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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kernel/groups.c: consider about NULL for 'group_info' in all related extern functions
On 09/23/2013 11:06 PM, Tejun Heo wrote:
> Hello,
>
> (I have no idea about this but Andrew tagged me, probably thinking it
> was related to cgroups, so here it goes ;)
>

First, thank you for spending your time resource to discuss this patch.


> On Tue, Aug 20, 2013 at 11:01:14AM +0800, Chen Gang wrote:
>> groups_alloc() can return NULL for 'group_info', also group_search()
>> already considers about NULL for 'group_info', so can assume the caller
>> has right to use all related extern functions when 'group_info' is NULL.
>>
>> For groups_free(), need check NULL to match groups_alloc(), just like
>> kmalloc/free().
>
> While it is somewhat customary to make free routines handle NULL
> inputs, the convention isn't a very strong one and given that the
> above change doesn't actually benefit any of the existing use cases,
> it seems gratuituous.
>

Hmm... can user be permitted to call other system call (e.g. getgroups)
before call groups_alloc()? (may the user space already give check, but
for our kernel, we can not only depend on their checking).

According to group_alloc() and setgroups() usage in kernel source code,
'group_info' may be not set if kernel/process is running (although user
space may be sure "if kernel is running, 'group_info' must be set").

The below is the proof for "kernel itself can not be sure 'group_info'
must be set during kernel/process is running", please check, thanks.



The related usage of group_alloc() is below:

arch/s390/kernel/compat_linux.c:257: group_info = groups_alloc(gidsetsize);
drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/include/linux/lustre_common.h:10: ginfo = groups_alloc(0);
drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/ptlrpc/service.c:2287: ginfo = groups_alloc(0);
fs/nfsd/auth.c:46: gi = groups_alloc(0);
fs/nfsd/auth.c:55: gi = groups_alloc(rqgi->ngroups);
kernel/uid16.c:184: group_info = groups_alloc(gidsetsize); /* called by setgroups16 */
kernel/groups.c:241: group_info = groups_alloc(gidsetsize); /* called by setgroups */
net/sunrpc/svcauth_unix.c:506: ug.gi = groups_alloc(gids);
net/sunrpc/svcauth_unix.c:752: cred->cr_group_info = groups_alloc(0);
net/sunrpc/svcauth_unix.c:823: cred->cr_group_info = groups_alloc(slen);
net/sunrpc/auth_gss/gss_rpc_xdr.c:218: creds->cr_group_info = groups_alloc(N);
net/sunrpc/auth_gss/svcauth_gss.c:467: rsci.cred.cr_group_info = groups_alloc(N);

except "kernel/*", others are all related with sub-systems or architectures, so we need search 'setgroups'.

The related usage of setgroups() is below:

arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:69:#define __NR_setgroups 1078
arch/ia64/kernel/entry.S:1531: data8 sys_setgroups
arch/ia64/kernel/fsys.S:606: data8 0 // setgroups
arch/microblaze/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:95:#define __NR_setgroups 81 /* ok */
arch/microblaze/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:222:#define __NR_setgroups32 206 /* ok - without 32 */
arch/microblaze/kernel/syscall_table.S:84: .long sys_setgroups
arch/microblaze/kernel/syscall_table.S:209: .long sys_setgroups
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h:105:__SYSCALL(81, sys_setgroups16)
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h:230:__SYSCALL(206, sys_setgroups)
arch/mn10300/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:95:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/mn10300/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:220:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/mn10300/kernel/entry.S:511: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/mn10300/kernel/entry.S:636: .long sys_setgroups
arch/m68k/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:89:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/m68k/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:214:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S:104: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S:229: .long sys_setgroups
arch/sparc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:120:#define __NR_setgroups 80 /* Common */
arch/sparc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:123:#define __NR_setgroups32 82 /* Linux sparc32, setpgrp under SunOS */
arch/sparc/kernel/systbls_64.S:37:/*80*/ .word sys_setgroups16, sys_getpgrp, sys_setgroups, compat_sys_setitimer, sys32_ftruncate64
arch/sparc/kernel/systbls_64.S:115:/*80*/ .word sys_setgroups, sys_getpgrp, sys_nis_syscall, sys_setitimer, sys_nis_syscall
arch/sparc/kernel/systbls_32.S:35:/*80*/ .long sys_setgroups16, sys_getpgrp, sys_setgroups, sys_setitimer, sys_ftruncate64
arch/alpha/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:84:#define __NR_setgroups 80
arch/alpha/kernel/systbls.S:94: .quad sys_setgroups /* 80 */
arch/sh/include/uapi/asm/unistd_64.h:98:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/sh/include/uapi/asm/unistd_64.h:223:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/sh/include/uapi/asm/unistd_32.h:93:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/sh/include/uapi/asm/unistd_32.h:218:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_64.S:104: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_64.S:229: .long sys_setgroups
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_32.S:100: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_32.S:225: .long sys_setgroups
arch/m32r/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:214:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/m32r/include/asm/unistd.h:39:#define __IGNORE_setgroups
arch/m32r/kernel/syscall_table.S:83: .long sys_ni_syscall /* setgroups16 syscall holder */
arch/m32r/kernel/syscall_table.S:208: .long sys_setgroups
arch/xtensa/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:431:#define __NR_setgroups 197
arch/xtensa/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:432:__SYSCALL(197, sys_setgroups, 2)
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:104:#define __NR_setgroups (__NR_Linux + 81)
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:503:#define __NR_setgroups (__NR_Linux + 114)
arch/mips/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:829:#define __NR_setgroups (__NR_Linux + 114)
arch/mips/kernel/scall64-64.S:232: PTR sys_setgroups
arch/mips/kernel/scall64-n32.S:221: PTR sys_setgroups
arch/mips/kernel/scall32-o32.S:317: sys sys_setgroups 2
arch/mips/kernel/scall64-o32.S:276: PTR sys_setgroups
arch/frv/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:89:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/frv/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:215:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/frv/kernel/entry.S:1261: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/frv/kernel/entry.S:1386: .long sys_setgroups
arch/parisc/hpux/sys_hpux.c:561: "setgroups", /* 80 */
arch/parisc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:91:#define __NR_HPUX_setgroups 80
arch/parisc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:574:#define __NR_setgroups (__NR_Linux + 81)
arch/parisc/kernel/syscall_table.S:155: ENTRY_SAME(setgroups)
arch/s390/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:305:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/s390/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:332:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/s390/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:360:#define __NR_setgroups 206
arch/s390/kernel/compat_linux.c:247:asmlinkage long sys32_setgroups16(int gidsetsize, u16 __user *grouplist)
arch/s390/kernel/compat_wrapper.S:276:ENTRY(sys32_setgroups16_wrapper)
arch/s390/kernel/compat_wrapper.S:279: jg sys32_setgroups16 # branch to system call
arch/s390/kernel/compat_wrapper.S:696:ENTRY(sys32_setgroups_wrapper)
arch/s390/kernel/compat_wrapper.S:699: jg sys_setgroups # branch to system call
arch/s390/kernel/syscalls.S:92:SYSCALL(sys_setgroups16,sys_ni_syscall,sys32_setgroups16_wrapper) /* old setgroups16 syscall */
arch/s390/kernel/syscalls.S:217:SYSCALL(sys_setgroups,sys_setgroups,sys32_setgroups_wrapper)
arch/s390/kernel/compat_linux.h:92:long sys32_setgroups16(int gidsetsize, u16 __user *grouplist);
arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:94:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/powerpc/include/asm/systbl.h:88:SYSCALL_SPU(setgroups)
arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:109:#define __NR_setgroups (__NR_SYSCALL_BASE+ 81)
arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:234:#define __NR_setgroups32 (__NR_SYSCALL_BASE+206)
arch/arm/kernel/calls.S:93: CALL(sys_setgroups16)
arch/arm/kernel/calls.S:218: CALL(sys_setgroups)
arch/cris/arch-v10/kernel/entry.S:687: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/cris/arch-v10/kernel/entry.S:812: .long sys_setgroups
arch/cris/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:89:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/cris/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:214:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/cris/arch-v32/kernel/entry.S:633: .long sys_setgroups16
arch/cris/arch-v32/kernel/entry.S:758: .long sys_setgroups
arch/avr32/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:96:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/avr32/kernel/syscall_table.S:97: .long sys_setgroups
arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl:90:81 i386 setgroups sys_setgroups16
arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl:215:206 i386 setgroups32 sys_setgroups
arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl:125:116 common setgroups sys_setgroups
arch/blackfin/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:93:#define __NR_setgroups 81
arch/blackfin/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h:218:#define __NR_setgroups32 206
arch/blackfin/mach-common/entry.S:1395: .long _sys_setgroups /* setgroups16 */
arch/blackfin/mach-common/entry.S:1520: .long _sys_setgroups
include/uapi/linux/capability.h:134:/* Allows setgroups(2) */
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h:456:#define __NR_setgroups 159
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h:457:__SYSCALL(__NR_setgroups, sys_setgroups)
include/linux/syscalls.h:236:asmlinkage long sys_setgroups(int gidsetsize, gid_t __user *grouplist);
include/linux/syscalls.h:521:asmlinkage long sys_setgroups16(int gidsetsize, old_gid_t __user *grouplist);
kernel/sys_ni.c:132:cond_syscall(sys_setgroups16);
kernel/uid16.c:174:SYSCALL_DEFINE2(setgroups16, int, gidsetsize, old_gid_t __user *, grouplist)
kernel/groups.c:231:SYSCALL_DEFINE2(setgroups, int, gidsetsize, gid_t __user *, grouplist)

all of them are for definitions or declarations.

The related conclusion:

during kernel startup or process creation, kernel does not intend to set 'group_info'.


>> For set_groups(), can allow the caller to set NULL parameter to new
>> 'cred'.
>>
>> For system call getgroups(), if 'cred->group_info' is NULL, need return
>> the related error code (no related data), also need change the related
>> man page ("man 2 getgroups") to complete the return value.
>
> How can cred->group_info be NULL? Can you please describe what issue
> this patch is trying to solve / improve? The patch description
> explains what's being changed but doesn't really offer why such
> changes are being made. Can you please explain why this change is
> beneficial?
>

In extern function groups_search (which also called by export function
in_group_p and in_egroup_p), it checks "if 'cred->group_info' is NULL".

So "kernel/groups.c" have 9 extern/export/system-call functions, and
4/9 notice about "if 'cred->group_info' is NULL" (e.g. groups_alloc,
groups_search, in_group_p, in_egroup_p).

So for API self-consistency, all of extern/export/system-call functions
need notice about it.

> Thanks.
>

Thanks
--
Chen Gang


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