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Subject[PATCH 01/63] sched: monolithic code dump of what is being pushed upstream
Date
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

So I have the below patch in front of all your patches. It contains the
10 or so sched,fair patches I posted to lkml the other day.

I used these to poke at the group_imb crud, am now digging through
traces of perf bench numa to see if there's anything else I need.

like said on IRC: I boot with ftrace=nop to ensure we allocate properly
sized trace buffers. This can also be done at runtime by switching
active tracer -- this allocates the default buffer size, or by
explicitly setting a per-cpu buffer size in
/debug/tracing/buffer_size_kb. By default the thing allocates a single
page per cpu or something uselessly small like that.

I then run a benchmark and at an appropriate time (eg. when I see
something 'weird' happen) I do something like:

echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_on # disable writing into the buffers
cat /debug/tracing/trace > ~/trace # dump to file
echo 0 > /debug/tracing/trace # reset buffers
echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_on # enable writing to the buffers

[ Note I mount debugfs at /debug, this is not the default location but I
think the rest of the world is wrong ;-) ]

Also, the brain seems to adapt once you're staring at them for longer
than a day -- yay for human pattern recognition skillz.

Ingo tends to favour more verbose dumps, I tend to favour minimal
dumps.. whatever works for you is something you'll learn with
experience.
---
arch/x86/mm/numa.c | 6 +-
kernel/sched/core.c | 18 +-
kernel/sched/fair.c | 498 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------------
kernel/sched/sched.h | 1 +
lib/vsprintf.c | 5 +
5 files changed, 288 insertions(+), 240 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/numa.c b/arch/x86/mm/numa.c
index 8bf93ba..4ed4612 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/numa.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/numa.c
@@ -737,7 +737,6 @@ int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu)
void debug_cpumask_set_cpu(int cpu, int node, bool enable)
{
struct cpumask *mask;
- char buf[64];

if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) {
/* early_cpu_to_node() already emits a warning and trace */
@@ -755,10 +754,9 @@ void debug_cpumask_set_cpu(int cpu, int node, bool enable)
else
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mask);

- cpulist_scnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), mask);
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s cpu %d node %d: mask now %s\n",
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s cpu %d node %d: mask now %pc\n",
enable ? "numa_add_cpu" : "numa_remove_cpu",
- cpu, node, buf);
+ cpu, node, mask);
return;
}

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 05c39f0..f307c2c 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -4809,9 +4809,7 @@ static int sched_domain_debug_one(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu, int level,
struct cpumask *groupmask)
{
struct sched_group *group = sd->groups;
- char str[256];

- cpulist_scnprintf(str, sizeof(str), sched_domain_span(sd));
cpumask_clear(groupmask);

printk(KERN_DEBUG "%*s domain %d: ", level, "", level);
@@ -4824,7 +4822,7 @@ static int sched_domain_debug_one(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu, int level,
return -1;
}

- printk(KERN_CONT "span %s level %s\n", str, sd->name);
+ printk(KERN_CONT "span %pc level %s\n", sched_domain_span(sd), sd->name);

if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd))) {
printk(KERN_ERR "ERROR: domain->span does not contain "
@@ -4870,9 +4868,7 @@ static int sched_domain_debug_one(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu, int level,

cpumask_or(groupmask, groupmask, sched_group_cpus(group));

- cpulist_scnprintf(str, sizeof(str), sched_group_cpus(group));
-
- printk(KERN_CONT " %s", str);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " %pc", sched_group_cpus(group));
if (group->sgp->power != SCHED_POWER_SCALE) {
printk(KERN_CONT " (cpu_power = %d)",
group->sgp->power);
@@ -4964,7 +4960,8 @@ sd_parent_degenerate(struct sched_domain *sd, struct sched_domain *parent)
SD_BALANCE_FORK |
SD_BALANCE_EXEC |
SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER |
- SD_SHARE_PKG_RESOURCES);
+ SD_SHARE_PKG_RESOURCES |
+ SD_PREFER_SIBLING);
if (nr_node_ids == 1)
pflags &= ~SD_SERIALIZE;
}
@@ -5168,6 +5165,13 @@ cpu_attach_domain(struct sched_domain *sd, struct root_domain *rd, int cpu)
tmp->parent = parent->parent;
if (parent->parent)
parent->parent->child = tmp;
+ /*
+ * Transfer SD_PREFER_SIBLING down in case of a
+ * degenerate parent; the spans match for this
+ * so the property transfers.
+ */
+ if (parent->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING)
+ tmp->flags |= SD_PREFER_SIBLING;
destroy_sched_domain(parent, cpu);
} else
tmp = tmp->parent;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 68f1609..f238d49 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -3859,7 +3859,8 @@ static unsigned long __read_mostly max_load_balance_interval = HZ/10;

#define LBF_ALL_PINNED 0x01
#define LBF_NEED_BREAK 0x02
-#define LBF_SOME_PINNED 0x04
+#define LBF_DST_PINNED 0x04
+#define LBF_SOME_PINNED 0x08

struct lb_env {
struct sched_domain *sd;
@@ -3950,6 +3951,8 @@ int can_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, struct lb_env *env)

schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_affine);

+ env->flags |= LBF_SOME_PINNED;
+
/*
* Remember if this task can be migrated to any other cpu in
* our sched_group. We may want to revisit it if we couldn't
@@ -3958,13 +3961,13 @@ int can_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, struct lb_env *env)
* Also avoid computing new_dst_cpu if we have already computed
* one in current iteration.
*/
- if (!env->dst_grpmask || (env->flags & LBF_SOME_PINNED))
+ if (!env->dst_grpmask || (env->flags & LBF_DST_PINNED))
return 0;

/* Prevent to re-select dst_cpu via env's cpus */
for_each_cpu_and(cpu, env->dst_grpmask, env->cpus) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p))) {
- env->flags |= LBF_SOME_PINNED;
+ env->flags |= LBF_DST_PINNED;
env->new_dst_cpu = cpu;
break;
}
@@ -4019,6 +4022,7 @@ static int move_one_task(struct lb_env *env)
continue;

move_task(p, env);
+
/*
* Right now, this is only the second place move_task()
* is called, so we can safely collect move_task()
@@ -4233,50 +4237,65 @@ static unsigned long task_h_load(struct task_struct *p)

/********** Helpers for find_busiest_group ************************/
/*
- * sd_lb_stats - Structure to store the statistics of a sched_domain
- * during load balancing.
- */
-struct sd_lb_stats {
- struct sched_group *busiest; /* Busiest group in this sd */
- struct sched_group *this; /* Local group in this sd */
- unsigned long total_load; /* Total load of all groups in sd */
- unsigned long total_pwr; /* Total power of all groups in sd */
- unsigned long avg_load; /* Average load across all groups in sd */
-
- /** Statistics of this group */
- unsigned long this_load;
- unsigned long this_load_per_task;
- unsigned long this_nr_running;
- unsigned long this_has_capacity;
- unsigned int this_idle_cpus;
-
- /* Statistics of the busiest group */
- unsigned int busiest_idle_cpus;
- unsigned long max_load;
- unsigned long busiest_load_per_task;
- unsigned long busiest_nr_running;
- unsigned long busiest_group_capacity;
- unsigned long busiest_has_capacity;
- unsigned int busiest_group_weight;
-
- int group_imb; /* Is there imbalance in this sd */
-};
-
-/*
* sg_lb_stats - stats of a sched_group required for load_balancing
*/
struct sg_lb_stats {
unsigned long avg_load; /*Avg load across the CPUs of the group */
unsigned long group_load; /* Total load over the CPUs of the group */
- unsigned long sum_nr_running; /* Nr tasks running in the group */
unsigned long sum_weighted_load; /* Weighted load of group's tasks */
- unsigned long group_capacity;
- unsigned long idle_cpus;
- unsigned long group_weight;
+ unsigned long load_per_task;
+ unsigned long group_power;
+ unsigned int sum_nr_running; /* Nr tasks running in the group */
+ unsigned int group_capacity;
+ unsigned int idle_cpus;
+ unsigned int group_weight;
int group_imb; /* Is there an imbalance in the group ? */
int group_has_capacity; /* Is there extra capacity in the group? */
};

+/*
+ * sd_lb_stats - Structure to store the statistics of a sched_domain
+ * during load balancing.
+ */
+struct sd_lb_stats {
+ struct sched_group *busiest; /* Busiest group in this sd */
+ struct sched_group *this; /* Local group in this sd */
+ unsigned long total_load; /* Total load of all groups in sd */
+ unsigned long total_pwr; /* Total power of all groups in sd */
+ unsigned long avg_load; /* Average load across all groups in sd */
+
+ struct sg_lb_stats busiest_stat;/* Statistics of the busiest group */
+ struct sg_lb_stats this_stat; /* Statistics of this group */
+};
+
+static inline void init_sd_lb_stats(struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
+{
+ /*
+ * struct sd_lb_stats {
+ * struct sched_group * busiest; // 0 8
+ * struct sched_group * this; // 8 8
+ * long unsigned int total_load; // 16 8
+ * long unsigned int total_pwr; // 24 8
+ * long unsigned int avg_load; // 32 8
+ * struct sg_lb_stats {
+ * long unsigned int avg_load; // 40 8
+ * long unsigned int group_load; // 48 8
+ * ...
+ * } busiest_stat; // 40 64
+ * struct sg_lb_stats this_stat; // 104 64
+ *
+ * // size: 168, cachelines: 3, members: 7
+ * // last cacheline: 40 bytes
+ * };
+ *
+ * Skimp on the clearing to avoid duplicate work. We can avoid clearing
+ * this_stat because update_sg_lb_stats() does a full clear/assignment.
+ * We must however clear busiest_stat::avg_load because
+ * update_sd_pick_busiest() reads this before assignment.
+ */
+ memset(sds, 0, offsetof(struct sd_lb_stats, busiest_stat.group_load));
+}
+
/**
* get_sd_load_idx - Obtain the load index for a given sched domain.
* @sd: The sched_domain whose load_idx is to be obtained.
@@ -4460,60 +4479,66 @@ fix_small_capacity(struct sched_domain *sd, struct sched_group *group)
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Group imbalance indicates (and tries to solve) the problem where balancing
+ * groups is inadequate due to tsk_cpus_allowed() constraints.
+ *
+ * Imagine a situation of two groups of 4 cpus each and 4 tasks each with a
+ * cpumask covering 1 cpu of the first group and 3 cpus of the second group.
+ * Something like:
+ *
+ * { 0 1 2 3 } { 4 5 6 7 }
+ * * * * *
+ *
+ * If we were to balance group-wise we'd place two tasks in the first group and
+ * two tasks in the second group. Clearly this is undesired as it will overload
+ * cpu 3 and leave one of the cpus in the second group unused.
+ *
+ * The current solution to this issue is detecting the skew in the first group
+ * by noticing the lower domain failed to reach balance and had difficulty
+ * moving tasks due to affinity constraints.
+ *
+ * When this is so detected; this group becomes a candidate for busiest; see
+ * update_sd_pick_busiest(). And calculcate_imbalance() and
+ * find_busiest_group() avoid some of the usual balance conditions to allow it
+ * to create an effective group imbalance.
+ *
+ * This is a somewhat tricky proposition since the next run might not find the
+ * group imbalance and decide the groups need to be balanced again. A most
+ * subtle and fragile situation.
+ */
+
+static inline int sg_imbalanced(struct sched_group *group)
+{
+ return group->sgp->imbalance;
+}
+
/**
* update_sg_lb_stats - Update sched_group's statistics for load balancing.
* @env: The load balancing environment.
* @group: sched_group whose statistics are to be updated.
* @load_idx: Load index of sched_domain of this_cpu for load calc.
* @local_group: Does group contain this_cpu.
- * @balance: Should we balance.
* @sgs: variable to hold the statistics for this group.
*/
static inline void update_sg_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
struct sched_group *group, int load_idx,
- int local_group, int *balance, struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
+ int local_group, struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
{
- unsigned long nr_running, max_nr_running, min_nr_running;
- unsigned long load, max_cpu_load, min_cpu_load;
- unsigned int balance_cpu = -1, first_idle_cpu = 0;
- unsigned long avg_load_per_task = 0;
+ unsigned long nr_running;
+ unsigned long load;
int i;

- if (local_group)
- balance_cpu = group_balance_cpu(group);
-
- /* Tally up the load of all CPUs in the group */
- max_cpu_load = 0;
- min_cpu_load = ~0UL;
- max_nr_running = 0;
- min_nr_running = ~0UL;
-
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), env->cpus) {
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(i);

nr_running = rq->nr_running;

/* Bias balancing toward cpus of our domain */
- if (local_group) {
- if (idle_cpu(i) && !first_idle_cpu &&
- cpumask_test_cpu(i, sched_group_mask(group))) {
- first_idle_cpu = 1;
- balance_cpu = i;
- }
-
+ if (local_group)
load = target_load(i, load_idx);
- } else {
+ else
load = source_load(i, load_idx);
- if (load > max_cpu_load)
- max_cpu_load = load;
- if (min_cpu_load > load)
- min_cpu_load = load;
-
- if (nr_running > max_nr_running)
- max_nr_running = nr_running;
- if (min_nr_running > nr_running)
- min_nr_running = nr_running;
- }

sgs->group_load += load;
sgs->sum_nr_running += nr_running;
@@ -4522,46 +4547,25 @@ static inline void update_sg_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
sgs->idle_cpus++;
}

- /*
- * First idle cpu or the first cpu(busiest) in this sched group
- * is eligible for doing load balancing at this and above
- * domains. In the newly idle case, we will allow all the cpu's
- * to do the newly idle load balance.
- */
- if (local_group) {
- if (env->idle != CPU_NEWLY_IDLE) {
- if (balance_cpu != env->dst_cpu) {
- *balance = 0;
- return;
- }
- update_group_power(env->sd, env->dst_cpu);
- } else if (time_after_eq(jiffies, group->sgp->next_update))
- update_group_power(env->sd, env->dst_cpu);
- }
+ if (local_group && (env->idle != CPU_NEWLY_IDLE ||
+ time_after_eq(jiffies, group->sgp->next_update)))
+ update_group_power(env->sd, env->dst_cpu);

/* Adjust by relative CPU power of the group */
- sgs->avg_load = (sgs->group_load*SCHED_POWER_SCALE) / group->sgp->power;
+ sgs->group_power = group->sgp->power;
+ sgs->avg_load = (sgs->group_load*SCHED_POWER_SCALE) / sgs->group_power;

- /*
- * Consider the group unbalanced when the imbalance is larger
- * than the average weight of a task.
- *
- * APZ: with cgroup the avg task weight can vary wildly and
- * might not be a suitable number - should we keep a
- * normalized nr_running number somewhere that negates
- * the hierarchy?
- */
if (sgs->sum_nr_running)
- avg_load_per_task = sgs->sum_weighted_load / sgs->sum_nr_running;
+ sgs->load_per_task = sgs->sum_weighted_load / sgs->sum_nr_running;

- if ((max_cpu_load - min_cpu_load) >= avg_load_per_task &&
- (max_nr_running - min_nr_running) > 1)
- sgs->group_imb = 1;
+ sgs->group_imb = sg_imbalanced(group);
+
+ sgs->group_capacity =
+ DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(sgs->group_power, SCHED_POWER_SCALE);

- sgs->group_capacity = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(group->sgp->power,
- SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
if (!sgs->group_capacity)
sgs->group_capacity = fix_small_capacity(env->sd, group);
+
sgs->group_weight = group->group_weight;

if (sgs->group_capacity > sgs->sum_nr_running)
@@ -4586,7 +4590,7 @@ static bool update_sd_pick_busiest(struct lb_env *env,
struct sched_group *sg,
struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
{
- if (sgs->avg_load <= sds->max_load)
+ if (sgs->avg_load <= sds->busiest_stat.avg_load)
return false;

if (sgs->sum_nr_running > sgs->group_capacity)
@@ -4619,11 +4623,11 @@ static bool update_sd_pick_busiest(struct lb_env *env,
* @sds: variable to hold the statistics for this sched_domain.
*/
static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
- int *balance, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
+ struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
{
struct sched_domain *child = env->sd->child;
struct sched_group *sg = env->sd->groups;
- struct sg_lb_stats sgs;
+ struct sg_lb_stats tmp_sgs;
int load_idx, prefer_sibling = 0;

if (child && child->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING)
@@ -4632,17 +4636,17 @@ static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
load_idx = get_sd_load_idx(env->sd, env->idle);

do {
+ struct sg_lb_stats *sgs = &tmp_sgs;
int local_group;

local_group = cpumask_test_cpu(env->dst_cpu, sched_group_cpus(sg));
- memset(&sgs, 0, sizeof(sgs));
- update_sg_lb_stats(env, sg, load_idx, local_group, balance, &sgs);
-
- if (local_group && !(*balance))
- return;
+ if (local_group) {
+ sds->this = sg;
+ sgs = &sds->this_stat;
+ }

- sds->total_load += sgs.group_load;
- sds->total_pwr += sg->sgp->power;
+ memset(sgs, 0, sizeof(*sgs));
+ update_sg_lb_stats(env, sg, load_idx, local_group, sgs);

/*
* In case the child domain prefers tasks go to siblings
@@ -4654,26 +4658,17 @@ static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
* heaviest group when it is already under-utilized (possible
* with a large weight task outweighs the tasks on the system).
*/
- if (prefer_sibling && !local_group && sds->this_has_capacity)
- sgs.group_capacity = min(sgs.group_capacity, 1UL);
+ if (prefer_sibling && !local_group &&
+ sds->this && sds->this_stat.group_has_capacity)
+ sgs->group_capacity = min(sgs->group_capacity, 1U);

- if (local_group) {
- sds->this_load = sgs.avg_load;
- sds->this = sg;
- sds->this_nr_running = sgs.sum_nr_running;
- sds->this_load_per_task = sgs.sum_weighted_load;
- sds->this_has_capacity = sgs.group_has_capacity;
- sds->this_idle_cpus = sgs.idle_cpus;
- } else if (update_sd_pick_busiest(env, sds, sg, &sgs)) {
- sds->max_load = sgs.avg_load;
+ /* Now, start updating sd_lb_stats */
+ sds->total_load += sgs->group_load;
+ sds->total_pwr += sgs->group_power;
+
+ if (!local_group && update_sd_pick_busiest(env, sds, sg, sgs)) {
sds->busiest = sg;
- sds->busiest_nr_running = sgs.sum_nr_running;
- sds->busiest_idle_cpus = sgs.idle_cpus;
- sds->busiest_group_capacity = sgs.group_capacity;
- sds->busiest_load_per_task = sgs.sum_weighted_load;
- sds->busiest_has_capacity = sgs.group_has_capacity;
- sds->busiest_group_weight = sgs.group_weight;
- sds->group_imb = sgs.group_imb;
+ sds->busiest_stat = *sgs;
}

sg = sg->next;
@@ -4718,7 +4713,8 @@ static int check_asym_packing(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
return 0;

env->imbalance = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(
- sds->max_load * sds->busiest->sgp->power, SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
+ sds->busiest_stat.avg_load * sds->busiest_stat.group_power,
+ SCHED_POWER_SCALE);

return 1;
}
@@ -4736,24 +4732,23 @@ void fix_small_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
unsigned long tmp, pwr_now = 0, pwr_move = 0;
unsigned int imbn = 2;
unsigned long scaled_busy_load_per_task;
+ struct sg_lb_stats *this, *busiest;

- if (sds->this_nr_running) {
- sds->this_load_per_task /= sds->this_nr_running;
- if (sds->busiest_load_per_task >
- sds->this_load_per_task)
- imbn = 1;
- } else {
- sds->this_load_per_task =
- cpu_avg_load_per_task(env->dst_cpu);
- }
+ this = &sds->this_stat;
+ busiest = &sds->busiest_stat;

- scaled_busy_load_per_task = sds->busiest_load_per_task
- * SCHED_POWER_SCALE;
- scaled_busy_load_per_task /= sds->busiest->sgp->power;
+ if (!this->sum_nr_running)
+ this->load_per_task = cpu_avg_load_per_task(env->dst_cpu);
+ else if (busiest->load_per_task > this->load_per_task)
+ imbn = 1;

- if (sds->max_load - sds->this_load + scaled_busy_load_per_task >=
- (scaled_busy_load_per_task * imbn)) {
- env->imbalance = sds->busiest_load_per_task;
+ scaled_busy_load_per_task =
+ (busiest->load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) /
+ busiest->group_power;
+
+ if (busiest->avg_load - this->avg_load + scaled_busy_load_per_task >=
+ (scaled_busy_load_per_task * imbn)) {
+ env->imbalance = busiest->load_per_task;
return;
}

@@ -4763,34 +4758,37 @@ void fix_small_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
* moving them.
*/

- pwr_now += sds->busiest->sgp->power *
- min(sds->busiest_load_per_task, sds->max_load);
- pwr_now += sds->this->sgp->power *
- min(sds->this_load_per_task, sds->this_load);
+ pwr_now += busiest->group_power *
+ min(busiest->load_per_task, busiest->avg_load);
+ pwr_now += this->group_power *
+ min(this->load_per_task, this->avg_load);
pwr_now /= SCHED_POWER_SCALE;

/* Amount of load we'd subtract */
- tmp = (sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) /
- sds->busiest->sgp->power;
- if (sds->max_load > tmp)
- pwr_move += sds->busiest->sgp->power *
- min(sds->busiest_load_per_task, sds->max_load - tmp);
+ tmp = (busiest->load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) /
+ busiest->group_power;
+ if (busiest->avg_load > tmp) {
+ pwr_move += busiest->group_power *
+ min(busiest->load_per_task,
+ busiest->avg_load - tmp);
+ }

/* Amount of load we'd add */
- if (sds->max_load * sds->busiest->sgp->power <
- sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE)
- tmp = (sds->max_load * sds->busiest->sgp->power) /
- sds->this->sgp->power;
- else
- tmp = (sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) /
- sds->this->sgp->power;
- pwr_move += sds->this->sgp->power *
- min(sds->this_load_per_task, sds->this_load + tmp);
+ if (busiest->avg_load * busiest->group_power <
+ busiest->load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) {
+ tmp = (busiest->avg_load * busiest->group_power) /
+ this->group_power;
+ } else {
+ tmp = (busiest->load_per_task * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) /
+ this->group_power;
+ }
+ pwr_move += this->group_power *
+ min(this->load_per_task, this->avg_load + tmp);
pwr_move /= SCHED_POWER_SCALE;

/* Move if we gain throughput */
if (pwr_move > pwr_now)
- env->imbalance = sds->busiest_load_per_task;
+ env->imbalance = busiest->load_per_task;
}

/**
@@ -4802,11 +4800,18 @@ void fix_small_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
{
unsigned long max_pull, load_above_capacity = ~0UL;
+ struct sg_lb_stats *this, *busiest;

- sds->busiest_load_per_task /= sds->busiest_nr_running;
- if (sds->group_imb) {
- sds->busiest_load_per_task =
- min(sds->busiest_load_per_task, sds->avg_load);
+ this = &sds->this_stat;
+ busiest = &sds->busiest_stat;
+
+ if (busiest->group_imb) {
+ /*
+ * In the group_imb case we cannot rely on group-wide averages
+ * to ensure cpu-load equilibrium, look at wider averages. XXX
+ */
+ busiest->load_per_task =
+ min(busiest->load_per_task, sds->avg_load);
}

/*
@@ -4814,21 +4819,22 @@ static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *s
* max load less than avg load(as we skip the groups at or below
* its cpu_power, while calculating max_load..)
*/
- if (sds->max_load < sds->avg_load) {
+ if (busiest->avg_load < sds->avg_load) {
env->imbalance = 0;
return fix_small_imbalance(env, sds);
}

- if (!sds->group_imb) {
+ if (!busiest->group_imb) {
/*
* Don't want to pull so many tasks that a group would go idle.
+ * Except of course for the group_imb case, since then we might
+ * have to drop below capacity to reach cpu-load equilibrium.
*/
- load_above_capacity = (sds->busiest_nr_running -
- sds->busiest_group_capacity);
+ load_above_capacity =
+ (busiest->sum_nr_running - busiest->group_capacity);

load_above_capacity *= (SCHED_LOAD_SCALE * SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
-
- load_above_capacity /= sds->busiest->sgp->power;
+ load_above_capacity /= busiest->group_power;
}

/*
@@ -4838,15 +4844,14 @@ static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *s
* we also don't want to reduce the group load below the group capacity
* (so that we can implement power-savings policies etc). Thus we look
* for the minimum possible imbalance.
- * Be careful of negative numbers as they'll appear as very large values
- * with unsigned longs.
*/
- max_pull = min(sds->max_load - sds->avg_load, load_above_capacity);
+ max_pull = min(busiest->avg_load - sds->avg_load, load_above_capacity);

/* How much load to actually move to equalise the imbalance */
- env->imbalance = min(max_pull * sds->busiest->sgp->power,
- (sds->avg_load - sds->this_load) * sds->this->sgp->power)
- / SCHED_POWER_SCALE;
+ env->imbalance = min(
+ max_pull * busiest->group_power,
+ (sds->avg_load - this->avg_load) * this->group_power
+ ) / SCHED_POWER_SCALE;

/*
* if *imbalance is less than the average load per runnable task
@@ -4854,9 +4859,8 @@ static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *s
* a think about bumping its value to force at least one task to be
* moved
*/
- if (env->imbalance < sds->busiest_load_per_task)
+ if (env->imbalance < busiest->load_per_task)
return fix_small_imbalance(env, sds);
-
}

/******* find_busiest_group() helpers end here *********************/
@@ -4872,69 +4876,62 @@ static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *s
* to restore balance.
*
* @env: The load balancing environment.
- * @balance: Pointer to a variable indicating if this_cpu
- * is the appropriate cpu to perform load balancing at this_level.
*
* Return: - The busiest group if imbalance exists.
* - If no imbalance and user has opted for power-savings balance,
* return the least loaded group whose CPUs can be
* put to idle by rebalancing its tasks onto our group.
*/
-static struct sched_group *
-find_busiest_group(struct lb_env *env, int *balance)
+static struct sched_group *find_busiest_group(struct lb_env *env)
{
+ struct sg_lb_stats *this, *busiest;
struct sd_lb_stats sds;

- memset(&sds, 0, sizeof(sds));
+ init_sd_lb_stats(&sds);

/*
* Compute the various statistics relavent for load balancing at
* this level.
*/
- update_sd_lb_stats(env, balance, &sds);
-
- /*
- * this_cpu is not the appropriate cpu to perform load balancing at
- * this level.
- */
- if (!(*balance))
- goto ret;
+ update_sd_lb_stats(env, &sds);
+ this = &sds.this_stat;
+ busiest = &sds.busiest_stat;

if ((env->idle == CPU_IDLE || env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE) &&
check_asym_packing(env, &sds))
return sds.busiest;

/* There is no busy sibling group to pull tasks from */
- if (!sds.busiest || sds.busiest_nr_running == 0)
+ if (!sds.busiest || busiest->sum_nr_running == 0)
goto out_balanced;

sds.avg_load = (SCHED_POWER_SCALE * sds.total_load) / sds.total_pwr;

/*
* If the busiest group is imbalanced the below checks don't
- * work because they assumes all things are equal, which typically
+ * work because they assume all things are equal, which typically
* isn't true due to cpus_allowed constraints and the like.
*/
- if (sds.group_imb)
+ if (busiest->group_imb)
goto force_balance;

/* SD_BALANCE_NEWIDLE trumps SMP nice when underutilized */
- if (env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE && sds.this_has_capacity &&
- !sds.busiest_has_capacity)
+ if (env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE && this->group_has_capacity &&
+ !busiest->group_has_capacity)
goto force_balance;

/*
* If the local group is more busy than the selected busiest group
* don't try and pull any tasks.
*/
- if (sds.this_load >= sds.max_load)
+ if (this->avg_load >= busiest->avg_load)
goto out_balanced;

/*
* Don't pull any tasks if this group is already above the domain
* average load.
*/
- if (sds.this_load >= sds.avg_load)
+ if (this->avg_load >= sds.avg_load)
goto out_balanced;

if (env->idle == CPU_IDLE) {
@@ -4944,15 +4941,16 @@ find_busiest_group(struct lb_env *env, int *balance)
* there is no imbalance between this and busiest group
* wrt to idle cpu's, it is balanced.
*/
- if ((sds.this_idle_cpus <= sds.busiest_idle_cpus + 1) &&
- sds.busiest_nr_running <= sds.busiest_group_weight)
+ if ((this->idle_cpus <= busiest->idle_cpus + 1) &&
+ busiest->sum_nr_running <= busiest->group_weight)
goto out_balanced;
} else {
/*
* In the CPU_NEWLY_IDLE, CPU_NOT_IDLE cases, use
* imbalance_pct to be conservative.
*/
- if (100 * sds.max_load <= env->sd->imbalance_pct * sds.this_load)
+ if (100 * busiest->avg_load <=
+ env->sd->imbalance_pct * this->avg_load)
goto out_balanced;
}

@@ -4962,7 +4960,6 @@ force_balance:
return sds.busiest;

out_balanced:
-ret:
env->imbalance = 0;
return NULL;
}
@@ -4974,10 +4971,10 @@ static struct rq *find_busiest_queue(struct lb_env *env,
struct sched_group *group)
{
struct rq *busiest = NULL, *rq;
- unsigned long max_load = 0;
+ unsigned long busiest_load = 0, busiest_power = SCHED_POWER_SCALE;
int i;

- for_each_cpu(i, sched_group_cpus(group)) {
+ for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), env->cpus) {
unsigned long power = power_of(i);
unsigned long capacity = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(power,
SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
@@ -4986,9 +4983,6 @@ static struct rq *find_busiest_queue(struct lb_env *env,
if (!capacity)
capacity = fix_small_capacity(env->sd, group);

- if (!cpumask_test_cpu(i, env->cpus))
- continue;
-
rq = cpu_rq(i);
wl = weighted_cpuload(i);

@@ -5005,10 +4999,9 @@ static struct rq *find_busiest_queue(struct lb_env *env,
* the load can be moved away from the cpu that is potentially
* running at a lower capacity.
*/
- wl = (wl * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) / power;
-
- if (wl > max_load) {
- max_load = wl;
+ if (wl * busiest_power > busiest_load * power) {
+ busiest_load = wl;
+ busiest_power = power;
busiest = rq;
}
}
@@ -5045,15 +5038,50 @@ static int need_active_balance(struct lb_env *env)

static int active_load_balance_cpu_stop(void *data);

+static int should_we_balance(struct lb_env *env)
+{
+ struct sched_group *sg = env->sd->groups;
+ struct cpumask *sg_cpus, *sg_mask;
+ int cpu, balance_cpu = -1;
+
+ /*
+ * In the newly idle case, we will allow all the cpu's
+ * to do the newly idle load balance.
+ */
+ if (env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE)
+ return 1;
+
+ sg_cpus = sched_group_cpus(sg);
+ sg_mask = sched_group_mask(sg);
+ /* Try to find first idle cpu */
+ for_each_cpu_and(cpu, sg_cpus, env->cpus) {
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sg_mask) || !idle_cpu(cpu))
+ continue;
+
+ balance_cpu = cpu;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (balance_cpu == -1)
+ balance_cpu = group_balance_cpu(sg);
+
+ /*
+ * First idle cpu or the first cpu(busiest) in this sched group
+ * is eligible for doing load balancing at this and above domains.
+ */
+ return balance_cpu == env->dst_cpu;
+}
+
/*
* Check this_cpu to ensure it is balanced within domain. Attempt to move
* tasks if there is an imbalance.
*/
static int load_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
- int *balance)
+ int *should_balance)
{
int ld_moved, cur_ld_moved, active_balance = 0;
+ struct sched_domain *sd_parent = sd->parent;
struct sched_group *group;
struct rq *busiest;
unsigned long flags;
@@ -5080,12 +5108,11 @@ static int load_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq,

schedstat_inc(sd, lb_count[idle]);

-redo:
- group = find_busiest_group(&env, balance);
-
- if (*balance == 0)
+ if (!(*should_balance = should_we_balance(&env)))
goto out_balanced;

+redo:
+ group = find_busiest_group(&env);
if (!group) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[idle]);
goto out_balanced;
@@ -5158,11 +5185,11 @@ more_balance:
* moreover subsequent load balance cycles should correct the
* excess load moved.
*/
- if ((env.flags & LBF_SOME_PINNED) && env.imbalance > 0) {
+ if ((env.flags & LBF_DST_PINNED) && env.imbalance > 0) {

env.dst_rq = cpu_rq(env.new_dst_cpu);
env.dst_cpu = env.new_dst_cpu;
- env.flags &= ~LBF_SOME_PINNED;
+ env.flags &= ~LBF_DST_PINNED;
env.loop = 0;
env.loop_break = sched_nr_migrate_break;

@@ -5176,6 +5203,18 @@ more_balance:
goto more_balance;
}

+ /*
+ * We failed to reach balance because of affinity.
+ */
+ if (sd_parent) {
+ int *group_imbalance = &sd_parent->groups->sgp->imbalance;
+
+ if ((env.flags & LBF_SOME_PINNED) && env.imbalance > 0) {
+ *group_imbalance = 1;
+ } else if (*group_imbalance)
+ *group_imbalance = 0;
+ }
+
/* All tasks on this runqueue were pinned by CPU affinity */
if (unlikely(env.flags & LBF_ALL_PINNED)) {
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu_of(busiest), cpus);
@@ -5298,7 +5337,7 @@ void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
unsigned long interval;
- int balance = 1;
+ int should_balance;

if (!(sd->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
continue;
@@ -5306,7 +5345,8 @@ void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
if (sd->flags & SD_BALANCE_NEWIDLE) {
/* If we've pulled tasks over stop searching: */
pulled_task = load_balance(this_cpu, this_rq,
- sd, CPU_NEWLY_IDLE, &balance);
+ sd, CPU_NEWLY_IDLE,
+ &should_balance);
}

interval = msecs_to_jiffies(sd->balance_interval);
@@ -5544,7 +5584,7 @@ void update_max_interval(void)
*/
static void rebalance_domains(int cpu, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
- int balance = 1;
+ int should_balance = 1;
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long interval;
struct sched_domain *sd;
@@ -5576,9 +5616,9 @@ static void rebalance_domains(int cpu, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
}

if (time_after_eq(jiffies, sd->last_balance + interval)) {
- if (load_balance(cpu, rq, sd, idle, &balance)) {
+ if (load_balance(cpu, rq, sd, idle, &should_balance)) {
/*
- * The LBF_SOME_PINNED logic could have changed
+ * The LBF_DST_PINNED logic could have changed
* env->dst_cpu, so we can't know our idle
* state even if we migrated tasks. Update it.
*/
@@ -5599,7 +5639,7 @@ out:
* CPU in our sched group which is doing load balancing more
* actively.
*/
- if (!balance)
+ if (!should_balance)
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index ef0a7b2..7c17661 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -605,6 +605,7 @@ struct sched_group_power {
*/
unsigned int power, power_orig;
unsigned long next_update;
+ int imbalance; /* XXX unrelated to power but shared group state */
/*
* Number of busy cpus in this group.
*/
diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 739a363..5521015 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/math64.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <net/addrconf.h>

#include <asm/page.h> /* for PAGE_SIZE */
@@ -1142,6 +1143,7 @@ int kptr_restrict __read_mostly;
* The maximum supported length is 64 bytes of the input. Consider
* to use print_hex_dump() for the larger input.
* - 'a' For a phys_addr_t type and its derivative types (passed by reference)
+ * - 'c' For a cpumask list
*
* Note: The difference between 'S' and 'F' is that on ia64 and ppc64
* function pointers are really function descriptors, which contain a
@@ -1253,6 +1255,8 @@ char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr,
spec.base = 16;
return number(buf, end,
(unsigned long long) *((phys_addr_t *)ptr), spec);
+ case 'c':
+ return buf + cpulist_scnprintf(buf, end - buf, ptr);
}
spec.flags |= SMALL;
if (spec.field_width == -1) {
@@ -1494,6 +1498,7 @@ qualifier:
* case.
* %*ph[CDN] a variable-length hex string with a separator (supports up to 64
* bytes of the input)
+ * %pc print a cpumask as comma-separated list
* %n is ignored
*
* ** Please update Documentation/printk-formats.txt when making changes **
--
1.8.1.4


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