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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/6] qemu: Add support for emulated CPU features
(CCing qemu-devel and libvir-list)

On Sun, Sep 22, 2013 at 04:44:55PM +0200, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> From: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
>
> Add support for the KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID ioctl and leave feature bits
> enabled, when requested by userspace, if kvm emulates them.
>
> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

This will break some assumptions about the semantics of "-cpu host",
that today means "enable every single feature that can be enabled in the
host". This, in turn, breaks the assumption that "-cpu host" can be used
by libvirt to get information about all CPU features supported by the
host.

So, I have two questions:

1) Should "-cpu host" enable GET_EMULATED_CPUID features? (I believe the
answer is "no");
2) If not, we need a new mechanism to let libvirt know which features
can be enabled on a host (in a way that would allow libvirt to
easily calculate the set of possible destination hosts to which a VM
can be migrated, before deciding to migrate it).

This interface is getting complex enough for me to consider simply
asking libvirt developers to call GET_EMULATED_CPUID and
GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID directly, instead of asking QEMU for information.
But if libvirt does that, it needs a way to know if it's running a QEMU
version that supports GET_EMULATED_CPUID, or an old version that
supports only GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID.

Another alternative is to simply let libvirt ignore GET_EMULATED_CPUID
by now, and treat GET_EMULATED_CPUID features as not supported by the
host. But then it will break the use cases that prompted the creation of
GET_EMULATED_CPUID in the first place.

> ---
> include/sysemu/kvm.h | 4 ++++
> linux-headers/linux/kvm.h | 4 ++++
> target-i386/cpu.c | 7 +++++++
> target-i386/kvm.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 4 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/sysemu/kvm.h b/include/sysemu/kvm.h
> index 9bbe3db1464e..8eda1ada848a 100644
> --- a/include/sysemu/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/sysemu/kvm.h
> @@ -265,6 +265,10 @@ int kvm_check_extension(KVMState *s, unsigned int extension);
>
> uint32_t kvm_arch_get_supported_cpuid(KVMState *env, uint32_t function,
> uint32_t index, int reg);
> +
> +uint32_t kvm_arch_get_emulated_cpuid(KVMState *env, uint32_t function,
> + uint32_t index, int reg);
> +
> void kvm_cpu_synchronize_state(CPUState *cpu);
>
> /* generic hooks - to be moved/refactored once there are more users */
> diff --git a/linux-headers/linux/kvm.h b/linux-headers/linux/kvm.h
> index c614070662e1..edc8f2db1f8d 100644
> --- a/linux-headers/linux/kvm.h
> +++ b/linux-headers/linux/kvm.h
> @@ -541,6 +541,7 @@ struct kvm_ppc_smmu_info {
> #define KVM_TRACE_ENABLE __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_W_0x06
> #define KVM_TRACE_PAUSE __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x07
> #define KVM_TRACE_DISABLE __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x08
> +#define KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x09, struct kvm_cpuid2)
>
> /*
> * Extension capability list.
> @@ -666,6 +667,9 @@ struct kvm_ppc_smmu_info {
> #define KVM_CAP_IRQ_MPIC 90
> #define KVM_CAP_PPC_RTAS 91
> #define KVM_CAP_IRQ_XICS 92
> +#define KVM_CAP_ARM_EL1_32BIT 93
> +#define KVM_CAP_SPAPR_MULTITCE 94
> +#define KVM_CAP_EXT_EMUL_CPUID 95
>
> #ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
>
> diff --git a/target-i386/cpu.c b/target-i386/cpu.c
> index c36345e426d7..5406348ceb4a 100644
> --- a/target-i386/cpu.c
> +++ b/target-i386/cpu.c
> @@ -1850,7 +1850,14 @@ static void filter_features_for_kvm(X86CPU *cpu)
> wi->cpuid_ecx,
> wi->cpuid_reg);
> uint32_t requested_features = env->features[w];
> +
> + uint32_t emul_features = kvm_arch_get_emulated_cpuid(s, wi->cpuid_eax,
> + wi->cpuid_ecx,
> + wi->cpuid_reg);
> +
> env->features[w] &= host_feat;
> + env->features[w] |= (requested_features & emul_features);
> +

I find the above logic confusing: you remove a few bits just to re-add
them later. Isn't easier and simpler to simply do:
env->features[w] &= (host_feat | emul_features);
?

> cpu->filtered_features[w] = requested_features & ~env->features[w];
> }
> }
> diff --git a/target-i386/kvm.c b/target-i386/kvm.c
> index 749aa09a21a6..7f598f01bda5 100644
> --- a/target-i386/kvm.c
> +++ b/target-i386/kvm.c
> @@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ bool kvm_allows_irq0_override(void)
> return !kvm_irqchip_in_kernel() || kvm_has_gsi_routing();
> }
>
> -static struct kvm_cpuid2 *try_get_cpuid(KVMState *s, int max)
> +static struct kvm_cpuid2 *try_get_cpuid(KVMState *s, int ioctl, int max)
> {
> struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid;
> int r, size;
> @@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ static struct kvm_cpuid2 *try_get_cpuid(KVMState *s, int max)
> size = sizeof(*cpuid) + max * sizeof(*cpuid->entries);
> cpuid = (struct kvm_cpuid2 *)g_malloc0(size);
> cpuid->nent = max;
> - r = kvm_ioctl(s, KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID, cpuid);
> + r = kvm_ioctl(s, ioctl, cpuid);
> if (r == 0 && cpuid->nent >= max) {
> r = -E2BIG;
> }
> @@ -97,7 +97,10 @@ static struct kvm_cpuid2 *try_get_cpuid(KVMState *s, int max)
> g_free(cpuid);
> return NULL;
> } else {
> - fprintf(stderr, "KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID failed: %s\n",
> + fprintf(stderr, "%s failed: %s\n",
> + (ioctl == (int)KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID
> + ? "KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID"
> + : "KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID"),
> strerror(-r));
> exit(1);
> }
> @@ -112,7 +115,17 @@ static struct kvm_cpuid2 *get_supported_cpuid(KVMState *s)
> {
> struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid;
> int max = 1;
> - while ((cpuid = try_get_cpuid(s, max)) == NULL) {
> + while ((cpuid = try_get_cpuid(s, KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID, max)) == NULL) {
> + max *= 2;
> + }
> + return cpuid;
> +}
> +
> +static struct kvm_cpuid2 *get_emulated_cpuid(KVMState *s)
> +{
> + struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid;
> + int max = 1;
> + while ((cpuid = try_get_cpuid(s, KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID, max)) == NULL) {
> max *= 2;
> }
> return cpuid;
> @@ -241,6 +254,23 @@ uint32_t kvm_arch_get_supported_cpuid(KVMState *s, uint32_t function,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +uint32_t kvm_arch_get_emulated_cpuid(KVMState *s, uint32_t function,
> + uint32_t index, int reg)
> +{
> + struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid __attribute__((unused));
> +
> + if (!kvm_check_extension(s, KVM_CAP_EXT_EMUL_CPUID))
> + return 0;
> +
> + cpuid = get_emulated_cpuid(s);
> +
> + struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry = cpuid_find_entry(cpuid, function, index);
> + if (entry)
> + return cpuid_entry_get_reg(entry, reg);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> typedef struct HWPoisonPage {
> ram_addr_t ram_addr;
> QLIST_ENTRY(HWPoisonPage) list;
> --
> 1.8.4
>
> --
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--
Eduardo


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