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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 2/6] memblock: Introduce bottom-up allocation mode
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On Wed, 2013-09-25 at 02:27 +0800, Zhang Yanfei wrote:
> From: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
>
> The Linux kernel cannot migrate pages used by the kernel. As a result, kernel
> pages cannot be hot-removed. So we cannot allocate hotpluggable memory for
> the kernel.
>
> ACPI SRAT (System Resource Affinity Table) contains the memory hotplug info.
> But before SRAT is parsed, memblock has already started to allocate memory
> for the kernel. So we need to prevent memblock from doing this.
>
> In a memory hotplug system, any numa node the kernel resides in should
> be unhotpluggable. And for a modern server, each node could have at least
> 16GB memory. So memory around the kernel image is highly likely unhotpluggable.
>
> So the basic idea is: Allocate memory from the end of the kernel image and
> to the higher memory. Since memory allocation before SRAT is parsed won't
> be too much, it could highly likely be in the same node with kernel image.
>
> The current memblock can only allocate memory top-down. So this patch introduces
> a new bottom-up allocation mode to allocate memory bottom-up. And later
> when we use this allocation direction to allocate memory, we will limit
> the start address above the kernel.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>

:

> /**
> + * __memblock_find_range - find free area utility
> + * @start: start of candidate range
> + * @end: end of candidate range, can be %MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_{ANYWHERE|ACCESSIBLE}
> + * @size: size of free area to find
> + * @align: alignment of free area to find
> + * @nid: nid of the free area to find, %MAX_NUMNODES for any node
> + *
> + * Utility called from memblock_find_in_range_node(), find free area bottom-up.
> + *
> + * RETURNS:
> + * Found address on success, 0 on failure.
> + */
> +static phys_addr_t __init_memblock
> +__memblock_find_range(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end, phys_addr_t size,

Similarly, how about name this function as
__memblock_find_range_bottom_up()?


> + phys_addr_t align, int nid)
> +{
> + phys_addr_t this_start, this_end, cand;
> + u64 i;
> +
> + for_each_free_mem_range(i, nid, &this_start, &this_end, NULL) {
> + this_start = clamp(this_start, start, end);
> + this_end = clamp(this_end, start, end);
> +
> + cand = round_up(this_start, align);
> + if (cand < this_end && this_end - cand >= size)
> + return cand;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> * __memblock_find_range_rev - find free area utility, in reverse order
> * @start: start of candidate range
> * @end: end of candidate range, can be %MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_{ANYWHERE|ACCESSIBLE}
> @@ -93,7 +128,7 @@ static long __init_memblock memblock_overlaps_region(struct memblock_type *type,
> * Utility called from memblock_find_in_range_node(), find free area top-down.
> *
> * RETURNS:
> - * Found address on success, %0 on failure.
> + * Found address on success, 0 on failure.
> */
> static phys_addr_t __init_memblock
> __memblock_find_range_rev(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end,
> @@ -127,13 +162,24 @@ __memblock_find_range_rev(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end,
> *
> * Find @size free area aligned to @align in the specified range and node.
> *
> + * When allocation direction is bottom-up, the @start should be greater
> + * than the end of the kernel image. Otherwise, it will be trimmed. The
> + * reason is that we want the bottom-up allocation just near the kernel
> + * image so it is highly likely that the allocated memory and the kernel
> + * will reside in the same node.
> + *
> + * If bottom-up allocation failed, will try to allocate memory top-down.
> + *
> * RETURNS:
> - * Found address on success, %0 on failure.
> + * Found address on success, 0 on failure.
> */
> phys_addr_t __init_memblock memblock_find_in_range_node(phys_addr_t start,
> phys_addr_t end, phys_addr_t size,
> phys_addr_t align, int nid)
> {
> + int ret;
> + phys_addr_t kernel_end;
> +
> /* pump up @end */
> if (end == MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE)
> end = memblock.current_limit;
> @@ -141,6 +187,37 @@ phys_addr_t __init_memblock memblock_find_in_range_node(phys_addr_t start,
> /* avoid allocating the first page */
> start = max_t(phys_addr_t, start, PAGE_SIZE);
> end = max(start, end);
> + kernel_end = __pa_symbol(_end);

Please address the issue in __pa_symbol() that Andrew pointed out.

Thanks,
-Toshi



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