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Subject[PATCH v2] mm/hotplug, x86: Disable ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE by default
CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE enables /sys/devices/system/memory/probe
interface, which allows a given memory address to be hot-added as
follows. (See Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt for more detail.)

# echo start_address_of_new_memory > /sys/devices/system/memory/probe

This probe interface is required on powerpc. On x86, however, ACPI
notifies a memory hotplug event to the kernel, which performs its
hotplug operation as the result. Therefore, regular users do not need
this interface on x86. This probe interface is also error-prone and
misleading that the kernel blindly adds a given memory address without
checking if the memory is present on the system; no probing is done
despite of its name. The kernel crashes when a user requests to online
a memory block that is not present on the system. This interface is
currently used for testing as it can fake a hotplug event.

This patch disables CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE by default on x86, adds
its Kconfig menu entry on x86, and clarifies its use in Documentation/

Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <>
Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt | 16 +++++++++-------
arch/x86/Kconfig | 7 ++++++-
2 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
index 8e5eacb..8fd254c 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
@@ -210,13 +210,15 @@ If memory device is found, memory hotplug code will be called.

4.2 Notify memory hot-add event by hand
-In some environments, especially virtualized environment, firmware will not
-notify memory hotplug event to the kernel. For such environment, "probe"
-interface is supported. This interface depends on CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE.
-Now, CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE is supported only by powerpc but it does not
-contain highly architecture codes. Please add config if you need "probe"
+On powerpc, the firmware does not notify a memory hotplug event to the kernel.
+Therefore, "probe" interface is supported to notify the event to the kernel.
+This interface depends on CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE.
+CONFIG_ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE is supported on powerpc only. On x86, this config
+option is disabled by default since ACPI notifies a memory hotplug event to
+the kernel, which performs its hotplug operation as the result. Please
+enable this option if you need the "probe" interface for testing purposes
+on x86.

Probe interface is located at
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index b32ebf9..408ef68 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1344,8 +1344,13 @@ config ARCH_SELECT_MEMORY_MODEL

- def_bool y
+ bool "Enable sysfs memory/probe interface"
+ default n
depends on X86_64 && MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+ help
+ This option enables a sysfs memory/probe interface for testing.
+ See Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt for more information.
+ If you are unsure how to answer this question, answer N.

def_bool y

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