diff);
+ changes += fold_diff(global_diff);
+ return changes;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if the diffs for a certain cpu indicate that
+ * an update is needed.
+ */
+static int need_update(int cpu)
+{
+ struct zone *zone;
+ int i;
+
+ for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
+ struct per_cpu_pageset __percpu *p = zone->pageset;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
+ if (__this_cpu_read(p->vm_stat_diff[i]))
+ return 1;
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+ /*
+ * Check if there are pages remaining in this pageset
+ */
+ if (__this_cpu_read(p->pcp.count))
+ return 1;
+
+#endif
+ }
+ return 0;
}

/*
@@ -1203,12 +1240,15 @@ static const struct file_operations proc
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct delayed_work, vmstat_work);
int sysctl_stat_interval __read_mostly = HZ;
+static struct cpumask *monitored_cpus;

static void vmstat_update(struct work_struct *w)
{
- refresh_cpu_vm_stats();
- schedule_delayed_work(this_cpu_ptr(&vmstat_work),
- round_jiffies_relative(sysctl_stat_interval));
+ if (refresh_cpu_vm_stats())
+ schedule_delayed_work(this_cpu_ptr(&vmstat_work),
+ round_jiffies_relative(sysctl_stat_interval));
+ else
+ cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), monitored_cpus);
}

static void start_cpu_timer(int cpu)
@@ -1216,9 +1256,41 @@ static void start_cpu_timer(int cpu)
struct delayed_work *work = &per_cpu(vmstat_work, cpu);

INIT_DEFERRABLE_WORK(work, vmstat_update);
- schedule_delayed_work_on(cpu, work, __round_jiffies_relative(HZ, cpu));
+ schedule_delayed_work_on(cpu, work,
+ __round_jiffies_relative(sysctl_stat_interval, cpu));
+}
+
+static struct delayed_work shepherd_work;
+extern int tick_do_timer_cpu;
+
+static void vmstat_shepherd(struct work_struct *w)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ refresh_cpu_vm_stats();
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus)
+ if (need_update(cpu)) {
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus);
+ start_cpu_timer(cpu);
+ }
+
+ schedule_delayed_work_on(tick_do_timer_cpu,
+ &shepherd_work,
+ __round_jiffies_relative(sysctl_stat_interval,
+ tick_do_timer_cpu));
}

+
+static void start_shepherd_timer(void)
+{
+ INIT_DEFERRABLE_WORK(&shepherd_work, vmstat_shepherd);
+ monitored_cpus = kmalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_cpu_ids) * sizeof(long), __GFP_NOFAIL);
+ cpumask_copy(monitored_cpus, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(tick_do_timer_cpu, monitored_cpus);
+ schedule_delayed_work_on(tick_do_timer_cpu,
+ &shepherd_work, __round_jiffies_relative(sysctl_stat_interval, tick_do_timer_cpu));
+
+}
/*
* Use the cpu notifier to insure that the thresholds are recalculated
* when necessary.
@@ -1233,17 +1305,19 @@ static int vmstat_cpuup_callback(struct
case CPU_ONLINE:
case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
refresh_zone_stat_thresholds();
- start_cpu_timer(cpu);
node_set_state(cpu_to_node(cpu), N_CPU);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus);
break;
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
- cancel_delayed_work_sync(&per_cpu(vmstat_work, cpu));
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus))
+ cancel_delayed_work_sync(&per_cpu(vmstat_work, cpu));
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus);
per_cpu(vmstat_work, cpu).work.func = NULL;
break;
case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
case CPU_DOWN_FAILED_FROZEN:
- start_cpu_timer(cpu);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, monitored_cpus);
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
@@ -1262,12 +1336,8 @@ static struct notifier_block vmstat_noti
static int __init setup_vmstat(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- int cpu;
-
register_cpu_notifier(&vmstat_notifier);
-
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
- start_cpu_timer(cpu);
+ start_shepherd_timer();
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
proc_create("buddyinfo", S_IRUGO, NULL, &fragmentation_file_operations);

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