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Subject[tip:sched/core] sched/balancing: Consider max cost of idle balance per sched domain
Commit-ID:  9bd721c55c8a886b938a45198aab0ccb52f1f7fa
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/9bd721c55c8a886b938a45198aab0ccb52f1f7fa
Author: Jason Low <jason.low2@hp.com>
AuthorDate: Fri, 13 Sep 2013 11:26:52 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Fri, 20 Sep 2013 12:03:44 +0200

sched/balancing: Consider max cost of idle balance per sched domain

In this patch, we keep track of the max cost we spend doing idle load balancing
for each sched domain. If the avg time the CPU remains idle is less then the
time we have already spent on idle balancing + the max cost of idle balancing
in the sched domain, then we don't continue to attempt the balance. We also
keep a per rq variable, max_idle_balance_cost, which keeps track of the max
time spent on newidle load balances throughout all its domains so that we can
determine the avg_idle's max value.

By using the max, we avoid overrunning the average. This further reduces the
chance we attempt balancing when the CPU is not idle for longer than the cost
to balance.

Signed-off-by: Jason Low <jason.low2@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1379096813-3032-3-git-send-email-jason.low2@hp.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/metag/include/asm/topology.h | 1 +
include/linux/sched.h | 1 +
include/linux/topology.h | 3 +++
kernel/sched/core.c | 3 ++-
kernel/sched/fair.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
kernel/sched/sched.h | 3 +++
6 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/topology.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/topology.h
index 23f5118..db19292 100644
--- a/arch/metag/include/asm/topology.h
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/topology.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
.last_balance = jiffies, \
.balance_interval = 1, \
.nr_balance_failed = 0, \
+ .max_newidle_lb_cost = 0, \
}

#define cpu_to_node(cpu) ((void)(cpu), 0)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 6682da3..be078ff 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -810,6 +810,7 @@ struct sched_domain {
unsigned int nr_balance_failed; /* initialise to 0 */

u64 last_update;
+ u64 max_newidle_lb_cost;

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/* load_balance() stats */
diff --git a/include/linux/topology.h b/include/linux/topology.h
index d3cf0d6..e2a2c3d 100644
--- a/include/linux/topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/topology.h
@@ -106,6 +106,7 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void);
.last_balance = jiffies, \
.balance_interval = 1, \
.smt_gain = 1178, /* 15% */ \
+ .max_newidle_lb_cost = 0, \
}
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_SMT */
@@ -135,6 +136,7 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void);
, \
.last_balance = jiffies, \
.balance_interval = 1, \
+ .max_newidle_lb_cost = 0, \
}
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC */
@@ -166,6 +168,7 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void);
, \
.last_balance = jiffies, \
.balance_interval = 1, \
+ .max_newidle_lb_cost = 0, \
}
#endif

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 048f39e..c2283c5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1330,7 +1330,7 @@ ttwu_do_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)

if (rq->idle_stamp) {
u64 delta = rq_clock(rq) - rq->idle_stamp;
- u64 max = 2*sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
+ u64 max = 2*rq->max_idle_balance_cost;

update_avg(&rq->avg_idle, delta);

@@ -6506,6 +6506,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
rq->online = 0;
rq->idle_stamp = 0;
rq->avg_idle = 2*sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
+ rq->max_idle_balance_cost = sysctl_sched_migration_cost;

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->cfs_tasks);

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 0784ab6..ffc99d8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -5396,6 +5396,7 @@ void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
struct sched_domain *sd;
int pulled_task = 0;
unsigned long next_balance = jiffies + HZ;
+ u64 curr_cost = 0;

this_rq->idle_stamp = rq_clock(this_rq);

@@ -5412,15 +5413,27 @@ void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
unsigned long interval;
int continue_balancing = 1;
+ u64 t0, domain_cost;

if (!(sd->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
continue;

+ if (this_rq->avg_idle < curr_cost + sd->max_newidle_lb_cost)
+ break;
+
if (sd->flags & SD_BALANCE_NEWIDLE) {
+ t0 = sched_clock_cpu(this_cpu);
+
/* If we've pulled tasks over stop searching: */
pulled_task = load_balance(this_cpu, this_rq,
sd, CPU_NEWLY_IDLE,
&continue_balancing);
+
+ domain_cost = sched_clock_cpu(this_cpu) - t0;
+ if (domain_cost > sd->max_newidle_lb_cost)
+ sd->max_newidle_lb_cost = domain_cost;
+
+ curr_cost += domain_cost;
}

interval = msecs_to_jiffies(sd->balance_interval);
@@ -5442,6 +5455,9 @@ void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
*/
this_rq->next_balance = next_balance;
}
+
+ if (curr_cost > this_rq->max_idle_balance_cost)
+ this_rq->max_idle_balance_cost = curr_cost;
}

/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 0d7544c..e82484d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -476,6 +476,9 @@ struct rq {
u64 age_stamp;
u64 idle_stamp;
u64 avg_idle;
+
+ /* This is used to determine avg_idle's max value */
+ u64 max_idle_balance_cost;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING

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