lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2013]   [Sep]   [27]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 02/63] mm: numa: Document automatic NUMA balancing sysctls
Date
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
---
Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 66 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
index ab7d16e..ccadb52 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
@@ -354,6 +354,72 @@ utilize.

==============================================================

+numa_balancing
+
+Enables/disables automatic page fault based NUMA memory
+balancing. Memory is moved automatically to nodes
+that access it often.
+
+Enables/disables automatic NUMA memory balancing. On NUMA machines, there
+is a performance penalty if remote memory is accessed by a CPU. When this
+feature is enabled the kernel samples what task thread is accessing memory
+by periodically unmapping pages and later trapping a page fault. At the
+time of the page fault, it is determined if the data being accessed should
+be migrated to a local memory node.
+
+The unmapping of pages and trapping faults incur additional overhead that
+ideally is offset by improved memory locality but there is no universal
+guarantee. If the target workload is already bound to NUMA nodes then this
+feature should be disabled. Otherwise, if the system overhead from the
+feature is too high then the rate the kernel samples for NUMA hinting
+faults may be controlled by the numa_balancing_scan_period_min_ms,
+numa_balancing_scan_delay_ms, numa_balancing_scan_period_reset,
+numa_balancing_scan_period_max_ms and numa_balancing_scan_size_mb sysctls.
+
+==============================================================
+
+numa_balancing_scan_period_min_ms, numa_balancing_scan_delay_ms,
+numa_balancing_scan_period_max_ms, numa_balancing_scan_period_reset,
+numa_balancing_scan_size_mb
+
+Automatic NUMA balancing scans tasks address space and unmaps pages to
+detect if pages are properly placed or if the data should be migrated to a
+memory node local to where the task is running. Every "scan delay" the task
+scans the next "scan size" number of pages in its address space. When the
+end of the address space is reached the scanner restarts from the beginning.
+
+In combination, the "scan delay" and "scan size" determine the scan rate.
+When "scan delay" decreases, the scan rate increases. The scan delay and
+hence the scan rate of every task is adaptive and depends on historical
+behaviour. If pages are properly placed then the scan delay increases,
+otherwise the scan delay decreases. The "scan size" is not adaptive but
+the higher the "scan size", the higher the scan rate.
+
+Higher scan rates incur higher system overhead as page faults must be
+trapped and potentially data must be migrated. However, the higher the scan
+rate, the more quickly a tasks memory is migrated to a local node if the
+workload pattern changes and minimises performance impact due to remote
+memory accesses. These sysctls control the thresholds for scan delays and
+the number of pages scanned.
+
+numa_balancing_scan_period_min_ms is the minimum delay in milliseconds
+between scans. It effectively controls the maximum scanning rate for
+each task.
+
+numa_balancing_scan_delay_ms is the starting "scan delay" used for a task
+when it initially forks.
+
+numa_balancing_scan_period_max_ms is the maximum delay between scans. It
+effectively controls the minimum scanning rate for each task.
+
+numa_balancing_scan_size_mb is how many megabytes worth of pages are
+scanned for a given scan.
+
+numa_balancing_scan_period_reset is a blunt instrument that controls how
+often a tasks scan delay is reset to detect sudden changes in task behaviour.
+
+==============================================================
+
osrelease, ostype & version:

# cat osrelease
--
1.8.1.4


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2013-09-27 21:41    [W:0.231 / U:0.684 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site