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SubjectRe: Enable arm_global_timer for Zynq brakes boot
On Thu, Aug 08, 2013 at 06:22:36PM +0100, Stephen Boyd wrote:
> On 08/08/13 10:16, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 08, 2013 at 06:11:26PM +0100, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >> Hi Daniel,
> >>
> >> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 07:48:04PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>> On 08/01/2013 07:43 PM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 07:29:12PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>> On 08/01/2013 01:38 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>>>> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 01:01:27AM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>>>> On 08/01/2013 12:18 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 11:08:51PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>>>>>> On 07/31/2013 10:58 PM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 10:49:06PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>> On 07/31/2013 12:34 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 30, 2013 at 10:47:15AM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>>>> On 07/30/2013 02:03 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> Hi Daniel,
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Mon, Jul 29, 2013 at 02:51:49PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> (snip)
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> the CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIMER_STOP flag tells the cpuidle framework the local
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> timer will be stopped when entering to the idle state. In this case, the
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> cpuidle framework will call clockevents_notify(ENTER) and switches to a
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> broadcast timer and will call clockevents_notify(EXIT) when exiting the
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> idle state, switching the local timer back in use.
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> I've been thinking about this, trying to understand how this makes my
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> boot attempts on Zynq hang. IIUC, the wrongly provided TIMER_STOP flag
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> would make the timer core switch to a broadcast device even though it
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> wouldn't be necessary. But shouldn't it still work? It sounds like we do
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> something useless, but nothing wrong in a sense that it should result in
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> breakage. I guess I'm missing something obvious. This timer system will
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> always remain a mystery to me.
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> Actually this more or less leads to the question: What is this
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> 'broadcast timer'. I guess that is some clockevent device which is
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> common to all cores? (that would be the cadence_ttc for Zynq). Is the
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>> hang pointing to some issue with that driver?
> >>>>>>>>>>>>> If you look at the /proc/timer_list, which timer is used for broadcasting ?
> >>>>>>>>>>>> So, the correct run results (full output attached).
> >>>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>> The vanilla kernel uses the twd timers as local timers and the TTC as
> >>>>>>>>>>>> broadcast device:
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Tick Device: mode: 1
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Broadcast device
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Clock Event Device: ttc_clockevent
> >>>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>> When I remove the offending CPUIDLE flag and add the DT fragment to
> >>>>>>>>>>>> enable the global timer, the twd timers are still used as local timers
> >>>>>>>>>>>> and the broadcast device is the global timer:
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Tick Device: mode: 1
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Broadcast device
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Clock Event Device: arm_global_timer
> >>>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>> Again, since boot hangs in the actually broken case, I don't see way to
> >>>>>>>>>>>> obtain this information for that case.
> >>>>>>>>>>> Can't you use the maxcpus=1 option to ensure the system to boot up ?
> >>>>>>>>>> Right, that works. I forgot about that option after you mentioned, that
> >>>>>>>>>> it is most likely not that useful.
> >>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>> Anyway, this are those sysfs files with an unmodified cpuidle driver and
> >>>>>>>>>> the gt enabled and having maxcpus=1 set.
> >>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>> /proc/timer_list:
> >>>>>>>>>> Tick Device: mode: 1
> >>>>>>>>>> Broadcast device
> >>>>>>>>>> Clock Event Device: arm_global_timer
> >>>>>>>>>> max_delta_ns: 12884902005
> >>>>>>>>>> min_delta_ns: 1000
> >>>>>>>>>> mult: 715827876
> >>>>>>>>>> shift: 31
> >>>>>>>>>> mode: 3
> >>>>>>>>> Here the mode is 3 (CLOCK_EVT_MODE_ONESHOT)
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> The previous timer_list output you gave me when removing the offending
> >>>>>>>>> cpuidle flag, it was 1 (CLOCK_EVT_MODE_SHUTDOWN).
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> Is it possible you try to get this output again right after onlining the
> >>>>>>>>> cpu1 in order to check if the broadcast device switches to SHUTDOWN ?
> >>>>>>>> How do I do that? I tried to online CPU1 after booting with maxcpus=1
> >>>>>>>> and that didn't end well:
> >>>>>>>> # echo 1 > online && cat /proc/timer_list
> >>>>>>> Hmm, I was hoping to have a small delay before the kernel hangs but
> >>>>>>> apparently this is not the case... :(
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> I suspect the global timer is shutdown at one moment but I don't
> >>>>>>> understand why and when.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Can you add a stack trace in the "clockevents_shutdown" function with
> >>>>>>> the clockevent device name ? Perhaps, we may see at boot time an
> >>>>>>> interesting trace when it hangs.
> >>>>>> I did this change:
> >>>>>> diff --git a/kernel/time/clockevents.c b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
> >>>>>> index 38959c8..3ab11c1 100644
> >>>>>> --- a/kernel/time/clockevents.c
> >>>>>> +++ b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
> >>>>>> @@ -92,6 +92,8 @@ void clockevents_set_mode(struct clock_event_device *dev,
> >>>>>> */
> >>>>>> void clockevents_shutdown(struct clock_event_device *dev)
> >>>>>> {
> >>>>>> + pr_info("ce->name:%s\n", dev->name);
> >>>>>> + dump_stack();
> >>>>>> clockevents_set_mode(dev, CLOCK_EVT_MODE_SHUTDOWN);
> >>>>>> dev->next_event.tv64 = KTIME_MAX;
> >>>>>> }
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> It is hit a few times during boot, so I attach a full boot log. I really
> >>>>>> don't know what to look for, but I hope you can spot something in it. I
> >>>>>> really appreciate you taking the time.
> >>>>> Thanks for the traces.
> >>>> Sure.
> >>>>
> >>>>> If you try without the ttc_clockevent configured in the kernel (but with
> >>>>> twd and gt), does it boot ?
> >>>> Absence of the TTC doesn't seem to make any difference. It hangs at the
> >>>> same location.
> >>> Ok, IMO there is a problem with the broadcast device registration (may
> >>> be vs twd).
> >> I have an idea, but no real evidence to prove it:
> >> Some of the registers in the arm_global_timer are banked per CPU. I.e.
> >> some code must be executed on the CPU the timer is associated with
> >> (struct clock_event_device.cpumask) to have the intended effect
> >> As far as I can tell, there is no guarantee, that the set_mode()
> >> and program_next_event() calls execute on the correct CPU.
> > I believe the core clockevents code enforces that, or all other percpu
> > clockevent_device drivers would be horrifically broken.
>
> Maybe the problem here is that a per-cpu device is being used for the
> broadcast source? I can't recall but I think the broadcast programming
> can bounce around CPUs depending on which CPU is the one to enter
> broadcast mode first? At least I don't think this configuration has ever
> been tested (for example, look at how tick_do_broadcast_on_off() enables
> the broadcast timer on whatever CPU goes into deep idle first).

Ah, yes. That does look problematic.

Thanks,
Mark.
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