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SubjectRe: [RFC] sched: Limit idle_balance() when it is being used too frequently
On Tue, Jul 16, 2013 at 03:48:01PM -0700, Jason Low wrote:
> On Tue, 2013-07-16 at 22:20 +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 16, 2013 at 12:21:03PM -0700, Jason Low wrote:
> > > When running benchmarks on an 8 socket 80 core machine with a 3.10 kernel,
> > > there can be a lot of contention in idle_balance() and related functions.
> > > On many AIM7 workloads in which CPUs go idle very often and idle balance
> > > gets called a lot, it is actually lowering performance.
> > >
> > > Since idle balance often helps performance (when it is not overused), I
> > > looked into trying to avoid attempting idle balance only when it is
> > > occurring too frequently.
> > >
> > > This RFC patch attempts to keep track of the approximate "average" time between
> > > idle balance attempts per CPU. Each time the idle_balance() function is
> > > invoked, it will compute the duration since the last idle_balance() for
> > > the current CPU. The avg time between idle balance attempts is then updated
> > > using a very similar method as how rq->avg_idle is computed.
> > >
> > > Once the average time between idle balance attempts drops below a certain
> > > value (which in this patch is sysctl_sched_idle_balance_limit), idle_balance
> > > for that CPU will be skipped. The average time between idle balances will
> > > continue to be updated, even if it ends up getting skipped. The
> > > initial/maximum average is set a lot higher though to make sure that the
> > > avg doesn't fall below the threshold until the sample size is large and to
> > > prevent the avg from being overestimated.
> >
> > One of the things I've been talking about for a while now is how I'd
> > like to use the idle guestimator used for cpuidle for newidle balance.
> >
> > Basically based on the estimated idle time limit how far/wide you'll
> > search for tasks to run.
> >
> > You can remove the sysctl and auto-tune by measuring how long it takes
> > on avg to do a newidle balance.
>
> Hi Peter,
>
> When you say how long it takes on avg to do a newidle balance, are you
> referring to the avg time it takes for each call to CPU_NEWLY_IDLE
> load_balance() to complete, or the avg time it takes for newidle balance
> attempts within a domain to eventually successfully pull/move a task(s)?

Both :-), being as the completion time would be roughly equivalent for the
top domain and the entire call.

So I suppose I was somewhat unclear :-) I initially started out with a
simpler model, where you measure the avg time of the entire
idle_balance() call and measure the avg idle time and compare the two.

Then I progressed to the more complex model where you measure the
completion time of each domain in the for_each_domain() iteration of
idle_balance() and compare that against the estimated idle time, bailing
out of the domain iteration when the avg completion time exceeds the
expected idle time.

One thing that I thought of since is that we need to consider what
happens for people with a low resolution sched_clock. IIRC there are
still platforms that are jiffy based.


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