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SubjectRe: [RFC GIT PULL] softirq: Consolidation and stack overrun fix
On Sun, 2013-09-22 at 15:22 -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> - use %r13 for the per-thread thread-info pointer instead. A
> per-thread pointer is *not* volatile like the per-cpu base is.


> Alternatively, make %r13 point to the percpu side, but make sure that
> you always use an asm accessor to fetch the value. In particular, I
> think you need to make __my_cpu_offset be an inline asm that fetches
> %r13 into some other register. Otherwise you can never get it right.

BTW, that boils down to a choice between using r13 as either a TLS for
current or current_thread_info, or as a per-cpu pointer, which one is
the most performance critical ?

Now in the first case, it seems to me that using it as "current" rather
than "current_thread_info()" is a better idea since we access current a
LOT more overall in the kernel, from there we can find a way to put
thread_info into task struct (via thread struct maybe) to make it a
simple offset from current.

The big pro of that approach is of course that r13 becomes the TLS as
intended, and we can feel a lot more comfortable that we are "safe" vs.
whatever crazyness gcc will come up with next.

The flip side is that per-cpu will remain a load away, so getting the
address of a per-cpu variable would typically be a 3 instruction deal
involving a load and a pair of adds to get to the address, then the
actual per-cpu access proper. This is equivalent to what we have today
(we put the per-cpu offset in the PACA). Using r13 as per-cpu allows to
avoid that first load.

So what's the most worthwhile thing to do here ? I'm leaning toward 1,
ie, stick current in r13 and feel a lot safer about it (I won't have to
scrutinize generated code all over the place to convince myself things
aren't crossing the barriers), and if the thread_info is in the task
struct, that makes accessing it really trivial & fast as well.


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